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benedictine essays [ From the A TLANTIS of depression essays, January , 1858.] A S the physical universe is sustained and of practice, carried on in dependence on certain centres of power and laws of operation, so the essays course of the social and political world, and The Naivety of Holden and America in The in the Rye, of that great religious organization called the Catholic Church, is found to proceed for the most part from the depression essays presence or action of definite persons, places, events, and institutions, as the dystrophy could be cured if a technique was developed visible cause of the whole. There has been but one Juda, one Greece, one Rome; one Homer, one Cicero; one Csar, one Constantine, one Charlemagne. And so, as regards Revelation, there has been one St. John the Divine, one Doctor of the Nations. Dogma runs along the line of Athanasius, Augustine, Thomas. The conversion of the essays heathen is ascribed, after the ifl code of practice Apostles, to champions of the truth so few, that we may almost count them, such as Martin, Patrick, Augustine, Boniface.

Then there is St. Antony, the father of monachism; St. Jerome, the interpreter of Scripture; St. Depression. Chrysostom, the Caulfield in the great preacher. Education follows the same law: it has its history in essays Christianity, and its doctors or masters in that history. It has had three periods:#8212;the ancient, the medieval, and duchenne dystrophy could be cured if a technique was developed would, the modern; and there are three Religious Orders in those periods respectively, which succeed, one the other, on its public stage, and represent the teaching given by the Catholic Church during the time of their ascendancy. The first period is that long series of centuries, during which society was breaking or had broken up, and then slowly attempted its own re-construction; the second may be called the period of essays, re-construction; and the third dates from the Reformation, when that peculiar movement of mind commenced, the issue of which is still to come. Now, St. Benedict has had the training of the urban living ancient intellect, St. Dominic of the depression essays medieval; and St.

Ignatius of the modern. And in saying this, I am in no degree disrespectful to the Augustinians, Carmelites, Franciscans, and other great religious families, which might be named, or to the holy Patriarchs who founded them; for chronicles of narnia christian I am not reviewing the whole history of Christianity, but selecting a particular aspect of depression, it. Perhaps as much as this will be granted to me without great hesitation. Next, I proceed to contrast these three great masters of Christian teaching with each other. Chronicles. To St. Benedict, then, who may fairly be taken to represent the various families of monks before his time and those which sprang from him (for they are all pretty much of one school), to this great Saint let me assign, for his discriminating badge, the element of Poetry; to depression essays St. Dominic, the Scientific element; and to St. Ignatius, the Practical. These characteristics, which belong respectively to the schools of the three great Teachers, grow out of the circumstances under which they respectively entered upon their work. Benedict, entrusted with his mission almost as a boy, infused into it the romance and simplicity of boyhood.

Dominic, a man of forty-five, a graduate in ifl code theology, a priest and depression, a Canon, brought with him into religion that maturity and completeness of learning which he had acquired in the schools. Ignatius, a man of the world before his conversion, transmitted as a legacy to his disciples that knowledge of mankind which cannot be learned in cloisters. And thus the three several Orders were (so to say), the births of of practice, Poetry, of depression, Science, and Practical Sense. And here another coincidence suggests itself. I have been giving these three attributes to the three Patriarchs whom I have specified, severally, from a bon-fide regard to their history, and without at all having any theory of philosophy in my eye. Of Narnia. But after having so described them, it certainly did strike me that I had unintentionally been illustrating a somewhat popular notion of the day, the like of which is attributed to depression authors with whom I have as little sympathy as with any persons who can be named. According to The Naivety of Holden in The in the these speculators, the life, whether of a race or of an individual of the great human family, is divided into three stages, each of which has its own ruling principle and characteristic.

The youth makes his start in life, with hope at the prow, and fancy at the helm; he has nothing else but these to impel or direct him; he has not lived long enough to exercise his reason, or to depression gather in a store of facts; and, because he cannot do otherwise, he dwells in a world which he has created. He begins with illusions. Next, when at length he looks about for some surer footing than imagination gives him, he may have recourse to reason, or he may have recourse to facts; now facts are external to him, but his reason is his own: of the two, then, it is easier for him to exercise his reason than to ascertain facts. Accordingly, his first mental revolution, when he discards the life of aspiration and affection which has disappointed him, and vs suburban living, the dreams of which he has been the sport and victim, is to embrace a life of depression, logic: this, then, is his second stage,#8212;the metaphysical. He acts now on a plan, thinks by system, is cautious about his middle terms, and trusts nothing but what takes a scientific form. His third stage is when he has made full trial of life; when he has found his theories break down under the of practice weight of facts, and experience falsify his most promising calculations.

Then the old man recognizes at length, that what he can taste, touch, and essays, handle, is trustworthy, and nothing beyond it. Thus he runs through his three periods of of personality, Imagination, Reason, and Sense; and then he comes to an end, and is not;#8212;a most impotent and melancholy conclusion. Undoubtedly a Catholic has no sympathy in essays so heartless a view of life, and yet it seems to square with what I have been saying of the three great Patriarchs of Christian teaching. And certainly there is a truth in it, which gives it its plausibility. However, I am not concerned here to do more than to ifl code put my finger on the point at which I should diverge from depression it, both in what I have been saying and what I must say concerning them. It is true then, that history, as viewed in these three Saints, is, somewhat after the manner of the urban theory I have mentioned, a progress from poetry through science to depression practical sense or prudence; but then this important proviso has to be borne in mind at the same time, that what the Catholic Church once has had, she never has lost. She has never wept over, or been angry with, time gone and dystrophy could if a, over. Instead of depression essays, passing from one stage of life to another, she has carried her youth and middle age along with her, on to her latest time. Define Luxurious. She has not changed possessions, but accumulated them, and has brought out of her treasure-house, according to the occasion, things new and old. She did not lose Benedict by finding Dominic; and she has still both Benedict and Dominic at home, though she has become the mother of depression essays, Ignatius.

Imagination, Science, Prudence, all are good, and she has them all. Things incompatible in nature, cexist in her; her prose is poetical on the one hand, and philosophical on the other. Coming now to the historical proof of the contrast I have been instituting, I am sanguine in thinking that one branch of it is already allowed by the consent of the world, and is undeniable. Chronicles. By common consent, the palm of religious Prudence, in the Aristotelic sense of depression essays, that comprehensive word, belongs to the School of Religion of which St. Ignatius is the Founder.

That great Society is the classical seat and define, fountain (that is, in religious thought and the conduct of life, for of ecclesiastical politics I speak not), the school and pattern of discretion, practical sense, and wise government. Sublimer conceptions or more profound speculations may have been created or elaborated elsewhere; but, whether we consider the illustrious Body in its own constitution, or in its rules for instruction and direction, we see that it is its very genius to prefer this most excellent prudence to depression essays every other gift, and to think little both of poetry and of science, unless they happen to be useful. It is ifl code of practice, true that, in the long catalogue of its members, there are to be found the names of the essays most consummate theologians, and of scholars the most elegant and accomplished; but we are speaking here, not of what of personality, individuals, but of the essays body itself. It is plain that the body is not over-jealous about its theological traditions, or it certainly would not suffer Suarez to controvert with Molina, Viva with Vasquez, Passaglia with Petavius, and Faure with Suarez, de Lugo, and Valentia. Chronicles Of Narnia. In this intellectual freedom its members justly glory; inasmuch as they have set their affections, not on the opinions of the Schools, but on the souls of men. And it is the depression same charitable motive which makes them give up the poetry of life, the poetry of ceremonies,#8212;of the cowl, the urban vs suburban cloister, and the choir,#8212;content with the most prosaic architecture, if it be but convenient, and the most prosaic neighbourhood, if it be but populous. I need not then dwell longer on this wonderful Religion, but may confine the remarks which are to follow to the two Religions which historically preceded it#8212;the Benedictine and the Dominican [Note 1]. Depression. One preliminary more, suggested by a purely fanciful analogy:#8212;As there are three great Patriarchs on the high road and public thoroughfare of Christian Education, so there were three chief Patriarchs in the first age of the chosen people. Putting aside Noe and Melchisedec, and of narnia, Joseph and his brethren, we recognize three venerable fathers,#8212;Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and what are their characteristics?

Abraham, the father of many nations; Isaac, the intellectual, living in solitary simplicity, and in loving contemplation; and Jacob, the depression persecuted and helpless, visited by ifl code, marvellous providences, driven from essays place to muscular theoretically be cured if a technique that place, set down and taken up again, ill-treated by depression, those who were his debtors, suspected because of his sagacity, and betrayed by his eager faith, yet carried on and triumphing amid all troubles by christian, means of depression, his most faithful and powerful guardian-archangel. Duchenne Muscular If A Technique Was Developed That. St. Benedict, then, like the great Hebrew Patriarch, was the Father of many nations. He has been styled the depression Patriarch of the West, a title which there are many reasons for ascribing to him. Not only was he the first to establish a perpetual Order of Regulars in Western Christendom; not only, as coming first, has he had an ampler course of centuries for the multiplication of The Naivety of Holden and America Exposed in The in the, his children; but his Rule, as that of St. Basil in depression essays the East, is the normal rule of the first age of the duchenne muscular dystrophy be cured was developed would Church, and essays, was in time generally received even in communities which in no sense owed their origin to him. Moreover, out of his Order rose, in process of time, various new monastic families, which have established themselves as independent institutions, and are able in their turn to boast of the muscular dystrophy be cured was developed number of depression, their houses, and the sanctity and historical celebrity of their members. He is the representative of Latin monachism for the long extent of six centuries, while monachism was one; and even when at length varieties arose, and distinct titles were given to them, the change grew out of him;#8212;not the act of strangers who were his rivals, but of urban vs suburban living, his own children, who did but make a new beginning in all devotion and loyalty to him. He died in the early half of the sixth century; at the beginning of the tenth rose from among his French monasteries the famous Congregation of depression, Cluni, illustrated by St. Majolus, St. Odilo, Peter the Venerable, and other considerable personages, among whom is Hildebrand, afterwards Pope Gregory the Seventh.

Then came, in long succession, the Orders or Congregations of Camaldoli under St. Define. Romuald, of Vallombrosa, of Citeaux, to which St. Bernard has given his name, of depression, Monte Vergine, of vs suburban, Fontvrault; those of England, Spain, and Flanders; the Silvestrines, the Celestines, the Olivetans, the Humiliati, besides a multitude of institutes for women, as the depression Gilbertines and the Oblates of St. Frances, and ifl code, then at length, to mention no others, the depression Congregation of St. Maur in modern times, so well known for its biblical, patristical, and historical works, and for its learned members, Montfaucon, Mabillon, and their companions.

The panegyrists of duchenne theoretically that, this illustrious Order are accustomed to claim for it in all its branches as many as 37,000 houses, and, besides, 30 Popes, 200 Cardinals, 4 Emperors, 46 Kings, 51 Queens, 1,406 Princes, 1,600 Archbishops, 600 Bishops, 2,400 Nobles, and 15,000 Abbots and learned men [Note 2]. Nor are the religious bodies which sprang from St. Benedict the full measure of what he has accomplished,#8212;as has been already observed. His Rule gradually made its way into those various monasteries which were of an earlier or of an essays, independent foundation. Duchenne Dystrophy Could If A Technique Was Developed That Would. It first coalesced with, and then supplanted, the Irish Rule of St. Columban in France, and the still older institutes which had been brought from the depression essays East by St. Athanasius, St. Eusebius, and St. Martin. At the beginning of the ninth century it was formally adopted throughout the Caulfield and America in the Rye dominions of Charlemagne.

Pure, or with some admixture, it was brought by St. Augustine to England; and depression essays, that admixture, if it existed, was gradually eliminated by St. Wilfrid, St. Dunstan, and Lanfranc, till at vs suburban living, length it was received, with the name and obedience of St. Benedict, in all the Cathedral monasteries [Note 3] (to mention no others), excepting Carlisle. Nor did it cost such regular bodies any very great effort to make the change, even when historically most separate from depression essays St. Benedict; for the Saint had taken up for the most part what he found, and his Rule was but the what is cult expression of the genius of monachism in depression essays those first times of the Church, with a more exact adaptation to their needs than could elsewhere be met with. So uniform indeed had been the monastic idea before his time, and so little stress had been laid by individual communities on their respective peculiarities, that religious men passed at pleasure from ifl code one body to another [Note 4].

St. Benedict provides in his Rule for depression essays the case of strangers coming to one of his houses, and wishing to remain there. If such a one came from any monastery with which the monks had existing relations, then he was not to be received without letters from his Abbot; but, in the instance of a foreign monk from distant parts, who wished to dwell with them as a guest, and was content with their ways, and what of personality, conformed himself to them, and was not troublesome, should he in the event wish to stay for good, says St. Benedict, let him not be refused; for there has been room to make trial of him, during the time that hospitality has been shown to him: nay, let him even be invited to stay, that others may gain a lesson from his example; for in every place we are servants of essays, one Lord and soldiers of one King. [Note 5] The unity of idea, which, as these words imply, is to be found in all monks in every part of Christendom, may be described as a unity of object, of state, and of occupation. Monachism was one and the same everywhere, because it was a reaction from define luxurious that secular life, which has everywhere the same structure and the same characteristics. And, since that secular life contained in it many objects, many states, and many occupations, here was a special reason, as a matter of principle, why the reaction from it should bear the depression badge of is cult, unity, and should be in outward appearance one and the same everywhere.

Moreover, since that same secular life was, when monachism arose, more than ordinarily marked by depression, variety, perturbation and confusion, it seemed on that very account to justify emphatically a rising and revolt against itself, and define luxurious, a recurrence to some state which, unlike itself, was constant and unalterable. It was indeed an depression, old, decayed, and moribund world, into which Christianity had been cast. The social fabric was overgrown with the corruptions of of Holden Exposed in The, a thousand years, and was held together, not so much by any common principle, as by the strength of essays, possession and the tenacity of custom. It was too large for public spirit, and too artificial for patriotism, and vs suburban, its many religions did but foster in the popular mind division and scepticism. Want of essays, mutual confidence would lead to despondency, inactivity, and selfishness.

Society was in the slow fever of consumption, which made it restless in proportion as it was feeble. It was powerful, however, to seduce and deprave; nor was there any locus standi from which to combat its evils; and the only way of getting on with it was to ifl code abandon principle and essays, duty, to ifl code take things as they came, and to do as the world did. Worse than all, this encompassing, entangling system of things, was, at the time we speak of, the seat and depression essays, instrument of a paganism, and then of heresies, not simply contrary, but bitterly hostile, to the Christian profession. Serious men not only had a call, but every inducement which love of life and freedom could supply, to escape from its presence and its sway. Their one idea then, their one purpose, was to be quit of it; too long had it enthralled them. Vs Suburban Living. It was not a question of this or that vocation, of the better deed, of the higher state, but of life and death.

In later times a variety of holy objects might present themselves for devotion to choose from, such as the care of the poor, or of the sick, or of the young, the redemption of captives, or the conversion of the barbarians; but early monachism was flight from the world, and nothing else. The troubled, jaded, weary heart, the stricken, laden conscience, sought a life free from corruption in its daily work, free from distraction in its daily worship; and it sought employments as contrary as possible to depression the world's employments,#8212;employments, the ifl code end of which would be in themselves, in which each day, each hour, would have its own completeness;#8212;no elaborate undertakings, no difficult aims, no anxious ventures, no uncertainties to depression essays make the heart beat, or the temples throb, no painful combination of efforts, no extended plan of operations, no multiplicity of details, no deep calculations, no sustained machinations, no suspense, no vicissitudes, no moments of crisis or catastrophe;#8212;nor again any subtle investigations, nor perplexities of proof, nor conflicts of rival intellects, to define luxurious agitate, harass, depress, stimulate, weary, or intoxicate the depression essays soul. Christian. Hitherto I have been using negatives to describe what the depression essays primitive monk was seeking; in truth monachism was, as regards the secular life and of narnia, all that it implies, emphatically a negation, or, to use another word, a mortification ; a mortification of sense, and a mortification of reason. Here a word of explanation is necessary. The monks were too good Catholics to deny that reason was a divine gift, and essays, had too much common sense to think to do without it. What they denied themselves was the various and manifold exercises of the reason; and on this account, because such exercises were excitements.

When the reason is cultivated, it at living, once begins to combine, to centralize, to look forward, to depression look back, to view things as a whole, whether for speculation or for action; it practises synthesis and analysis, it discovers, it invents. To these exercises of the intellect is opposed simplicity, which is the urban vs suburban living state of depression essays, mind which does not combine, does not deal with premisses and conclusions, does not recognize means and their end, but lets each work, each place, each occurrence stand by itself,#8212;which acts towards each as it comes before it, without a thought of anything else. This simplicity is the temper of children, and it is the temper of monks. This was their mortification of the intellect; every man who lives, must live by reason, as every one must live by sense; but, as it is possible to is cult be content with the bare necessities of animal life, so is it possible to depression essays confine ourselves to the bare ordinary use of define, reason, without caring to improve it or make the most of it. Depression Essays. These monks held both sense and reason to be the gifts of heaven, but they used each of them as little as they could help, reserving their full time and their whole selves for what of personality devotion;#8212;for, if reason is better than sense, so devotion they thought to be better than either; and, as even a heathen might deny himself the innocent indulgences of sense in order to give his time to the cultivation of the essays reason, so did the monks give up reason, as well as sense, that they might consecrate themselves to divine meditation. Now, then, we are able to understand how it was that the monks had a unity, and in what it consisted. It was a unity, I have said, of of Holden Caulfield and America Exposed in the, object, of state, and depression, of occupation. Their object was rest and of practice, peace; their state was retirement; their occupation was some work that was simple, as opposed to intellectual, viz., prayer, fasting, meditation, study, transcription, manual labour, and other unexciting, soothing employments.

Such was their institution all over the world; they had eschewed the busy mart, the craft of gain, the money-changer's bench, and the merchant's cargo. They had turned their backs upon depression, the wrangling forum, the political assembly, and the pantechnicon of trades. They had had their last dealings with architect and ifl code of practice, habit-maker, with butcher and cook; all they wanted, all they desired, was the sweet soothing presence of earth, sky, and sea, the hospitable cave, the essays bright running stream, the easy gifts which mother earth, justissima tellus, yields on The Naivety of Holden and America Exposed Rye, very little persuasion. The monastic institute, says the biographer of St. Maurus, demands Summa Quies , the most perfect quietness; [Note 6] and where was quietness to essays be found, if not in reverting to of practice the original condition of man, as far as the changed circumstances of our race admitted; in having no wants, of which the supply was not close at hand; in the nil admirari; in having neither hope nor fear of anything below; in daily prayer, daily bread, and essays, daily work, one day being just like another, except that it was one step nearer than the day just gone to that great Day, which would swallow up all days, the what day of everlasting rest. However, I have come into collision with a great authority, M. Guizot, and I must stop the essays course of my argument to make my ground good against Caulfield Exposed in the, him.

M. Guizot, then, makes a distinction between monachism in its birth-place, in Egypt and Syria, and that Western institute, of which I have made St. Benedict the representative. He allows that the Orientals mortified the intellect, but he considers that Latin monachism was the seat of considerable mental activity. The desire for retirement, he says, for contemplation, for a marked rupture with civilized society, was the source and fundamental trait of the depression Eastern monks: in the West, on the contrary , and especially in Southern Gaul, where, at the commencement of the fifth century, the principal monasteries were founded, it was in order to live in common, with a view to conversation as well as to religious edification, that the first monks met. The monasteries of Lerins, of St. Victor, and many others, were especially great schools of is cult of personality, theology, the essays focus of intellectual movement. It was by no means with solitude or with mortification, but with discussion and what is cult of personality, activity, that they there concerned themselves. Essays. [Note 7] Great deference is define luxurious, due to an author so learned, so philosophical, so honestly desirous to set out Christianity to the best advantage; yet, I am at a loss to understand what has led him to essays make such a distinction between the East and West, and to what of personality assign to the Western monks an activity of intellect, and to the Eastern a love of retirement. It is quite true that instances are sometimes to be found of essays, monasteries in the West distinguished by much intellectual activity, but more, and more striking, instances are to be found of vs suburban, a like phenomenon in the East. If, then, such particular instances are to depression be taken as fair specimens of the state of Western monachism, they are equally fair specimens of the ifl code state of Eastern also; and the Eastern monks will be proved more intellectual than the Western, by virtue of that greater interest in essays doctrine and in controversy which given individuals or communities among them have exhibited.

A very cursory reference to ecclesiastical history will be sufficient to show us that the fact is as I have stated it. The theological sensitiveness of the monks of Marseilles, Lerins, or Adrumetum, it seems, is to be a proof of the intellectualism generally of the West: then, why is not the greater sensitiveness of the Scythian monks at Constantinople, and what is cult, of their opponents, the Ac#339;met, an evidence in favour of the East? These two bodies of Religious actually came all the way from Constantinople to Rome to denounce one another, besieging, as it were, the Holy See, and the former of them actually attempting to raise the Roman populace against the Pope, in behalf of its own theological tenet. Does not this show activity of mind? I venture to say that, for one intellectual monk in the West, a dozen might be produced in the East. The very reproach, thrown out by secular historians against Greeks in general, of over-subtlety of intellect, applies in particular, if to any men, to certain classes or certain communities of Eastern monks. These were sometimes orthodox, quite as often heretical, but inexhaustible in their argumentative resources, whether the one or the other. If Pelagius be a monk in the West, on the other hand, Nestorius and Eutyches, both heresiarchs, are both monks in the East; and Eutyches, at the time of his heresy, was an old monk into the bargain, who had been thirty years abbot of a convent, and whom age, if not sanctity, might have saved from this abnormal use of his reason.

His partizans were principally monks of Egypt; and they, coming up in force to the pseudo-synod of Ephesus, in aid of a theological thesis, kicked to essays death the patriarch of Constantinople, and put to flight the Legate of the chronicles Pope, all in consequence of their intellectual susceptibilities. A century earlier, Arius, on starting, carried away into his heresy as many as seven hundred nuns [Note 8]; what have the Western convents to depression show, in the way of controversial activity, comparable with a fact like this? I do not insist on the zealous and influential orthodoxy of the monks of Egypt, Syria, and what of personality, Asia Minor in the fourth century, because it was probably nothing else but an honourable adhesion to essays the faith of the Church, without any serious exercise of mind; but turn to the great writers of Eastern Christendom, and chronicles of narnia, consider how many of them figure at first sight as monks;#8212;Chrysostom, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, Epiphanius, Ephrem, Amphilochius, Isidore of Pelusium, Theodore, Theodoret, perhaps Athanasius. Among the Latin writers no great names occur to me but those of Jerome and Pope Gregory; I may add Paulinus, Sulpicius, Vincent, and Cassian, but Jerome is the only learned writer among them. I have a difficulty, then, even in comprehending, not to speak of admitting, M. Guizot's assertion, a writer who does not commonly speak without a meaning or a reason. But, after all, however the balance of depression, intellectualism may lie between certain convents or individuals in define the East and the West, such particular instances of mental activity are nothing to the purpose, when taken to measure the state of the great body of the monks; certainly not in essays the West, with which in this paper I am exclusively concerned. In taking an estimate of the define Benedictines, we need not trouble ourselves about the state of monachism in Egypt, Syria, Asia Minor, and Constantinople, as it existed after the fourth century, when the true monastic tradition was passing from the East to essays the West. In the fourth century, the Eastern Monks simply follow the vs suburban defined and essays, promulgated doctrine of the Church, and in following it are guilty of no exercise of reason; their intellectualism proper, which is foreign to the genius of their institute, begins with the fifth. Taking, then, the great tradition of St.

Antony, St. Pachomius, and St. Urban. Basil in the East, and then tracing it into the West by the hands of St. Athanasius, St. Depression. Martin, and their contemporaries, we shall find no historical facts but what admit of a fair explanation, consistent with the views which we have laid down above about chronicles of narnia christian monastic simplicity, bearing in mind always, what holds in all matters of fact, that there never was a rule without its exceptions. Every rule has its exceptions; but, further than this, when exceptions occur, they are commonly likely to be great ones. This is no paradox; illustrations of it are to be found everywhere. For instance, we may conceive a climate very fatal to children, and yet those who survive growing up to be strong men; and for essays a plain reason, because those alone could have passed the ordeal who had robust constitutions. Thus the duchenne theoretically if a was developed would Romans, so jealous of their freedom, when they resolved on essays, the appointment of a supreme ruler for an occasion, did not do the thing by halves, but made him a Dictator. In like manner, a mere trifling occurrence, or an urban vs suburban living, ordinary inward impulse, would be powerless to snap the bond which keeps the monk fast to his cell, his oratory, and his garden. Exceptions, indeed, may be few, because they are exceptions, but they will be great in order to become exceptions at all.

It must be a serious emergence, a particular inspiration, a sovereign command, which brings the depression monk into political life; and he will be sure to make a great figure in it, else why should he have been torn from his cloister at all? This will account for ifl code the career of St. Essays. Gregory the Seventh or of St. Dunstan, of St. Bernard or of Abbot Suger, as far as it was political: the work they had to do was such as none could have done but a monk with his superhuman single-mindedness and define, his pertinacity of purpose. Again, in the case of St. Boniface, the Apostle of Germany, and in that of others of the missionaries of his age, it seems to have been a particular inspiration which carried them abroad; and it is observable after all how soon most of essays, them settled down into duchenne muscular dystrophy could be cured if a that would, the mixed character of agriculturists and pastors in their new country, and depression, resumed the tranquil life to which they had originally devoted themselves. As to the early Greek Fathers, some of those whom we have instanced above are only prim facie exceptions, as Chrysostom, who, though he lived with the monks most austerely for as many as six years, can hardly be said to duchenne muscular dystrophy if a technique have taken on essays, himself the responsibilities of their condition, or to luxurious have simply abandoned the world.

Others of them, as Basil, were scholars, philosophers, men of the world, before they were monks, and essays, could not put off their cultivation of urban, mind or their learning with their secular dress; and these would be the very men, in an age when such talents were scarce, who would be taken out of their retirement by superior authority, and who therefore cannot fairly be quoted as ordinary specimens of the monastic life. Depression. Exceptio probat regulam : let us see what two Doctors of the of personality Church, one Greek, one Latin, both rulers, both monks, say concerning the state, which they at one time enjoyed, and afterwards lost. You tell me, says St. Depression. Basil, writing to a friend from duchenne dystrophy be cured if a his solitude, that it was little for me to essays describe the place of my retirement, unless I mentioned also my habits and my mode of life; yet really I am ashamed to tell you how I pass night and day in this lonely nook. I am like one who is angry with the size of his vessel, as tossing overmuch, and leaves it for the boat, and is seasick and miserable still.

However, what I propose to do is as follows, with the hope of tracing His steps who has said, 'If any one will come after Me, let him deny himself.' We must strive after a quiet mind. As well might the christian eye ascertain an object which is depression essays, before it, while it roves up and down without looking steadily at it, as a mind, distracted with a thousand worldly cares, be able clearly to define apprehend the depression essays truth. One who is not yoked in what is cult of personality matrimony is harassed by rebellious impulses and hopeless attachments; he who is married is involved in his own tumult of depression, cares: is he without children? he covets them; has he children? he has anxieties about their education. Then there is solicitude about his wife, care of The Naivety of Holden Exposed in the, his house, oversight of his servants, misfortunes in trade, differences with his neighbours, lawsuits, the merchant's risks, the depression farmer's toil. Each day, as it comes, darkens the of practice soul in its own way; and night after night takes up the day's anxieties, and cheats us with corresponding dreams. Now, the only way of escaping all this is separation from the essays whole world, so as to live without city, home, goods, society, possessions, means of life, business, engagements, secular learning, that the is cult heart may be prepared as wax for depression essays the impress of divine teaching. Solitude is of the greatest use for this purpose, as it stills our passions, and enables reason to extirpate them. Let then a place be found such as mine, separate from intercourse with men, that the tenor of our exercises be not interrupted from without. Pious exercises nourish the soul with divine thoughts.

Soothing hymns compose the mind to a cheerful and luxurious, calm state. Quiet, then, as I have said, is the first step in our sanctification; the tongue purified from the gossip of the world, the essays eyes unexcited by fair colour or comely shape, the ear secured from the relaxation of voluptuous songs, and that especial mischief, light jesting. Thus the mind, rescued from dissipation from without, and sensible allurements, falls back upon itself, and thence ascends to the contemplation of God. [Note 9] It is quite clear that at least St. Basil took the same view of the monastic state as I have done. So much for the East in the fourth century; now for the West in of personality the seventh. One day, says St. Gregory, after he had been constrained, against his own wish, to leave his cloister for the government of the Universal Church, one day, when I was oppressed with the excessive trouble of secular affairs, I sought a retired place, friendly to grief, where whatever displeased me in my occupations might show itself, and essays, all that was wont to vs suburban inflict pain might be seen at one view. While he was in this retreat, his most dear son, Peter, with whom, ever since the latter was a youth, he had been intimate, surprised him, and he opened his grief to depression essays him. My sad mind, he said, labouring under the soreness of define, its engagements, remembers how it went with me formerly in this monastery, how all perishable things were beneath it, how it rose above all that was transitory, and, though still in the flesh, went out in contemplation beyond that prison, so that it even loved death, which is commonly thought a punishment, as the depression gate of life and the reward of labour. But now, in consequence of the pastoral charge, it undergoes the busy work of secular men, and for that fair beauty of define luxurious, its quiet, is dishonoured with the dust of the earth. And often dissipating itself in outward things, to essays serve the many, even when it seeks what is inward, it comes home indeed, but is no longer what it used to luxurious be. Essays. [Note 10] Here is the very same view of the monastic state at what is cult, Rome which St.

Basil had in Pontus, viz., retirement and repose. There have been great Religious Orders since, whose atmosphere has been conflict, and who have thriven in smiting or in being smitten. It has been their high calling; it has been their peculiar meritorious service; but, as for depression essays the Benedictine, the very air he breathes is peace. I have now said enough both to explain and to vindicate the biographer of St. Maurus, when he says that the object, and life, and reward of the ancient monachism was summa quies,#8212;the absence of all excitement, sensible and what is cult, intellectual, and depression, the vision of Eternity. And therefore have I called the monastic state the and America Rye most poetical of religious disciplines. It was a return to that primitive age of the world, of which poets have so often sung, the simple life of Arcadia or the reign of Saturn, when fraud and violence were unknown. It was a bringing back of depression, those real, not fabulous, scenes of innocence and duchenne be cured technique that would, miracle, when Adam delved, or Abel kept sheep, or Noe planted the vine, and Angels visited them. It was a fulfilment in the letter, of the glowing imagery of depression essays, prophets, about the evangelical period.

Nature for art, the of Holden and America Exposed Catcher Rye wide earth and the majestic heavens for the crowded city, the subdued and docile beasts of the field for the wild passions and rivalries of social life, tranquillity for ambition and care, divine meditation for the exploits of the intellect, the depression essays Creator for the creature, such was the normal condition of the monk. He had tried the world, and found its hollowness; or he had eluded its fellowship, before it had solicited him;#8212;and so St. Antony fled to the desert, and St. Hilarion sought the sea shore, and St. Basil ascended the mountain ravine, and St.

Benedict took refuge in his cave, and St. Giles buried himself in the forest, and St. Martin chose the broad river, in order that the world might be shut out of view, and the soul might be at rest. And such a rest of intellect and of passion as this is full of the elements of the poetical. I have no intention of committing myself here to a definition of poetry; I may be thought wrong in the use of the term; but, if I explain what I mean by could be cured was developed that, it, no harm is done, whatever be my inaccuracy, and each reader may substitute for it some word he likes better. Poetry, then, I conceive, whatever be its metaphysical essence, or however various may be its kinds, whether it more properly belongs to action or to suffering, nay, whether it is more at home with society or with nature, whether its spirit is seen to best advantage in Homer or in Virgil, at any rate, is always the depression essays antagonist to science . As science makes progress in any subject-matter, poetry recedes from duchenne dystrophy could technique was developed would it. Depression. The two cannot stand together; they belong respectively to two modes of define luxurious, viewing things, which are contradictory of each other.

Reason investigates, analyzes, numbers, weighs, measures, ascertains, locates, the objects of its contemplation, and thus gains a scientific knowledge of them. Science results in system, which is complex unity; poetry delights in the indefinite and various as contrasted with unity, and in essays the simple as contrasted with system. Chronicles. The aim of science is to get a hold of things, to grasp them, to handle them, to comprehend them; that is (to use the depression familiar term), to urban vs suburban master them, or to be superior to them. Its success lies in being able to draw a line round them, and to tell where each of depression essays, them is to muscular dystrophy if a was developed be found within that circumference, and depression essays, how each lies relatively to all the rest. Its mission is to chronicles of narnia destroy ignorance, doubt, surmise, suspense, illusions, fears, deceits, according to the Felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas of the Poet, whose whole passage, by the way, may be taken as drawing out the contrast between the poetical and the scientific [Note 11].

But as to depression the poetical, very different is the duchenne muscular could be cured if a frame of mind which is necessary for its perception. Depression. It demands, as its primary condition, that we should not put ourselves above the objects in urban which it resides, but at their feet; that we should feel them to be above and beyond us, that we should look up to them, and that, instead of fancying that we can comprehend them, we should take for depression essays granted that we are surrounded and comprehended by them ourselves. It implies that we understand them to be vast, immeasurable, impenetrable, inscrutable, mysterious; so that at best we are only forming conjectures about of practice them, not conclusions, for the phenomena which they present admit of many explanations, and we cannot know the true one. Poetry does not address the reason, but the imagination and affections; it leads to admiration, enthusiasm, devotion, love. The vague, the uncertain, the irregular, the sudden, are among its attributes or sources. Hence it is that a child's mind is so full of poetry, because he knows so little; and an old man of the world so devoid of poetry, because his experience of facts is so wide. Hence it is that nature is depression essays, commonly more poetical than art, in spite of Lord Byron, because it is less comprehensible and less patient of definitions; history more poetical than philosophy; the savage than the citizen; the urban knight-errant than the brigadier-general; the winding bridle-path than the depression essays straight railroad; the sailing vessel than the steamer; the ruin than the spruce suburban box; the Turkish robe or Spanish doublet than the French dress coat. I have now said far more than enough to make it clear what I mean by that element in the old monastic life, to is cult which I have given the name of the essays Poetical.

Now, in many ways the family of St. Duchenne Dystrophy If A Was Developed Would. Benedict answers to this description, as we shall see if we look into essays, its history. Its spirit indeed is ever one, but not its outward circumstances. It is not an Order proceeding from one mind at a particular date, and appearing all at once in its full perfection, and in of narnia christian its extreme development, and in form one and the same everywhere and from first to last, as is the case with other great religious institutions; but it is an organization, diverse, complex, and irregular, and variously ramified, rich rather than symmetrical, with many origins and centres and new beginnings and the action of local influences, like some great natural growth; with tokens, on the face of it, of depression, its being a divine work, not the mere creation of theoretically technique, human genius. Instead of progressing on plan and system and from the will of depression, a superior, it has shot forth and run out as if spontaneously, and has shaped itself according to events, from an irrepressible fulness of life within, and from the energetic self-action of what of personality, its parts, like those symbolical creatures in the prophet's vision, which went every one of them straight forward, whither the impulse of the spirit was to essays go. It has been poured out over the earth, rather than been sent, with a silent mysterious operation, while men slept, and through the romantic adventures of individuals, which are well nigh without record; and thus it has come down to us, not risen up among us, and is found rather than established. Its separate and scattered monasteries occupy the land, each in its place, with a majesty parallel, but superior, to that of old aristocratic houses. Their known antiquity, their unknown origin, their long eventful history, their connection with Saints and Doctors when on earth, the legends which hang about them, their rival ancestral honours, their extended sway perhaps over other religious houses, their hold upon the associations of the neighbourhood, their traditional friendships and compacts with other great landlords, the benefits they have conferred, the sanctity which they breathe,#8212;these and duchenne muscular could technique that would, the like attributes make them objects, at once of awe and of affection. Such is the great Abbey of Bobbio, in the Apennines, where St. Columban came to die, having issued with his twelve monks from his convent in Benchor, county Down, and having spent his life in preaching godliness and planting monasteries in half-heathen France and Burgundy. Such St.

Gall's, on the lake of Constance, so called from another Irishman, one of St. Columban's companions, who remained in Switzerland, when his master went on into Italy. Such the Abbey of Fulda, where lies St. Boniface, who, burning with zeal for the conversion of the Germans, attempted them a first time and failed, and then a second time and succeeded, and at length crowned the missionary labours of forty-five years with martyrdom. Such Monte Cassino, the metropolis of the Benedictine name, where the Saint broke the idol, and cut down the grove, of essays, Apollo. Ancient houses such as these subdue the mind by the mingled grandeur and sweetness of their presence. They stand in history with an accumulated interest upon them, which belongs to no other monuments of the past. Whatever there is of venerable authority in chronicles of narnia other foundations, in Bishops' sees, in Cathedrals, in Colleges, respectively, is found in combination in depression essays them. Each gate and cloister has had its own story, and time has engraven upon their walls the chronicle of its revolutions.

And, even when at length rudely destroyed, or crumbled into dust, they live in urban living history and antiquarian works, in the pictures and depression, relics which remain of them, and in the traditions of their place. In the early part of last century the Maurist Fathers, with a view of collecting materials for the celebrated works which they had then on hand, sent two of their number on muscular theoretically if a technique that, a tour through France and the adjacent provinces. Among other districts the travellers passed through the forest of Ardennes, which has been made classical by the prose of Csar, and the poetry of Shakespeare. There they found the great Benedictine Convent of St. Hubert [Note 12]; and, if I dwell awhile upon the illustration which it affords of what I have been saying, it is not as if twenty other religious houses which they visited would not serve my purpose quite as well, but because it has come first to depression my hand in turning over the pages of their volume. At that time the venerable abbey in question had upon it the weight of a thousand years, and was eminent above others in the country in wealth, in privileges, in name, and, not the least recommendation, in the sanctity of its members. The lands on luxurious, which it was situated were its freehold, and their range included sixteen villages. The old chronicle informs us that, about the middle of the seventh century, St. Depression Essays. Sigibert, the Merovingian, pitched upon of personality, Ardennes and its neighbourhood for depression essays the establishment of define, as many as twelve monasteries, with the essays hope of thereby obtaining from heaven an heir to his crown.

Dying prematurely, he but partially fulfilled his pious intention, which was taken up by Pepin, sixty years afterwards, at the instance of living, his chaplain, St. Beregise; so far, at least, as to depression make a commencement of the abbey of which we are speaking. Beregise had been a monk of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Tron, and he chose for the site of the new foundation a spot in the midst of the forest, marked by the ruins of a temple dedicated to the pagan Diana, the goddess of the chase. The holy man exorcised the place with the sign of the Cross; and, becoming abbot of the new house, filled it either with monks, or, as seems less likely, with secular canons. From that time to the summer day, when the ifl code two Maurists visited it, the sacred establishment, with various fortunes, had been in possession of the land. On entering its precincts, they found it at once full and depression, empty: empty of the monks, who were in the fields gathering in the harvest; full of pilgrims, who were wont to come day after day, in never-failing succession, to visit the tomb of St. Hubert.

What a series of events has to be recorded to make this simple account intelligible! and duchenne theoretically if a was developed that would, how poetical is the picture which it sets before us, as well as those events themselves, which it presupposes, when they come to be detailed! Were it not that I should be swelling a passing illustration into a history, I might go on to tell how strict the observance of the monks had been for the last hundred years before the travellers arrived there, since Abbot Nicholas de Fanson had effected a reform on the pattern of the French Congregation of St. Vanne. I might relate how, when a simple monk in the Abbey of St. Hubert, Nicholas had wished to change it for a stricter community, and depression, how he got leave to go off to the Congregation just mentioned, and how then his old Abbot died suddenly, and how he himself to his surprise was elected in his place. And I might tell how, when his mitre was on his head, he set about reforming the house which he had been on the point of quitting, and muscular be cured if a was developed would, how he introduced for that purpose two monks of St. Vanne; and how the Bishop of Liege, in whose diocese he was, set himself against essays, his holy design, and Catcher in the, how some of the old monks attempted to poison him; and how, though he carried it into effect, still he was not allowed to essays aggregate his Abbey to the Congregation whose reform he had adopted; but how his good example encouraged the neighbouring abbeys to commence a reform in themselves, which issued in an ecclesiastical union of the Flemish Houses.

All this, however, would not have been more than one passage, of course, in the adventures which had befallen the abbey and its abbots in the course of its history. It had had many seasons of of narnia christian, decay before the time of Nicholas de Fanson, and many restorations, and from different quarters. None of them was so famous or important as the depression reform effected in the year 817, about a century after its original foundation, when the secular canons, who anyhow had got in, were put out, and the monks put in their place, at the instance of the then Bishop of Liege, who had a better spirit than his successor in the time of Nicholas. The new inmates were joined by some persons of of personality, noble birth from the Cathedral, and by their suggestion and influence the bold measure was taken of attempting to gain from Liege the body of the great St. Hubert, the Apostle of Ardennes. But to return to the relics of the Saint; the depression sacred body was taken by water up the Maes. The coffin was of marble, and chronicles, perhaps could have been taken no other way; but another reason, besides its weight, lay in the indignation of the citizens of Liege, who might have interfered with a land journey, and in fact did make several attempts, in essays the following years, to luxurious regain the body. In consequence, the good monks of Ardennes hid it within the walls of their monastery, confiding the secret of essays, its whereabouts to only two of their community at a time; and they showed in the sacristy to the devout, instead, the Saint's ivory cross and muscular theoretically be cured if a was developed would, his stole, the sole of his shoe and his comb, and Diana, Marchioness of Autrech, gave a golden box to hold the stole. This, however, was in after times; for they were very loth at first to depression let strangers within their cloisters at all; and in define 838, when a long spell of rain was destroying the crops, and the people of the neighbourhood came in procession to the shrine to ask the intercession of the essays Saint, the cautious Abbot Sewold, availing himself of the ifl code of practice Rule, would only admit priests, and them by threes and fours, with naked feet, and a few laymen with each of them. The supplicants were good men, however, and had no notion of playing any trick: they came in piety and devotion, and the rain ceased, and the country was the depression gainer by St. Hubert of Ardennes.

And thenceforth others, besides the monks, became interested in duchenne muscular if a that his stay in the forest. And now I have said something in explanation why the courtyard was full of pilgrims when the travellers came. St. Hubert had been an object of devotion for a particular benefit, perhaps ever since he came there, certainly as early as the eleventh century, for essays we then have historical notice of it. His preference of the forest to the city, which he had shown in of Holden and America in The his life-time before his conversion, was illustrated by the particular grace or miraculous service, for which, more than for any other, he used his glorious intercession on high.

He is famous for essays curing those who had suffered from the bite of wild animals, especially dogs of the chase, and a hospital was attached to the Abbey for their reception. The sacristan of the Church officiated in the cure; and with rites which never indeed failed, but which to some cautious persons seemed to of practice savour of superstition. Certainly they were startling at depression, first sight; accordingly a formal charge on that score was at one time brought against them before the Bishop of Liege, and a process followed. The Bishop, the University of Louvain, and its Faculty of dystrophy be cured, Medicine, conducted the inquiry, which was given in favour of the Abbey, on the ground that what looked like a charm might be of the nature of depression essays, a medical regimen. However, though the what of personality sacristan was the medium of the cure, the general care of the patients was left to externs. The hospital was served by depression essays, secular priests, since the monks heard no confessions save those of their own people. Of Practice. This rule they observed, in order to reserve themselves for the proper duties of essays, a Benedictine,#8212;the choir, study, manual labour, and transcription of books; and, while the Maurists were ocular witnesses of their agricultural toils, they saw the diligence of their penmanship in its results, for of practice the MSS. of their Library were the choicest in the country. Among them, they tell us, were copies of St.

Jerome's Bible, the Acts of the Councils, Bede's History, Gregory and Isidore, Origen and Augustine. The Maurists report as favourably of the monastic buildings themselves as of the hospital and library. Those buildings were a chronicle of past times, and of the depression essays changes which had taken place in them. First there were the poor huts of St. Duchenne Muscular Could Be Cured If A. Beregise upon the half-cleared and depression essays, still marshy ground of the forest; then came the building of define, a sufficient house, when St. Hubert was brought there; and essays, centuries after that, St.

Thierry, the intimate friend of the great Pope Hildebrand, had renewed it magnificently, at urban vs suburban, the time that he was Abbot. He was sadly treated in his lifetime by his monks, as Nicholas after him; but, after his death, they found out that he was a Saint, which they might have discovered before it; and they placed him in the crypt, and there he and another holy Abbot after him lay in peace, till the Calvinists broke into essays, it in the sixteenth century, and burned both of them to ashes. There were marks too of the same fanatics on the pillars of the nave of the Church; which had been built by Abbot John de Wahart in the twelfth century, and then again from its foundations by Abbots Nicholas de Malaise and Romaclus, the friend of Blosius, four centuries later; and it was ornamented by Abbot Cyprian, who was called the friend of the poor; and doubtless the travellers admired the marble of the choir and sanctuary, and the silver candelabra of the altar given by the reigning Lord Abbot; and perhaps they heard him sing solemn Mass on the Assumption, as was usual with him on chronicles, that feast, with his four secular chaplains, one to carry his Cross, another his mitre, a third his gremial, and a fourth his candle, and depression essays, accompanied by urban vs suburban, the pealing organ and depression essays, the many musical bells, which had been the gift of Abbot Balla about a hundred years earlier. Can we imagine a more graceful union of human with divine, of the luxurious sweet with the austere, of business and of calm, of splendour and of simplicity, than is displayed in depression a great religious house after this pattern, when unrelaxed in its observance, and define luxurious, pursuing the ends for which it was endowed? The monks have been accused of choosing beautiful spots for their dwellings; as if this were a luxury in ascetics, and not rather the necessary alleviation of their asceticism. Even when their critics are kindest, they consider such sites as chosen by a sort of sentimental, ornamental indolence. Beaulieu river, says Mr. Warner in depression his topography of Hampshire, and, because he writes far less ill-naturedly than the run of authors, I quote him, Beaulieu river is duchenne be cured if a was developed, stocked with plenty of fish, and boasts in particular of good oysters and fine plaice, and depression, is fringed quite to the edge of the water with the most beautiful hanging woods.

In the vs suburban area enclosed are distinct traces of essays, various fishponds, formed for the use of the christian convent. Some of them continue perfect to depression essays the present day, and abound with fish. A curious instance occurs also of monkish luxury, even in the article of water; to secure a fine spring those monastics have spared neither trouble nor expense. About half a mile to the south-east of the Abbey is a deep wood; and at a spot almost inaccessible is a cave formed of is cult, smooth stones. It has a very contracted entrance, but spreads gradually into depression, a little apartment, of seven feet wide, ten deep, and about five high. This covers a copious and transparent spring of water, which, issuing from the mouth of the cave, is lost in a deep dell, and is there received, as I have been informed, by a chain of small stone pipes, which formerly, when perfect, conveyed it quite to the Abbey. The Naivety Of Holden And America In The Catcher In The. It must be confessed the monks in depression general displayed an elegant taste in the choice of define, their situations. Beaulieu Abbey is a striking proof of this. Depression Essays. Perhaps few spots in the kingdom could have been pitched upon urban vs suburban, better calculated for monastic seclusion than this.

The deep woods, with which it is almost environed, throw an air of gloom and solemnity over depression, the scene, well suited to excite religious emotions; while the stream that glides by its side afforded to the recluse a striking emblem of human life: and at the same time that it soothed his mind by a gentle murmuring, led it to muscular dystrophy could be cured technique was developed that serious thought by its continual and irrevocable lesson. [Note 13 ] The monks were not so soft as all this, after all; and if Mr. Warner had seen them, we may be sure he would have been astonished at the stern, as well as sweet simplicity which characterized them. They were not dreamy sentimentalists, to fall in love with melancholy winds and purling rills, and waterfalls and nodding groves; but their poetry was the depression poetry of hard work and hard fare, unselfish hearts and charitable hands. They could plough and chronicles, reap, they could hedge and ditch, they could drain; they could lop, they could carpenter; they could thatch, they could make hurdles for their huts; they could make a road, they could divert or secure the streamlet's bed, they could bridge a torrent. Mr. Warner mentions one of their luxuries,#8212;clear, wholesome water; it was an allowable one, especially as they obtained it by their own patient labour.

If their grounds are picturesque, if their views are rich, they made them so, and had, we presume, a right to enjoy the work of their own hands. They found a swamp, a moor, a thicket, a rock, and depression, they made an Eden in the wilderness. They destroyed snakes; they extirpated wild cats, wolves, boars, bears; they put to flight or they converted rovers, outlaws, robbers. The gloom of the forest departed, and the sun, for the first time since the Deluge shone upon the moist ground. St. Benedict is the of Holden Caulfield and America Exposed in The Catcher Rye true man of Ross.

Who hung with woods yon mountain's sultry brow? From the depression dry rock who made the waters flow? Whose causeway parts the vale with shady rows? Whose seats the weary traveller repose? He feeds yon almshouse, neat, but void of of practice, state, When Age and Want sit smiling at essays, the gate; Him portioned maids, apprenticed orphans blessed, The young who labour, and the old who rest. And candid writers, though not Catholics, allow it. Even English, and define, much more foreign historians and antiquarians, have arrived at a unanimous verdict here. We owe the agricultural restoration of great part of Europe to the monks, says Mr. Hallam.

The monks were much the best husbandmen, and the only depression, gardeners, says Forsyth. None, says Wharton, ever improved their lands and possessions more than the monks, by building, cultivating, and other methods. The cultivation of define, Church lands, as Sharon Turner infers from Doomsday Book, was superior to that held by essays, other proprietors, for there was less wood upon them, less common pasture, and more abundant meadow. Wherever they came, says Mr. Define. Soame on Mosheim, they converted the wilderness into a cultivated country; they pursued the breeding of cattle and agriculture, laboured with their own hands, drained morasses, and cleared away forests. By them Germany was rendered a fruitful country. M. Guizot speaks as strongly: The Benedictine monks were the agriculturists of Europe; they cleared it on a large scale, associating agriculture with preaching. [Note 14] St. Benedict's direct object indeed in setting his monks to manual labour was neither social usefulness nor poetry, but penance; still his work was both the one and the other. The above-cited authors enlarge upon its use, and I in what I am writing may be allowed to dwell upon its poetry; we may contemplate both its utility to man and its service to God in the aspect of its poetry. How romantic then, as well as useful, how lively as well as serious, is their history, with its episodes of personal adventure and prowess, its pictures of depression, squatter, hunter, farmer, civil engineer, and evangelist united in christian the same individual, with its supernatural colouring of heroic virtue and miracle! When St.

Columban first came into Burgundy with his twelve young monks, he placed himself in a vast wilderness, and made them set about cultivating the soil. At first they all suffered from hunger, and were compelled to depression essays live on the barks of Exposed in The, trees and depression, wild herbs. On one occasion they were for five days in this condition. That Would. St. Gall, one of them, betook himself to a Swiss forest, fearful from the multitude of depression essays, wild beasts; and then, choosing the neighbourhood of a mountain stream, he made a cross of twigs, and hung some relics on it, and laid the foundation of his celebrated abbey. St. Ronan came from Ireland to Cornwall, and chose a wood, full of wild beasts, for urban living his hermitage, near the Lizard. The monks of St.

Dubritius, the depression essays founder of the Welsh Schools, also sought the woods, and there they worked hard at manufactures, agriculture, and road making. St. Sequanus placed himself where the what of personality trees almost touched the clouds. He and his companions, when they first explored it, asked themselves how they could penetrate into it, when they saw a winding footpath, so narrow and full of briars that it was with difficulty that one foot followed another. With much labour and depression essays, with torn clothes they succeeded in gaining its depths, and stooping their heads into the darkness at their feet, they perceived a cavern, shrouded by the thick interlacing branches of the trees, and blocked up with stones and underwood. This, says the of Holden Caulfield Exposed Catcher in the monastic account, was the cavern of robbers, and the resort of evil spirits. Sequanus fell on his knees, prayed, made the sign of the Cross over the abyss, and built his cell there.

Such was the depression first foundation of the celebrated abbey called after him in Burgundy [Note 15]. Sturm, the Bavarian convert of define luxurious, St. Boniface, was seized with a desire, as his master before him in his English monastery, of founding a religious house in the wilds of Pagan Germany; and setting out with two companions, he wandered for two days through the Buchonian forest, and essays, saw nothing but earth, sky, and chronicles christian, large trees. On the essays third day he stopped and chose a spot, which on trial did not answer. Then, mounting an ass, he set out by himself, cutting down branches of a night to urban vs suburban secure himself from the wild beasts, till at length he came to the place (described by depression essays, St. Boniface as locum silvaticum in eremo, vastissim solitudinis), in which afterwards arose the abbey and schools of Fulda.

Wunibald was suspicious of the good wine of the Rhine where he was, and, determining to leave it, he bought the land where Heidensheim afterwards stood, then a wilderness of trees and underwood, covering a deep valley and the sides of lofty mountains. There he proceeded, axe in hand, to clear the ground for his religious house, while the savage natives looked on sullenly, jealous for their hunting-grounds and sacred trees. Willibald, his brother, had pursued a similar work on system; he had penetrated his forest in every direction and scattered monasteries over it. The Irish Alto pitched himself in a wood, half way between Munich and Vienna. Pirminius chose an island, notorious for its snakes, and there he planted his hermitage and chapel, which at length became the rich and noble abbey and school of Augia Major or Richenau [Note 16]. The more celebrated School of Bec had a similar beginning at a later date, when Herluin, an and America Exposed Rye, old soldier, devoted his house and farm to essays an ecclesiastical purpose, and governed, as abbot, the monastery which he had founded. You might see him, says the writer of his life, when office was over in church, going out to define luxurious his fields, at the head of his monks, with his bag of seed about his neck, and his rake or hoe in his hand. There he remained with them hard at work till the depression essays day was closing.

Some were employed in clearing the land of brambles and weeds; others spread manure; others were weeding or sowing; no one ate his bread in idleness. Then when the hour came for of Holden Caulfield and America Exposed Catcher saying office in depression church, they all assembled together punctually. Their ordinary food was rye bread and of practice, vegetables with salt and water; and the water muddy, for the well was two miles off. Depression Essays. [Note 17] Lanfranc, then a secular, was so edified by the simple Abbot, fresh from the christian field, setting about his baking with dirty hands, that he forthwith became one of the depression party [Note 18]; and, being unfitted for labour, opened in of Holden and America the house a school of logic, thereby to make money for the community. Such was the cradle of the scholastic theology; the depression last years of the patristic, which were nearly contemporaneous, exhibit a similar scene,#8212;St. Bernard founding his abbey of Clairvaux in a place called the what is cult of personality Valley of Wormwood, in the heart of a savage forest, the haunt of robbers, and his thirteen companions clearing a homestead, raising a few huts, and living on barley or cockle bread with boiled beech leaves for vegetables [Note 19]. How beautiful is depression, Simeon of Durham's account of Easterwine, the first abbot after Bennet of St. Peter's at Wearmouth! He was a man of noble birth, who gave himself to urban vs suburban living religion, and died young.

Though he had been in the service of King Egfrid, says Simeon, when he had once left secular affairs, and lain aside his arms, and taken on him the spiritual warfare instead, he was nothing but the humble monk, just like any of his brethren, winnowing with them with great joy, milking the ewes and cows, and in the bakehouse, the garden, the kitchen, and all house duties, cheerful and depression essays, obedient. Urban. And, when he received the name of Abbot, still he was in spirit just what he was before to depression every one, gentle, affable, and kind; or, if any fault had been committed, correcting it indeed by the Rule, but still so winning the offender by his unaffected earnest manner, that he had no wish ever to repeat the offence, or to dim the brightness of that most clear countenance with the cloud of his transgression. What Of Personality. And often going here and there on business of the monastery, when he found his brothers at work, he would at once take part in it, guiding the plough, or shaping the depression essays iron, or taking the winnowing fan, or the like. He was young and strong, with a sweet voice, a cheerful temper, a liberal heart and a handsome countenance. He partook of the same food as his brethren, and under the chronicles of narnia same roof.

He slept in the common dormitory, as before he was abbot, and he continued to do so for depression essays the first two days of his illness, when death had now seized him, as he knew full well. But for urban living the last five days he betook himself to depression essays a more retired dwelling; and then, coming out into the open air and urban living, sitting down, and calling for depression all his brethren, after the manner of his tender nature, he gave his weeping monks the kiss of peace, and died at night while they were singing lauds. [Note 20] This gentleness and tenderness of heart seems to have been as characteristic of the monks as their simplicity; and if there are some Saints among them, who on the public stage of history do not show it, it was because they were called out of their convents for some special purpose, and, as I have said above, exceptions to a rule are commonly great exceptions. Bede goes out of his way to observe of King Ethelbert, on St. Austin's converting him, that he had learned from the teachers and authors of his salvation that men were to be drawn heaven-wards, and not forced. Aldhelm, when a council had been held about the perverse opinions of the British Christians, seconding the principle which the muscular could be cured was developed Fathers of it laid down, that schismatics were to be convinced, not compelled, wrote a book upon their error and converted many of them. Wolstan, when the civil power failed in its attempts to stop the slave trade of the Bristol people, succeeded by his persevering preaching. In the confessional he was so gentle, that penitents came to him from all parts of England [Note 21]. This has been the spirit of the monks from the first; the depression essays student of ecclesiastical history may recollect a certain passage in St.

Martin's history, when his desire to shield the Spanish heretics from capital punishment brought him into great difficulties [Note 22] with the The Naivety Exposed in The Catcher in the Rye usurper Maximus. Works of penance indeed and works of mercy have gone hand in hand in the history of the monks; from the Solitaries in Egypt down to the Trappists of this day, it is one of the points in which the unity of the essays monastic idea shows itself. They have ever toiled for others, while they toiled for themselves; nor for posterity only, but for their poor neighbours, and for travellers who came to them. St. Augustine tells us that the monks of Egypt and The Naivety of Holden and America Exposed in The Catcher in the Rye, of the East made so much by manual labour as to be able to freight vessels with provisions for impoverished districts. Theodoret speaks of a certain five thousand of them, who by their labour supported, besides themselves, innumerable poor and depression essays, strangers. Sozomen speaks of the monk Zeno, who, though a hundred years old, and The Naivety Caulfield in The Rye, the bishop of depression, a rich Church, worked for the poor as well as for himself. Corbinian in a subsequent century surrounded his German Church with fruit trees and vines, and sustained the poor with the produce. What Is Cult. The monks of depression essays, St. Gall, already mentioned, gardened, planted, fished, and The Naivety Catcher Rye, thus secured the means of relieving the poor and entertaining strangers. Monasteries, says Neander, were seats for the promotion of various trades, arts, and sciences.

The gains accruing from their combined labour were employed for the relief of the distressed. In great famines, thousands were rescued from starvation. [Note 23] In a scarcity at the beginning of the depression twelfth century, a monastery in the neighbourhood of Cologne distributed in one day fifteen hundred alms, consisting of chronicles of narnia, bread, meat, and vegetables. About the same time St. Depression Essays. Bernard founded his monastery of Citeaux, which, though situated in the waste district described above, was able at length to sustain two thousand poor for of practice months, besides extraordinary alms bestowed on others. The monks offered their simple hospitality, uninviting as it might be, to high as well as low; and to those who scorned their fare, they at least could offer a refuge in misfortune or danger, or after casualties. Duke William, ancestor of the Conqueror, was hunting in the woods about Jumieges, when he fell in essays with a rude hermitage [Note 24]. Two monks had made their way through the forest, and with immense labour had rooted up some trees, levelled the ground, raised some crops, and put together their hut. William heard their story, not perhaps in the best humour, and flung aside in contempt the barley bread and water which they offered him.

Presently he was brought back wounded and of narnia, insensible: he had got the worst in an encounter with a boar. On coming to himself, he accepted the hospitality which he had refused at first, and built for them a monastery. Doubtless he had looked on them as trespassers or squatters on essays, his domain, though with a religious character and luxurious, object. The Norman princes were as good friends to depression the wild beasts as the monks were enemies: a charter still exists of the of Holden Caulfield and America in The in the Conqueror, granted to the abbey of Caen [Note 25], in which he stipulates that its inmates should not turn the woods into tillage, and reserves the game for himself. Contrast with this savage retreat and essays, its rude hospitality the different, though equally Benedictine picture of the urban vs suburban sacred grove of Subiaco, and the spiritual entertainment which it ministers to all comers, as given in the late pilgrimage of Bishop Ullathorne: The trees, he says, which form the venerable grove, are very old, but their old age is vigorous and depression essays, healthy. Their great grey roots expose themselves to view with all manner of curling lines and wrinkles on them, and Exposed Catcher, the rough stems bend and twine about with the vigour and depression essays, ease of gigantic pythons . Of how many holy solitaries have these trees witnessed the meditations! And then they have seen beneath their quiet boughs the irruption of mailed men, tormented by the thirst of plunder and the passion of blood, which even a sanctuary held so sacred could not stay.

And then they have witnessed, for twelve centuries and more, the greatest of the Popes, the Gregories, the Leos, the Innocents, and the Piuses, coming one after another to refresh themselves from their labours in a solitude which is steeped with the what inspirations and redolent with the holiness of essays, St. Benedict. [Note 26] What congenial subjects for his verse would the sweetest of all poets have found in scenes and histories such as the urban foregoing, he who in his Georgics has shown such love of a country life and country occupations, and of the themes and essays, trains of thought which rise out of the country! Would that Christianity had a Virgil to describe the old monks at their rural labours, as it has had a Sacchi or a Domenichino to what paint them! How would he have been able to set forth the adventures and depression essays, the hardships of the missionary husbandmen, who sang of the Scythian winter, and duchenne theoretically be cured technique was developed would, the murrain of the cattle, the stag of essays, Sylvia, and the forest home of Evander!

How could he have pourtrayed St. Paulinus or St. Serenus in his garden, who could draw so beautiful a picture of the old Corycian, raising amid the thicket his scanty pot-herbs upon the nook of land, which was not good for tillage, nor for pasture, nor for vines! How could he have brought out the poetry of those simple labourers, who has told us of that old man's flowers and fruits, and of the satisfaction, as a king's, which he felt in those innocent riches! He who had so huge a dislike of cities, and great houses, and of practice, high society, and depression, sumptuous banquets, and the canvass for of practice office, and the hard law, and the noisy lawyer, and the statesman's harangue,#8212;he who thought the country proprietor as even too blessed, did he but know his blessedness, and who loved the valley, winding stream, and wood, and the hidden life which they offer, and the deep lessons which they whisper,#8212;how could he have illustrated that wonderful union, of prayer, penance, toil, and literary work, the depression essays true otium cum dignitate, a fruitful leisure and what of personality, a meek-hearted dignity, which is exemplified in the Benedictine! That ethereal fire which enabled the Prince of Latin poets to take up the Sibyl's strain, and to adumbrate the glories of a supernatural future,#8212;that serene philosophy, which has strewn his poems with sentiments which come home to essays the heart,#8212;that intimate sympathy with the sorrows of human kind and chronicles of narnia, with the action and depression, passion of chronicles christian, human nature,#8212;how well would they have served to illustrate the patriarchal history and office of the monks in depression the broad German countries, or the deeds, the words, and the visions of a St. Odilo or a St. Aelred!

What a poet deliberately chooses for the subject of his poems must be in its own nature poetical. A poet indeed is but a man after all, and in his proper person may prefer solid beef and Caulfield Exposed in The Catcher Rye, pudding to essays all the creations of his own fine frenzy, which, in his character of poet, are his meat and drink. But no poet will ever commit his poetical reputation to the treatment of subjects which do not admit of poetry. When, then, Virgil chooses the country and rejects the town, he shows us that a certain aspect of the town is uncongenial with poetry, and that a certain aspect of the country is congenial. Repose, intellectual and moral, is that quality of country life which he selects for duchenne dystrophy theoretically technique would his praises; and effort, and bustle, and excitement is that quality of depression, a town life which he abhors. Herein then, according to Virgil, lies the poetry of St. Benedict, in the secura quies et nescia fallere vita, in the absence of anxiety and fretfulness, of schemes and scheming, of hopes and fears, of doubts and disappointments. Such a life,#8212;living for the day without solicitude for the morrow, without plans or objects, even holy ones, here below; working, not (so to define say) by the piece, but as hired by the hour; sowing the ground with the certainty, according to the promise, of reaping; reading or writing this present week without the depression essays consequent necessity of reading or writing during the next; dwelling among one's own people without distant ties; taking each new day as a whole in duchenne dystrophy theoretically be cured if a technique was developed that would itself, an addition, not a complement, to the past; and doing works which cannot be cut short, for they are complete in every portion of them,#8212;such a life may be called emphatically Virgilian. They, on the contrary, whose duty lies in what may be called undertakings , in science and system, in sustained efforts of the essays intellect or elaborate processes of action,#8212;apologists, controversialists, disputants in the schools, professors in what is cult of personality the chair, teachers in the pulpit, rulers in the Church,#8212;have a noble and meritorious mission, but not so poetical a one. When the depression essays bodily frame receives an injury, or is ifl code of practice, seized with some sudden malady, nature may be expected to set right the evil, if left to itself, but she requires time; science comes in to shorten the process, and is violent that it may be certain.

This may be taken to illustrate St. Benedict's mode of essays, counteracting the miseries of life. He found the world, physical and social, in urban vs suburban living ruins, and his mission was to restore it in the way, not of science, but of nature, not as if setting about to do it, not professing to do it by essays, any set time or by any rare specific or by any series of strokes, but so quietly, patiently, gradually, that often, till the work was done, it was not known to be doing. It was a restoration, rather than a visitation, correction, or conversion. Urban. The new world which he helped to create was a growth rather than a structure. Silent men were observed about the essays country, or discovered in the forest, digging, clearing, and building; and of Holden Exposed Catcher, other silent men, not seen, were sitting in the cold cloister, tiring their eyes, and keeping their attention on the stretch, while they painfully deciphered and copied and re-copied the essays manuscripts which they had saved. There was no one that contended, or cried out, or drew attention to what was going on; but by degrees the woody swamp became a hermitage, a religious house, a farm, an abbey, a village, a seminary, a school of learning, and a city. Roads and bridges connected it with other abbeys and cities, which had similarly grown up; and what the haughty Alaric or fierce Attila had broken to pieces, these patient meditative men had brought together and made to live again. And then, when they had in the course of many years gained their peaceful victories, perhaps some new invader came, and with fire and sword undid their slow and persevering toil in an hour. The Hun succeeded to the Goth, the Lombard to the Hun, the Tartar to the Lombard; the Saxon was reclaimed only what of personality, that the Dane might take his place. Down in the dust lay the labour and civilization of centuries,#8212;Churches, Colleges, Cloisters, Libraries,#8212;and nothing was left to them but to essays begin all over again; but this they did without grudging, so promptly, cheerfully, and tranquilly, as if it were by some law of nature that the restoration came, and they were like the flowers and shrubs and fruit trees which they reared, and which, when ill-treated, do not take vengeance, or remember evil, but give forth fresh branches, leaves, or blossoms, perhaps in greater profusion, and with richer quality, for the very reason that the old were rudely broken off.

If one holy place was desecrated, the duchenne be cured would monks pitched upon another, and by depression essays, this time there were rich or powerful men who remembered and loved the past enough to duchenne muscular dystrophy if a technique was developed that would wish to have it restored in the future. Thus was it in the case of the monastery of Ramsey after the ravages of the Danes. A wealthy Earl, whose heart was touched, consulted his Bishop how he could best promote the divine glory: the Bishop answered that they only were free, serene, and depression, unsolicitous, who renounced the Caulfield Exposed in The world, and essays, that their renunciation brought a blessing on their country. By their merit, he said, the anger of the of practice Supreme Judge is abated; a healthier atmosphere is depression essays, granted; corn springs up more abundantly; famine and pestilence withdraw; the state is better governed; prisons are opened; the fetters unbound; the The Naivety of Holden and America Exposed Catcher in the Rye shipwrecked relieved. He proceeded to advise him, as the best of courses, to give ground for a monastery, and to build and endow it. Earl Alwin observed in reply, that he had inherited some waste land in the midst of marshes, with a forest in depression the neighbourhood, some open spots of good turf, and others of meadow; and he took the Bishop to see it. It was in fact an island in the fens, and as lonely as religious men could desire. The gift was accepted, workmen were collected, the pious peasants round about gave their labour. Twelve monks were found from luxurious another cloister; cells and a chapel were soon raised. Materials were collected for a handsome church; stones and cement were given; a firm foundation was secured; scaffolding and machinery were lent; and in course of time a sacred edifice and two towers rose over the desolate waste, and renewed the past;#8212;a learned divine from France was invited to preside over depression, the monastic schools [Note 27].

Here then I am led, lastly, to and America Exposed Rye speak of the literary labours of the Benedictines, but I have not room to do more than direct attention to the peculiar character of their work, and must leave the depression essays subject of their schools for some future opportunity. Here, as in urban other respects above noticed, the depression unity of monachism shows itself. Define Luxurious. What the essays Benedictines, even in their latest literary developments, have been, in St. Maur in the seventeenth century, and at duchenne muscular dystrophy theoretically be cured technique was developed, Solesme now, such were the monks in their first years. One of the chief occupations of the disciples of essays, St.

Pachomius in Egypt was the transcription of books. It was the sole labour of the monks of St. Martin in Gaul. The Syrian solitaries, according to St. Chrysostom, employed themselves in making copies of the Holy Scriptures. It was the occupation of the monks of St. Equitius and of Cassiodorus, and of the nunnery of St. Csarius. We read of one holy man preparing the skins for writing, of another selling his manuscripts in order to gain alms for the poor, and of an abbess writing St. Peter's Epistles in of narnia letters of depression essays, gold.

St. David had shown the same reverence to St. John's Gospel. Urban Vs Suburban. Abbot Plato filled his own and other monasteries with his beautifully written volumes [Note 28]. During the short rule of Abbot Desiderius at Monte Cassino, his monks wrote out St. Austin's fifty Homilies, his Letters, his Comment upon the Sermon on essays, the Mount, upon St. Is Cult Of Personality. Paul and upon Genesis; parts of St. Jerome and St.

Ambrose, part of St. Bede, St. Leo's Sermons, the Orations of depression essays, St. Gregory Nazianzen; the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles and the Apocalypse; various histories, including that of of narnia, St. Gregory of Tours, and of Josephus on the Jewish War, Justinian's Institutes, and many ascetic and other works; of the Classics, Cicero de Natur Deorum, Terence, Ovid's Fasti, Horace, and Virgil. Depression. Maurus Lapi, a Camaldolese, in the fifteenth century, copied a thousand volumes in less than fifty years.

Jerome, a monk in an Austrian monastery, wrote so great a number of books that, it is said, a wagon with six horses would scarcely suffice to draw them. Othlon, in the eleventh century, when a boy, wrote so diligently that he nearly lost his sight. That was in France; he then went to Ratisbon, where he wrote nineteen missals, three books of the Gospel, two books of chronicles christian, Epistle and Gospel, and many others. Many he gave to depression essays his friends, but the chronicles christian list is too long to finish. The Abbot Odo of Tournay used to exult, according to his successor, in the number of writers which the Lord had given him. Had you gone into his cloister, you might have seen a dozen young men sitting in perfect silence, writing at tables constructed for the purpose. All Jerome's Commentaries on the Prophets, all the works of depression, St. Gregory, all that he could find of Austin, Ambrose, Isidore, Bede, and the Lord Anselm, Abbot of Bec, and afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, he caused to be diligently transcribed. [Note 29] These tranquil labourers found a further field in the illumination and binding of the transcribed volumes, as they had previously been occupied in the practice necessary for the then important art of calligraphy.

It was not running hand that the monks had to urban vs suburban living learn; for it was no ephemeral expression of their own thoughts which their writing was to convey, but the formal transcript, for the benefit of posterity, of the words of inspired teachers and Doctors of the Church. They were performing what has been since the printer's work; and it is said that from the English monks is derived the small letter of the modern Roman type. In France the abbeys of Fontenelle, Rheims, and Corbie were especially famed for beauty of essays, penmanship in the age of Charlemagne [Note 30], when literature was in muscular dystrophy could if a was developed would its most depressed state. Books intended for depression presents, such as that which the mother of Leo the Ninth presented to St. Hubert, and, much more, if intended for sacred uses, were enriched with gold and silver plates and precious stones. Here was a commencement of the cultivation of the fine arts in those turbulent times,#8212;a quiet, unexciting occupation, which went on inside the monasteries, whatever rivalries or heresies agitated Christendom outside of vs suburban, them, and essays, which, though involving, of course, an improvement in the workmanship as time went on, yet in the case of every successive specimen, whatever exact degree of skill or taste each exhibited, had its end in itself, as though there had been no other specimen before or after. Brower, in his work on the Antiquities of Fulda, gives us a lively picture of the various tranquil occupations which were going on at one time within the monastic walls. As industrious bees, he says, their work never flagging, did these monks follow out their calling.

Some of them were engaged in of Holden and America Exposed in The Catcher in the Rye describing, here and there upon the parchment, the essays special letters and characters which were to be filled in; others were wrapping or binding the manuscripts in handsome covers; others were marking out in red the remarkable sentences or the heads of the chapters. Some were writing fairly what had been thrown together at random, or had been left out in the dictation, and were putting every part in define fair order. And not a few of them excelled in painting in all manner of colours, and in drawing figures. [Note 31] He goes on to refer to an old manuscript there, which speaks of the monks as decorating their church, and depression, of their carpenters' work, sculpture, engraving, and brass work. I have mentioned St. Dunstan in ifl code an earlier page, as called to political duties, which were out of keeping with the traditionary spirit of depression, his Order; here, however, he shows himself in the simple character of a Benedictine. He had a taste for the arts generally, especially music. He painted and embroidered; his skill in smith's work is recorded in urban the well-known legend of his combat with the evil one. And, as the monks of Hilarion joined gardening with psalmody, and Bernard and his Cistercians joined field work with meditation, so did St. Dunstan use music and painting as directly expressive or suggestive of devotion.

He excelled in writing, painting, moulding in wax, carving in wood and bone, and in work in gold, silver, iron, and brass, says the writer of his life in Surius. And he used his skill in musical instruments to charm away from himself and others their secular annoyances, and to rouse them to the thought of heavenly harmony, both by the sweet words with which he accompanied his airs, and by the concord of those airs themselves. [Note 32] And then he goes on to mention how on depression, one occasion, when he had hung his harp against the wall, and ifl code, the wind brought out from its strings a wild melody, he recognized in essays it one of the luxurious antiphons in depression essays the Commune Martyrum, Gaudete in C#339;lis, etc., and used it for his own humiliation. As might be expected, the monasteries of the South of Europe would not be behind the North in accomplishments of this kind. Those of St. Gall, Monte Cassino, and luxurious, Solignac, are especially spoken of depression essays, as skilled in the fine arts.

Monte Cassino excelled in illumination and in mosaic, the of practice Camaldolese in painting, and the Olivetans in wood-inlaying [Note 33]. While manual labour, applied to these artistic purposes, ministered to devotion, on the other hand, when applied to the transcription and depression essays, multiplication of books, it was a method of instruction, and that peculiarly Benedictine, as being of a literary, not a scientific nature. Systematic theology had but a limited place in ecclesiastical study prior to the eleventh and twelfth centuries; Scripture and the Fathers were the received means of education, and these constituted the very text on which the pens of the monks were employed. And thus they would be becoming familiar with that kind of knowledge which was proper to their vocation, at the same time that they were engaged in what was unequivocally a manual labour; and, in providing for the religious necessities of posterity, they were directly serving their own edification. And this again had been the practice of the of narnia christian monks from the first, and is included in the unity of their profession. St.

Chrysostom tells us that their ordinary occupation in his time was to sing and depression essays, pray, to read Scripture, and to transcribe the sacred text. [Note 34] As the works of the early Fathers gradually became the literary property of the Church, these, too, became the subject-matter of the reading and the writing of the what of personality monks. For him who is going on to perfection, says St. Benedict in his Rule, there are the lessons of the Holy Fathers, which lead to its very summit. Depression Essays. For what page, what passage of the Catcher Rye Old or New Testament, coming as it does with divine authority, is essays, not the of narnia christian very exactest rule of life? What book of the Holy Catholic Fathers does not resound with this one theme, how we may take the shortest course to our Creator?

But I need not here insist on this characteristic of depression, monastic study, which, especially as regards the study of Scripture, has been treated so fully and urban vs suburban living, so well by essays, Mr. Maitland in muscular dystrophy theoretically was developed that his Essays on the Dark Ages. The sacred literature of the monks went a step further. They would be naturally led by their continual perusal of the depression Scriptures and the Fathers to attempt to compare and adjust these two chief sources of theological truth with each other. Hence resulted the is cult peculiar character of the depression religious works of what may be especially called the Benedictine period, the five centuries between St. Gregory and St. Anselm. The age of the muscular could theoretically if a technique was developed Fathers was well nigh over; the age of the Schoolmen was yet to come; the ecclesiastical writers of the intervening centuries employed themselves for the most part in essays arranging and digesting the patristical literature which had come down to them; they either strung together choice passages of the ifl code of practice Fathers in caten , as a running illustration of the depression essays inspired text, or they formed them into a comment upon it.

The Summ Sententiarum of the same centuries were works of a similar character, while they also opened the of narnia christian way to the intellectual exercises of the depression scholastic period; for they were lessons or instructions arranged according to a scheme or system of doctrine, though they were still extracted from the works of the Fathers, and though the matter of those works suggested the divisions or details of the system. Moreover, such labours, as much as transcription itself, were Benedictine in their spirit, as well as in duchenne muscular dystrophy theoretically be cured if a that would their subject-matter; for where there was nothing of original research, nothing of brilliant or imposing result, there would be nothing to dissipate, elate, or absorb the mind, or to violate the simplicity and tranquillity proper to the monastic state. The same remark applies to essays a further literary employment in which the Benedictines allowed themselves, and ifl code of practice, which is the last I shall here mention, and essays, that is the compilation of chronicles and annals, whether ecclesiastical, secular, or monastic. So prominent a place does this take in their literature, that the author of the Asceticon , in the fourth volume of Dom Francois's Bibliothque des Ecrivains Bndictins, does not hesitate to chronicles of narnia christian point to the historical writings of his Order as constituting one of its chief claims, after its Biblical works, on the gratitude of posterity. This, he says, is the praise especially due to the monks, that they have illustrated Holy Scripture, rescued history, sacred and profane, from the essays barbarism of the times and have handed down to posterity so many lives both of Saints and of Bishops. [Note 35] Here again is a fresh illustration of the Benedictine character; for first, those histories are of the most simple structure and most artless composition, and next, from the circumstance of their being commonly narratives of is cult of personality, contemporary events, or compilations from a few definite sources of information which were at hand, they involved nothing of that laborious research and excitement of mind which is depression essays, demanded of the writer who has to record a complex course of history, extending over many centuries and countries, and who aims at vs suburban, the discovery of truth, in the midst of deficient, redundant, or conflicting testimony. The men who wrote history, says Mr. Dowling, speaking of the times in question, did not write by rule; they only put down what they had seen, what they had heard, what they knew.

Very many of them did what they did as a matter of moral duty. The result was something sui generis ; it was not even what we call history at all. It was, if I may so speak, something more, an actual admeasurement rather than a picture; or, if a picture, it was painted in a style which had all the minute accuracy and homely reality of the most domestic of the Flemish masters, not the lofty hyperbole of the Roman school, nor the obtrusive splendour, not less unnatural, of the Venetian. Essays. In a word, history, as a subject of criticism, is an art, a noble and beautiful art ; the historical writings of the of narnia christian middle ages is nature . [Note 36] Mention is made in this passage of the peculiarity in monastic historiography, that it proceeded from the motive of religious duty. This must always have been the case in consequence of the monastic profession; however, we have here, in addition to the presumption, actual evidence, and not on one occasion only, of the importance which the Benedictine Order attached to these notices and memorials of past times. In the year 1082, for instance, the Abbot Marquand of New Corbie, in Saxony, seems to essays have sent an order to vs suburban living all churches and monasteries subject to his rule to send to essays him severally the chronicles of their own places. Abbot Wichbold repeated the order sixty years later, and Abbot Thierry in 1337 addressed to the provosts and rectors subject to him a like injunction [Note 37].

Again, in 1481 the Abbot of Erfurdt addressed a letter to the Fathers of the Reform of Bursfeld, with the view of persuading them to take part in a similar work. Is Cult Of Personality. If you were to depression agree among yourselves, he says, and make a statute to the effect that every Prelate is under an obligation to compose annals and histories of his monastery, what could be better, what more useful, what more interesting, whether for knowing or for reading? [Note 38] It is easier to conjecture what those literary works would be, in which a Benedictine would find himself at ifl code, liberty to engage, than to pretend to point out those from which his vocation would debar him; yet Mabillon, equally with de Ranc, implied that all subjects do not come alike to him. Here we are recalled to depression essays the well-known controversy between these two celebrated men. The Abbot of of Holden and America in The in the Rye, La Trappe, the Cistercian de Ranc, writing to his own people, put forth some statements on the subject of the studies proper to a monk, which seemed to reflect upon the learned Maurists. Mabillon, one of them, replied, in a learned vindication of himself and his brethren. The Abbot had maintained that study of depression, whatever kind should be kept in strict subordination to manual labour, and urban living, should not extend to any books except the Scriptures and the ascetic treatises of the Fathers. Depression Essays. Mabillon, on the other hand, without denying the necessity of manual labour, to Exposed in The Catcher in the which the Maurists themselves devoted an hour a day, seemed to allow to essays the Benedictine the muscular dystrophy theoretically if a technique was developed that free cultivation of the intellect, and an unlimited range of studies.

When they explained themselves, each combatant would appear to have asserted more than he could successfully maintain; yet after all there was a considerable difference of view between them, which could not be removed. The critical question was whether certain historical instances, which Mabillon urged in his favour, were to be considered exceptions or not to the rule of depression essays, St. Benedict. I have certainly maintained in an earlier page of this Essay that such instances as Alcuin, Paschasius, or Lanfranc are no fair specimens of the what is cult of personality Benedictine profession, and must not be taken to represent the essays monks generally. The Naivety Exposed In The Rye. Lest, however, in saying this, I may be thought to be evading the testimony of history, as adduced by a writer, authoritative at once by his learning and as spokesman of the great Congregation of depression, St.

Maur, I think it well to extract in my behalf some of his own admissions, which seem to ifl code me fully to bear out what I have been laying down above about the spirit and mission of his Order. For instance, he frankly concedes, or rather maintains, that the depression scholastic method of teaching theology and philosophy is foreign to the profession of a Benedictine, as such. Why, he asks, need we cultivate these sciences in the way of disputation? Why not as positive sciences, explaining questions and resolving doubts as they occur? Why is it not more than enough for religious pupils to be instructed in the more necessary principles of the duchenne be cured technique that science, and thereby to make progress in the study of the Scriptures and the Fathers? What need of this perpetual syllogizing in form, and sharp answers to innumerable objections, as is the custom in the schools? Elsewhere he contrasts the mode of teaching a subject, as adopted by the early Fathers, with that which the Schoolmen introduced.

The reasonings of the Fathers, he says, are so full, so elegantly set forth, as to be everywhere redolent of the sweetness and essays, vigour of Christian eloquence, whereas scholastic theology is absolutely dry and sterile. Elsewhere he says that in the study of Holy Scripture consists the entire science of monks. Again, he says of Moral Theology, As monks are rarely destined to muscular dystrophy theoretically be cured if a was developed that would the cure of souls, it does not seem necessary that they should give much time to the science of Morals. And though of course he does not forbid them the essays study of history, which we have seen to be so congenial to their calling, yet he observes of this study, when pursued to its full extent, It seems to cause much dissipation of urban vs suburban living, mind, which is prejudicial to depression that inward compunction of of Holden Caulfield and America Exposed Catcher in the Rye, heart, which is essays, so especially fitting to the holy life of a monk. Again, observing that the examination of ancient MSS. was the special occupation of the Maurists in his time, he says, They who give themselves to this study have the more merit with God, in that they have so little praise with men. Moreover, it obliges them to devote the more time to solitude, which ought to be their chief delight. I confess it is a most irksome and unpleasant labour; however, it gives much less trouble than transcription, which was the most useful work of our early monks. Elsewhere, speaking of the celebrated Maurist editions of the Fathers, he observes, Labour, such as this, which is undergone in silence and in ifl code of practice quietness, is especially compatible with true tranquillity of mind and the mastery of the passions, provided we labour as a duty, and not for glory. [Note 39] I trust the reader will be so good as to keep in mind that I am all along speaking of the Benedictine life historically , and as I might speak of any other historical fact ; not venturing at all on what would be the extreme presumption of any quasi-doctrinal or magisterial exposition of it, which belongs to those only who have actually imbibed its tradition.

This being clearly understood, I think I may interpret Mabillon to mean that (be the essays range of studies lawful to define a monk what it may) still, whatever literary work requires such continuous portions of time as not to admit of being suspended at a moment's notice, whatever is so interesting that other duties seem dull and heavy after it, whatever so exhausts the power of depression, attention as to incapacitate for what attention to other subjects, whatever makes the mind gravitate towards the depression creature, is inconsistent with monastic simplicity. Accordingly, I should expect to find that controversy was uncongenial to the Benedictine, because it excited the mind, and ifl code, metaphysical investigations, because they fatigued it; and, when I met such instances as St. Paschasius or St. Anselm, I should deal with them as they came and as I could. Moreover, I should not look to a Benedictine for any elaborate and systematic work on the history of doctrine, or of heresy, or for depression essays any course of patristical theology, or any extended ecclesiastical history, or any philosophical disquisitions upon history, as implying a grasp of innumerable details, and the labour of using a mass of phenomena to the elucidation of a theory, or of bringing a range of multifarious reading to define bear upon one point; and that, because such efforts of mind require either an energetic memory devoted to matters of time and place, or, instead of the tranquil and plodding study of one book after another, the presence of a large library, and the distraction of a vast number of books handled all at once, not for perusal, but for reference. Perhaps I am open to the charge of refining, in attempting to illustrate the principle which I seem to myself to detect in the Benedictine tradition; but the principle itself which I have before me is clear enough, and is expressed in the advice which is given to us by a sacred writer: The words of the wise are as goads, and nails deeply fastened in; more than these, my son, require not : of making many books there is no end, and much study is an affliction of the flesh.

To test the essays truth of this view of the Benedictine mission, I cannot do better than appeal as a palmary instance to of personality the Congregation of St. Maur, an intellectual school of Benedictines assuredly. Now what, in matter of fact, is the depression essays character of its works? It has no Malebranche, no Thomassin, no Morinus; it has no Bellarmine, no Suarez, no Petavius; it has no Tillemont or Fleury,#8212;all of whom were more or less its contemporaries; but it has a Montfaucon, it has a Mabillon, it has a Sainte Marthe, a Coustant, a Sabbatier, a Martene,#8212;men of chronicles of narnia, immense learning and literary experience; it has collators and publishers of depression essays, MSS. and The Naivety of Holden and America Rye, of inscriptions, editors of the text and of the depression versions of of narnia christian, Holy Scripture, editors and biographers of the Fathers, antiquarians, annalists, paleographists,#8212;with scholarship indeed, and criticism, and theological knowledge, admirable as often as elicited by the particular subject on which they are directly employed, but conspicuously subordinate to it. If we turn to other contemporary Congregations of depression, St. Benedict we are met by the same phenomenon. What Is Cult Of Personality. Their labours have been of the same modest, patient, tranquil kind.

The first name which occurs to me is that of Augustine Calmet, of the Congregation of St. Vanne. His works are biblical and antiquarian;#8212;a literal Comment on Scripture with Dissertations, a dictionary of the Bible, a Comment on the Benedictine Rule, a history of Lorraine. I cast my eyes round the Library, in which I happen at the moment to be writing; what Benedictine authors meet them? There is Ceillier, also of the Congregation of St. Vanne; Bertholet, of the same Congregation; Cardinal Aguirre of depression essays, Salamanca; Cressy of Douai; Pez of Mlk on the Danube; Lumper of St.

George in the Hercynian Forest; Brockie of the ifl code Scotch College at Ratisbon; Reiner of the depression English Congregation. Their Works are of the same complexion,#8212;historical, antiquarian, biographical, patristical,#8212;calling to mind the line of study traditionally pursued by a modern ecclesiastical congregation, the Italian Oratory. I do not speak of Ziegelbauer, Francois, and other Benedictines, who might be added, because they have confined themselves to Benedictine Antiquities, and every Order will write about itself. And so of the Benedictine Literature from first to last. Ziegelbauer, who has just been mentioned, has written four folio volumes on the subject. Now one of them is devoted to a catalogue and an account of Benedictine authors;#8212;of these, those on chronicles of narnia christian, Scripture and Positive Theology occupy 110 pages; those on history, 300; those on scholastic theology, 12; those on polemics, 12; those on moral theology, 6. Essays. This surprising contrast may be an exaggeration of the fact, because there is much of repetition and digression in his survey, and his biographical notices vary in define length; but, after all allowances for such accidental unfairness in the list, the result must surely be considered as strikingly confirmatory of the account which I have been giving. But I must cut short an depression essays, investigation which, though imperfect for the illustration of its subject, is already long for the patience of the reader. All human works are exposed to vicissitude and decay; and that the great Order of which I have been writing should in the lapse of thirteen centuries have furnished no instances of that general law is the The Naivety Caulfield Exposed less to essays be expected, in proportion to the extent of what, its territory, the essays independence of its separate houses, and the local varieties of its constitution. To say that peace may engender selfishness, and humility become a cloak for is cult of personality indolence, and depression, a country life may be an epicurean luxury, is only to christian enunciate the over-true maxim, that every virtue has a vice for its first cousin. Usum non tollit abusus ; and the circumstance that Benedictine life admits of being corrupted into a mode of living which is not Benedictine, but its very contradictory, cannot surely be made an essays, argument against its meritorious innocence, its resolute cheerfulness, and its strenuous tranquillity.

We are told to be like little children; and where shall we find a more striking instance than is here afforded us of that union of simplicity and reverence, that clear perception of the unseen, yet recognition of the mysterious, which is the characteristic of the first years of what is cult of personality, human existence? To the monk heaven was next door; he formed no plans, he had no cares; the ravens of his father Benedict were ever at his side. He went forth in his youth to his work and to his labour until the evening of life; if he lived a day longer, he did a day's work more; whether he lived many days or few, he laboured on to the end of them. Depression Essays. He had no wish to see further in advance of his journey than where he was to define luxurious make his next stage. Depression. He ploughed and sowed, he prayed, he meditated, he studied, he wrote, he taught, and chronicles of narnia, then he died and went to depression essays heaven. He made his way into the labyrinthine forest, and he cleared just so much of space as his dwelling required, suffering the high solemn trees and the deep pathless thicket to urban vs suburban living close him in. And when he began to build, his architecture was suggested by the scene,#8212;not the essays scientific and masterly conception of a great whole with many parts, as the Gothic style in a later age, but plain and luxurious, inartificial, the adaptation of depression essays, received fashions to his own purpose, and an addition of chapel to chapel and a wayward growth of cloister, according to the occasion, with half-concealed shrines and ifl code of practice, unexpected recesses, with paintings on the wall as by a second thought, with an absence of display and a wild, irregular beauty, like that of the depression woods by which he was at first surrounded. And when he would employ his mind, he turned to Scripture, the book of books, and there he found a special response to the peculiarities of his vocation; for there supernatural truths stand forth as the trees and flowers of Eden, in a divine disorder, as some awful intricate garden or paradise, which he enjoyed the more because he could not catalogue its wonders. Next he read the Holy Fathers, and there again he recognized a like ungrudging profusion and of narnia christian, careless wealth of precept and of consolation. And when he began to compose, still he did so after that mode which nature and revelation had taught him, avoiding curious knowledge, content with incidental ignorance, passing from subject to subject with little regard to system, or care to penetrate beyond his own homestead of thought,#8212;and writing, not with the sharp logic of disputants, or the subtle analysis of philosophers, but with the one aim of reflecting in essays his pages, as in a faithful mirror, the luxurious words and works of the Almighty, as they confronted him, whether in Scripture and the Fathers, or in that mighty maze of deeds and events, which men call the essays world's history, but which to him was a Providential Dispensation.

Here the beautiful character in life and death of St. Bede naturally occurs to the mind, who is, in his person and his writings, as truly the pattern of a Benedictine as is St. Thomas of a Dominican; and with an extract from the letter of Cuthbert to Cuthwin concerning his last hours, which, familiarly as it is known, is always pleasant to read, I break off my subject for the present. He was exceedingly oppressed, says Cuthbert of St. Bede, with shortness of christian, breathing, though without pain, before Easter Day, for about a fortnight; but he rallied, and was full of joy and depression, gladness, and gave thanks to chronicles of narnia christian Almighty God day and night and every hour, up to Ascension Day; and he gave us, his scholars, daily lectures, and passed the rest of the day in singing the Psalms, and the night too in joy and thanksgiving, except the scanty time which he gave to depression sleep. And as soon as he woke, he was busy in his customary way, and he never ceased with uplifted hands giving thanks to God.

I solemnly protest, never have I seen or heard of any one who was so diligent in thanksgiving. He sang that sentence of the blessed Apostle Paul, 'It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the Living God,' and many other passages of Scripture, in which he warned us to shake off the slumber of the soul, by anticipating our last hour. And he sang some verses of his own in English also, to the effect that no one could be too well prepared for his end, viz., in calling to ifl code of practice mind, before he departs hence, what good or evil he has done, and how his judgment will lie. And he sang too the antiphons, of essays, which one is, 'O King of Glory, Lord of Angels, who this day hast ascended in triumph above all the chronicles of narnia heavens, leave us not orphans, but send the promise of the Father upon us, the Spirit of Truth, alleluia.' And when he came to the words, 'leave us not orphans,' he burst into tears, and wept much. Depression Essays. He said, too, 'God scourgeth every son whom He receiveth,' and, with St. Ambrose, 'I have not so lived as to be ashamed to define have been among you, nor do I fear to essays die, for we have a good Lord.' In those days, besides our lectures and the Psalmody, he was engaged in two works; he was translating into English the Gospel of St. John, as far as the is cult words, 'But what are these among so many,' and some extracts from the Not [Note 40] of Isidore. Depression. On the Tuesday before Ascension Day he began to suffer still more in his breathing, and vs suburban living, his feet were slightly swollen. However, he went through the day, dictating cheerfully, and depression essays, he kept saying from time to time, 'Take down what I say quickly, for I know not how long I am to last, or whether my Maker will not take me soon.' He seemed to us to be quite aware of the duchenne dystrophy could be cured if a would time of essays, his going, and he passed that night in giving of thanks, without sleeping. As soon as morning broke, that is on the Wednesday, he urged us to make haste with the writing which we had begun. The Naivety And America Exposed In The Catcher In The. We did so till nine o'clock, when we walked in procession with the Relics of the Saints, according to the usage of that day.

But one of our party said to him, 'Dearest Master, one chapter is still wanting; can you bear our asking you about it?' He answered, 'I can bear it; take your pen and be ready, and write quickly.' At three o'clock he said to me, 'Run fast, and call our priests, that I may divide among them some little gifts which I have in my box.' When I had done this in much agitation, he spoke to each, urging and entreating them all to make a point of saying Masses and prayers for depression him. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian. Thus he passed the day in joy until the essays evening, when the above-named youth said to him, 'Dear Master, there is yet one sentence not written;' he answered, 'Write quickly.' Presently the youth said, 'Now it is chronicles of narnia, written;' he replied, 'Good, thou hast said the truth; consummatum est ; take my head into thy hands, for it is very pleasant to depression me to sit facing my old praying place, and urban vs suburban, thus to call upon my Father.' And so, on the floor of his cell, he sang, 'Glory be to Father, Son, and Holy Ghost,' and, just as he had said 'Holy Ghost,' he breathed his last, and went to the realms above. Depression. It is remarkable that this flower of the Benedictine school died on the same day as St. Philip Neri,#8212;May 26; Bede on Ascension Day, and Philip on vs suburban, the early morning after the feast of Corpus Christi. It was fitting that two saints should go to heaven together, whose mode of going thither was the same; both of them singing, praying, working, and guiding others, in joy and exultation, till their very last hour. 1. Owing to the temporary suspension of the Atlantis , the article on the Dominican Order was not written. 2. Helyot, Hist. Mon.

Ziegelbauer, Litt. Hist. Soame's Mosheim, vol. Depression Essays. ii., p. 26. Brockie. Prf. ad Regul. Buckingham's Bible in the Middle Ages, p. 81, etc., etc. 3. Butler, June 22. 4. Thomassin, Disc.

Eccl., t. Caulfield And America Catcher In The. i., p. 705. Calmet, Reg. Ben., t. ii., p. 25. Mabillon, Acta Sc. iv., p. 1, prf., p. xxx. Annal., t. i., prf., 19. 6. Mabillon, Act Benedict., t. iv., p. 1, p. xxxvii.

7. History of Civilization, vol. ii., p. 65, Bohn; and so Ampre. 10. Dial., i. 1. Vid . Essays, vol. ii., p. 284. Me ver primm dulces ante omnia Mus #8230; Accipiant, c#339;lique vias et sidera monstrent , etc., etc. Sin, has ne possim natur accedere partes, Frigidus obstiterit circm prcordia sanguis, Rura mihi et rigui placeant in depression vallibus amnes , etc. Is Cult Of Personality. Felix, qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas , etc. Fortunatus et ille , Deos qui novit agrestes, etc. 12. Voyage Littraire. Vid . also Calmet, Lorraine, t. i., p. 1043. Moreri, art.

S. Hubert. Gallia Christ., t. iii. p. 966. Mabillon, Annal. Bened., t. ii., pp. 16, 441, 606. Bucherii, Gest. Tungr. etc., t. i., p. 153. Helyot, Ordres Mon., t. vi., p. Depression. 296. 13. Vol. i., p. 237, etc. 14.

Hallam, Middle Ages, vol. iii., p. 436. Forsyth, Antiqu., vol. i., pp. 37, 44, 179. Turner, Anglo-Sax., vol. And America Exposed Rye. ii., p. 167. Murdoch's Mosheim, vol. ii., p. 21, etc. Essays. Guizot, Hist. Civil., vol. ii., p. 75, Bohn.

15. Neander, Memorials, pp. 436, 451, 473, Bohn. Rader, Bavaria Sacra. Calles, Arm. Germ., t. i., pp. 200, 276, 317, 318. What. Guizot, Civil., vol. ii., p 134. Whitaker's Cornwall, vol. ii., p. 196. Depression. Fosbroke, Antiq. p. 16. Chronicles Of Narnia. 16.

Meyrick's Willibald, p. 68. Bavaria Sacra, p.119. Petri, Suevia Eccles., p. 96. Calles Ann. Germ., t. i., p. 191. 17. Butler's Lives, Aug. 20. 18. Apud. Mabillon Act. Bened. 19. Thomass. Disc. Eccl. t. iii., p. 513. 20. P. 93. The passage seems taken from Bede. 21. Bede, Hist. Eccles., i. 26. William of Malmesb. Ponfic. Angl. 23. Depression. Eccl. Hist., vol. Is Cult. vii., p. 331, Bohn. 24. Duchesne, Script. North., p. 236. 25. Turner, Middle Ages, vol. v., p. Depression Essays. 89. 27. Vid . Turner, Anglo-Saxons, vol. iii., p. 468. Is Cult Of Personality. 28. Pallad, c. 39.

Cassian, Inst., iv., 12. Depression Essays. Calmet, Reg., t. ii., p. 150. Thomassin, Disc. Eccl., t. iii., p. 505. Ziegelbaum, Hist. Litt. Define. Bened., t. Depression. ii., p. 510. 29. Annal. Camald., t. vii., p. 300: vid . other instances in Maitland's Dark Ages, and Buckingham's Bible in the Middle Ages, who, however, is deficient in references. 30.

Guizot's Hist. Civil., vol. ii., p. 236, Bohn. 32. Vid , also Whitaker's Cornwall, vol. Chronicles. i., p. 167, and essays, the whole chapter. 33. Meehan's Marchese, p. xxiv. 34. Hist. Litter. de St. Maur. 1770, p. 21.

35. P. 379. Printing, another tranquil work, was introduced into Italy by the Benedictines of Subiaco. Vid . Dr. Ullathorne's Pilgrimage. 36. Introd. Eccles. Ifl Code. Hist., p. 56. 37. Ziegelbaur, t. ii., p. 401.

38. Ibid ., t. i., p. 424. Depression. For lists of monastic histories, vid . Mr. Dowling, Introd. Chronicles Christian. E. H., p. 260; the depression Asceticon as above, 26. Ziegelbaur, t. ii., p. 398. Balmez., Prot. and chronicles, Cath., p. 195. 39. Depression Essays. Stud.

Monast., ed. 1732; t. i., pp. 52, 135; t. ii., p. 2; t. i., pp 145, 147, 191, 64. 40. The Bollandists have not been able to determine which of St. Isidore's works is here intended. Not means Musical Notes, according to Du Cange. According to Leb#339;uf in Ampre, Hist. Litter. t. iii., p. Urban. 253, the word means penmanship.

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Obama Sells Bailout Plan to Skeptics. LA CROSSE, Wis. Senator Barack Obama intensified his efforts to rally support for the $700 billion financial bailout package on Wednesday, selling the idea to skeptical voters and members of depression, Congress as a plan to safeguard the American economy. This plan is not perfect. Democrats and Republicans in Congress have legitimate concerns about urban living, it, Mr. Obama said. I know many Americans share those concerns, but it is depression clear that this is what we must do right now to prevent a crisis from muscular could be cured was developed that turning into a catastrophe. On a crisp fall morning in downtown Lacrosse, where thousands of depression essays, people gathered not far from the Mississippi River, Mr.

Obama sought to what explain the need for the economic rescue plan. Depression? The light applause from the audience, though, underscored the challenge facing both Mr. Obama and Senator John McCain as they prepare to vote for the bill in on Wednesday night in Washington. Mr. Obama said the plan had been misunderstood and, frankly, poorly communicated. For the second day in a row, he devoted nearly an entire speech to explaining the plan, casting it as essential to warding off a crisis from rippling through the economy. He barely mentioned Wall Street as he presented his argument for the plan, portraying it instead as a necessary challenge for all Americans. This is not a plan to just hand over $700 billion of your money to a few banks, Mr. Obama said. If this is managed correctly, we will hopefully get most or all of our money back we might even turn a profit on the governments investment every penny of which will go directly back to you, the investor. Lacrosse, a city that sits along the western edge of Wisconsin, has long been one of the key battlegrounds in presidential campaigns. Back-to-back commercials from ifl code of practice Mr.

Obama and Mr. McCain filled morning television programming here, with each of the messages devoted to depression the economy. But in a 36-minute speech, Mr. Obama only duchenne muscular dystrophy theoretically was developed, mentioned his Republican rival by name one time. While politics was hardly off the table, the sharp rhetoric that has defined the campaign took a momentary backseat to a bipartisan call to depression essays action on The Naivety Caulfield Catcher Rye, the economic rescue plan, which both candidates now share ownership of. Future generations will judge ours by how we respond to this test. Will they say that this was a time when America lost its way and its purpose? When we allowed our own petty differences and broken politics to essays plunge this country into a dark and painful recession? Mr.

Obama said, steadily drawing his audience into applause. Or will they say that this was another one of The Naivety and America Exposed in The Catcher Rye, those moments when America overcame? When we battled back from adversity by recognizing that common stake that we have in each others success? As Mr. McCain made his way to Washington from essays Missouri on Wednesday, Mr. Obama also was flying back, where he was set to arrive on Capitol Hill in advance of the evening vote scheduled on the Senate floor. Comments are no longer being accepted. This will highlight what many perceive to be McCains lack of bipartisanship on the issue. It also emphasizes Obamas cool thinking v. McCains dramatic announcements.

Give Obama credit. Hes trying to is cult of personality save this thing and drum up votes for depression, the plan. This stands in marked contrast to: Senator Obama and his allies in Congress infused unnecessary partisanship into the process, Mr. Define Luxurious? McCain said, before adding in almost the same breath: Now is not the time to depression essays fix the blame. Its time to fix the urban living, problem. McCains first action Monday was to blame Obamathough McCain himself was one who brought the Presidential campaigns to depression the negotiations with his Im suspending my campaign but not really, and calling a meeting even though I havent read the Paulson plan and The Naivety Caulfield and America in The Rye have nothing to say stunt.

You cant blame your opponent in depression essays one sentence and in duchenne could technique was developed the next try to pretend you are taking the high road. And dramatically suspending your campaign to hang around DC having dinner with Joe Lieberman while others are hard at work on the compromise youre going to depression essays swoop in and take credit for? Thats a lot of things, but it aint leadership. Yes, it is amazing that this is not being called a bank recapitalization plan to keep the focus of chronicles, discussion on the issue at stake: the soundness of bank balance sheets, which must balance at the close of each business day. I hope McCain supporters appreciate an depression essays, example of urban living, Mr. Obama risking an unpopular stance like supporting the surge in Iraq. Senators Obama and Biden inspire the angels of our better nature while Senator McCain and Palin tempt the angels of the essays, worst in us causing us to be divided and skeptical of everyone who isnt like us. They model divisive politics (lies about theirs and opponents records, as well as smear tactics) and the Republican Party supported this at The Naivety and America in The Rye their convention, where Senator Obama has been calling for essays, unity since his speech at what of personality the 2004 Democratic convention and depression essays has demonstrated his desire for the same repeatedly, knowing without it we are doomed. The case in point is our present financial debacle.

Senator McCain continues to blame everyone but himself and his party who have promulgated the deregulation that allowed for the greed and the corruption he now says he abhors. He used the example of General Eisenhower writing two letters before D-Day one to be submitted if they succeeded and another if they failed including his resignation. Senator McCain, where are your letters? Your policies have failed. Take responsibility and be accountable. Define Luxurious? That is the depression, only hope you have of recovering some of your dignity as a former P.O.W. who served his country honorable.

BE honorable and duchenne muscular dystrophy could be cured if a technique that do right! Bailout Plan Poorly Communicated? Im Not So Sure This sounds like the same silliness associated with Sen. Obamas willingness to meet with Irans President Ahmendenijad without preconditionsas if his clever words will fix the depression, problem. I think I understand the bailout perfectly well.

Im asking my representative to vote against it. Ill take my chances in a recessionI know how to handle my moneyI dont want to interfere with the workings of the define luxurious, market. Some businesses (and people) will learn from economic hardship. It would be unAmerican to depression essays shield them from reality. Luxurious? It would be extremely unAmerican to have me and my wife pay for their mistakes. Main Street or Middle Class Voters are concerned about gas prices, raising food costs and the cost of depression essays, educating their children. What surprises me is that they are reacting to symptoms of a much bigger problem. Christian? Yes we are told that this is all about the Housing crisis and the actions of depression essays, Wall Street. The Bail Out or Rescue should really address two things to jump start the economy. Congress needs to do something about the unregulated usury of the variable rate mortgages and duchenne theoretically be cured that also do something about the legalized usury rates by Credit Card Companies.

Any regulatory efforts should start by addressing these two problems. Ensuring reasonable fixed rates on credit cards and mortgages would do more for our economy and help Main Street than anything else. Yes, education and health costs should be addressed as well. But there is a large segment of our population that is effected more by credit card and mortgage payments then any other expense. The House just passed, over the objection of the White House, by a vote of depression essays, 312-112, The Credit Cardholders Bill of Rights Act.

This is the time to contact your elected politicians and telling them enough is urban vs suburban enough. Demand that credit card and mortgage interest rates need to be controlled and depression you expect them to do something about living, it. I dont know the Candidates record on credit cards. Depression Essays? Obama has the better voting record on trying to protect debtors in the 2005 changes to the Bankruptcy Code known as BAPCPA. You mean that The Community Agitator doesnt think its a good idea to force borrowers to of practice lend money to depression essays people based on duchenne muscular dystrophy could theoretically would, their skin-color, like he did at ACORN? If you want to know whos on the payrole of big corporate interests, just look at who fights the hardest for the bailout.

Ralph Nader is the only man left in this campaign who deserves our votes. Nader is against the wars in depression both Iraq and Afghanistan (and Pakistan) and hes spent his life fighting the chronicles, big corporate bosses who run Washington. Obamas vote for the bailout shows he will roll over for the Bush Administration and essays Wall Street interests just like the others. If Obama had been in the Senate when Bush hurried us into Iraq with scary images of mushroom clouds and WMD, I imagine Obama he would have rolled over then, too. Sterling Greenwood/Aspen Free Press.

I dont think many understand that this is a credit crisis. Companies and corporations rely on credit to stay open and, oh, BTW, pay their staff. If they are not able to get credit, then what will likely come next is layoffs. If car dealerships cannot move their inventory because they cannot issue car loans (i.e., credit), then car manufacturers will have to make changes which will lead to, oh, I dont know . Vs Suburban? . . layoffs. Americans really need to start watching CNBC, reading the Finanical Times, etc. and get a full understanding of what is at stake if nothing is depression done. #9 Aspen Free Press. Obama risked losing his state election by coming out against the Iraq war before the election, the war very popular at the time with mushroom cloud threats and all.

Are we to base our vote on fantasies about what Obama would do or reality? Obama has handled a difficult situation well and its showing in the polls. Is Cult Of Personality? Hes right to point out the depression essays, responsibility (massive/blind deregulation) but also right to work towards a solution to duchenne muscular could if a a potentially devastating problem. McCains desperate efforts to wring political points out of the situation have been transparent. As for depression essays, Naders opposition to ifl code the current wars, too little too late. Depression? If he had given up his campaign in swing states in 2000 we never would have gone to war in ifl code of practice Iraq. Depression Essays? Such a shame that such an ifl code, admirable career has ended this way. Whether you do or do not support this Bill. Obama is depression essays engaged in the proper process of Democracy by urban vs suburban living presenting it to depression the voters and the Law Makers.

McCain has as usual gone his own way, the maverick route. After failing in leadership by of practice not bringing his own party into this process. McCain has lost his famous temper and gone with another rash decision with poor judgement by suggesting that Bush take money from a Treasury Fund to cover the Bail Out of his Rich Cronnies with no Congressional oversight. Depression? This Treasury Fund is to insure our Money Market Accounts. Not cover Bail Outs of rich Bankers. To cheat the voters of their voice and do an end run around the Democratic process shows again how McCain holds the average American in contempt. He truly does not understand the issues or the feelings of the what is cult of personality, American voters. I like some of the reactions here. Lets see, if Barack Obama votes for or against the bailout legislation he is seen as abandoning America or caving in to special interests. And John McCain?

He will get a free pass either way? Of course they both could abstain, but then who ever does that would be called uncommitted. People, the bailout bill is depression not the best idea in the world. Yet, Barack Obama is taking leadership, as oppose dto blaming the world for the economic turmoil. And every single American who owns a credit card or has lived above their means are as responsible as those people who ran Wall Street or passed the legislation to deregulate. People in this country have ignored Washington, instead of being concerned on what was going on in Washington. Now people are concerned; where was concern when deregulation was enacted? Where was concerned when Congress changed the bankruptcy laws? Where was the concern when congress allowed banks to cdo anything they wanted to do with credit card rates and credit monitoring?

Blaming Barack Obama, who was like a canary on a coal mine for muscular dystrophy could if a was developed that, the past two years, is depression essays not the answer. The Naivety And America? There is a lot a blame to go around, but the depression, blame starts with the voter. The John D [Rockefellers] always make out bigtime on assets sold in panic to prevent bankrupcy in economic crises they actually contrive as opportunities for themselves when youre dumb enough to let them have control of the government. I hope the rest of the rescue/bailout bill is not as phony and bogus as the tax provisions dealing with executive compensation and golden parachute provisions. John D., your attitude was shared by people the year before the Great Depression: Were all connected in this, and even if you think youre in control of your money, youre probably not. The banks that hold your money are at The Naivety of Holden Caulfield Catcher in the risk, the grocers that stock your food are at depression essays risk if they cant get credit, etc. Youre FDIC insured only up to $100,000.

So if your retirement goes south, you lose your job, and what is cult of personality prices of commodities skyrocket, it really doesnt matter how careful you have been with your money. If you have a pension, maybe your neighbor doesnt. This situation is bigger than you. *** Obamas vote for the bailout shows he will roll over for the Bush Administration and Wall Street interests just like the others. Depression Essays? *** I almost have to agree. As much as Obama has preached getting the wealthy and duchenne muscular dystrophy could theoretically be cured if a big corporations, to pay their fair share of essays, taxes, supporting a bailout plan that includes tax breaks for the same big businesses that got us into urban this economic mess sounds a heck of a lot like selling out. The problem with the bailout is that it wont work to resolve the essays, credit crisis. Moneys from the bailout wont be getting to banks for duchenne muscular theoretically if a technique that, months, and depression lenders will have no guarantees that the amounts obtained by a particular bank from the bailout will guarantee that short-term loans will be paid back. Andrew Ross Sorkin of the Times appeared on the Charlie Rose show last night and made the point that has been hidden by chronicles christian most of the media: that even when the markets have been certain that the essays, bailout would pass, the most important interbank lending rate has only gone up, signaling no resolution of the credit crisis when the bailout does pass. It now seems inevitable that the bailout will pass this week. Obama needs to develop a plan for the credit crisis that will work, and he needs to define luxurious be developing it now.

The Swedish model already reported in the Times is an acceptable plan. The plan promoted by William Isaac in the Post will work. My preference would be a guarantee that the government will cover all short-term loans to banks with the insertion of senior preferred convertible stock at an excellent rate to the taxpayer. Then all lenders will know that they will be repaid, and the credit crisis will immediately end. More important, all banks will have an incentive to essays obtain capital at urban vs suburban a better rate elsewhere. Id rather have banks get preferred equity from Warren Buffett and other investors than from the Treasury. YES something needs to be done about the current financial situation, but throwing that much money unchecked initially as Obama AND McCain tried to push would be economic suicide.

Why didnt the bill prevent one bank foreclosure for any American. Depression Essays? And Obama/McCain act like this for every working American. Im tired of this, Obama preaches that hes the savior for everyone in America whos from the ifl code, left, but does he not still support continued war efforts In Afghanistan and south America? Did he not agree with continued spying on depression, Americans in voting for the spy-bill? Why was he for a bill that would have only saved the chronicles christian, most powerful of bank executives?

If hes the most liberal senator around, were in essays trouble (which hes not). When are we gonna get that long over due revolution, and get rid of a system that makes room for human fallacy (the Bush/Clinton years made LOTS of room). A system that advocates expansionism and ifl code of practice imperialism in its most subtly dangerous forms, the depression essays, kind we dont always notice. Our leaders, through many episodes of trial and error, finally figured that the best way to control a large group of people to convince them that theyre in control. Democracy is great at that.

The greatest trick the devil pulled was convincing us he wasnt here. If you want to know whos on the payrole of muscular dystrophy could if a technique, big corporate interests, just look at who fights the hardest for the bailout. Ralph Nader is the essays, only man left in this campaign who deserves our votes. Nader is against the wars in both Iraq and The Naivety Exposed in The Catcher in the Rye Afghanistan (and Pakistan) and hes spent his life fighting the big corporate bosses who run Washington. Im no fan of our 2 party system, but Nader was the egomaniacal blowhard that gave us 8 years of Bush. Furthermore, I have a hard time listening to the foreign policy musings of a poster (you) who once asserted that Iraq and Afghanistan share a border. You offered this as the logic for a war in Afghanistan which would clear the way for depression, a pipeline from Iraq to Kuwait obviously ignorant of the dystrophy could that, fact that Iraq shares a border with Kuwait. So do us all a favor: please spare us your foreign policy expertise.

If Nader cared about more than his perverse ego quest hed actually try running for an office he could win, like a congressman. Depression? His dark horse spoiler love-me-if-youre-disaffected thing got old quick. Why doesnt he try to enter politics another way? Obama just passively accepting this rescue plan is disappointing. He could at least advance something similar but different.

I wouldnt mind if he didnt support it at all. Ill take my chances in a recessionI know how to handle my moneyI dont want to interfere with the workings of the market. Some businesses (and people) will learn from economic hardship. It would be unAmerican to shield them from reality. It would be extremely unAmerican to have me and my wife pay for their mistakes. Unfortunately, John D., theres not much choice.

We have to The Naivety Caulfield and America Catcher in the pay for the mistakes we made in electing officials who aided and abetted in depression essays deregulating the market and encouraging corporate greed, whether we want to or not. If we dont keep the banks afloat, they will have no money. With no money, they cannot lend money to average Americans for duchenne muscular could was developed that, things like housing, cars, college, small business start-ups, etc. Without those things, the economy starts to tank more and more. Retirement savings dwindle and disappear. It doesnt really matter how well you handled your money in the past without the depression, banks there will be no money to handle in the future.

We will ALL learn from the chronicles of narnia christian, economic hardships, I assure you, not just Wall Street CEOs. And it is absolutely American to help your fellow countryman (or countrywoman) we are a nation that takes care of its own. Depression Essays? Those who are responsible for this mess should pay with their jobs (and no golden parachutes), and duchenne muscular if a I agree that the whole thing is extremely unfair. But we, as a nation, have chosen this course and depression essays the bill is coming due. Whether we want to pay it is irrelevant we have to pay it, to living ensure that coming generations dont face this and that our current generation can at least have the basics. In order to sell the plan, Obama needs to talk about the root cause of this scandal which is all traced to depression the democrats including Frank, Schumer and duchenne muscular dystrophy be cured if a was developed Obama. If his supporters knew that Obama and others had taken down Wall Street and the banking system, they would be more likely to support this bill which will cause the demise of New York as the financial capital of the depression essays, US. How can it be a bipartisan effort to pass the bailout when only the Democratic candidate is devoting significant resources to getting it passed?

When only 30% of the is cult of personality, Republicans in the House are willing to vote for depression, it? When the Republican National Committee is already running negative ads touting their opposition to Obamas bailout plan? Oh yeah. Because John McCain sorta kinda halfway says it might be a good idea. That the current plan is a step in the right direction and we all know John Mccain is all about working together.

The latest on President Obama, Congress and other political news from vs suburban Washington -- and around the nation -- from the staff of essays, The New York Times. The Caucus on Monday suspended its campaign. Follow First Draft, a fast-paced political briefing on of narnia christian, all things Washington and elections. Readmore Congress approved funding for equipping Syrian rebels against essays Islamic States and luxurious lawmakers will discuss their votes on essays, several of the The Naivety Caulfield and America in The Catcher in the Rye, Sunday shows.Readmore President Obama vowed to degrade and ultimately destroy ISIS in depression a speech he gave on Wednesday.

Lawmakers and analysts will discuss his strategy on the Sunday shows. Readmore

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I Can t Get Out of My Sweat Pants: An Essay on

The Barn Owl: Its Role and Its Endangerment. Often times, it goes unrealized that there are important roles and purposes distributed amongst the vast fauna on depression Earth. It is this diversity which maintains a sense of equilibrium when it comes to urban vs suburban living animal populations and/or flora-related phenomena. The Barn Owl (Tyto alba), falling under the smaller side of owl species, exemplifies itself as both a fundamental element in rodent control as well as a symbol of ghostly beauty. Essays! Yet, survival of the species is not guaranteed. Numerous factors, including both naturally occurring as well as human-caused, have contributed to vs suburban living the owls decline in recent years. Additionally, given that their breeding cycles produce a limited amount of young in conjunction to their short life spans, Tyto albas numbers are predicted to reach further abatement in the near future. Human-associated activity has been regarded as a significant component in the Barn Owls downfall; nonetheless, human involvement in the conservation of the species can also mend this trend and depression bring it back towards escalation. Having a wingspan of approximately 85cm, Tyto alba is considered relatively small in comparison to other species of owls (Bunn, Warburton, and Wilson 23). The Naivety Caulfield Exposed In The Rye! They weigh between 470 and 570g (1.0-1.3lbs) and feature an array of distinct physical qualities (Martin, Raid, and Branch 1). Depression! Their head resembles a heart and have no visible ear tufts as other species of chronicles of narnia, owl portray.

Their beak is typically of depression essays, a pink shade and is followed by large eyes with nearly pitch-black irises (Bunn, Warburton, and Wilson 23). However, most prominent of The Naivety of Holden Caulfield Exposed in The Rye, all its traits is its light color which gives it its ghostly appearance. They can be seen in golden-brown colors and depression essays often feature white breasts; males tend to christian have larger undersides with a variety of dark spots while females are distinguished by larger and darker spots. . Depression! Barn Burning Although many political and economic changes took place following the luxurious civil war, it was very evident in William Faulkners Barn Burning that the depression essays impact on the social lives of the people living in the south were the most difficult to overcome. He utilizes the new tension between the social classes to create a compelling short story of a boy and his father, but more important, using the family to The Naivety Caulfield Exposed in the represent the change in society, the change between good and evil. The new social order after the depression essays civil war was a cause of tension between Abner Snopes and his surrounding communities. Chronicles Of Narnia! In William Faulkners Barn Burning Abner is essays portrayed as a man with much insecurity, which causes him to of practice lash out at the people that were better off than him I aim to.

I dont figure to stay in a country among people who He said something unprintable and depression essays vile. While Abner was not found guilty of arson the duchenne muscular theoretically technique was developed would family is forced to leave on depression essays account of their own safety Barn burner! shouts one of the other citizens, showing the reader how much Abner and his family are un-liked. However, his choices do not change how his son sees him, yet. Abner and his way of dealing with issues begin to take a toll on the family, and most of of practice, all his son Sardy. His excessive anger and essays violence begin to change how Sardy feels about him, and he starts to question if his father is a good role model. Chronicles Christian! Sensing this, Abner decides to intervene before Sardy sees what kind of a man he really is Youre going.

Words: 696 - Pages: 3. . Life and depression School: Making it work Education is crucial in todays world, and luxurious most times there is depression essays a need to choose to either work full time or go to school full time. In most cases, choosing one or the other is not an ifl code, option. Finding the time to balance college classes with all of the depression activities in your daily life is what most people who are considering going back to school find most difficult and discouraging. However, with the right strategy balancing life and school can be manageable. We live in an age where women play a crucial role in what is cult, the job market and in the home setting. This is no exception for depression essays me. Prior to school, my work and home life consisted of if a technique was developed that, being a mother to my dogs, a wife to essays my partner, a leader and manager at of narnia, my job, a socialite to my friends, a dedicated family member, a maid and a cook! Trying to factor in college classes seemed frightening at first! It has been ten years since I have attended any kind of educational classes; however, seeing that I regretted not attending college directly after high school, I made the decision that going back to school would open up many career opportunities for me.

Deciding that I wanted to go back to school to essays expand my knowledge and career opportunities was the biggest decision that I have ever made thus far. Since I do not have the luxury to always have a set schedule to where I can attend traditional college classes in a classroom, I made the luxurious big decision to do distance learning as opposed to. Words: 1080 - Pages: 5. . Jaleel Ritchwood Dr. Angela Elliot Introduction to Literary Analysis ENG1005A Breaking Free William Faulkners story Barn Burning seems just to be about an oppressive father and a son who is in the grips of that oppression. I think Faulkner explores at least one important philosophical question in this story where he asks at what point should a person make a choice between what his parent(s) and/or family believes and his own values?

The main character and protagonist in this story is a boy named Colonel Sartoris, who is nicknamed Sarty. In this story, Sarty is faced with the decision of both going along with the views and actions of his ethically challenged father or assert his own ethics and independence by running away and leaving his family and his pain behind. In William Faulkners Barn Burning, Sarty and his father Abner struggle with internal emotions dealing with their way of life. The antagonist in the story is depression essays Abner Snopes. Abner is a very angry and of personality inconsiderate man who has hate and essays abomination for almost anybody who is not blood-kin, and Exposed in the Rye he portrays that hatred and disapproval throughout the story. Depression Essays! This story follows the typical format and is narrated in the third person. Duchenne Theoretically Be Cured Technique That Would! In the depression essays exposition, Faulkners skill as a writer is established through the way that he uses details to draw the what is cult readers into the story.

Also, in the first paragraph we are introduced to the main character and protagonist in the story, Sarty. The setting in which Sartys conflict. Words: 919 - Pages: 4. . Analysis of Barn Burning The main issue that arises in this short story is right versus wrong. Colonel Sartoris Sarty Snopes is a young man who feels the building pressure of essays, his conscience, but extreme loyalty to his father. Sarty possesses a keen sense of right and The Naivety and America Exposed in the wrong. The opening seen begins with his father, Abner Snopes, expecting his son to perjure himself.

This would allow Abner to depression essays not be prosecuted for barn burning. He strongly believes in the kinship bond the old fierce pull of blood. He doesnt focus on chronicles of narnia christian the consequences of his actionsnor does he care. Abner Snopes is very poor, paranoid, vengeful and full of rage. He despises those who are more financially stable. Unlike his bitter father, Sarty subconsciously questions his fathers devilish actions. He is unable to fathom the depression essays reasoning why his father feels justified to ruin these wealthy properties. His loyalty is ifl code of practice demonstrated in the scene which the young boys call out, Barn burner! Sarty immediately strikes out and punches the depression essays boys. This shows the reader that he does feel personally threatened. It is what is cult apparent that he yearns for a normal fatherOne that he could idolize and learn positive attributes. Abner feels that by burning down these properties it is doing justice. He is exhausted from working as a farm hand, so he preys on essays those who he feels threatened by.

Sarty hopes that his father will stop eventually as he states, Maybe hes done satisfied now, now that he hasthen he stopped himself. Words: 828 - Pages: 4. . Two Worlds Collide: The WC and Ms. Davis Comp II Class On May 29th I had the pleasure of visiting Ms. Lindsey Davis Composition II class to introduce our new Writing Center on South Campus (lovingly referred to dystrophy theoretically be cured technique that as The WC by us tutors).

New to the TCC community, I was thrilled to see the professional yet friendly environment she created in her classroom. As I lingered anxiously outside the door, I was put at ease as Ms. Davis joked good-naturedly with her students about course content. And thats when I wanted to make a grand entrance like a hyped-up-five-year-old complete with cartwheels POETRY! How could she have known? So my formal WC presentation turned into a genuine moment of depression, connection between myself, Ms. Davis, and her clever, funny and engaging students.

I am a voracious reader of poetry in all its contemporary forms, including all things hip-hop (and, yes, rap is poetry people)! I cannot wait to read their papers and get to know them better as they write for Ms. Davis. I left feeling energized about my role as tutor largely because of the positive environment they all had created. Good information, poetry and laughter. What a way to define luxurious start the day! Even more exciting, as I wandered around campus after, her students recognized me and called me by depression essays, name awesome sauce and brought up some good questions I can better answer now: Can you help me with my grammar? Funny you should ask!

We will have our first annual Proofreading Workshop on June 18th at 1:30 p.m. Words: 508 - Pages: 3. . Hannah Higginson June 23, 2013 ENG 120 Sec B03 Summer 2013 Literary Analysis Essay 1 A Strong Bond The theme in Barn Burning by urban vs suburban, William Faulkner revolved around the strong bond of a family. Depression! The main character has to make a decision between what is right and wrong. This drives a wedge between him and his family.

The rest of the ifl code of practice family believes that blood is thicker than water and that you should stick with your own kin. In the story the strong bond of a family causes conflicts within the main character. Faulkner starts Barn Burning with a view of a small courthouse. Sarty sits outside as his father, Abner, argues with the essays Justice of the Peace. This shows just how little respect Abner has for the law. Ifl Code! Abner is being accused of setting someones barn on fire. The Justice rules that Abner should pack his belongings and leave the country before dark.

Abner and depression essays his sons then head out to the wagon where the rest of his family awaits. Ifl Code Of Practice! They ride for a while before camping out in some trees. The next day they arrive at the house and essays begin unpacking. Then Abner leaves and sets route to the De Spains house. Upon arrival he barges through the door and calmly wipes his feet over the expensive white carpet. He has no respect for others or their belongings. Urban Living! A couple hours later a man arrives with the rug and tells Abner to clean it. He does not only depression, clean the rug, but he also sets it on fire to prove that he is above the law. After getting in trouble with the Justice of.

Words: 811 - Pages: 4. . Define! The story format I would choose for telling this story would be package. I choose packaging as my format because I feel like it will be great with the A roll technique which involves interviewing, which is something I am great at essays, and have prior experience with since I worked as journalist and an editor for ifl code of practice my high school news paper, interviewing some of the Ornithologists who have knowledge about this snowy owl would be able to great way to provide better insight on essays the subject, especially since my angle of the story would be to see why they think the snowy owl has been migrating in an unfamiliar way. Interviewing the Ornithologists will introduce the subject to define luxurious the audience and will help us come to a conclusion on depression what is causing the migration. I will also interview some of the locals who have spotted the snowy owl and get their opinion on them as well. Since this is a story for the Cincinnati Enquirer the audience is mainly news watchers so this type of format will be keep the story short and strictly to the point and will help guide the The Naivety Caulfield in The Catcher in the viewers better to the topic as well. Depression Essays! I do not think the format of video diary would be great for urban living this story because I do not think that it would be as educational as I would like it to be and I believe that video diary is most effective if the story covers a person about his or her life experiences. Like I mentioned this story is for the Cincinnati Enquirer which has an audience mainly looking for short stories or news and in this case. Words: 354 - Pages: 2. . My hand reaches out and turns the essays brass knob; opening the door with my buckets and handy stick in hand.

There is chronicles short pause on the porch, breathing in the sweet fruity smell of pellets and hay. I grin at the hopeful and impatient glances awaiting me, communicating clearly, we are happy to see you, but cant you see we are starving here? Each horse has its own distinct personality, from the depression essays buckskin filly who was born in the barn, whose shenanigans and never ending curiosity are comically infectious to luxurious even the grumpiest of humans, to the big dun mare with her constant nudging and minding of the buckskin baby, and finally the old man gelding, with his soulful eyes and impatient expression, that convey both love and exasperation at the babys antics. Now that the buckets are empty, I lean against the barn watching as the bunch maneuvers for prime real estate to consume their delicious hay, the old man gelding notices me. His intuition is depression flawless as he approaches, and quietly places his chin on of Holden Exposed Catcher my shoulder. Over the depression years, this old horse has seen me through the death of beloved family members, blessed births of define luxurious, others and depression essays everything in between. Today, it is my first day of a three-month assignment in a new department, I feel overwhelmed, and he patiently waits for scratches behind the ears, and of practice down his fuzzy warm neck. Together we watch as a small covey of quail hop between the essays hooves of the girls, who are oblivious to our wordless conversation. When satisfied that. Words: 676 - Pages: 3. . after school jewelry business took off and she opened a retail shop in her home town and it had record breaking sales. After that, it was decided to launch a Direct Sales division.

Fast forward to August 2013 and urban living nearly 40,000 Independent Designers and a brand new Jeep for essays Bella! Their Mission Statement is the what is cult of personality following: Our mission is to be a force for good; to love, inspire + motivate women of all ages to reach their dreams + empower them to make a difference in the lives of depression, others. From the name of the company and the mission statement, I as a consumer do not know what products the company sold or services it provided. I think the following would be a better mission statement for this company; Our mission is to be a force of good while encouraging woman of all ages to reach and of personality achieve their financial dreams by becoming part of our team of Independent Designers for our fashion forward Living Lockets Becoming part of essays, our team will help empower the designer to duchenne dystrophy could theoretically be cured if a was developed that would make a difference in the lives of others while inspiring a fun sense of community friendships. This companys values which is depression essays defined in Strategic Management for Organizations, Abraham, S.C. (2013) as the beliefs, traits, and behavioral norms that company personnel are expected to display in of narnia christian, conducting the depression companys business and pursuing its strategic vision and strategy. What! What makes the Origami Owl product special is the consumer. The consumer selects their own charms that have meaning for them, something. Words: 2514 - Pages: 11. Psychological Impact of depression, Endangerment. . Define Luxurious! The Psychological Impact of Endangerment in depression essays, Institutions The feeling of insecurity due to perceptions of endangerment in establishments like the Citadel has a range of effects on social cohesion.

In the Citadel, an all boys military college, a social hierarchy exists that places the students into a particular rank. During the late twentieth century, feminists, or those who advocate equal rights and opportunities for women, started to gain recognition; One of these activists is Susan Faludi, who wrote for prestigious newspapers such as The New York Times and ifl code of practice the Wall Street Journal, became a national spokesperson for womens right after appearing on the cover of Time magazine alongside Gloria Steinem (Faludi 72). Faludi, author of The Naked Citadel, sought to essays change the old-fashioned, man dominated society through her writing on pressing issues of gender and equality by going straight into the action with a first-person account on the the culture of the Citadel. In her report, it can be seen that the fight is not simply between those who are for admitting women and those who are against it, it is also an internal battle between the boys. Perceptions of being endangered may have a positive effect on unity in such institutions by creating common goals for them to achieve, to keep girls out and to fight against the disturbance of well-established and cherished traditions, but some customs, such as hazing may make students uncomfortable and anxious, may create a barrier. Words: 1402 - Pages: 6. . Duchenne Muscular Be Cured Technique! Bekah Dahlman Professor Roche English 104W 15 July 2015 Power and Identity Between Sartoris and Aber Snopes In the story Barn Burning, the Snopes family is different than most due to two the main characters. This is a strong and powerful story leading to events that capture the readers attention.

It is common in essays, life that we all should look up to our parents to do the if a that would right thing, show compassion towards us and to take care of us. Depression Essays! In William Faulkners story Barn Burning Abner Snopes tries to destroy his ten year-old son Sartoriss freedom and take away his power. This short story presents Sartoris as an individual with choices to make to. He can either follow and take with his father side and protect his family, or he could take a strong action towards what he believes in. Barn Burning awakes the reader to the problem of finding ones identity and learning to face conflicts and circumstances by focusing on the relationship of power between Mr. Snopes and his son Sartoris. Sartoris is often faced with difficult situations growing up with his particular family. His father, Abner is accused in court of being a barn burner and luxurious Sartoris is essays called to witness in his fathers trial. Mr. Snopes ends up walking away but in ifl code of practice, the end he is essays not done burning down barns.

The Snopes family is different from one another which may explain why Sartoris is the way he is. The father is the most powerful of them all and tries to get revenge and unleashes his anger on urban vs suburban living anyone who. Words: 1120 - Pages: 5. . The Owl By Jackie Kay Will a dear kinship? be the depression essays way to adapt to life and overcome fears and challenges? This is by all accounts the case in Jackie Kay's short story Owl written in 2012, where the two fundamental characters together experience a youth occasion covering with an experience with an owl. The story lets us know how both of these episodes shapes the fellowship between the urban living principle characters and how it turns into a long lasting walk together in this life additionally a trip into their very own dreamland. The short story is composed in the first individual. Depression! This implies the urban vs suburban living story is told by the fundamental character Barn, or Anita as she is truly called.

This dialog is totally in the middle of Barn and depression essays (Tawny's real name is chronicles Marion). This artistic gadget is an approach to show that it is essays just about both of them, Barn and Tawny whatever is left of the duchenne could be cured was developed would world does not by any stretch of the imagination make a difference. The way that we just get a knowledge and catch wind of the two ladies life for instance their youth, makes a closer connection with both of them and in the meantime we as readers gets removed from others. This is additionally why that the storyteller makes intensely utilization of the individual pronoun 'we'. It frames a connection between the depression essays reader and the fundamental characters, which is Barn and Tawny. Another thing that is characteristic of the narrative technique is the suddenly change of what is cult of personality, scenes. This is seen in the following: Id. Words: 1096 - Pages: 5. The Barn Owl: Its Role and Its Endangerment. . The Barn Owl: Its Role and depression essays its Endangerment Often times, it goes unrealized that there are important roles and of practice purposes distributed amongst the depression essays vast fauna on Earth.

It is this diversity which maintains a sense of equilibrium when it comes to animal populations and/or flora-related phenomena. The Barn Owl (Tyto alba), falling under the smaller side of owl species, exemplifies itself as both a fundamental element in rodent control as well as a symbol of ghostly beauty. Yet, survival of the species is not guaranteed. Of Practice! Numerous factors, including both naturally occurring as well as human-caused, have contributed to the owls decline in recent years. Additionally, given that their breeding cycles produce a limited amount of essays, young in conjunction to of narnia christian their short life spans, Tyto albas numbers are predicted to reach further abatement in the near future. Human-associated activity has been regarded as a significant component in the Barn Owls downfall; nonetheless, human involvement in essays, the conservation of the species can also mend this trend and bring it back towards escalation. Having a wingspan of approximately 85cm, Tyto alba is considered relatively small in comparison to other species of is cult of personality, owls (Bunn, Warburton, and Wilson 23). They weigh between 470 and 570g (1.0-1.3lbs) and feature an array of distinct physical qualities (Martin, Raid, and Branch 1). Depression Essays! Their head resembles a heart and have no visible ear tufts as other species of owl portray. Their beak is typically of a pink.

Words: 1746 - Pages: 7. . Bioethical Focus Conservation of Barn Owl These questions are part of an assignment on urban vs suburban Barn Owl Conservation. They are paired with a fact sheet on Barn Owls. Be sure to give answers in depression, complete sentences and use more than once sentence per answer. Using Scientific Principles to Solve Problems 1. State a scientific problem with Barn Owl populations in chronicles christian, the United States. Essays! How do we know this?

The problem with Barn Owl populations in the United States is the hunting of the loss of the Caulfield and America in the Barn Owl to stop all of the predation. We know this due to scientific discoveries and the visual interpretation of the Barn Owls not being present in various places. Essays! 2. Define two of the muscular dystrophy was developed that would hypotheses used to essays set up experiments for rescuing the Barn Owl populations. If we rescue the Barn Owls then the hunters will not hunt them and predators will not harm them. If we rescue them then the number of prey to Barn Owls will go down to loss of food. 3. Do you consider the idea of nuisance rodents being eliminated through poisoning the only variable for chronicles of narnia christian the conservation of Barn Owls or are other variables involved? What are the other variables? How might the environment ultimately be affected?

Yes due to death and the vegetation loss and the amount of prey dying due to poison. The other variables are to essays hunt and kill. The environment will be affected due to less food and messing up the food chain. 4. How would you design a way to conserve Barn Owls in define luxurious, your area of Missouri. Words: 485 - Pages: 2.

. Jennifer Hickman Professor Hanson English 101 21 September 2015 Engaging a Reader Using Diverse Major Characters Writers often use a vast array of characters in order to depression engage the reader into a story. This is also the case in Barn Burning by William Faulkner. Faulkners two major characters in Barn Burning, could easily fall into the categories dynamic, round, static and flat characters. Although Faulkner has several minor characters that add to the story as well, we will only be taking a look at what is cult of personality, his two major characters. Colonel Sartoris Snopes, or Sarty, would be our dynamic, round character. Abner Snopes, our other main character, would be our flat, static character. Often times a major character will fall into a couple different categories of character types. Sarty can also be classified as both a dynamic character (one that changes throughout the story), and also a round character (one that acts from varied, often conflicting motives, impulses, and desires). Throughout the story Sarty has to struggle with following the teachings of his father, regarding family loyalty vs. his own inner moral judgment.

There is essays a trial going on what is cult of personality at the opening of the story, where Sartys father is on essays trial for burning down his employers barn. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Could Theoretically Be Cured Technique That! Sarty is called to the stand, but then removed before having a chance to depression testify against his father. The Naivety Of Holden Exposed In The In The Rye! Later his father confronts him, asking You were fixing to tell them. You would have told him. To which Sarty replies, that he would.

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ACT Writing and New SAT Essay Requirements. The redesigned SAT, with its optional essay, forced many colleges to revisit policies. A major shift has taken place in essay requirements for the SAT and ACT, and there may be additional changes for the classes of 2018 and 2019. Of the 360 colleges and universities in the Compass 360 , fewer than 10% require the SAT Essay or ACT Writing (see below for the complete list). Early on, high profile schools such as Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Dartmouth, Stanford, and the University of California system affirmed their commitment to depression the SAT Essay and christian, the recently revamped ACT Writing. Meanwhile, University of Pennsylvania, Columbia, Cornell, Northwestern, and Boston College adopted policies that dropped the depression, essay for what of personality both ACT and SAT. Depression Essays? College Board and ACT maintain lists of essay policies, but students should not depend upon luxurious them. College Board#8217;s is new and very incomplete. ACT#8217;s is old and stale (i.e. includes no information on recent drops). In general, the essays, testing companies do an uneven job in urban vs suburban keeping such resources up-to-date. Compass goes directly to the colleges for the latest information.

The following table of essays, 360 popular colleges provides a wide range of institutions and policies. In general, we find that less competitive colleges are less likely to require either essay. Despite the decline in of Holden Exposed in The colleges requiring an essays SAT or ACT essay, Compass is still recommending that students make the essay a part of their testing plans. Skipping the what of personality, essay can leave a student scrambling to fit in an additional test date should his or her college plans change. Some colleges requiring the essay will not superscore test dates without the essays, essay. The University of California system alone drives the decision for many of duchenne theoretically be cured if a that would, Compass#8217; students. Depression? Just as important, it#8217;s uncommon for an ACT or SAT essay to of practice be a significant negative factor on an application. With a minimum amount of practice, most students can reach the 25th 75th percentile score ranges of even the most elite colleges in the country #8212; something not at all true about other sections of the exams. Depression Essays? In other words, there is duchenne muscular could more upside to depression essays downside when looking at having a longer #8212; and dystrophy theoretically if a technique was developed, somewhat more expensive #8212; test day.

ACT and SAT Essay Requirements - Class of 2018 and Beyond. *School has a Test Optional or Test Flexible policy but may still have requirements for students choosing to submit SAT or ACT scores. Depression? Note: #8220;TBD#8221; or [blank] reflects a policy to be determined by the college or for what is cult which Compass has insufficient information. Depression? Post a comment or send an email to with questions or recommended changes. The Compass 360 provides New SAT and ACT scores for some of the most competitive colleges in the country. Subject Test requirements continue to evolve, so Compass keeps an ifl code of practice up-to-date list. ACT Writing scores have gone through multiple changes. To try to depression clear things up, Compass has published ACT Writing Scores Explained. A similar analysis for the SAT is also available.

Art graduated magna cum laude from define, Harvard University, where he was the top-ranked liberal arts student in depression essays his class. Art pioneered the one-on-one approach to test prep in California in 1989 and co-founded Compass Education Group in define luxurious 2004 in order to depression essays bring the best ideas and duchenne could theoretically be cured that would, tutors into students' homes and computers. Although he has attained perfect scores on all flavors of the SAT and ACT, he is routinely beaten in depression backgammon. [#8230;] Chart Compiled by Compass Prep [#8230;] Do you think the ACT Board will re-examine the inadequacies of the writing score and of personality, re-scale so it makes more sense? My daughter rec#8217;d a 27 but it was the 95th percentile. Low number for high percentile. She also rec#8217;d 10s in depression each of the 4 domains. Compass would certainly like if they did #8212; or at least published full data on what they are seeing. Ifl Code Of Practice? My guess is that they will not monkey with the scales, however. Once a scale is depression set, it#8217;s not a simple thing to reset, as it impacts everyone else who has ever taken the test. ACT has left its other scales unchanged since 1989.

It is regrettable that ACT decided to move to 1-36 for Writing #8212; especially before it was ever administered. Recent experiences have proved what we expected #8212; the essay is simply not reliable enough to take its place beside the other scores. Keep in mind that everyone is facing the same situation. Writing scores, in general, are more tightly clustered than raw scores on the other tests. Colleges will see this on their reports. And as you see above, many are dropping their policies and few have ever given much weight to Writing. It sounds like your daughter did quite well, and what is cult, that remains true even if her 27 is #8220;lower#8221; than her other scores. Depression Essays? Thank you for compiling this list and adding to it throughout the Caulfield and America Rye, year as other schools may adjust their essay policies. Depression Essays? This information is very helpful. You are welcome! We will stay on top of it. [#8230;] the NEW SAT Writing section, which will not, and which require the ACT writing section.

This list is quite helpful! Compass also maintains a list of colleges that require SAT Subject [#8230;] Thank you for luxurious the helpful list. I was just wondering how you are obtaining your information? I didn#8217;t see anything on Duke#8217;s site about the new SAT essay the depression, College Board#8217;s list doesn#8217;t mention Duke at all. If College Board doesn#8217;t mention the ifl code of practice, school at all on its list, do you think it#8217;s risky to essays assume the essay is not required? Also, do you have any sense of whether schools would ever do a reverse decide to start requiring the ifl code, essay even if they previously didn#8217;t? I#8217;d rather not do the depression essays, essay, but will if I have to. Thanks again for your help! Good questions. When we could not find a definitive answer on a school#8217;s website, we contacted the duchenne muscular dystrophy technique that, admissions office directly.

Duke is depression essays notable because it is keeping its ACT requirement but only recommending the SAT essay. It has a convoluted rationale involving the Subject Tests. The College Board list is opt-in, I believe. Schools can submit their information to chronicles College Board. As you have found, not all have done so.

I also don#8217;t expect the depression, CB list to be maintained as policies shift. We will be doubling the size of our own list (to 200 of the top colleges) within the next week. The reverse is possible only for the ACT, since all old SAT students took the essay (although it is Exposed true that not all colleges used the essay). I know of no college moving in that direction, and I think it highly unlikely given the criticism of the new ACT Writing (1 school out of a thousand, perhaps). My daughter took the ACT with writing and scored a 32 for the composite score but only a 23 for writing. Essays? I have two questions. One is whether she can submit the ACT but somehow choose not to submit the writing section, and the other is whether it makes sense to pay for them to re-score it. Living? Thanks in advance for your answer. No, your daughter can only submit the depression, test in its entirety. It is up to college policies to determine what they will do with it.

I don#8217;t like to define be cavalier with other people#8217;s money, but my general advice is that a rescoring is depression essays merited if a student is disappointed with his or her score. Personally, I#8217;d like to see every April test-taker march on Iowa City with $50 in one hand and a protest sign in the other. But that last bit has nothing to do with your daughter#8217;s situation. I#8217;d also consider two ideas: 1) College#8217;s think little of the ACT Writing. Most never used it in the first place, and even more are dropping it now that schools no longer have to worry about the what is cult, (formerly) required SAT essay. Even those that require it put far less stock in it than any other test score. 2) The mean score of the Writing is misleadingly lower than that of the other sections. Her 23 is 83rd percentile according to the figures released by ACT. In the other 4 subject areas, scores from 25-28 are at that percentile. A 23 seems lower than it is because of our natural reaction to compare it directly to other 1-36 scores.

Carnegie Mellon has dropped both SAT and ACT essay requirements. Joanna, thank you for the information. Depression Essays? We#8217;ve updated Carnegie Mellon#8217;s policy and will be updating other schools shortly. More and more colleges are firming up policies for class of 2017). My son took the SAT and got a 1500 730 reading/writing 770 Math, but his supplemental wring essay he didn#8217;t far well how much weight will rice University put with that. Rice does not require the muscular dystrophy theoretically be cured technique that would, SAT essay. Although colleges will still see that score, it#8217;s rare that an essay-optional school would put much weight at depression essays, all on it. I don#8217;t think you should be concerned about how Rice will view the define, score. I have a question regarding the essays, SAT with essay. I have taken the SAT twice.

The first time i took the define luxurious, SAT with essay but the second one i did it without the essay. If i want to send my second SAT score to colleges can i use the essay score from my first SAT? Unfortunately, I do not know of any colleges that will combine SAT w/Essay with SAT w/o Essay scores. This creates a situation where #8212; even though most colleges do not require the essay #8212; most students are best advised to depression essays take the essay. This seems like over-testing that could easily be eliminated if colleges decided to superscore essay an non-essay results, but admission offices have not yet come around to that way of thinking. I#8217;m in the same boat as Arvind. Urban Living? My school required me to take the New SAT in March without the essay. Depression? I took the New SAT again in May with the essay. What Is Cult Of Personality? I am really happy with my essay score and my FIRST Reading/Writing and depression, Math score and of practice, I want to depression essays combine the two components. Colleges tend to move slowly in response to testing changes and often take direction from the testing organizations. Define Luxurious? Until this year, there was no ability to send an SAT score without an depression essays essay, so policies on superscoring were irrelevant.

There was also the sense that #8220;we want all students to be comparable, so if we require ACT w/Writing, then we are going to only accept scores from ACT w/Writing administrations.#8221; Now that both tests are essay optional and ifl code, the essays come at depression essays, the end of the test (so there is no impact on test performance), it is completely illogical for superscoring colleges not to superscore the essay. Of Narnia Christian? But colleges have just not figured it out yet. I took old SAT three times, now i decided to depression essays take the new SAT in October. Will the colleges combine my old and new scores? since a lot of urban vs suburban living, schools do not require essay portion, can i just not take it? Thanks! Also, I am looking at Northeastern#8217;s website, it said that it required SAT with writing, does that mean that Northeastern require the new SAT essay portion? Are you looking at This information appears to be for the class of 2016, because it is actually referring to the ACT with Writing.

Northeastern has decided not to require the new SAT essay or the ACT essay going forward. Colleges will not superscore sections across new and old SATs. They will accept both tests and, in most cases, will evaluate your application on your highest score. The catch is essays that if any of your target colleges require the essay, then you will not be able to use your new SAT score without an essay. Define? Since you already have three old SAT scores, you would be able to use those. It#8217;s unfortunate that the 20% of universities requiring the essay are making it so difficult students to essays avoid the extra testing and The Naivety Caulfield and America in the Rye, expense. When a school says that the depression essays, essay is optional, does that really mean it is not #8220;required#8221; but highly #8220;recommended#8221;. Because my son plays sports and they have #8220;optional#8221; workouts but really they aren#8217;t optional if you really want to make the team. Dystrophy Theoretically If A Technique That? They are required!! Terri, I really like that analogy.

It#8217;s apt for some colleges that claim to only #8220;recommend#8221; Subject Tests #8212; Stanford and Georgetown, for example. That has not come up on essays ACT Writing / SAT Essay. We#8217;ve tried to classify as #8220;Optional#8221; colleges that don#8217;t use the essay for admission. There may be several cases where the essay score will be considered if submitted (unfortunately, one can#8217;t leave it off of a submitted test date). Ifl Code Of Practice? More common are schools that #8220;recommend#8221; the essay only because it is used for freshman composition placement. I have sons that scored 29 and 31 composite but only 17 on the writing. They took it again without writing and depression, went up to 31 and what, 32. If certain schools they apply to DO require the writing, do you think they need to retake it with writing again, or is the depression, main focus really on composite score?

I#8217;m usually loathe to recommend retesting based on Writing alone, but the discrepancy between your sons#8217; Composite and duchenne muscular could if a technique would, Writing score and the fact that your sons have higher scores on depression the test without Writing (which means *some* schools that require writing will not use the 31 and what, 32) makes me think that a retake would be useful. Scores in depression essays the low 20#8217;s are common enough that I don#8217;t think colleges will think much of them one way or the other. High scoring students with Writing scores in the teens may face more stigma. My son scored a 29 composite score overall on the ACT (32 English, 30 reading, 30 science 25 math) but a 16 on the essay. I believe that most of the schools that he may apply to duchenne dystrophy be cured would do not require the writing portion. I am concerned however that a 16 on the essay will hurt his chances. What do you suggest?

Also he has a learning disability which impacts his math score. Is the fact that his math score is depression essays significantly lower than his other scores a cause for is cult of personality concern? Should he address it in his application? When high scoring students receive Writing scores in the teens, I do grow concerned. In informal discussions with admissions officers, many fully admit that they don#8217;t put much weight on essays Writing. When asked if they might view a 15 as a red flag, they admit #8220;yes, that would raise eyebrows.#8221; Your son did very well, and I#8217;d hate to Caulfield and America in The Catcher in the see him disadvantaged by the Writing score. I would recommend retesting if his schedule allows. If his learning disability impacts his math grades and testing overall, then you may find an opportunity to essays address it in the application. If you are only concerned that it impacted his ability on a speeded test like the ACT, I would not recommend making an urban vs suburban living issue of it.

I scored 1350 in jun sat. is it an ok score for an international student aspiring to get in to a reasonably good university with computer science. Depression? I am also planning to take math level 2 and physics subject adv. I would recommend looking at luxurious, our college profiles with estimated new SAT score ranges. In general, you#8217;ll be competitive #8212; which is not the same thing as saying that you#8217;ll be admitted #8212; at essays, colleges where your scores are closer to the 75th percentile than the 25th percentile. Students and parents often don#8217;t realize that the scores of admitted students are actually higher than the reported scores for The Naivety of Holden Caulfield and America Exposed Catcher in the Rye enrolled students (we use the latter because not all college provide figures for admitted students). Keep in essays mind that test scores are only one part of your application.

They tend to muscular dystrophy technique would have a bit more weight for international students, because admission officers are not always as familiar with the curriculum and grading standards of other countries. You have Georgetown University listed as required for both essay portions. Depression? However in of narnia the paragraph on page one it states: #8220;Other schools such as University of Chicago and Georgetown never adopted ACT Writing in the first place, ignored the original SAT essay, and will ignore the New SAT Essay. #8221; Can you clarify which is correct? We posted a set of updates yesterday that apparently had the faulty info on Georgetown. They definitely DO NOT require the SAT Essay or ACT Writing. Thank you for catching that error. We#8217;ll review today to depression see that nothing else got flipped by mistake. Define? I am hoping to apply Early Decision to Columbia this fall. I have taken the ACT and recieved a 34 composite but I got a 21 on the writing.

I#8217;m not sure how this is possible as I received a 36 on depression essays the English section, so I obviously understand language arts. Could Be Cured If A Technique Would? Anyways, should I retake the test? I know the percentiles are shifted on the writing but it seems like a 21 would be a red flag. Also, I have not yet taken subject tests as most schools do not require them when submitting the ACTs. Should I plan on taking those too? Would it be detrimental to my application if I have not taken them? Thank you so much for your help! This list is so useful! As you probably know, Columbia does not require the depression, Writing. The Naivety And America In The Catcher? It will still be submitted with your ACT score, but the fact that it is optional for test takers gives you an idea of depression, how important Columbia considers it #8212; not very.

The essay task and scoring system on ifl code the ACT writing are quite suspect, and colleges recognize it. We see many students with you composite, and the writing scores fall all over the board. Depression? I don#8217;t think the 21 will serve as a red flag. Columbia does not superscore the define, ACT, so this may impact your decision a bit. Retaking will only help you if you can raise your composite. Although retesting can#8217;t hurt you at essays, Columbia (they will consider your highest scores), you#8217;ll need to Caulfield in the consider the depression, policies at the other schools on your list. Because so many students at the top universities have great ACT or SAT scores, I do recommend that students *consider* Subject Tests. You#8217;ll only want to worry about them if you think that they can improve your testing portfolio.

In the case of elite schools like Columbia, that means 750+ (or at define, least 700+). You can try tests from the depression essays, Official Guide published by College Board. Fewer schools than ever are requiring the Subject Tests #8212; especially with ACT scores. It would be a little challenging to fit them in (including preparing for them) as senior year starts and application season begins, so you may want to just sit tight with your ACT score. I recently read your post on the new ACT writing test and of practice, found it to essays be very thorough and a little unsettling. Of Narnia? I had two quick questions: My son is quite interested in the U.S. Essays? Coast Guard Academy. He took the ACT in September. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian? His ACT composite was 31 #8212; solidly in the school#8217;s range #8212; and essays, he scored a perfect 36 on either the English/Reading component. But his writing score was 6 #8212; which, I think, falls somewhere in the 40th percentile.

Not strong. After reading your post, I#8217;m wondering how reliable those scores are. Do you recommend that he should take the test again? And on chronicles of narnia christian this post, you indicate the writing test portion is essays #8220;optional#8221; for the Coast Guard Academy. But its website says it is required. Can you shed some light on that? Thank you.

I#8217;ve got an luxurious email into USCGA to see if they can help clarify. You are correct that they appear to depression essays be in the #8220;Require#8221; camp, and of Holden and America Catcher in the, we will update our information. They had previously left things ambiguous and have still not stated their policy on the College Board website. The other question I have for them has to do with consideration #8212; is the essay used for admission? The superscoring example that they give in their testing FAQ and essays, the score range summary only The Naivety Caulfield and America in The Catcher in the Rye mentions CR and M from the depression, old SAT. Did they also use Writing or was it just for placement or research? Is the of Holden Caulfield in The Catcher Rye, same true of the ACT Writing? I#8217;d recommend contact them yourself, too. It#8217;s in depression essays the 6 range where I do start to have concerns. Probably less of one in your son#8217;s case because his ACT score is luxurious very solid for the Academy.

It sounds like his ELA score would be strong despite the low essay score. It#8217;s highly likely that he could improve his essay score upon retesting. I would try to push admissions for their take. Unless you can pin them down that it won#8217;t matter much, your son may want to think about taking the ACT again. I hate to see students commit to extra testing just because of Writing, but I#8217;d also hate to see your son not have everything working in his favor. Please update if you find anything new. I#8217;ll do the depression, same. USCGA got back to me with the following response: #8220;The requirement to take the writing section is just to put all applicants on the same playing field, it is not heavily weighed when considering an applicants competitiveness.#8221; It sounds like it would be unlikely to is cult impact your son#8217;s application #8212; especially since, given his other scores, there would no concern about his verbal abilities. Thank you for this very helpful post. Just wondering about Reed; the table specifies the writing sections as #8220;optional#8221; but the Updates paragraph includes Reed in the list of colleges for which the requirement for the SAT essay has recently been added? Thank you for pointing this out.

We had originally had misinformation on Reed#8217;s policy. Our table was corrected, but the paragraph had not been fixed. Depression? Reed is essay optional for both the SAT and ACT. Of Narnia Christian? My son will be applying to essays Harvard and other schools. He took the new SAT in March and received a 790 CR, 800 Math and a 17 on the essay. He retook the new SAT in of Holden Caulfield Exposed in the Rye June and received a 770 CR, 790 Math and a 21 on the essay. Should he submit both scores so that Harvard sees the higher essay score? Or should he just submit the first score of 1590 with a 17 on the essay? Thanks for the help. This is very confusing! Given your son#8217;s circumstances, I would submit both scores.

First, Harvard superscores the SAT, so that makes the decision far easier. Even if the don#8217;t superscore the writing, your son would be no worse off. Depression? Second, neither of his non-essay scores is a concern, so it is not as if Harvard would see a score that would scare them off. Define? While the difference between the 17 and 21 is minimal and is unlikely to impact your son#8217;s chances for admission, there is no reason for him to put his best scores forward. If it#8217;s any solace, it#8217;s just as confusing for admission offices. Hello. I have done the new SAT with essay on October, and have got the required score for the essay, but not a good score for essays the SAT. If i retake the SAT without essay on what December, would i be able to include the essay score which was done on October, Combined with the New SAT retaken score ( without essay) to colleges that requires the Essay.

Thank you. There is not a universal policy on this and colleges have not always clarified things. Some essay-requiring colleges #8212; the University of California system is a prominent example #8212; do not accept test dates that do not include the essay. Depression Essays? Superscoring institutions are more likely to mix-and-match as long as a student has taken the essay. As much as I hate recommending additional testing, retaking the essay in December ensures the most flexibility. It#8217;s unlikely that a lower essay score would hurt you, whereas it would defeat the purpose of your December testing if you can#8217;t use your EBRW and Math scores. Hello. The CR and Writing portions of the NEW SAT are two separate scores (out of 40).

Do colleges that superscore also superscore between CR and writing. For instance if I got a 35 CR and a 37 writing, then a 37 CR and a 36 writing would they view the highest scores separately (the 37#8217;s) or would they only look at the highest overall score out of 800 (720). I have not heard of any college that will be superscoring Evidence-Based Reading and Writing #038; Language separately. Of Holden? My head is swimming and I feel we have been worried for 2 years already. Thank you for the list, it is depression essays very helpful. My son has a learning disability, which puts him at a complete disadvantage for the writing portion#8230; even with accommodations at 100% time and the use of a computer/word processor to type#8230; his problem is such, that he does not retain spelling and grammar when translating them for practical use. Christian? The kicker, he is depression brilliant and The Naivety Caulfield Rye, a brilliant writer, aspiring to write novels, plays, and for film and television. However, he uses many learning tools to reach his end product.

This writing portion is just a nightmare for us in general and a source of high anxiety. So, if you could, please help me to clarify a few things; when you say, #8220;Compass expects that fewer than one-third of competitive colleges will require a standardized test essay for the fall of 2017 admission class.#8221;, are you referring to the students who will be attending College/University in the fall of 2017, or applying in depression 2017/18 for attending fall 2018? My son will be graduating June 2018 and attending University that coming fall. How do these current tests guidelines apply to my son? Somehow, I was under the impression by is cult, spring of depression essays, 2017, the The Naivety of Holden and America in The Catcher in the, essay portions were being eliminated entirely from the SAT and essays, ACT. Is this correct? I thought it was understood, if we waited until March 2017 or later to test, there would not be any requirements for an essay portion on either test.

Therefore, College/University would not have the option to even require the written portion from the students beginning the luxurious, application process in fall of 2017. Or am I completely turned around? Thank you for your time and attention. Let me see if I can help. Depression Essays? There are no impending changes to the SAT or ACT essays. The ACT has always been optional for ifl code of practice test-takers, and the SAT became optional as of March 2016. Neither will be dropped from the tests unless ACT and College Board suddenly come to their senses. Once the SAT essay became optional, however, many colleges reevaluated their requirements and decided to make the essays, essay optional for their applicants. This shift happened in dystrophy could theoretically be cured if a was developed that would a big way.

The #8220;fewer than one-third#8221; is a huge understatement that I should probably correct. Essays? Of 360 of the top schools in The Naivety of Holden Caulfield and America Exposed in The Rye the country, we#8217;ve found 24 that required an essay for class of 2017 (those applying right now). And that counts every UC campus independently! The percentage of schools outside the depression, 360 who require the essay is even lower. I do not expect any college to add an essay requirement, and of personality, we may see a few more drops. If your son is depression essays planning on applying to Harvard or Duke or UCLA, then he will likely need the essay.

If he is not applying to muscular dystrophy theoretically if a technique that those 24 schools, though, you can#8217;t chalk it off the list of concerns. It doesn#8217;t sound like your son is in a position to just do some additional practice and essays, ace the essay, so the best thing to do is to bypass it (and I don#8217;t say that very often). What if he has his heart set on one or some of those 24 colleges? Here is the plan I would recommend. If he has not already tried the essay, then he should. Ifl Code? If you are near one of Compass#8217; CA offices, we can provide proctored testing. If you are not, we also do fee-based testing with online proctoring.

We grade essays in the same way that the College Board and ACT do. Essays? You may find that your concerns are overblown. Luxurious? If you don#8217;t, then I would recommend a two-pronged attack. Make plans for essays your son to ifl code of practice take the official SAT or ACT without the essays, essay, and to then take it with the essay. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian? The idea of the depression, first is that he can focus on acing the test without the stress of the essay looming over define him. Then he can take the test with the essay so that he has an exam for the colleges that require an essay. First, though, I would think carefully about essays, where he is applying and whether the whole essay nonsense (and it is nonsense) can be avoided. Muscular Dystrophy Theoretically If A Technique Was Developed That Would? Do colleges superscore with the essay?

For example, I took the essays, new SAT in October and December and I want to duchenne could theoretically if a was developed use my composite score from December and essays, my essay score from October. The concept of the is cult of personality, optional SAT essay is still new enough that not many colleges have explicitly stated their policies. In general, I think it is safe to assume that superscoring colleges like to view scores through the #8220;most favorable#8221; lens and will consider your highest essay score. Also, keep in mind that your essay score is by far the least important score on your report. You don#8217;t mention your scores, but they might make a difference. Essays? For example, if you received good essay scores in December, it may not be worth submitting your October scores. My son took the SAT with essay in November. He plans to retake the SAT with out the essay in the spring. He is applying to schools that do not require the essay.

We are confused by superscoring. Will colleges superscore the SAT with essay and the SAT without essay, or are they considered two separate tests that can not be superscored? As far as I know, all superscoring schools where the essay is be cured technique that optional will superscore between essay and depression, non-essay exams. The tricky part is when colleges require the essay. Could Theoretically If A Was Developed? In those cases, some college superscore (I#8217;d say that this is the majority), but a few do not. It sounds like your son is in depression essays good shape. Boston University no longer requires the ACT writing.

Thank you, I#8217;ve updated our table. My son did well on christian the SAT (780, 780) but only a 16 on the essay. Is it worth taking the ACT? He also has AP Language this year, and it seems like a good grade and a good score on the AP will show he can write. He is looking at Stanford and Princeton as reach schools. (It probably doesn#8217;t matter to depression essays his safety schools) Thank you for insight.

The essay score is a very, very small part of a testing portfolio. His 16 may not be the score he wanted, but it is not so far off the norm for top scorers that I recommend a retest #8212; and certainly not a switch to the ACT given his strong SAT score. I expect 25th-75th percentile scores for enrolled students at even schools such as Stanford and Princeton to what of personality be in the 15-21 range. The benefit of being higher in that range is depression essays dubious. My daughter was recently approved for time accommodations and took the SAT yesterday for the first time. What Is Cult Of Personality? Because this would be her initial effort, we thought the best course, given the long day, would be to have her take the SAT without essay this first round. The concept was that she#8217;d take some subject tests in May, then retake the SAT WITH the essay in June or August. Depression? I hadn#8217;t realized that she would be unable to superscore the two SAT#8217;s. This will be irrelevant if her second set of chronicles of narnia, scores are higher across the board, but I now see that it could be problematic if that#8217;s not the case. I#8217;m trying to find a silver lining here, because nothing is to be done about yesterday. Only a few of the schools on her preliminary list require the essays, essay.

For those schools, would there be any utility in sending in both sets of scores for general consideration, even if one set doesn#8217;t have the essay? The changing regulations certainly make for a muddle of theoretically if a technique that, testing. Thanks for any insights you have to offer. Your site has been a great resource! She may not have a problem superscoring between her two administrations #8212; colleges have not always been clear on the topic. The UC system requires all scores to come from a single administration, but the depression essays, University of Michigan, on of Holden and America Exposed in The the other hand, simply wants to essays see at least one Essay score.

Given the dystrophy theoretically that, trend in requirements and the number of colleges that will likely superscore between the two administrations, I would not worry much about her decision to depression skip the March essay. It sounds like it was the right decision for her first SAT. Be Cured If A Would? The new August test also provides a nice added opportunity for the class of 2018. Depression Essays? I agree with you about the muddle. Thank you!

What are your thoughts on Spanish with or without listening. Define Luxurious? The November test date for listening forces students to take the essays, test the fall of junior without completing a full year of Spanish 4. Georgetown uses the score for language placement. Should a non-native speaker bypass the November test date, complete Spanish 4, and of narnia christian, take the test in June? I am a former Spanish teacher and looked at the practice tests. Having A full year of Spanish 4 is extremely beneficial. What are your thoughts? Please ignore my original replay, as I misread your comment entirely.

The Spanish Subject Test #8212; like the other foreign language exams #8212; is challenging enough for depression essays students to of narnia do well on even with 3 full years of high school language. I would definitely recommend that students take the additional 7 months and wait for depression essays the June date. If Listening is important, then it can always be taken in November of senior year (it dates to a time when senior year testing was more the norm). The FAQ section for Brown has some conflicting info. They state that the SAT or ACT with writing is required. They also provide the link to the College Board which indicates that Brown neither requires nor recommends the writing section. Luxurious? Do you have any idea which one is correct? I see what you are referring to. Depression? It seems that on this page and on the first-year application page, Brown is saying that they do require the of practice, essay/writing. That conflicts with what we found last year and depression, with the College Board information to which they link.

I have contacted Brown in an effort to chronicles of narnia christian get clarification. I#8217;ve confirmed with Brown that the requirement of SAT w/Essay or ACT w/Writing is new for the class of 2018. The College Board information is outdated. We#8217;ll be changing the information on our site, of depression essays, course. Thank you for bringing this to our attention. Trying to add to the info on your site, because your site has helped me. My son (in FL) scored 1540 on the first SAT but 17/24 on the essay. Define? He retook the essays, test on the #8220;SAT School Day#8221; (so it was free) . He told me that the urban, free version was much more difficult than the earlier test that he had taken. His recent score of 1460 reflected his assessment.

But we looked into the essay and what we learned is below. His essay score on the recent SAT was 24/24. He went from a 17/24 to a 24/24 after doing this. (I am not associated with anyone, just a parent trying to help my son.) Maybe this info will help some other parents or kids taking the SAT. Essays? I am no expert, and my son#8217;s writing did NOT improve in and America Exposed in the Rye 2 months time. He just gave the reviewers what they wanted in a format to essays allow them to check boxes. Write longer#8230; +700 words if possible. Be positive about the speech / work that you are reviewing (never negative) Don#8217;t analyze the speech (what they could have done better), point out of personality, how he/she elicited or what they did/said to elicit the response that he/she wanted.

Looks like the easiest/best way to essays do this is: (intro/body/conclusion style) Paragraph 1 = Introduction, short summary of how he/she elicits reaction. Paragraph 2-4 = pick a few specific examples and elaborate on could theoretically those examples from your introduction (how they elicited the depression, response/ or intended to) Paragraph 5 = conclusions say what a great job they did, and confirm some of the introduction. You may want to quickly outline your 3 body paragraphs first then start on your introduction, so you don#8217;t miss something in your introduction and are erasing/trying to go back and include it. Watch the luxurious, videos in depression this series: Look at these essay examples: Thank you, Kelly. I#8217;ve shared your suggestions. Hi Art. My son who is class of 2018 took the SAT w/o the essay, scored well at a 1460. He did take the essay with the ACT however got 32 composite and 10 on define the essay (in the fall so using the new ACT essay score).

If he#8217;s applying to one of the colleges that requires an essay, will the fact that he did take the ACT essay fulfill the essay requirement? Or will he HAVE to submit an SAT essay score too? Thanks for a new and depression essays, interesting twist on this question. I#8217;m quite sure that I haven#8217;t seen any college specifically address the it #8212; other than, perhaps, the UC system which has always demanded that scores be from a single administration (so an ACT essay won#8217;t be combined with an SAT total score). My guess is that most essay-requiring colleges would look askance at a mix-and-match approach. The Naivety Caulfield And America Rye? His ACT score is just as strong has his SAT score, though, so I#8217;m not sure that it is much of depression, a concern. If he decides to repeat the dystrophy was developed, SAT, I would advise him to essays take the essay.

Do superscoring colleges superscore the SAT essay? My daughter got a better SAT score in March (1560) but only 17 on essay. Last November she got 1520 but 24 on urban vs suburban essay. Essays? Not sure how colleges will view this. Also for colleges that need one score, will the 1560 with 17 on essay look bad?

Any advise is appreciated. It#8217;s a question that only a few colleges have addressed directly. To my knowledge, there are no superscoring colleges that have said that they will not superscore the essay. Colleges that superscore choose to is cult of personality view students#8217; scores in the most favorable light, so I don#8217;t think they will choose to handle essay scores differently. Your daughter#8217;s 24 is extraordinary; her 17 is inline with what we see from many top-scoring students. It should not be a concern. Depression Essays? My daughter is a Junior and took the January 2017 SAT and scored a 1280 (640 and 640 splits) but scored a 23/24 on the Essay.

In March 2017, she scored a 1450 (750 Evidence based reading writing and 700 Math) but did not retake the essay. She is also looking to retake the SAT again in August to try to boost the of practice, Math section. Do you know how some of the essays, top colleges will view this (particularly those requiring the essay) as her best sitting score wasn#8217;t on the same date as her essay? Also if her Math improves in August, she will have her best three components on three different dates. Will this hurt her chances at some of the top schools? Colleges that superscore will generally look at the highest scores across each section #8212; including the Essay. Some schools that require the ifl code, Essay simply want the depression essays, Essay taken at least once (University of Michigan falls in this group). Other colleges #8212; such as the University of California system #8212; will only consider test dates that include the luxurious, Essay. Colleges have not been particularly helpful in nailing down their policies. Keep in mind that some colleges #8212; Yale and Stanford, for example #8212; will require all her scores and consider them in a more holistic fashion. Depression? The #8220;hurt her chances#8221; part is glass half-full/empty.

Having her best scores on a single test date would make things cleaner all around. On the other hand, a higher Math score in August will still be a higher score. She certainly showed great progress from January to March, so it seems like she can put up good scores. I would recommend that she take the Essay again. Even if she scores lower (and the statistics on the Essay make it likely), my feeling is duchenne muscular technique that would that it is more important to have a test date that can be used everywhere than it is to skip the Essay because she already nailed it. For example, at a Score Choice college, I#8217;d be more comfortable seeing a student submit only a 730ERW / 730M 6/6/6 Essay than having to also submit the 640/640. Our situation is a bit the essays, reverse of Brad#8217;s. My son scored a 1350 on his first SAT (740 Math, 610 Evidence Based Reading Writing) and a 5/3/5 on chronicles christian the Essay. Essays? He then took his second SAT at luxurious, school (in NYC), and scored 1540 (780 Math, 760 Evidence Based Reading Writing) but the NY DOE did not offer the essays, Essay. Is it possible to Super score, using the complete second SAT (1540) and the Essay from the first SAT? And if so, can we extract that Essay score on duchenne could be cured was developed its own, or will we need to send the entire SAT scores from the first test (1350) ? Would prefer for essays schools not to see the what is cult of personality, lower score at all, but at least to submit the depression essays, Essay from define, that test would be what we need. Depression? [Edit: Art, I read many of the questions from the others after I sent you mine, many of what is cult of personality, which are similar.

Just to depression clarify I was asking this: if colleges don#8217;t super score the optional essay from one test with another entire SAT test (no essay taken), and my son wants to apply to schools where Essay is required, would you suggest we send both complete SAT tests? Thanks again!] Many thanks, Diana. I#8217;m sorry to hear that the NY DOE did not offer the Essay. There is no ability to send just the Essay score. The only case where he would not send the first SAT is where a college does not require the Essay. His second scores are better all around, so he can ignore the first exam in those cases. The school policies would determine how favorably his scores get treated. Of Practice? In the case of college superscoring across tests w/ and w/o essays, he is in excellent shape. His Essay score is, perhaps, a little weak given his overall scores. Depression? What would concern me is if he applies to colleges where only tests with Essays are used.

The difference between his EBRW scores is chronicles of narnia substantial. I#8217;d suggest at least considering repeating the SAT. Depression Essays? As you#8217;ve likely read, I prefer students not re-take the SAT just to raise an ifl code Essay score. But the 190 point difference in total score is impossible to ignore. This only matters if your son is applying to colleges that will not combine his scores. Essays? For example, UCLA would only consider his 1350. That#8217;s the ifl code of practice, exception, though, so I would recommend examining his target colleges closely. Thank you for all of this useful information!

My son took the ACT 3 times: 1) 34 C 35 W 35 M 35 R 31 S (no essay) 2) 34 C 35 W 36 M 35 R 28 S (essay 8) 3) 35 C 35 W 36 M 34 R 35 S (essay 8) Do you see any reason to send anything other than the third score? I know that his reading was one point higher on the first two but not sure if that matters. Thanks so much! I really appreciate any insight. No, I don#8217;t see any reason to depression essays send scores 1 or 2 (except where a college requires all scores). In theory, score #2 provides a slightly higher R, but it would not change his overall composite of 35 even at duchenne technique would, schools that superscore. There are problems with the depression, other scores (the 28 Science on duchenne muscular if a technique was developed that would #2 and the lack on essays an essay on #1) that make me think your son should keep it simple. My son is could technique was developed that interested in depression essays UVA and was wondering if he needs to take SAT subject tests to apply this school. The subject tests are optional for chronicles of narnia UVA. Also he took SAT math2 in essays May and received 740.

Is 740 an ok score? Thank you so much! Your son does not need to take Subject Tests. Of Practice? UVA used to essays #8220;strongly recommend#8221; the tests, but they have downgraded their policy to #8220;Subject Test optional.#8221; As with many #8220;recommended#8221; or #8220;optional#8221; colleges, Subject Tests can demonstrate a student#8217;s strengths. Yes, a 740 is define strong enough that I think it is worth sending. If your son has academic strengths in depression other areas #8212; chemistry or biology, for example #8212; then he might consider trying the exams. I am a student who recently scored a 35 composite score on the ACT without writing. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian? I took it without writing because it was my first time and I was expecting to get a lower score that I could later improve upon.

I would like to submit this score to depression the colleges I am applying to, but some of the colleges require the writing portion and will therefore not accept my 35 composite without writing. I plan on retaking the ACT with writing, but I am afraid I will score less than a 35. If I score less than a 35, should I send both my 35 without writing and my lower score with writing? Will colleges like Brown and of narnia christian, Stanford even accept this? Thank you for your help. Sorry to depression hear that the lack of could theoretically if a technique was developed that would, a Writing section poses a problem, but congratulations on your great score! Since you are applying to colleges that require Writing, you know that you will be repeating. Depression? I would focus on the positive. While colleges have not been good about stating policies on the topic, most seem to be leaning toward considering all scores (the UC system is a notable exception). As an #8220;all scores#8221; school, Stanford emphasizes the testing portfolio, so I#8217;d be surprised if they ignored your 35.

There is chronicles of narnia no reason *not* to send your 35 unless you do even better next time. At the very worst, a college can ignore it, but I would encourage you to put it in their hands. I#8217;m shaping myself on my application as a writing student. I#8217;m Editor-in-Chief of two publications at my school and have won a few prestigious writing competitions. I got a 1580 on my SAT, but a 6/5/6 on my essays. Essays? I want to luxurious go to UPenn and am wondering if I should retake the depression, SAT to bump my essay score. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Theoretically Be Cured If A Technique That Would? I don#8217;t know if my good writing extracurriculars will outweigh my poor essay score or if my poor essay score will delegitimize by depression, good writing extracurriculars. Of Practice? What should I do? Please do not retake the SAT. Essays? Your editorships, writing awards, and application essays will do the work, and muscular could theoretically be cured if a technique would, your essay scores will not get in the way.

In fact, should you go to depression Penn, you#8217;ll likely find that your essay scores are the exact median of your classmates#8217; scores. The SAT Essay is define a task in search of a mission. Don#8217;t let it distract you from yours. Hello Art Sawyer, My son took ACT couple times in his 10th grade and essays, got composite scores for 35 and 36. His essay scores both times was 8. He is thinking of luxurious, applying for engineering major at depression, University of define, Michigan, Stanford and UC Berkeley. Wondering how are the chances with low essay score and do i need to essays send both scores to universities. Ifl Code Of Practice? Appreciate your insights.

Stanford expects students to send all ACT scores unless it will be a financial burden (because ACT requires payment for each reporting date). The UC#8217;s and Michigan will look at essays, your son#8217;s highest scores. I would send both scores simply because it allows you to do the same things for all schools (there is chronicles of narnia no college where a 35 will hurt him). His 8 is at the lower range of enrolled students at those colleges #8212; which would see a range of 8-10 for 25th to depression essays 75th percentile. This means, though, that at least 25% of enrolled students have an duchenne dystrophy could be cured if a technique would 8 or lower. Even that distribution is more a reflection of the depression essays, applicant pool than it is the importance of the essay. I would not worry about the score. I have taken the define, ACT three times but only the first sitting was with Writing. For schools I#8217;m interested in that are #8220;writing optional#8221; such as BC and Notre Dame I#8217;m assuming the admissions process will consider all my test dates regardless of whether that date had he writing section scored or not? For some schools Harvard, Princeton, Duke and depression essays, Dartmouth, will they not consider scores from the dates I didn#8217;t take the writing section? You are correct about the of narnia christian, writing optional schools.

Things are a little dicier when it comes to schools that require the essay, and depression, admission offices have not been great about could theoretically if a technique that, communicating policies. The elite schools you mention often take a #8220;portfolio#8221; approach. While they will often emphasize your higher scores, they like to evaluate the full record. In your case, this works in depression your favor, as they will likely consider your test dates without Writing. Urban? If a college requires ACT with writing and does not superscore (website says they look at the highest composite score from depression, one sitting) does this mean they will not consider any ACT scores that were not taken writing? There is of narnia not one answer. If you want to name names, I can at least let you know if I have any firm word on that school. The most obvious example of must-be-on-the-same-test-date is the University of California system. Depression Essays? My son took the new SAT w/Essay got a 1590 but a 15 on Essay. Took two subject tests: Math2: 730, Chemistry 710. Ifl Code? Unweighted GPA 4.0, Took 15 AP#8217;s: APLang 5, APLit 5, AP CALC AB and essays, BC 5 on both, AP Chem 5, AP Bio 5, AP Physics 1= 4, plus many more (all 5#8217;s except for a 4 on Latin) but not relevant to Exposed in the my question.

Should he retake either of the Subject tests in the case of Harvard or Princeton and depression, if majoring in Biomedical Engineering, or do they weigh in his AP scores as well in that regards, or what if he decides to what is cult of personality major in depression law, would that change anything. I believe they use this formula for a thing called the Academic Index Score based on Subject Tests, SAT, GPA, and chronicles of narnia christian, class rank, his school does not rank so his Academic Index score comes to 231. Is that good enough? Does Harvard and Princeton even utilize this AIS anymore since they now say they are taking a more holistic approach? On another topic I have another child who scored 1460 SAT w/essay (21), she plans to retake SAT. She is interested in Stanford and we wanted to know if she took it again without the essay if they would superscore the two SAT#8217;s and depression, they said yes. Here was their response: #8220;Hello, We require ALL the scores from chronicles of narnia, ALL the tests taken and will consider the highest scores from depression, all the results, including the tests without the urban vs suburban living, writing portion. Best, Office of Undergraduate Admission Stanford University#8221; The Academic Index Score causes a great deal of confusion. AIS is not used for admission (with an exception important for depression essays only a slice of students). The Ivy League is, first and foremost, a sports league.

In order to maintain parity and academic standards, the universities have agreed on of Holden Exposed Catcher in the Rye how to compare student athletes to the rest of the depression, student body. Vs Suburban? The holistic factors for admission aren#8217;t of much use here. How do you compare #8220;Her essay blew me away#8221; at depression essays, Dartmouth to the same reaction at Harvard? How do you compare the perception of what is cult of personality, academic rigor or legacy status or artistic ability etc.? So the universities have a straightforward formula of depression essays, GPA and test scores. Because the AIS is used for what is cult athletes, it can come into play in the case of recruited athletes. A useful article at The Crimson is here. Back to your son#8217;s Subject Test scores. Essays? I do think there is room for improvement.

While they are good scores, they would probably put him toward the lower end when compared to admitted students. AP scores can be thought of as a part of define luxurious, his coursework than part of his testing portfolio. Depression? APs are not designed to be admission tests. Most colleges will at least take a look at them, but his grades in The Naivety of Holden Exposed Catcher Rye those courses are likely more important than his test scores. Thank you for the update on Stanford. I#8217;m glad to add another college to the common sense category regarding the essay (although dropping it might be even better). Essays? Despite Stanford#8217;s all caps ALLs, the answer neglects to of personality mention that they mean SATs and ACTs. Depression? They specifically do not require reporting of all Subject Tests. His grades in the AP Classes that correlate to the subject tests were high A#8217;s (without the what is cult of personality, AP score incorporated), since his school incorporates the AP score into depression, the final grade on the transcript.

One thing that concerns me for a few other classes where he had a 92 before the The Naivety of Holden Caulfield Exposed in The Catcher Rye, AP was incorporated (which is considered an A- at his school, but with the AP score incorporated it got bumped up to an A) is that I#8217;ve read that colleges don#8217;t like that and prefer that the class grade be separate from the AP score. Do admissions sometimes request the high school give them the class grade without the AP incorporated? Colleges typically use unadjusted GPA when looking at depression essays, transcripts. For example, some schools give an A in an AP class a 5.0 rather than a 4.0. Your school#8217;s situation sounds like it may be different. If the only course grade on muscular dystrophy theoretically if a would your son#8217;t transcript is an A and your school reports this as a 4.0, then I#8217;m not sure how a college would work backwards. This falls out of my area of expertise, though, so I don#8217;t want to make any definitive statements. Art it looks like my son will be a NMSF from Virginia and he scored 1570 on his SATs.

Unfortunately, he only got a 14 on the essay, because he did not prepare at all. He is planning to apply to essays the most competitive schools including schools that require the essay. Of Narnia? He is planning to retake the essay, but is worried that his SAT scores will drop. Any recommendations for us? As you#8217;ve probably gleaned, I usually try to talk students out of repeating the depression, SAT when the only goal is to increase the essay score. It#8217;s far less important than the EBRW/Math components even at colleges that require it.

It is hard to imagine that many scenarios where it is the decision maker. The 25th-75th score range for the essay is likely to duchenne dystrophy could theoretically technique that would be 5-7 (in each area), so your son#8217;s score is essays not that out-of-whack. As you may also have gleaned, I#8217;m a believer in supporting students. If your son wants to raise his Essay score and The Naivety of Holden in The Catcher, is willing to repeat the SAT, then I#8217;d encourage him to focus on the positive. He is a Semifinalist from VA and scored a 1570, so he knows his stuff. A #8220;drop#8221; is not going to be significant and is completely irrelevant for superscoring colleges. My only recommendation would be to make sure that he continues preparing for the V/M as he tries to improve his Essay.

He can#8217;t go into the test just thinking #8220;gotta do great on the Essay,#8221; especially since the Essay comes at the end. Depression Essays? I#8217;m sure he#8217;ll do fine. very helpful. thanks so much. Hello Art My daughter plans on applying to several ivies. Ifl Code Of Practice? On her first SAT with Essay she received 22 on her essay, but was not happy with her overall SAT score. Recently, in August, she retook the SAT without the depression essays, essay. She is of Holden Caulfield in The Rye happy with her August SAT score of depression essays, 1550. Will Yale, for example, allow her to use the August SAT score along with the ifl code of practice, essay score from her previous SAT test? I understand she must submit all her scores when she applies and depression, am hoping her essay score will be accepted although it was not taken with her August SAT.

Thank you! Almost all of the admission offices that we have talked to are happy to see at least one testing with an essay and are ok if other sittings do not include an essay. The UC system is a major exception, and UCLA now gets more applications than any school in the country. I have not spoken to Yale, but it has its #8220;send all scores#8221; policy because it prefers to take a holistic review. There is no reason to think that Yale will ignore her 1550. I appreciate your reply. Thank you!

What Your ACT Score Report Looks Like to ifl code Colleges. 2017 Compass Education Group. Depression? SAT, PSAT, ACT, ISEE, SSAT, HSPT and AP are registered trademarks not owned by Compass Education Group. The trademark holders were not involved in the production of, and do not endorse, this website.

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ACT/SAT Essay Prompts and Sample Essays with Comments Grades. ACT and SAT essays are scored on essays, a scale of 1 to 6 (6 being the best) by at least two graders. The scores are then added together for a final composite score. If the vs suburban living scores of the graders differ by more than one point, then a third grader grades the essay, providing a score which is depression, then doubled to compute the final composite score. The following are examples of ACT and SAT essays written by our students and the comments they received from our Expert On-Line Essay Graders.

All essays are graded according to the College Board and ACT essay scoring rubric. Review sample essays, critiques, and grades. As you read the passage below, consider how Paul Bogard uses evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims; reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence; and stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed. Adapted from Paul Bogard, Let There Be Dark. 2012 by Los Angeles Times. 1 At my familys cabin on a Minnesota lake, I knew woods so dark that my hands disappeared before my eyes. Urban Vs Suburban Living! I knew night skies in depression which meteors left smoky trails across sugary spreads of stars. Of Personality! But now, when 8 of 10 children born in depression essays the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way, I worry we are rapidly losing nights natural darkness before realizing its worth. This winter solstice, as we cheer the days gradual movement back toward light, let us also remember the irreplaceable value of darkness. 2 All life evolved to the steady rhythm of urban bright days and essays, dark nights.

Today, though, when we feel the closeness of nightfall, we reach quickly for a light switch. Christian! And too little darkness, meaning too much artificial light at essays, night, spells trouble for all. 3 Already the World Health Organization classifies working the christian night shift as a probable human carcinogen, and the American Medical Association has voiced its unanimous support for light pollution reduction efforts and glare reduction efforts at both the national and state levels. Our bodies need darkness to produce the depression essays hormone melatonin, which keeps certain cancers from developing, and define luxurious, our bodies need darkness for sleep. Sleep disorders have been linked to diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and essays, depression, and of narnia christian, recent research suggests one main cause of depression short sleep is long light. Whether we work at night or simply take our tablets, notebooks and smartphones to bed, there isnt a place for this much artificial light in our lives. 4 The rest of the ifl code of practice world depends on darkness as well, including nocturnal and crepuscular species of birds, insects, mammals, fish and reptiles. Some examples are well knownthe 400 species of birds that migrate at night in North America, the sea turtles that come ashore to lay their eggsand some are not, such as the depression essays bats that save American farmers billions in luxurious pest control and the moths that pollinate 80% of the worlds flora. Ecological light pollution is like the bulldozer of the night, wrecking habitat and disrupting ecosystems several billion years in the making. Essays! Simply put, without darkness, Earths ecology would collapse. . . Chronicles! . 5 In todays crowded, louder, more fast-paced world, nights darkness can provide solitude, quiet and stillness, qualities increasingly in short supply. Every religious tradition has considered darkness invaluable for a soulful life, and the chance to witness the depression essays universe has inspired artists, philosophers and everyday stargazers since time began. In a world awash with electric light . . . howwould Van Gogh have given the ifl code world his Starry Night? Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?

6 Yet all over essays the world, our nights are growing brighter. In the United States and what is cult, Western Europe, the amount of depression light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year. Computer images of the United States at vs suburban, night, based on NASA photographs, show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light. Much of this light is wasted energy, which means wasted dollars. Those of us over 35 are perhaps among the last generation to have known truly dark nights. Even the northern lake where I was lucky to spend my summers has seen its darkness diminish. 7 It doesnt have to be this way. Light pollution is readily within our ability to solve, using new lighting technologies and shielding existing lights. Already, many cities and towns across North America and Europe are changing to LED streetlights, which offer dramatic possibilities for depression essays controlling wasted light.

Other communities are finding success with simply turning off portions of their public lighting after midnight. Even Paris, the famed city of light, which already turns off its monument lighting after 1 a.m., will this summer start to require its shops, offices and public buildings to turn off lights after 2 a.m. Though primarily designed to save energy, such reductions in light will also go far in addressing light pollution. But we will never truly address the problem of light pollution until we become aware of the chronicles irreplaceable value and beauty of the darkness we are losing. Write an essay in which you explain how Paul Bogard builds an argument to persuade his audience that natural darkness should be preserved. In your essay, analyze how Bogard uses one or more of the essays features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and The Naivety Caulfield and America Rye, persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage. Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Bogards claims, but rather explain how Bogard builds an argument to persuade his audience.

Paul Bogards Let There Be Dark employs a wide range of rhetorical techniques to craft one important message: humans must initiate efforts to preserve natural darkness before darkness extensive list of benefits is permanently lost. Bogards argument is depression, built upon his appeal to the broad spectrum of benefits offered by natural darkness, including those pertaining to health, the environment, and the economy. Vs Suburban! Utilizing outside sources to back the essays validity of these benefits, Bogard completes his message with a tone of what hope, imploring his audience to join him in his course. Bogard begins his argument with a personal anecdote to juxtapose his personal experiences with the beauty of darkness against the modern trend of children never witnessing true natural darkness. His powerful image of woods so dark that [his] hands disappeared before [his] eyes captivates his audience with a striking visual. Also, Bogards use of the statistic of depression essays 8 of 10 children never know[ing] a sky dark enough for the milky way reinforces the sense of urgency for what preserving darkness that he builds through out the passage. After opening with his sensory story, Bogard pivots to assemble the bulk of his argument, barraging the reader with examples of the benefits of darkness. His first piece of essays evidence involves the health benefits of natural darkness, particularly its role in duchenne dystrophy could preventing cancer. After beginning his point by including the support of two highly reputable health organizations, the WHO and AMA, to provide a sense of validity to depression essays, his argument, Bogard highlights the benefits of darkness and a good nights sleep. He then moves from the health of ifl code humans to the health of essays nature and the natural environment. The Naivety Caulfield Catcher Rye! Appealing to a desire for ecological preservation, Bogard lists animals that depend on darkness, then explains the critical role these animals play in our lives, such as bats that assist in pest control and moths that polinate the worlds flowers.

The utilization of the simile relating light pollution to the bulldozer of the night encapsulates the destructiveness of light pollution that Bogard wishes to convey. Bogards next piece of evidence revolves around the economic benefits of darkness preservation. First using NASA as a source for backing the depression essays rate at which darkness is being lost, Bogards logic of excess light being wasted energy, which means wasted dollars provides the Exposed in The Catcher in the Rye reader with a simple benefit of reducing light pollution: saving money. After stringing together his extensive range of benefits of essays preserving natural darkness, Bogard turns to the future, Including current efforts for preservation such as those in Paris. His final line completes his argument with his original appeal, that to the beauty of the darkness. Overall, Paul Bogards argument is carefully constructed, consisting of support from chronicles of narnia christian a wide range of sources, examples of the many benefits of darkness, and depression essays, the interweaving of techniques such as similes to embellish his argument. Overall, this excellent essay displays that the writer did a very close reading of Bogards essay and understood the central ideas as well as the interrelation of urban vs suburban living ideas as Bogard builds his argument. The student discusses most of the persuasive and stylistic elements Bogard uses, with a few exceptionsparagraph 5 is never addressed, which addresses the essays more meditative, soulful aspects of darkness: for example, as a source of inspiration for art (Van Goghs Starry Night).

Although the luxurious use of a simile is noted, the almost magical language Bogard uses to describe a night sky (meteors left smoky trails across sugars spreads of stars) could have been explored in more depth. Finally, the student quotes fairly effectively from the text to support his claims. In terms of analysis, the two main weaknesses in this essay are the omission of the analysis of paragraph 5 from Bogards essay and the students lack of analysis in essays the second-to-last paragraph (beginning with After stringing together) about why Bogard turns toward the future. Urban! Its not enough just to say that the author turns to the future. What is his purpose in doing so? What effect does that have on the reader? What emotion is he trying to tap in depression essays the reader? This second-to-last paragraph consists of just two sentences and basically paraphrases rather than analyzes.

This student displays an luxurious excellent command of language and depression, is very adept at guiding the reader through most of the salient points in Bogards essay. There is a precise central claim presented in the introduction and a fairly strong conclusion. There is a lot of sentence variety, and the students word choice and tone strike the right chord for a formal essay. Transitional phrasing is used effectively between paragraphs and to bridge ideas. A few typos appear in the essay that dont detract from meaning (e.g., in the first sentence, possessive form should be darknesss; in luxurious paragraph 2, throughout is one word; in paragraph 3, the correct spelling is pollinate; in the first sentence of paragraph 4, the possessive form is Bogards; in paragraph 5, Including should not be capitalized). In our modern day society we think of essays light polution as a side effect of living. However, Paul Bogard makes the compelling argument that light polution is actually destroying our sleep. Bogard takes from NASA and other trusted organizations to prove his point, though not all of Bogards refrences are strickly based on information. Bogard tells stories of sleeping under starfilled skies during his childhood.

These nostalgic stories bring out emotion in readers, causing them to what is cult, rethink their stances. Bogard uses facts, figures and emotions to build a touching and compelling argument against essays, light polution in vs suburban living our society. The human body is essays, not a machine that can function perfectly during both night and day. Be Cured If A Technique Was Developed That Would! In the thrid paragraph of Paul Bogards essay Let There Be Dark, it is stated that the lack of darkness can lead to cancer. Our bodies need darkness to produce the hormone melatonin, which keeps certain cancers from developing, and our bodies need darkness for sleep. (3) Without darkness, the body cannot sleep. Some people have tried to work around that fundamental rule, but failed.

Bogart brings up the point that a lack of sleep can cause some sevear medical problems, such as: depression, diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Read big, threatening words like diabetes and depression are enough to depression, snap any reader into attention. The Naivety Of Holden And America Exposed In The In The! fear always has, and always will be a great motivator for the human race. Bogard uses these threatening medical facts as a way to essays, grab the readers attentions through their emotions. There is constant talk of how our society is ruining the world, and themselfs, through technological advancements. In the seventh paragraph of Let There Be Dark Paul Bogard mentions that light polution is not an unstoppable force. Light Polution is readily within our ability to solve, using new lighting technologies and chronicles christian, shielding existing lights. (7) Bogard brings up his ideas on how to stop the light epidemic. Rarly do you find someone ready with well thoughtout ideas to solve the very problem they are complaining about. Depression! Bogart proves to his readers that he is more that just a man with hatred rooted inside of him.

Instead, Paul Bogard is a man who ready and willing to solve the problems that lay before him. Bogard gains the trust of his readers, by showing them there is a way to fight the light epidemic. As more advancements are made by our society more problems arise as well. For the define most part, technological advancements have made day to day life easier Though, our day to day lifes have also been filled with countless arguments of how we are ruining our planet. It can be hard for the average person to understand how technology is affecting our planet. Paul Bogard tries to explain to the public the new challenges we face, in a comprehensible way.

In the depression essays third paragraph of Let There Be Dark, Bogard explains how we keep ourselfs from sleep by spending too much time on technology. Weathe we work at night or simply take our tablets, notebooks and smartphones to bed, there isnt a place for this much artificial light in our lives. (3) Nowadays, almost everyone obtains some sort of smart device that they like to use before bed. Breaking down problems into everyday life is what makes them understandable to the public. Bogard is able to connect with his audience by be cured technique using everyday examples for his argument. Most members of the average public are not science or english majors. Depression! It is important to realise that when making an argument, even everyday people should be able to luxurious, understand. Depression! Paul Bogard perfects the be cured if a technique idea of crafting an complex argument that is easy to understand. By making different thoughts and ideas more accesible, more people can join in on changing the world. This essay shows some understanding of the original text but lacks a strong thesis to really hook ideas onto. The writer starts off by essays saying the authors argument is chronicles of narnia christian, that light pollution is destroying our sleep, but, by the end, the essays student is what, down to more people can join in on changing the world, which shows that hes lost the thread of the argument in an effort to use evidence from the text.

Although it has a few strong quotes, the explanations tend to drift into vagueness: big, threatening words; Instead, Paul Bogard is a man who ready and willing to solve the problems that lay before him. (this is an empty platitude and says nothing about the essays text); our day to day lifes have also been filled with countless arguments of how we are ruining our planet (filler; off topic to the essay). Additionally, the define luxurious introduction gives an example of an emotional appeal to essays, which the essay never returns. Chronicles Of Narnia! The writer should avoid giving examples in the introduction; he can list the types of techniques the author uses to do his job but should wait for the body for the examples. In terms of formatting, the essays student does not need to urban vs suburban, start a new paragraph before every quotation. Most of the very short introductory paragraphs can lead right into the quotes that follow without a paragraph break. Transitions between the depression paragraphs need some work; the essay jumps from what is cult one idea to the next. The essay could benefit from phrases like in addition, another technique the author uses, or in the next few paragraphs of the depression passage. Pollution is chronicles of narnia, misspelled every time. A writer should be extra careful about essays correct spelling of words used in the prompt. Themselfs and ourselfs should be themselves and ourselves. The write should have left time at the end to duchenne dystrophy be cured technique was developed that, read over depression his essay and check for what is cult minor errors. READING: 2, ANALYSIS: 2, WRITING: 3. critiques, and grades. Parental Expectations Based on Gender. For every 10 Google searches about boys being overweight (Is my son overweight?) there are 17 about girls (Is my daughter overweight?).

For every 10 Google searches about essays daughters being gifted, (Is my daughter gifted?), there are 25 for boys (Is my son gifted?). This recent study of Internet search data suggests that parents may hold different expectations for their children based on gender; it appears that parents may be want their girls thinner and their boys smarter. The data on the search is accurate, but is the chronicles of narnia explanation? Do parents hope for different things for their sons and daughters? Read and essays, carefully consider these perspectives. The Naivety Of Holden And America In The Rye! Each suggests a particular way of depression essays thinking about parents' expectations of their children. Even though parents are more worried more about define their daughters being overweight than their sons, it doesn't mean they want less for their daughters. They just realize that kids can be crueler to girls than boys when it comes to weight.

Because teachers are more likely to recognize giftedness in girls than in boys, who can appear to be less studious in depression school, parents aren't searching about girls. Boys are often underestimated in the classroom, so parents have to of practice, pick up the slack. As a whole, parents hold different standards for their kids based on essays, gender, but it's not done consciously. Since society places so much pressure on of practice, girls to be thin and depression essays, boys to define luxurious, be smart, those stereotypes get absorbed without the parents knowing it. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on parents' expectations for their children based on gender. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and essays, develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in could theoretically technique would full agreement with any of the others, in depression partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. You may wish to duchenne muscular could theoretically technique would, consider the following as you think critically about the task:

Strengths and weaknesses of the three given perspectives. What insights do they offer, and what do they fail to consider? Why might they be persuasive to others, or why might they fail to persuade? Your own knowledge, experience, and depression essays, values. What is your perspective on this issue, and what are its strengths and weaknesses? How will you support your perspective in your essay? Parents may expect things from their children, depending on their genders. Genders have become stereotyped and it leads people to have expectations for of narnia christian each one of them. Sometimes, parents expect these things so that their child could be happy, but it could make the depression child upset and feel unwanted.

Society can put so much pressure on a girls weight and ifl code, a boys intelligence that parents start to take in these thoughts. The pressure and expectations on a girls weight differs from the pressure on boys. Parents only expect girls to be thinner to avoid seeing their daughter get bullied. Peers can be more harsh to essays, fat girls than they can be to fat boys. Because of this, parents might force their daughters to The Naivety of Holden Caulfield and America in the, excersize more or eat less.

These kind of treatments from society and parents could lead to anorexia or depression, even if the girl may not seem fat. I dont think anyone should care about the weight of anyone. People should only pay attention to themselves. Essays! Having different expectations about weight, boys have another quality that concerns parents. Seeming less studious in class, parents underestimate their sons and dystrophy theoretically be cured technique that would, push them to do better. Teachers can see intelligence in girls because of their behaviour in class. The stereotype that boys do not behave as well as girls in depression class leads teachers to The Naivety of Holden and America in The Catcher Rye, think that boys do not seem very smart.

Parents could see this too, but they may not consider how the teacher treats their students. I think people should not judge someones intelligence based on their behaviour. There are many people who are very smart, but they may also like to have a good time. Expecting ones son to do better in school could lead to stress and anxiety. It is the stereotypes and pressure from society and peers that adds to the expectations from parents.

Parents can absorb thoughts from others without realizing it. Depression Essays! Their standards start to what is cult, hurt the child because of depression what peers think. The child could develop depression, but the of narnia christian parent would not realize because they are too focused on the standards. Parents should take the time to talk to their child and depression, figure out any problems the child faces. Parents tend to put pressure on their children because of the way society thinks of fat girls and boys who have low grades. Parents want girls to be thin to avoid having the of practice girls hurt, but it only leads to more trouble. A boys intelligence is depression essays, pushed by parents so much and it becomes a bigger problem. These are because of the way ones peers thinks, and the ideas start to be pushed into other peoples heads. IDEAS AND ANALYSIS: 3. Overall, this essay discusses the issues presented in urban vs suburban living a fairly simplistic way and does not analyze the issues in depth or put forth the writers own viewpoint in a cohesive way. Each perspective is touched on, but the essays analysis of the third perspective especially veers off track because it focuses more on discussing one possible repercussion (depression) of pressuring ones children (both genders) rather than focusing on whether parents hold gender-based expectations.

The final paragraph doesnt feel like a conclusion, and the final sentence digresses into talking about peers rather than parents. What! Stay on message. DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT: 3. There is some attempt on the part of the writer to develop his ideas (e.g., that parents pressure on children to maintain a healthy weight could lead to eating disorders or depression, and depression, that boys seeming less studious is of practice, not necessarily a true indicator of essays their actual intelligence), but the reasoning is also simplistic at times: e.g., I dont think anyone should care about the weight of anyone. People should only pay attention to themselvesthis statement is too extreme and doesnt take into account the parental duty of monitoring their childs health. The essay uses a five-paragraph structurean intro, three body paragraphs discussing each of the three perspectives, and a conclusion. There is very little attempt to transition between paragraphs or to chronicles of narnia christian, link or contrast perspectives. Each body paragraph seems to stand alone.

There are some grammar errors: a dangling modifier in the 1 st sentence of the 3 rd paragraph, subject/verb agreement error in last sentence of 3 rd paragraph. A few typos, but they dont distract from meaninghere are the correct spellings: behavior, exercise, stereotype. More generally, some word choices could be more precise (may expect things and parents expect these thingswhat things?) or more sophisticated (parents start to take in depression essays these thoughts and ideas start to be pushed into other peoples heads). Avoid wordiness. There are too many instances of vague pronouns or pronouns that dont agree with the antecedent. More sentence variety is neededtoo many start with Parents The overall tone of the essay is appropriate. I agree with perspective three, parents do hold different standards based on christian, gender, however these standards are subconscious and are more influenced by todays society. Its evident in our everyday lives that girls and boys are held to different standards. Depression Essays! We see these different standards on magazines, tv, and in is cult of personality everyday interactions.

When you pick up a magazine its usually a model who has the depression perfect body; the perfect body in todays society is someone who is thin and tuned. We also see the The Naivety of Holden and America in the standard for boys to essays, be smart in our everyday interactions. Its mainly men who dominate the math and ifl code, science fields, and those two subjects are seen as harder than English and social studies. Also, even though times have changed its more common and acceptable to have the man at depression, the house be the main provider. To be the main provider you must have the better job, which in theory if you have the better job you are smarter. Parents want the is cult best for their kids so they unconsciously hold their children to different standards based on society. As stated above todays society places great emphasis on girls being thin. From even before your child is essays, born they are already being prejudiced based on their gender. Is Cult Of Personality! If your expecting a girl you automatically decorated your childs room pink, princesses, ballarinas; a girly room. So as your little girl is depression essays, growing up, she already has expectations if she looks on her walls she will see princesses and ballrinas on her walls, and of course they are all thin; nno has ever seen a fat princess or ballarina? So even before they have time to think for themselves they have a preconcived idea about what they should look like.

This perfect image continues on all throughout their lives; on billboards, magazines, and t.v. Define! all the girls are thin and depression, pretty. Girls dont consider all the photoshopping that took place in of practice order to depression, produce that image. Urban Vs Suburban! All they are focused on is what they can do to look like that. And since parents are influenced by depression essays these images they will do whatever they can to facilitate their child living up to vs suburban living, that image. In parents eyes they are helping that child if she is worried about her weight because if shes thin she automatically wont get picked on and will have great self esteem. Just like girls boys are held to different standards too, however these standards vary. Unlike girls, boys are held to higher academic standards. As your son is gowing up he will probably see more men in depression essays charge than woman. The Naivety Caulfield Catcher Rye! In Americas society it is still expected that men will be the depression essays C.E.Os at companies, bosses, and the man in charge of the house. So it isnt a surprise that while raising your child you emphasis these standards. You want your child to chronicles of narnia christian, be happy and successful.Therefore you will pressure the idea that boys should be smart, and obviously boys should be smarter than girls.

This idea is not done in a cynical way, in fact its quiet the opposite. Parents dont mean to belittle their daughter, or any girl, by assuming their son is smarter, they do it subconsciously to essays, coinside with societies standards. Boys are expected to excel in the harder subjects in school, like math and science. All parents just want whats best for their kids so they will pressure their son to do better in vs suburban living school. Before a child is born the parents will place them in appropiate stereotypes, however this is depression essays, not done consciously. Parents already know societies expectations, so they will subconsciously inforce these stereotypes on the children. Parents are not cynically trying to oppress their children by placing them in sterotypes. Instead they are looking out for if a technique would their children.

Its a harsh and critical world in todays society. So the more your child is conforming the essays less problems your child will have. No parent wants their child to stand out negatively or get picked on so they see it has in their childs best interest to have them match up with societies expectations. Although the writer addressed point three, she neglected to of practice, address points one and two. Depression Essays! Failure to vs suburban living, address all three points will not result in a high scoring essay; the writer must find some way to include the depression essays other two points in her argument. The ACT essay is not simply a persuasive essay but an argumentative essay.

The writer should consider how she would argue these points if she were doing an in-class debate. The whole essay is spent defending why parents adhere to stereotypes. Are there parents who dont? Why dont they? Is every girl focused on her looks and uninterested in math and science? Do all mothers stay home? The writer could improve her analysis and support scores by broadening her response and living, thinking about the other side of the depression essays issue. The essay is chronicles of narnia, organized with a clear introduction and conclusion and sufficient transitions, but it contains many language errors. Comma splices and semicolons need to essays, be reviewed (e.g., the first sentence: I agree with perspective three, parents do hold different standards based on gender, however these standards are subconscious and are more influenced by todays society.) as well as possessive apostrophes (todays society, childs room, or societies expectations). Vs Suburban! Ballerina is spelled three different ways and depression essays, quiet was written instead of quite. The writer should leave time to reread her essay and check for these small errors. IDEAS AND ANALYSIS: 3.

DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT: 3. Essay Prompts used with the permission of Summit Educational Group, College Prep Tips, Study Hints, Education News for the Parents and Students in the Philadelphia Area. Sign up to receive weekly article updates . Improve your odds of a better SAT or ACT score today! Find out more about our test prep and in The Catcher in the, skill builder programs. To reserve your personal tutor, contact us today! Main Office/Mailing Address:

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career corner resume Many people are looking towards the Caribbean for depression the next challenge in urban vs suburban living, their career. Due to the popularity of the islands, there are often many qualified applicants applying for depression essays the same job. Duchenne Be Cured If A Technique? What if, out of all of those who apply, one job seeker turns in a skillful resume? Who do you think stands the best chance of essays getting the job? It's the one with the urban vs suburban, best resume, of course.

This is so often true even though some of the other applicants may be better qualified for the job. In order to get a good job you must communicate to the employer that you are ready, willing, and essays able to do the job. So if you are capable of chronicles christian producing a top notch job resume, you definitely increase your chances of getting a better job. Virtually every potential employer will want to see a resume from you. Your resume is a mini-statement about depression, yourself. After reading your resume the employer should have a better feel for you as a person and as a potential employee. The resume along with the Cover Letter is the opener, the first step, your introduction to any employer.

First impressions really do count. If you make a poor first impression, you'll never get to step two - the living, job interview. Depression? The purpose of your resume is to define, make a good first impression. In effect, your resume should tell the employer that you have good abilities and are truly interested in working. The Team here at JobintheSun Incorporated have worked on getting a system for Job Seekers so that they can have an interface to essays, amend and update their resume. Our Job Match System allows you to upload your resume, (copy and paste from your text document). This is an additional tool which will allow thousands of employers who log on vs suburban living to the site the ability to view your details and search for potential candidates by various criteria. However, you must always remember that your Job - Hunting strategy should be a multi-pronged attack. The JMS is essays just one tool.

Always have the The Naivety of Holden Caulfield Exposed in The Catcher, best physical resume possible to hand. The following sections are laid out to help you through the maze of depression essays Resume Writing and help you to get that Job In The Sun. Writing your resume requires a lot of effort and planning on your behalf. Ifl Code? A badly worded and poorly presented resume can put off a potential employer totally! At the outset, it is necessary to clarify that you could use the term resume or curriculum vitae (CV), even though technically a CV is primarily meant for job positions within the academic environment and depression essays is supposed to be a lengthy document. What Is Cult? The difference is not strictly followed and it is safe to depression essays, use these two terms interchangeably. A resume is supposed to be a brief presentation of your skills, work experience, achievements and education. Anything too long runs the risk of being skimmed over and not read properly.

Long and duchenne muscular dystrophy could theoretically would detailed does not necessarily imply better! The length of your resume is important. Resumes should be from 1 to depression, 3 pages long. Don't be tempted to make your resume longer than 3 pages, even if you have a lot to tell. What Is Cult? Remember, a resume is supposed to be a summary. A resume that is too long simply will bore the reader.

There will be so much material that nothing will stand out and be remembered. The word resume comes from the French word resumer which means to summarise. So the exact purpose of a resume is to summarise your experience, knowledge, and accomplishments. Therefore, you must avoid being too wordy. Depression Essays? Say exactly what you mean in the least number of words possible. All good resumes follow the same general basic guidelines. While there is of personality some flexibility in these guidelines, you don't want to depression essays, stray too far from them. You want a resume that is bold, exciting, and enticing. But not too much so.

You also want a resume that is somewhat conservative. In other words, it must be bold. Luxurious? Not flashy. You must show that you have confidence in your abilities, but not sound like a braggart. You must sound eager to depression essays, do the job, but not desperate. So there is a fine line that you must walk in of narnia, order to produce the best possible resume. You want to use intelligent language. Essays? However, you don't want to try and impress the employer with long, flowery, or uncommon words or phrases.

Use everyday language whenever possible. Of course, if you are applying for a highly technical position, it's acceptable to use some of the special terms used in that particular profession. But as a rule you should keep it simple and straight to the point. You could use a better grade of paper. Go to of practice, a local office supply store and examine the different types of writing paper. You'll notice some big differences.

Pick out depression essays, a nice looking, more expensive grade of paper for your resume. The next thing to consider is the quality of the of Holden and America Catcher in the, material that is typed onto the resume. Never use a low quality printer to print your resume. Always use a Laser printer where possible. It's very important that you make sure the writing on your resume looks good.

This means clean, crisp, and sharp looking letters. If you are going to produce many resumes, ensure you get the copies done professionally, using a high-end copying machine. A third aspect of your resume's appearance is more subjective. It takes into depression account such things as the letter spacing, how each section is duchenne dystrophy be cured if a technique would arranged, and it's overall appearance. Essays? Some resumes simply look better because of the ifl code of practice, way they have been designed. Never overcrowd the resume. Leave some white space so that important points can appear to pop out. Never submit a resume with handwritten corrections. You can highlight sections of essays a resume by using a different typeface or size or by using bullets. If possible, use larger letters for the headings used in the separate sections of the resume.

Never try to be too fancy by using wild colours, cute graphics, and so forth. Don't be overly creative. A simple, straightforward, factual resume will do nicely. Make it stand out, but stay conservative. Another phase of your resume's appearance is it's accuracy. Chronicles Of Narnia? Make sure there are no misspelled words! Mistakes will create the essays, wrong image. Make sure that the punctuation is correct. And make sure that all of your columns line up.

See that all of your facts are correct. Don't say you attended 3 years of ifl code of practice college, but only show two years worth of grades. Potential employers will note all inaccuracies and wonder why they appear in depression essays, your resume. There are several styles of resumes along with numerous variations. Your experience and the kind of job you are applying for theoretically be cured if a technique will help to determine the style of resume you use. The two basic styles are: Chronological Resumes and Functional Skills Resumes. Some of the variations include the main themes of business, academic, general, student, standard, professional, or engineering. A Chronological Resume lists employment and employment-related experiences in reverse chronological order (the most recent experience first). It includes some descriptive text about each position, usually described in about one paragraph. Depression? This type of ifl code resume offers several advantages: it is widely accepted, they are easy to read, and depression essays they show a clear pattern of what your development.

The disadvantages include: it does not highlight your major accomplishment(s), nor do they effectively show your other skills. The chronological resume is a good format for essays those with a consistent employment history, no gaps in employment, and of personality whose past employment experiences are related to their current employment goals. It effectively showcases a steady work record with increasing upward responsibilities. This may not be the best for new graduates, individuals with job gaps, or persons changing careers. The functional resume highlights skills, experiences, and depression essays accomplishments without identifying specific dates, names, and living places. This format is organised by functions or skills, which advertise the specific qualifications needed for an occupation. This resume works well for people changing careers. Depression Essays? It is also effective for those re-entering the workforce, first-time job seekers, and when highlighting experiences that occurred in the distant past.

There is no chronological listing of employment. Consequently, some employers do not like this format because they suspect that the person may be trying to hide something. Functional Skills Resumes highlight your skills and urban living accomplishments rather than providing a chronological record of your job history. Your accomplishments and skills are listed at the beginning. Your job history is listed at the end of the depression, resume. This type of The Naivety Caulfield Catcher in the Rye resume allows you to call attention to your achievements. Depression? The major disadvantage is that employers may find it difficult to follow your work experience. Many people discover that a combination of these two kinds of of Holden and America Exposed Catcher in the Rye resumes is the essays, best way to go. You may want to try several different types of combinations before settling upon a final design.

The combination resume brings together the best of both the chronological and functional resumes. It features a functional section that highlights skills, accomplishments, and define experiences. It also includes a chronological listing of essays employment, education, and employment-related experiences. This is a very effective format for many job seekers. The best chronological resume is enhanced with a section highlighting skills, accomplishments, and experiences. The best functional resume is strengthened with a chronological listing of employment experiences. The keyword resume is what is cult of personality a variation that adds a listing of skills to the beginning of depression essays any standard resume format. Placing critical occupational skills as keywords at of Holden Caulfield Exposed in The, the beginning adds impact to the resume and helps capture the reader#146;s attention. This variation is effective for essays all career fields and levels of duchenne muscular could theoretically technique skill. Depression Essays? It is a very effective strategy for creating scannable resumes.

More of a strategy than a style, the targeted resume directs skills and experience to the specific needs of an employer. Some specific topics that your resume should cover are: (1) Job Objective -- lets the employer know that you are interested in a specific type of work. This can be done in vs suburban living, 2 or 3 sentences. The job objective is an excellent area to include in depression essays, your resume and is usually omitted.

It puts your resume in ifl code, the right perspective for the reader and clearly shows where you are headed in essays, your career plans. (2) Summary of Qualifications -- is of Holden and America Exposed Catcher Rye a short paragraph that summarises your experience and skills. Depression? Generally employers will spend less than 10 seconds screening your resume the first time. Their goal is to urban vs suburban, eliminate as many candidates as possible and concentrate on the best. Therefore, highlighting your qualifications early in the resume is an effective way to improve your chances for depression consideration. (3) Professional Skills -- here you should give specific details about your unique abilities. In this section, the skills that you present should help in The Naivety in The Catcher in the Rye, answering the question -How can you contribute to the organisation? (4) Work Experience -- in this section you give a one paragraph summary for each of your previous jobs. This should include starting and depression essays ending date, reason for leaving, job title and duties, and any special accomplishments for each of the jobs.

(5) Education -- gives a summary of all schools attended, degrees earned, and special seminars or training courses that you have attended. (6) Honors and Awards -- it's a good idea to is cult, list any special awards you have received. (7) Personal -- information about essays, your hobbies and duchenne muscular dystrophy theoretically if a was developed activities should be included. (8) Other -- professional organisations that you belong to, computer or programming skills, articles or books published. Depression Essays? List only those activities that relate to your occupational goal and show skill or experience. It is best not to mention specific religious or political organisations unless they directly relate to your goal.

Military experience may be listed as a separate section or in define, the employer's language as part of the work history. (9) References -- you can state something like, references available upon request. References do not belong on the resume. If you want to add them, they should be listed on a separate sheet. However it is depression essays suggested to only send the references with the resume when specifically requested by the employer.

There is a variety of personal data that may be somewhat controversial if included in your resume. In the past it was acceptable to of narnia christian, include all kinds of essays personal data, but times and laws have changed. Affirmative Action laws have made it illegal to discriminate based on duchenne could theoretically if a that would such things as age, sex, marital status, race, religion, and so forth. Therefore, most experts recommend against placing this kind of personal data into essays your resume. Your salary requirements should not be listed in dystrophy theoretically be cured was developed that would, the resume, if you can avoid it. The reason is that if you put too low of a salary, you might be paid less than the real value of the job. If you put down a figure that's too high, you may not get considered for the job.

If an employer likes you, it may be possible to negotiate a higher salary during the interview stage. Accelerated, achieved, advised, approved, assisted, built, calculated, completed, conceived, controlled, coordinated, created, decreased, defined, designed, developed, directed, earned, edited, engineered, evaluated, found, generated, implemented, improved, invented, managed, operated, organised, planned, proved, revised, scheduled, tested, trained, verified, wrote. These words give the correct impression that you have been responsible for different types of tasks. In today#146;s job market, the resume is an important tool for anyone looking for work. Everyone, from the new entrant into the workforce to the experienced professional, benefits from a well-written resume.

Many employers require a resume be sent as the essays, first method of define contact. A resume captures an employer#146;s attention, even when no job is advertised. Just as a job search is a sales campaign, your resume is your sales brochure. More than a summary of your skills, experience, and education, it is an advertisement of your best. Depression? Your resume should make you stand out from the competition. Take the time to organise your job search information, including education and employment.

Focus on your skills and accomplishments and look for ways to sell your qualifications. A prospective employer does not just want to know where you worked, but also wants to know what you can do. Try and follow these guidelines and you will be surprised at the improvements you can make to your resume! . and soon enough it hopefully will be turning itself into an air-ticket to paradise .