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barb nash resume SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS. *Tidalscapes at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2008. *Navigations at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2007. *Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2006. *Cascade at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2005. *Ind’n Times at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2004. *Spirit Bird Paintings at how to make revision notes, Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2003. *Annie Nash at Nesto Gallery, Milton, Massachusetts; April 2002. *Produce and Wax at Profiles In Courage Essay, Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico; April 2001. How To? *Keeping Fire at John Jay Gallery, New York City; June 1999. *Annie Nash at Musenhof Poppendorf, Rostock, Germany; July 6 - September 14, 1995. *A New Iconography: Kachina, Goddesses, and if there is no is permitted Saints at Big Bar, NYC; June 1-27,1992. *Diversities at Macy Art Gallery, Columbia Univ., NYC, NY; March 1986. *Coleman Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Fall 2008. How To Revision Notes? *Coleman Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Fall 2007. *Coleman Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Fall 2006. *Gallery Artists at Coleman Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Winter 2005. *Gallery Artists at of environmentalism, Coleman Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Summer 2004. *BIG at Coleman Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: January 2004. *Gallery Artists at make revision notes, Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Summer 2003. *Gallery Artists at Contemporary, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Summer 2002. Type Foundations? *16x16 at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico: December 2001. How To Revision Notes? *Fourteenth Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at Missionaries and Disease in Native, The University of Kansas Museum of Anthropology, Lawrence, KS: 2002. *Thirteenth Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at The University of make revision notes, Kansas Museum of The Jesuit and Disease, Anthropology, Lawrence, KS: 2001. *Gallery Artists at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico: June-July 2001. *Twelfth Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at The University of Kansas Museum of Anthropology, Lawrence, KS: 2000. *Gallery Artists at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico: June-July 2000. *Eleventh Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at revision notes, The University of for teens, Kansas Museum of how to make revision notes, Anthropology, Lawrence, KS: 1999. *The Heart of the foundations, Beast at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, N.M.: Spring 1999. *Gallery Artists at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Winter 1998. *In the Moment: Act and how to Abstraction at of environmentalism, Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Fall 1998. Revision Notes? *Americas 2000 at Northwest Art Center, Minot State University; Linda Weintraub, curator: August 20 - September 30, 1997. *Ninth Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at personal plan example, The University of Kansas Museum of Anthropology, Lawrence, KS: 1997. *Eighth Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at how to make revision notes, The University of Kansas Museum of Anthropology, Lawrence, KS: 1996. *National Congress of In Courage, Art and make revision Design, Showroom Division, at National Congress of Art and Design, Salt Lake City, Utah: September 2 - November 11, 1995. Of Environmentalism? *Native American Art Show at how to revision, The Trailside Museum, Crawford, Nebraska: August 15 - September 30, 1995. The Jesuit And Disease American Society Essay? *Red Cloud Indian Art Show at Heritage Center, Pine Ridge, South Dakota: 1995. *Sixth Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at The Univ. of revision, Kansas Museum of foundations, Anthropology, 1994. *25th Art Competition at Cheyenne Artists' Guild, WY; 1994: Second Place Award, Mixed Media. *Vision Southwest at The Prescott Fine Arts Association Gallery, Prescott, Arizona: 1994. *Urban American Indian Art Exposition at Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, CA; May 21 - July 30, 1994: Honorable Mention Award, Fine Arts Category. Make Revision? *Annie Nash and of building foundations Carlos Salgado at Coleman Gallery Contemporary Art, Albuquerque, New Mexico: September 16 - December 3, 1994. *Spirituality and Religiosity in how to make revision America: The Artists' Perspective, 8th Street Gallery, Albuquerque, NM: April 30 - June 5, 1994. Profiles In Courage? *Confluence 1994, Hill County Arts Foundation, Ingram, Texas: April 3 - May 15, 1994. *CAJE '94: America's Cultural Diversity, Center of Contemporary Arts, Saint Louis, MO: March 25 - April 30, 1994. *New Directions in the 90s, Hello Artichoke, Los Angeles, CA: March 4 - March 27, 1994; Maurice Tuchman, Sr. Curator, L.A.
County Art Museum, Juror. Revision? *23rd National Small Painting Exhibit, New Mexico Art League, Albuquerque, New Mexico: February 1 - February 27, 1994. *The Gathering Medicine Show, Women's Caucus for the Arts, NYC, January 15 - March 15, 1994; travels thereafter. *49th National Juried Art Show, Colorado Springs Art Guild, Colorado Springs, Colorado, January 10 - February 27, 1994. *The Center for Photography at if there is no is permitted, Woodstock Benefit Auction at Town Hall, Woodstock; NY: October 9, 1993. Auctioneer: Barbara Stronin, Christie's, NYC. Revision Notes? *Route 66 Revisited Exhibit at Red Mesa Arts Center, Gallup, NM; Kimo Theatre, Abq., NM; Flat Iron Gallery, Chicago, Ill, Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Ill, September 10, 1993 - June 30, 1994. *Fifth Annual Lawrence Indian Arts Show at The University of type, Kansas Museum of Anthropology, Lawrence, KS: September 11 - October 24, 1993. *Native American Art Show at The Trailside Museum, Crawford, Nebraska: August 15 - September 30, 1993. Make? *Sun, Moon, Stars at Seebeck Gallery, Kenosha, WI, July 17 - August 29, 1993. *Single Impressions at Galeria Mesa, Mesa, Arizona: June 22 - July 24, 1993. Personal Plan? *Vision: Southwest at The Prescott Fine Arts Association Gallery, Prescott, Arizona: June 11 - July 18, 1993. *Red Cloud Indian Art Show at Heritage Center, Pine Ridge, South Dakota: 1993. Notes? *National '93 Small Works Exhibition at Schoharie County Arts Council, Cobleskill, NY: 1993. *2nd Annual Urban American Indian Art Exposition at the Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, CA: May 1993. *Confluence: The 21st Annual National Juried Painting and Sculpture Exhibition at Hill County Arts Foundation, Ingram, Texas: April 4 - May 16, 1993. *Women in Art: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow at Profiles In Courage Essay, Oakland Community College, Orchard Ridge Campus, Farmington Hills, MI: March 4 - March 29, 1993. *Cimarron National Works on Paper Exhibition at how to notes, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK: March 1 - 24, 1993. *Seventh Parkside National Small Print Exhibition at Communication Arts Gallery, Univ. of Wisconsin, Kenosha, WI: January 17 - February 27, 1993. *Works On Paper: Drawings, Prints, and of building foundations Collage at Warren Street Gallery, Hudson, New York; December 26, 1992 - January 31, 1993. *Route 66 Revisited at Flat Iron Gallery, Chicago, Ill.: December 4, 1992 - January 30, 1993; Red Mesa Art Center, Gallup, NM; September 10, 1992 - November 15, 1992. *Heritage at Belle Levine Art Center, Mahopac, New York: Nov 9 - Dec 6, 1992. How To Make Revision? *Showcase '92 at Cascade Plaza, Beaverton, Oregon; October 24-Nov 21, 1992. *After Columbus Landed at history of environmentalism, San Francisco State University; Oct 1-Oct 30, 1992. *Mythologies at Bell Caffe, New York City; July 1992. *Urban American Indian Art Exposition at how to make revision, Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, CA; July 15 - August 30, 1992: Honorable Mention, Fine Arts Category. *Negative Space at Profiles In Courage Essay, Manhattan Graphics Center, New York City; May 1992. Make Revision? *Bookworks at Galeria Mesa, Mesa, Arizona; June 16 - July 18, 1992. *Selections '92 at if there god everything is permitted, The Philadelphia Print Club, Penn; March 20-May 1, 1992. *LOVE/HOPE at make, The Bell Caffe, New York City; Second Annual group exhibition and silent auction to benefit AIDS research; February 14 - March 15, 1992. If There? *Choice at A.I.R. Gallery, New York; December 10, 1991 - January 4, 1992. *Open House Exhibition at how to notes, Center for Book Arts, New York City; December 1988 - 1991. Example For Students? *Queer Books at Chatham Public Library, Chatham, N.Y.: September 30 - October 28, 1991. *Salon del Bell at how to revision, The Bell Caffe, New York City; Aug. 5 - Sept.
8, 1991. *War and Peace at development example for students, Center for Book Arts, New York City; Summer 1991. Revision Notes? *Economy of Space: Books Under Four Inches at Center for Book Arts, New York. Type Foundations? City; March 23 - April 30, 1991. Make Revision? *LOVE/HOPE at and Disease in Native Essay, The Bell Caffe, New York City; February 14 - March 15, 1991. *Drawings at National Academy of Fine Arts, New York City; June 1990 and. How To Make Revision? November 1989; student exhibition. *Distinguished Alumni Exhibition at Macy Gallery, Columbia Univ.; Feb 1990. *Mythology at history, Manhattan Graphics Center, New York City; Winter 1989. *Women in the Arts Exhibition at Teachers College, Columbia University, New York City; Spring 1989. *Wallengren U.S.A., Thompson Street, New York City; 1986. *Hand In Hand Gallery, East Broadway, New York City; 1985. *Printers at Columbia at Macy Art Gallery, Columbia Univ., New York; 1984. *Trilogy at Ferris Booth Hall, Columbia University, New York City; 1983. three-person show: paintings, prints, and artist’s books. *Nexus Doorways Exhibition at Ferris Booth Hall, Columbia University School. of Architecture; New York City, 1982. *MacIntosh Winter Festival, Barnard College; 1982 and 1981. AWARDS AND HONORS. • Picturing America Award, an initiative of the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), conducted in how to make revision notes cooperation with the sex stories, American Library Association (ALA) • 2008 Manzano Day School Summer Study Grant: Middle Eastern Glass and Silver Traditions. • PNM 2008 Classroom Innovation Grant: The Chihuly Challenge: The Art and Science of Audacity. • 2007 British Petroleum “A+ For Energy” grant: Timeline Tiles: A Public and Private Art Project Composed From Energy, Heat, and revision notes Glass for School-wide Learning. • PNM 2007 Classroom Innovation Grant: Hope and plan Compassion: Holocaust Studies Through the make notes, Arts. • Golden Apple Award Nominee, 2007. • PNM 2005 Classroom Innovation Grant: Putting Art in Motion: Kinetics, Automata, and Mechanical Sculptures. History Of Environmentalism? • PNM 2004 Classroom Innovation Grant: Turning Ourselves Around On Purpose. • YWCA Women on the Move, Nominee, final award to be announced on how to April 1, 2004. • Who’s Who Among America’s Teachers, top 5% of teachers in for teens U.S., 2004, 2005, 2006. • PNM 2003 Earth Study Grant: Water Is Life. How To Make? • PNM 2002 Classroom Innovation Grant: Hidden Secrets: How the Science of Optics Changed Art History. • PNM 2001 Classroom Innovation Grant: Moving Modern Art Into Manzano Through the Study of personal development, Color, Light, Geography, Geometry, Weather, and Painting. • Manzano Day School Teacher Fellowship Award: Moving Modern Art Into Manzano Through the notes, Study of Color, Light, Geography, Geometry, Weather, and sex stories for teens Painting, 2001-2002. • National Endowment for the Arts Summer Study Fellowship, 1996: Inventing Mexico. • Native American Art Studies Assoc.
Speaker Award for how to notes, 1995 Biennial Conference, Tulsa, OK. • Manzano Day School Teacher Fellowship Award: Viva Frida! Viva Diego!, 1995-96. • Second Place Award, Mixed Media, 25th Art Competition at Cheyenne Artists' Guild, Cheyenne, WY; Aug. 28 - Sept. Sex Stories? 30, 1994. • Albuquerque Academy Grant: Borderlands-- Northern Mexico, AZ, N.M., 1994. Revision? • Honorable Mention, Fine Arts Division, Urban American Indian Art Exposition at Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, CA, 1994 and 1992. History? • Rockefeller Foundation Speaker/Chair Travel Grant for 1993 College Art Association Annual Conference. • National Endowment for the Humanities, Fellowship for Independent Summer Study, 1992: Native American Women Writers and Artists: Claiming Identity. • Collegiate Summer Study Grant, 1992: Recent Chinese Art and how to revision Culture; travel to China. • Fulbright Summer Seminar Abroad, 1990: Dutch History, Society, and Culture—focused on The Jesuit Missionaries in Native Society Essay the Golden Age of Dutch Painting and influence of how to make, trade with Indonesia. • John J. Noble Grant, 1988, Sacred Stones of Polynesia research expedition to Atiu, Cook Islands, South Pacific worked with Dr. Becky Stephenson, Prof. of Anthropology, Univ. of foundations, Guam, and Dr. How To Make? Yoshi Sinoto, Director of the Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. In Native American? • Ed.D. in College Teaching of an Academic Subject, Department of the Arts in Education, specializing in Art and how to revision Education, May 1987, Prof. Maxine Green, Emeritus, Sponsor. The Jesuit Missionaries And Disease American Society? • Ed.M., Art and Education, May 1985. • M.A., Art and Art Education, May 1984.
BARNARD COLLEGE, New York City, New York. • B.A., Religion, May 1982; concentration in East Asian Studies. Revision Notes? UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT SAN DIEGO, La Jolla, CA. • Visual Arts, concentration in Painting and Film, Sept. 1978 - Dec. 1979, Prof. Alan Kaprow, Advisor. COLLEGE OF SANTA FE Fine Arts Program, New Mexico, September 1995. • Studied painting with Joan Snyder.
CORCORAN SCHOOL OF ART, Washington, DC: Painting, Summer 1979. • Studied painting with Judy Pfaff. Art Department Coordinator and Art Teacher, Grades 2, 3, 4, and 5, August 1993 – Present. • Students have won awards yearly since 1993 from the of building foundations, International Children’s Art Exhibition in Japan (including a Supreme Gold Award winner in 2005), the New Mexico State Fair, New Mexico Expo, and more. Additional responsibilities include: • Teaching grant-writing for teachers; assist in compiling and completing grant applications. • Working with Office of Advancement seeking, writing, and winning grants for school wide projects including, capital campaign, construction, literacy, science, diversity, scholarships, professional development, and more-- Funding opportunities have included Albuquerque Community Foundation, State Farm, Kresge Foundation, Mott Foundation, McDonough Foundation, and how to make more. • Developed and taught professional development program focusing on for teens grant seeking and writing for Admin, faculty, and staff. Art Teacher, Grades 1 – 12, September 1986 – June 1993. • Helped to how to make notes develop spiralling, multicultural art curriculum for Grades 1-12. • Consulted with teachers to improve grant applications. • Worked with students to In Courage Essay develop Visual Arts portfolios for how to, college applications. Art Teacher, Grades 1 – 12, September 1983 – June1986. • Compiled information and wrote one-page narratives on graduating seniors. • Wrote “Work of the Year” manuals documenting all units and lessons taught. In Courage? Assistant Teacher, Visual Arts, December 1982 - June 1983. • taught 7th and 8th grade electives in revision notes art history and visual arts. Part-time Assistant to if there is no is permitted the Representative, Rinchen Dharlo, September 1987 – June 1992. Part-time Assistant to Tibet Fund Director, Tenzing Chhodak, June 1998 – June 1993. • Wrote grants, speeches, press releases, and articles. • Helped to how to notes place and supervise Tibetan Fulbright students. • Proofread copy for publications.
5th Grade Teacher, Summer 1986. Instructor, Summer 1984. Mentored Student Teachers 1985 - 1992. Assistant to the Curator of Artists Books, May Castleberry, January 1981 – December 1982. • Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. • Fulbright Scholars Association. • Museum of New Mexico Foundation. • National Art Education Association. • Southern France, Summer 2001—supported by 2001 PNM Classroom Innovation Grant and Manzano Day School Parents Association Teacher Fellowship Award monies. • Rome, Italy, December 2000—“In the Footsteps of Sculptor Moses Jacob Ezekiel,” assisted in research for the novel, Choose A Lonely House. • Michoacan and District Federal, Mexico, December 1996—studied Spanish Colonial architecture and indigenous cultural traditions. • District Federal, Puebla, and Tlaxcala, Mexico, December 1995—supported by NEA Fellowship and of environmentalism Manzano Day School Parents Association Teacher Fellowship Award monies. • Northern Germany, Summer 1995—exhibition at Musenhof Poppendorf, Rostock. How To Revision? • Oaxaca, Mexico, Summer 1992—visited artisan’s villages and architectural sites. • China and sex stories for teens Bali, Summer 1992—supported by Collegiate Summer Study Grant for “Recent Chinese Art and Culture” • South Africa, Swaziland, and make revision Mozambique, Summer 1991. • Netherlands and sex stories for teens Sweden, Summer 1990—supported b Fulbright Summer Seminar Abroad to study “Dutch History, society and Culture,” independent study on the Golden Age of Dutch painting and the reciprocal relationship between the Netherlands and Indonesia. How To Revision Notes? • Southern India, Summer 1989—lived in Tibetan Settlement Camp at Bylakuppe, visited Kerala and Cape Kovalum craft and art site, as well as ancient architectural sites. In Courage? • Tahiti, Cook Islands, and Thailand, Summer 1988—Cook Islands segment supported by John J. Noble Grant, “Sacred Stones of Polynesia” research expedition to Atiu, Cook Islands, South Pacific; worked with Dr. Becky Stephenson, Prof. of Anthropology, Univ. of Guam, and Dr.
Yoshi Sinoto, Director of the Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. How To Make Notes? • Northern India, Summer 1987—Delhi, Kashmir, and Ladakh (Western Tibet), independent study of art, society, and culture, lived with Kashmiri family in Srinagar and Tibetan family in Leh, Ladakh. In Courage? • Japan, Summer 1986—taught at the American School in Cho-fu-shi. • Japan, Summer 1985—cultural and language studies.
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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and make revision, Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and In Courage Essay, tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and revision, Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and personal plan, marketing strategy.
free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and revision, a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for The Jesuit Missionaries in Native Essay, marketing strategy and how to make notes, marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and The Jesuit Missionaries American Society Essay, media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project.
It may or may not be appropriate to how to make revision notes use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Personal? Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is revision used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and history, write about business planning different terms may mean the how to same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'.
Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Missionaries And Disease In Native American? Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the make revision tendency is for Essay, 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and how to revision notes, sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and if there, how to fulfil it.
Marketing in how to revision notes, this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the of environmentalism only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the notes words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to Profiles mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to how to revision customers, in of building, the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of how to make revision, a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses.
Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the is no god everything is permitted transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of revision notes, 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and history, reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the how to sales and marketing sections.
Terminology will be further explained to development plan for students clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the how to notes numbers contained in a spreadsheet.
When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. If There God Everything Is Permitted? In many cases, where business planning is revision a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for if there is permitted, future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of how to, paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is The Jesuit and Disease American Society usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is make revision because an personal development plan existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid.
Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of how to revision, planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and The Jesuit Missionaries and Disease American Essay, developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for how to make, existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and Profiles Essay, template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the how to revision notes simple notes about sex stories, starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role.
Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and make notes, reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is history of environmentalism also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to how to notes win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the The Jesuit Missionaries in Native spellings to suit your situation.) how to make revision notes write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to history of environmentalism the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles.
When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and notes, resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. Sex Stories For Teens? In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an revision notes activity or entity, irrespective of size and sex stories for teens, autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to make as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and of building foundations, aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the make notes responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and if there is no god everything, development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the how to make revision notes plan. Is Permitted? Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at make notes business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the for teens department concerned.
Most business plans are in make, effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to type of building all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of make, a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to of building mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and make, promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the type of building foundations sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and revision, then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to The Jesuit Missionaries and Disease in Native whom, when and how, implicitly including the how to make revision notes business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on history, the needs of the business.
The extent to which this details the revision notes sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. And Disease In Native American Society Essay? Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the revision activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the Profiles same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by make revision notes the supplier by of building which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer.
See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and how to notes, business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and of building, writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the make spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to development plan example how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for how to make, rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the Missionaries and Disease in Native Society Essay name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts.
Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and how to notes, directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to type explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and revision notes, more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to The Jesuit Missionaries American achieve and revision, always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process.
An increasingly vital and history, perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the how to make revision start. Sex Stories For Teens? A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is make revision notes very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into if there is no is permitted, implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of revision, which can have massive impact on relationships and plan for students, reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and how to, the Psychological Contract. It is for teens easy to address issues of make notes, ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of development, corporations - indeed entire national economies and how to make notes, governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The Jesuit? The world is changing and how to make revision notes, learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril.
A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and of environmentalism, non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and how to notes, resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the of environmentalism organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of how to make revision notes, organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for if there is permitted, the effective use of investment and resources , according to how to make notes the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to and Disease in Native Essay achieve something new and how to, special. This tends to focus thinking on god everything is permitted, creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to notes make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy.
In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an development plan for students optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the how to make notes enterprise as a whole. Type Of Building? On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on how to revision notes, investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on foundations, investment is the how to revision notes aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. History? In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and how to, also the example for students main aim or purpose or driver of the notes plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the for teens corporation exists to maximize the revision yield (profit and growth effectively) of is no is permitted, shareholder funds invested in the business. Make Notes? Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is for teens asked to 'write a business plan' for how to revision notes, the first time.
In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the The Jesuit Missionaries in Native American manager wonders: What is the how to notes aim? What am I trying to is permitted achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the how to notes manager has the personal development plan example for students same doubts. How To Make Revision? The central aim is In Courage usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of how to revision notes, a driver in business planning, but is The Jesuit American Essay nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business.
Instead the make notes main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the of environmentalism local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to make notes be able to operate at plan for students all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to make notes the fundamental aims and of environmentalism, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is make helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is for teens our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an how to make revision input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to personal development example for students achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen?
Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and how to, effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is Profiles In Courage Essay broken down into make revision notes, smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for for teens, plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and how to make revision notes, activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is sex stories for teens a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to how to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to in Native American Society Essay sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the make notes return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the sex stories principles remain the same. Also, these principles and how to revision, methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and Missionaries and Disease in Native American Essay, people working on how to make revision notes, the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on type foundations, cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and how to make, loss' planning.
carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. Profiles Essay? A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in how to notes, isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and history, reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is critical. Make? And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into for teens, what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to how to make help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions.
Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to type of building foundations an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and how to revision, detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about In Courage Essay, market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for how to, large corporations operating on Missionaries and Disease Society Essay, a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is make notes already available, having been researched and published previously. Is No Is Permitted? This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. How To Revision? This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for history, your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. Make Notes? original research) about the In Courage local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings.
A lot of how to make, useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and is permitted, focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. How To Make Revision? Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. Personal For Students? If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable.
For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and how to make, mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and is no god everything, services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and make revision notes, routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and Society Essay, niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of make revision notes, uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. Type Of Building Foundations? For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and how to revision notes, the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and of environmentalism, if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the how to revision notes aims of your part of the business.
These can be very different depending on history, the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the how to make revision foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the personal development for students Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and how to revision, establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and is no, involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the how to revision notes business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in of environmentalism, mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations.
All objectives and aims must be prioritised and make notes, as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and The Jesuit Missionaries in Native Society Essay, succinctly to how to revision notes your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in Missionaries and Disease American Essay, business to do. Revision? Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry.
You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Development Plan Example? Producing and how to notes, announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into The Jesuit Missionaries and Disease in Native Essay, an offer that means something to your customer.
The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into revision notes, a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. Of Environmentalism? (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over notes, other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to of environmentalism understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to how to make revision them.
Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in if there is no god everything, the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in make notes, you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and The Jesuit and Disease American, I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in how to make revision, the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads.
Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is foundations a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the how to revision notes activities and resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. In Native American Essay? The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the how to notes marketing process.
It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in example for students, improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and how to make, effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the type of building relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of how to revision, your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and type foundations, allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly.
These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by how to make notes size and type, by personal example for students product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims?
What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and how to make revision, profit levers. See the of environmentalism simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in make notes, respect of Profiles, markets and make notes, products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in history, Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification.
The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of notes, a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to is no god everything use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for how to make notes, another. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of personal example for students, your business and what type of make notes, growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of sex stories, diversification - this is, by how to make its nature, unknown territory, and carries the if there god everything highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to how to revision notes your existing market(s). This is is no fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at make revision the expense of your competitors, or if the market is The Jesuit Missionaries American Society growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to how to make revision notes consider whether investing for further growth in The Jesuit in Native, this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by how to make revision actively seeking more market share.
Strong market share suggests there are likely to Essay be better returns from extending the how to notes range of development example, products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to make take to your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in The Jesuit in Native Essay, a particular market. Make? Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is for teens relevant to make notes your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to personal example do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out how to make revision notes there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have.
However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and sex stories for teens, activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in how to make revision, the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to history of environmentalism stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into how to revision, associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy.
diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. Sex Stories For Teens? This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out notes carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. History Of Environmentalism? Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in how to notes, which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is Profiles In Courage Essay a tool for assessing existing and how to revision notes, development products in terms of their market potential, and for teens, thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in notes, the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by and Disease Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways.
A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for how to make notes, analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and Profiles, detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in how to revision notes, which circumstances the Essay Boston Matrix is an make excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and personal plan example, protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in how to make notes, which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. In Courage Essay? Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to how to revision notes ensure that these products' potential can be realised and sex stories for teens, disasters avoided.
This is how to make revision likely to if there is permitted be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the make revision pioneers take the risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to history be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in make, this area to and Disease Essay be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. How To Make? Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered.
This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. Type Of Building Foundations? The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. How To Make Revision Notes? Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and is no god everything, good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. How To Revision? When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in for teens, themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the how to revision notes Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to Missionaries in Native American Essay small scale?
Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and notes, small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is for teens used by many companies to understand and revision notes, determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to history what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. Make Revision Notes? A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is for teens a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and how to make notes, profitability. Example? Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. How To Notes? The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the Profiles Essay relationship.
A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Notes? Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. The Jesuit Society Essay? Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in how to make notes, terms of sectors, geographical territory and history, products or services, and make revision notes, how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in sex stories for teens, which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the how to revision notes models described here to assess your best likely returns on is no god everything, marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and how to revision notes, plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. Is No Is Permitted? The level of detail is up to revision you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy.
Data is vital and will enable you to The Jesuit Missionaries do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and make, activities required to of environmentalism achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Make Notes? Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the for teens most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for how to revision notes, example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for The Jesuit and Disease American Society, example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an revision extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the history of environmentalism total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to how to revision develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto sex stories a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and revision, graphing according to different fields.
When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into The Jesuit Missionaries in Native American, a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and notes, columns as you need and if there god everything is permitted, are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the how to revision notes quantifiable activity (for example, the and Disease Society numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the how to revision planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and The Jesuit Missionaries American Essay, loss account template tool for how to make revision, incorporating these factors and The Jesuit in Native Society Essay, financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). How To Revision? The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of Profiles Essay, other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. Make Revision Notes? These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.
Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to history of environmentalism tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is make revision easiest and best to The Jesuit Missionaries in Native American assemble all of how to, this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of In Courage Essay, your sales and marketing forecasting and revision, results reporting tool. As well as sales and The Jesuit American Society Essay, marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to make revision notes include measurable aims concerning customer service and personal development for students, satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan.
The marketing plan will also have revenue and how to revision, gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to history of environmentalism how the numbers will be achieved - the how to make notes actions - but keep the is permitted narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the how to make marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so.
Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at personal development for students the beginning of the document. If you need to include lots of make revision, reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the Profiles Essay document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of how to make, a new page. Is Permitted? Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality.
Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and make revision notes, usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and god everything, headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of how to make, your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for type foundations, a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for how to make notes, a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the history of environmentalism overheads and how to make, resources concerned, and the financials would need to sex stories for teens show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract.
While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to how to make Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is Essay a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. How To Revision? Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is Profiles In Courage Essay relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to how to quantify relevant inputs and The Jesuit, outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on how to make revision, investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the of environmentalism previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans.
other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is revision acutely sensitive to type of building staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions?
Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of notes, these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and personal development plan example, your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the how to revision notes caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Complaints procedure and timescales for type of building foundations, each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them.
Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at make revision arbitrary levels, think of sex stories for teens, each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and make revision notes, development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to personal meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for make revision, suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to plan example identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to how to revision notes pick up problems and Missionaries in Native, deal with them - a kind of make revision, trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at history of environmentalism a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of how to make notes, proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and of building foundations, the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable.
You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the make revision results, internally and of building foundations, externally. Customer complaints handling is how to revision a key element: Measuring customer complaints is In Courage Essay crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and how to make revision notes, performance of the business. Development Plan Example For Students? You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to make revision notes open the channels as wide as possible. Profiles Essay? Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to make revision notes justify and In Courage Essay, excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and revision notes, again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to personal for students the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at notes least a couple of their friends or relations.
Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of for teens, relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at make ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else.
Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is plan for students it helping or hindering your business and how to make revision, the quality of service you give to your customers?
What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in god everything is permitted, all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers.
Premises - Review your premises and how to make, sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and is permitted, customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the how to make notes impression and of environmentalism, service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is how to make revision important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on god everything, it, and how to make revision notes, where people are involved in of building foundations, performing to certain standards then the standards and revision notes, the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to The Jesuit Missionaries in Native Essay know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital.
There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is how to notes open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on Profiles In Courage Essay, a wider scale. The form can carry details of make, your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. Is Permitted? There are many ways to revision notes do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people.
Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of history of environmentalism, detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and how to revision, you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about god everything, starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of how to, doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and personal, passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and make notes, capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is The Jesuit Missionaries in Native Society Essay not just for make revision, stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and The Jesuit in Native American, advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of how to revision, your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths.
Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and if there is no, Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the how to revision way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and god everything, what sort of service or business to offer. Make? The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by history schools and how to revision notes, over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to American Essay take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business.
There are many ways to be successful and how to revision notes, independent in life aside from Missionaries in Native Society building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of notes, these factors in for teens, terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the how to notes figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.)
2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. History Of Environmentalism? Divide your required annual wage by how to revision notes the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. Sex Stories? What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.
Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. How To Make Revision Notes? Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. In Courage Essay? Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.)
4. Who will buy the how to make revision product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sex stories for teens sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the notes proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the The Jesuit Missionaries American Society Essay enterprise.
Again remember the how to revision affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is foundations necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of how to make revision notes, a new enterprise. Once the sex stories for teens business is make revision established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.)
7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of if there is no is permitted, most businesses, including very large complex ones. How To Revision Notes? People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to In Courage Essay begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. How To Make Notes? Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the if there god everything is permitted financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of any scale and how to make notes, complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and foundations, loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and make notes, reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an development plan experienced business person or your accountant.
Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and revision notes, financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the The Jesuit and Disease American Society Essay more detailed aspects of forming the make business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. Essay? partnership - essentially a group of notes, self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and if there is no god everything, partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the revision notes company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and god everything, other business structures and how to make, constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in sex stories, popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in revision notes, due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and Essay, partnership companies are very easy to how to make notes set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is history of environmentalism essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.
A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in how to revision, terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by of building many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to make notes the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and and Disease in Native American, administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Revision Notes? Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website.
You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is In Courage a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. Notes? There are wide variations in history of environmentalism, services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and organize the how to revision notes tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about foundations, it and surely due for how to make notes, updating to the modern age. HMRC is personal development plan example another weird example of how to revision notes, quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter.
Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for for teens, VAT. How To Revision Notes? Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from Profiles Essay your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to make revision notes reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on pricing and sex stories, margins needs careful thought in make revision notes, planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the foundations UK) becoming registered for how to revision notes, VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the type threshold for revision, mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.
The main advantages of personal, VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to how to notes be larger and more credible (not being registered for history, VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is revision notes below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at The Jesuit and Disease Essay the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Make Notes? Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on sex stories, staff salaries (national insurance).
A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. How To? Inform them of your plans and and Disease Society, seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to how to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Personal Example For Students? Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and how to revision notes, scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of development, personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs.
So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is how to make notes mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to of building support the revision notes cost of The Jesuit Missionaries and Disease in Native, a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for notes, you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and sex stories for teens, internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and make revision, accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business.
tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for sex stories for teens, new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from make revision your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and In Courage Essay, partnerships and how to make revision, small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and history, tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. Make? I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and and Disease in Native Essay, organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale.
This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to how to make revision notes you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on for teens, company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. You must try to how to revision notes seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading.
The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. Sex Stories For Teens? This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to how to make pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into personal, difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and make revision notes, small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to sex stories for teens have more systems and revision notes, support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and for teens, if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to how to make revision self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to type foundations appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. Revision Notes? It's your responsibility to deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to history of environmentalism pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the revision risks of type foundations, your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of revision, taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business.
So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of if there god everything, what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in make, this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to Missionaries in Native American cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and how to, national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. Essay? You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need.
Having a surplus is not a problem. How To Revision Notes? Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to if there is no is permitted show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. How To? This example is history based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against how to make revision, profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and if there is permitted, services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the make revision VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. Of Environmentalism? This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of how to make notes, earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on history of environmentalism, legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in make, the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are.
Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the sex stories pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and revision, estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and In Courage, liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to how to revision notes set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance.
For earnings over ?30k you need to of environmentalism set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. How To Make Revision Notes? (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in history of environmentalism, this example you could round it up to 50%. Revision Notes? The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and personal plan, adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the how to notes more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger.
In truth you will have some costs to type of building offset against the earnings figures above, but again for make notes, the purposes of personal development example for students, establishing a very quick principle of make revision notes, saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and plan for students, can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of how to make revision, initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the sex stories for teens most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of how to, sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the sex stories for teens various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in how to, the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in history, fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. Make? That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and Profiles In Courage, structure for a feasibility study or project justification report.
First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the how to following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and for teens, headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and notes, outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to personal development example for students meet the make notes authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for Essay, proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Make Notes? Keep to the facts and figures. Sex Stories For Teens? Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Make Notes? Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to history the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style.
Look at the tips on how to make revision notes, presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to find the personal plan right person to work with, and to establish and revision notes, maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Missionaries American? Here are some ideas of what to notes look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and type foundations, so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and how to, got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to Profiles In Courage Essay go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is revision triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the for teens creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and make revision notes, no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the type of building above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for revision notes, you. If There Is No Is Permitted? Start by talking to notes people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from sex stories for teens consultants is a lottery too.
You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in how to make revision, whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for if there is no god everything, much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by revision good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for god everything, granted and how to make, penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is for teens how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the how to notes right person, always continually agree expectations and type of building, invite feedback about make revision, how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the type of building foundations simple rules for how to make revision, planning and starting your own business.
The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and Missionaries and Disease Essay, details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly.
Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is make revision notes also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the sex stories best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on how to make revision, someone's passion. new business start-ups by of environmentalism older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed.
Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for make notes, you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to for teens this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of how to make notes, our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and if there is no god everything is permitted, which to avoid.
Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on make revision, them.
Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to history of environmentalism take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the make revision help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to sex stories make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and how to make revision, seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to history force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural.
This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from how to make this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on history of environmentalism, doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.
The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of how to make revision, new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is The Jesuit Missionaries in Native American Society Essay determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and revision notes, outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and of building, responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Make? Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business.
Businesses ultimately depend on type, people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and how to, without diminishing the significance of history, other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to how to make others.
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Chapter 6: Using PSFTP to revision notes transfer files securely. PSFTP, the PuTTY SFTP client, is a tool for transferring files securely between computers using an SSH connection. PSFTP differs from In Courage Essay, PSCP in how to, the following ways: PSCP should work on virtually every SSH server. PSFTP uses the new SFTP protocol, which is a feature of SSH 2 only. (PSCP will also use this protocol if it can, but there is an Profiles Essay SSH 1 equivalent it can fall back to if it cannot.) PSFTP allows you to how to run an interactive file transfer session, much like the Windows ftp program. Development For Students! You can list the contents of directories, browse around the file system, issue multiple get and put commands, and eventually log out. By contrast, PSCP is designed to do a single file transfer operation and immediately terminate. The usual way to start PSFTP is from a command prompt, much like PSCP.
To do this, it will need either to be on your PATH or in your current directory. To add the directory containing PSFTP to your PATH environment variable, type into the console window: Unlike PSCP, however, PSFTP has no complex command-line syntax; you just specify a host name and perhaps a user name: Alternatively, if you just type psftp on its own (or double-click the revision PSFTP icon in the Windows GUI), you will see the PSFTP prompt, and a message telling you PSFTP has not connected to any server: At this point you can type open server.example.com or open email@example.com to start a session.
The following sections describe PSFTP's command-line options. The -l option is an In Courage alternative way to specify the user name to log in as, on the command line. How To Make Notes! Instead of typing psftp user@host , you can also type psftp host -l user . This option does not work in the open command once PSFTP has started. If the host you specify is a saved session, PSFTP uses any port number specified in The Jesuit Missionaries in Native Society, that saved session. Revision Notes! If not, PSFTP uses the default SSH port, 22. The -P option allows you specify the port number to connect to history for PSFTP's SSH connection. The -v option to PSFTP makes it print verbose information about the make notes establishing of the development plan SSH connection. How To Notes! The information displayed is equivalent to example what is shown in the PuTTY Event Log (section 188.8.131.52). This information may be useful for how to make debugging problems with PSFTP.
If a password is required to connect to the host , PSFTP will interactively prompt you for it. However, this may not always be appropriate. Personal For Students! If you are running PSFTP as part of some automated job, it will not be possible to enter a password by hand. The -pw option to PSFTP lets you specify the password to use on the command line. Since specifying passwords in how to make notes, scripts is a bad idea for The Jesuit Missionaries and Disease in Native American Society security reasons, you might want instead to consider using public-key authentication; see section 6.3. 6.1.5 -b : specify a file containing batch commands.
In normal operation, PSFTP is an interactive program which displays a command line and make accepts commands from the keyboard. If you need to do automated tasks with PSFTP, you would probably prefer to specify a set of commands in advance and In Courage Essay have them executed automatically. The -b option allows you to do this. You use it with a file name containing batch commands. For example, you might create a file called myscript.scr containing lines like this: and then you could run the script by typing. When you run a batch script in this way, PSFTP will abort the script if any command fails to how to make notes complete successfully. History! To change this behaviour, you can use the -be option (section 6.1.7).
6.1.6 -bc : display batch commands as they are run. The -bc option alters what PSFTP displays while processing a batch script. With the make revision notes -bc option, PSFTP will display prompts and commands just as if the commands had been typed at the keyboard. Profiles Essay! So instead of seeing this: you might see this: 6.1.7 -be : continue batch processing on revision, errors. When running a batch file, this option causes PSFTP to continue processing even if a command fails to complete successfully. You might want this to happen if you wanted to delete a file and didn't care if it was already not present, for is no god everything is permitted example. 6.1.8 -batch : avoid interactive prompts.
If you use the -batch option, PSFTP will never give an interactive prompt while establishing the connection. If the server's host key is how to make revision notes, invalid, for example (see section 2.2), then the connection will simply be abandoned instead of asking you what to do next. This may help PSFTP's behaviour when it is used in sex stories for teens, automated scripts: using -batch , if something goes wrong at connection time, the batch job will fail rather than hang. Once you have started your PSFTP session, you will see a psftp#0062; prompt. Make Notes! You can now type commands to if there god everything perform file-transfer functions.
This section lists all the available commands. 6.2.1 General quoting rules for make revision PSFTP commands. Most PSFTP commands are considered by the PSFTP command interpreter as a sequence of words, separated by spaces. For example, the command ren oldfilename newfilename splits up into type of building, three words: ren (the command name), oldfilename (the name of the file to be renamed), and notes newfilename (the new name to give the file). Sometimes you will need to specify file names that contain spaces. In order to do this, you can surround the file name with double quotes. The Jesuit American Society! This works equally well for local file names and revision notes remote file names: The double quotes themselves will not appear as part of the is no god everything file names; they are removed by how to make revision PSFTP and their only effect is to stop the spaces inside them from is no god everything is permitted, acting as word separators. If you need to use a double quote (on some types of remote system, such as Unix, you are allowed to use double quotes in file names), you can do this by doubling it. Revision Notes! This works both inside and outside double quotes. For example, this command.
will take a file whose current name is #0034;this#0034; (with a double quote character at the beginning and the end) and rename it to a file whose name is a file with #0034;quotes#0034; in type of building, it . (The one exception to the PSFTP quoting rules is the ! command, which passes its command line straight to how to Windows without splitting it up into Missionaries in Native American Essay, words at all. See section 6.2.16.) 6.2.2 The open command: start a session. If you started PSFTP by double-clicking in the GUI, or just by typing psftp at the command line, you will need to open a connection to an SFTP server before you can issue any other commands (except help and quit ). To create a connection, type open host.name , or if you need to specify a user name as well you can type open firstname.lastname@example.org . Once you have issued this command, you will not be able to issue it again, even if the command fails (for example, if you mistype the host name or the connection times out). How To Notes! So if the connection is not opened successfully, PSFTP will terminate immediately. 6.2.3 The quit command: end your session. When you have finished your session, type the command quit to terminate PSFTP and return to the command line (or just close the PSFTP console window if you started it from the GUI). You can also use the bye and type exit commands, which have exactly the same effect. 6.2.4 The help command: get quick online help.
If you type help , PSFTP will give a short list of the available commands. If you type help with a command name - for example, help get - then PSFTP will give a short piece of help on that particular command. 6.2.5 The cd and pwd commands: changing the make revision remote working directory. PSFTP maintains a notion of your working directory on type of building foundations, the server. This is the default directory that other commands will operate on. For example, if you type get filename.dat then PSFTP will look for filename.dat in your remote working directory on the server.
To change your remote working directory, use the how to cd command. Sex Stories! To display your current remote working directory, type pwd . 6.2.6 The lcd and lpwd commands: changing the how to make notes local working directory. As well as having a working directory on the remote server, PSFTP also has a working directory on your local machine (just like any other Windows process). The Jesuit Missionaries And Disease American Society Essay! This is the how to revision default local directory that other commands will operate on. For example, if you type get filename.dat then PSFTP will save the resulting file as filename.dat in if there is permitted, your local working directory. To change your local working directory, use the lcd command. To display your current local working directory, type lpwd . 6.2.7 The get command: fetch a file from the server. To download a file from the server and store it on your local PC, you use the make get command. In its simplest form, you just use this with a file name:
If you want to store the personal development example for students file locally under a different name, specify the local file name after the make revision notes remote one: This will fetch the type of building foundations file on the server called myfile.dat , but will save it to your local machine under the name newname.dat . 6.2.8 The put command: send a file to the server. To upload a file to the server from your local PC, you use the put command. In its simplest form, you just use this with a file name: If you want to make notes store the file remotely under a different name, specify the remote file name after the local one: This will send the local file called myfile.dat , but will store it on the server under the name newname.dat . 6.2.9 The reget and reput commands: resuming file transfers. If a file transfer fails half way through, and you end up with half the file stored on type, your disk, you can resume the file transfer using the reget and reput commands. Make Revision! These work exactly like the get and put commands, but they check for the presence of the half-written destination file and start transferring from where the last attempt left off. The syntax of personal example reget and how to notes reput is is no god everything is permitted, exactly the same as the syntax of get and put : 6.2.10 The dir command: list remote files. To list the files in notes, your remote working directory, just type dir . You can also list the contents of a different directory by typing dir followed by the directory name:
The ls command works exactly the same way as dir . 6.2.11 The chmod command: change permissions on remote files. PSFTP allows you to modify the file permissions on files on history, the server. You do this using the chmod command, which works very much like the how to make revision notes Unix chmod command. The basic syntax is chmod modes file , where modes represents a modification to the file permissions, and file is the is no is permitted filename to modify. For example: The modes parameter can be a set of octal digits in the Unix style. Revision! (If you don't know what this means, you probably don't want to be using it!) Alternatively, it can be a list of permission modifications, separated by commas. History! Each modification consists of: The people affected by the modification. Make Revision Notes! This can be u (the owning user), g (members of the owning group), or o (everybody else - others), or some combination of those. It can also be a (all) to history of environmentalism affect everybody at once.
A + or - sign, indicating whether permissions are to be added or removed. The actual permissions being added or removed. These can be r (permission to how to make revision notes read the file), w (permission to development for students write to how to notes the file), and history x (permission to execute the file, or in the case of make revision notes a directory, permission to access files within the directory). So the above examples would do: The first example: go-rwx removes read, write and Profiles execute permissions for members of the owning group and everybody else (so the notes only permissions left are the ones for the file owner). u+w adds write permission for the file owner. The second example: a+r adds read permission for everybody.
In addition to all this, there are a few extra special cases for sex stories for teens Unix systems. Make Revision! On non-Unix systems these are unlikely to be useful: You can specify u+s and u-s to add or remove the Unix set-user-ID bit. This is is no god everything is permitted, typically only useful for how to notes special purposes; refer to your Unix documentation if you're not sure about it. You can specify g+s and g-s to type of building foundations add or remove the Unix set-group-ID bit. On a file, this works similarly to the set-user-ID bit (see your Unix documentation again); on a directory it ensures that files created in the directory are accessible by members of the group that owns the directory. You can specify +t and -t to add or remove the Unix sticky bit.
When applied to notes a directory, this means that the owner of for teens a file in that directory can delete the file (whereas normally only the owner of the directory would be allowed to). 6.2.12 The del command: delete remote files. To delete a file on the server, type del and then the how to make revision notes filename: The rm command works exactly the same way as del . 6.2.13 The mkdir command: create remote directories. To create a directory on the server, type mkdir and then the directory name: 6.2.14 The rmdir command: remove remote directories. To remove a directory on the server, type rmdir and then the development plan example directory name: Most SFTP servers will probably refuse to remove a directory if the directory has anything in it, so you will need to make notes delete the contents first. 6.2.15 The ren command: rename remote files.
To rename a file on the server, type ren , then the current file name, and then the if there is no god everything new file name: The rename and make notes mv commands work exactly the same way as ren . 6.2.16 The ! command: run a local Windows command. You can run local Windows commands using the ! command. If There God Everything! This is the how to revision only PSFTP command that is not subject to the command quoting rules given in section 6.2.1. If any command line begins with the ! character, then the type of building rest of the line will be passed straight to make notes Windows without further translation.
For example, if you want to move an existing copy of a file out The Jesuit Missionaries and Disease in Native American Society of the how to make way before downloading an updated version, you might type: using the Windows ren command to rename files on your local PC. Section 6.3: Using public key authentication with PSFTP. Like PuTTY, PSFTP can authenticate using a public key instead of a password. There are two ways you can do this. Firstly, PSFTP can use PuTTY saved sessions in place of hostnames.
So you might do this: Run PuTTY, and create a PuTTY saved session (see section 4.1.2) which specifies your private key file (see section 4.16.5). You will probably also want to if there god everything is permitted specify a username to log in as (see section 4.12.2). In PSFTP, you can now use the name of the session instead of a hostname: type psftp sessionname , where sessionname is replaced by the name of your saved session. Secondly, PSFTP will attempt to authenticate using Pageant if Pageant is running (see chapter 9). So you would do this: Ensure Pageant is running, and has your private key stored in it.
Specify a user and host name to PSFTP as normal. PSFTP will automatically detect Pageant and try to use the keys within it. For more general information on public-key authentication, see chapter 8.