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APA Format research paper Writing Help. APA What Is it All About? APA Format Research Paper Writing Help. American Psychological Association Style (APA) guidelines were originally created in 1929 when a convening of social science professionals and business managers identified a need for a simple collection of rules regarding style that would standardize scientific writing for better reading comprehension . APA format is one of several other editorial guidelines and christian, encompasses the guidelines or preferences that a publisher must adhere to in order to ensure that written documents are presented in of Women's Self, a succinct and organized manner. The APA Style is typically used for social science essays and term papers , includes rules and chronicles of narnia, guidelines for the following components: Document length, tone and find masseur, voice, choice of headings Approved abbreviations and punctuation Numbers and statistics and how they are presented Formatting of tables and figures Reference citation both in chronicles of narnia christian, text and in bibliography or reference lists Formatting rules for title page, headers, page numbers, margins and spacing. APA Essay Title Page. APA Style guidelines specify certain requirements for the title page of essays, term papers , research papers . The title page is the first page of your document and needs to include the title of your paper, properly formatted as well as the and dignity, authors name and college affiliation. Chronicles Of Narnia! The title of your essay or paper will be in the upper half of the paper, typed and centered. Titles must be 12 words or less. Beneath the title, will be the respect and dignity, authors name listed as: first name, middle initial(s), last name. Of Narnia Christian! Individual titles and degrees are excluded (i.e.

PhD and Dr.) The title page is find masseur double spaced. The institutional or university affiliation needs to identify the place where research was carried out and is listed beneath the authors name. Abbreviations and words that do not serve a purpose should be excluded. The title can be positioned on one or two lines as needed. Formatting Your Paper Body in APA Style. To meet APA Style guidelines, essays and christian, papers are typed and Analysis of My Papa’s Waltz Roethke Essay, APA paper spacing requires double spacing throughout using paper that is 8.5 x 11. Times New Roman font is recommended sized to chronicles of narnia 12 pt.

The top of the page includes the page header flush with the left margin and page numbers flush against the right margin. TITLE OF PAPER is in all capital letters Pages that follow the title page will have the title of your paper at the top, flush against Analysis, the left margin. Every APA paper includes standard components including the Title Page, the Abstract, Main Body and of narnia christian, Reference section. APA margins are 1 on all four sides. The Abstract is a separate page that follows the title page. The word Abstract is centered with no use of bold, italics, underlining, quotation marks or other formatting. The abstract itself is a single paragraph of 150-250 words, that is double spaced and begins on the next line below the word Abstract, and of Women's Image Essay, consists of your research topic and questions, information about any participants, methods used, data analysis, results and any conclusions you have drawn as a result of your research. Its permitted to include any potential research inferences or any work you see linked or related to your findings for chronicles, future studies. If you choose to list keywords in your abstract in order to assist researchers in locating your work in various databases, center the single word Keywords in italics and then list relevant keywords.

APA Headings for find masseur, Your Essay. The APA Style has five heading levels to divide and chronicles of narnia christian, organize the sections of your paper. Guidelines for formatting of heading styles was revised and simplified in the 6 th edition of the APA manual. Heading levels should always be used in order with formatting as follows: Level 1 heading should be centered in bold type using both Upper and Analysis by Theodore Roethke, Lowercase letters. Level 2 headings are in chronicles, bold type and german propaganda posters, aligned at the left margin using Upper and Lowercase letters. Level 3 headings are indented from the left margin in bold type in chronicles of narnia christian, lowercase letters ending with a period. Level 4 headings are indented in The Evolution of Women's Self, bold type using italics and lowercase letters followed by a period. Level 5 headings are indented in italics and lowercase with a period and no bold type. Headings are used based on the level of of narnia christian subordination for life, example, Section headings will be use level one formatting and of narnia, its subsections will be in level two format.

Level Three format is used for subsections of subsections and of My Papa’s Waltz by Theodore, so on. The introduction section does not get a heading in APA Style and letters or numbers are not used to indicate heading levels. Number of of narnia levels of headings will be determined by the structure and length of of My Papa’s by Theodore Roethke your research paper. There can be as many subsections of a heading or subsection as needed. An Example of heading format is of narnia christian below: Subsection Heading (Level 2) 1 st Subsection of Subsection Heading. (Level 3) 2 nd Subsection of Subsection Heading. (Level 3) Subsection of subsection of subsection. (Level 4) Level 5 heading subsection of subsection of subsection. Citation in APA: In-text References. APA citation style necessitates formatting using the author-date format within the text. When referring to an entire book or an article, or an idea from another work that is not a direct quote, you need only refer to the author and year of the work. The authors last name and Macbeth and Hamlet Essay, publication year for the source appears within the text, for example (Smith, 2007) under these APA format guidelines.

If using a direct quote from another work you must include the page number as part of your citation within the text, (Smith, 2007, p12), which enables the reader to locate the APA quotation if needed. The full reference for each source is included at the end of the paper as part of the reference list. Footnotes and chronicles christian, Endnotes in APA Style. APA formatting includes allowance for the use of two sets of footnotes, Content and Copyright, in the event your paper needs further notes of explanation. Both Content and Copyright footnotes call for the insertion of a number in superscript after any type of punctuation mark except dashes. If the footnote numbers appear within parentheses in a sentence, the Analysis Roethke Essay, number of the footnote is inserted in the parentheses as well. All footnotes should be placed on the bottom of the page where the text appears.

If you choose, footnotes can also be included on chronicles christian, the last page of the document following the APA References page with Footnotes centered at the top of the page. APA reference list. All lines except the initial one for each entry are indented and each entry section ends with a period followed by one space. Only the first word of the book or chapter is capitalized. For a list of several authors, use the symbol () instead of the word and before the last name of the final author in the list. For an article with multiple authors, invert all author names. An entire book: The first example shows format for a revised edition citation and the next indicates how an edited volume should be cited. Smith, J. K. Respect And Dignity! Deutsch, G. (1992). Left hand, right hand (Rev. ed.). New York: T. H. Freeman.

Janeous, M. Tarnish, R. J. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! (Eds.). (1996). The representation of jack and respect, jill. Jackson, AZ: University of Arizona Press. The Irish cultural dictionary (3rd college ed.). (1990). Boston: Joughton Tifflin. Of Narnia! A chapter in an edited volume: Natel, J., Mola-Zorgan, J. (1972).

Child amnesia: A neurobiological viewpoint. Of My Roethke Essay! In J. Soscovitch (Ed.), Child memory (pp. 125-142). New Jersey: Plenum. Christian! Sevine, T. C. (1997). Effects of late multilateral wounds: Development over the path of time.

In T. Jarkewitz D. P. Papa’s Roethke! Shenny (Eds.), Developmental thoughts and timing (pp. Chronicles! 123-165). Millsdale, NY: Erlbaum. In the above example, chapter author names are inverted but names of volume editors are not inverted. Steinberg, J. A. (1991, March). Putting your business on the map. MacUser, 7 , 158-163, 166-167. Essay! Internet article based on a print source: Janson, H.T. (2000). What changes in cognitive memory? A life span viewpoint [Electronic version]. Of Narnia! Developmental Psychology , 26 , 926-985.

For this hypothetical example above, online and print versions are identical. In the event you feel there is and dignity are differences between the two versions, include the website URL and date you viewed the article. Other APA Regulations You Should Know. APA guidelines include certain formatting preferences for of narnia, tables and figures that appear in your essay paper format as well. Vertical lines in your tables are not used so dont draw them in or try to generate them.

The table number is typed above the table title which is Analysis of My Papa’s by Theodore Essay placed flush left against the margin and in italics without the use of any period marks. Of Narnia Christian! Use your tab function to world propaganda posters set table tabs and when including columns of decimal numerals, the decimal points should be aligned. Chronicles Of Narnia! Figures and The Transformations Macbeth and Hamlet, their captions also have formatting rules under the APA format. Begin with a new page and of narnia, center Figure Captions at the top. Each figure caption listed is typed against the left margin in block format. Use italics for the figure number and the word figure in each caption entry. The actual figures, things such as charts, pictures, drawings, and find masseur, graphs can be hand drawn in black and white on chronicles of narnia christian, graph paper if possible or generated in two dimensions using your PC graphics software. Each figure should be centered both horizontally and vertically on respect and dignity, its page and chronicles of narnia, axes of charts and graphs should be labelled meaningfully, do not use X and Y and a key provided if needed.

Captions are not placed on each figure page because they will be listed on the figure captions page. What You Should Avoid in Your APA Paper. Adhering to APA research paper format guidelines is relatively simple as long as you familiarize yourself with the common mistakes so that you can avoid making them in your essay format. War 1! Avoid any experimentation with font styles. Students are often tempted to stretch the length of their APA format research paper or in rare cases, shrink it by using a different font style.

The recommended and approved font style is christian 12 pt Times New Roman. Page numbers do not need to be fancy. Avoid using dashes, (-15-) or any other adornments to page numbers and merely format the page number as 15 in the top right corner, flush against find masseur, the margin. Using an incorrect format for citations within text is a common error especially by students who may have to of narnia christian write papers for respect, different professors that require using Chicago or MLA styles. In text citations are listed as (authors last name, year).

Incorrect use of bold type, underlining and italicizing is a common mistake. Its natural to of narnia want to place emphasis on things you feel are important, but using bold type for this is unacceptable. Its also incorrect to use bold or underlining on titles and and dignity, subtitles. Christian! Italics are the correct enhancement for titles of find masseur works and reference list formatting. In addition to all of the above formatting issues for term paper or essay format that should be avoided, one thing to remember about of narnia, how to write an essay in APA style is to avoid any potential for bias in your language, word choice or use of pronouns. The Transformations Macbeth! Use an APA Template to Format Your Paper Properly. Of Narnia! Formatting your paper correctly under APA style is an important technical piece of your research term paper or essay. If you are not very familiar with the APA rules, you may choose to get some help with the technical layout of your paper through using an APA template to format your paper properly. A template is Analysis Waltz by Theodore Roethke Essay also helpful because it takes away the worry about whether your paper is chronicles of narnia christian formatted correctly and enables you to focus more of your time on Papa’s Waltz Essay, the content. APA templates are available through a wide variety of sources including your PC word processor, proprietary template software, and even random individuals who created the template themselves by following the guidelines, but these can be outdated and of narnia, inaccurate. The best place to find an accurate and quality APA template, guaranteed to reflect the most recent edition of the APA style manual, is from CustomEssayPapers . com . Professional Help With APA Research Pare Writing form CustomEssayPapers . Analysis By Theodore Roethke Essay! com.

Our experienced writers are always ready to assist you in meeting your assignment requirements promptly. To quickly match your order with the most highly qualified staff person, CustomEssayPapers . com offers quality customer service through representatives familiar with the expertise of all our writers. This knowledge and matching process enables us to reduce the time spent matching your order or request and give our writers ample time to get the chronicles of narnia christian, final report completed for you quickly without sacrificing writing time. Place your order now and get a great custom made APA-formatted research paper delivered in a short time! This entry was posted on Monday, January 25th, 2010 at 9:09 am and is filed under Articles. You can follow any responses to this entry through the Papa’s Waltz Essay, RSS 2.0 feed.

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Why Narnia isn t just a Christian allegory

Chronicles of narnia christian

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How to Write a Resume Skills Section. The resume skills section allows you to chronicles christian, list, re-iterate, and expand upon your skills and essay abilities that are relevant to the job you are applying for. A well-crafted resume skills section will also help your resume beat Applicant Tracking System (ATS) resume reading robots, which is the first step to getting your application into a hiring managers hands. Dont miss the opportunity to make a powerful skills section that can tip the odds in your favor read on to learn how. Sometimes referenced as Additional Skills the Skills Section is where you can list all of your useful abilities that are not overtly mentioned in the bullet points of the Work History sections. Here are some samples showing what they look like: Customer Service Resume Skills Section. Laborer Resume Skills Section. As you can see, these all tend to be brief and to the point. Yet, there is chronicles christian, a right way and a wrong way to writing them.

Dont forget your cover letter. Browse through our library of Cover Letter Samples by The Transformations of Lady and Hamlet, Industry. Tips on Adding Additional Skills to Your Resume. In the above examples, there are a few similarities to the types of skills that the job seekers listed even though they are going after different positions. A hiring manager is interested in what relevant skills you have. Christian. They do not care about whether or not you came in first place in the hot dog eating contest at the state fair. An IT Industry job seeker should not do this : Leader of a 70 member guild in The Transformations and Hamlet World of Warcraft for chronicles of narnia christian, 3 years. Maintained a self-hosted VoIP chat server for 3 years. One of the above skills shows some legitimate tech savvy while the other does not. Find Masseur. Thats something that might catch a hiring managers eye. Keep your skills targeted toward the job you are applying for.

Even if you have a knack for something that is not directly related to the position, as long as its relevant its worth mentioning . For example, if you are applying for an assistant manager position at a small music shop, its perfectly acceptable to mention that you can play guitar. It isnt directly related to management, but it shows you have knowledge of the industry. Just like discussed in all of the Resume Genius resume samples, replace nonspecific adjectives with hard numbers. Chronicles Christian. The same goes for how specific you are in regards to software, hardware, and other tools you are skilled with. Dont Say: Excellent with foreign languages. Do Say: Fluent in English and Spanish , and proficient in French.

Dont Say: Skilled typist. Do Say: 70WPM typist. You dont need to get overzealous with the specifics, but a couple of details go a long way. When listing large software suites like Microsoft Office, try to name the find masseur, individual applications youre proficient with, such as PowerPoint or Excel when page space is adequate. If youre only listing 2 or 3 bullet points, this isnt that big of a deal, but once you start listing more, you want to of narnia christian, keep things sensible. For example, keep your computer skills with your computer skills and your speaking and language skills with your speaking and language skills. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Bilingual Fluent in English and French Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker. Experienced graphic artist well versed with Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator Proficient with MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint Charismatic and confident public speaker Bilingual Fluent in English and respect and dignity French. Also, when possible list the group of skills that are more important to the position that youre applying for first. You shouldnt spend too much time debating on the ordering though as per the first tip, they all should be relevant anyway.

Formatting: Additional Skills vs. Technical / Computer Skills. Most job seekers end up choosing a resume template that places their relevant skills closer to the bottom, but for some specific industries listing them at the top is very effective . Take a look at the sample resume for an applicant searching for an IT job: Because an of narnia, IT job requires an employee to have a base set of skills, the applicant starts off by listing his Technical Skills instead of adding them as Additional Skills towards the end. He also breaks them down by theme, such as what computer networking skills he has and what operating systems he is german posters, proficient with, bolding each main general category and then listing each specific skill in its respective category. Some jobs where using a Technical Skills section instead of an Additional Skills section could be beneficial are: Information Technology Graphic Design Manufacturing Technical Writing Engineering. Regardless of which style of Skills Section you use on your resume, as long as you use relevant, clear, well organized bullet points , youre sure to impress. Industry-Specific Skills for your Resume. The Best List of Skills For a Resume. Below are the most sought after skills and abilities that employers look for on a resume.

If you can include these abilities on your resume, you will be sure to attract their attention. However, it is not enough to simply list your skills. The bottom line is that HR managers want proof. Chronicles Christian. Thats why it is more effective to include examples of how you use your skills rather than merely stating, Possess great communication skills. The bottom line is that HR managers want proof. Here is a list of world war 1 german propaganda, good skills and chronicles christian example bullet points to add to your resume: Approach all work activities with deliberate focus to ensure that each task is completed correctly, efficiently, and effectively. Seek and actively learn new information to keep up to date with new skill requirements and technological innovations. Achieve high levels of multi-tasking ability by remaining focused and goal oriented, completing several tasks simultaneously to reach desired targets. Life. Commended by peers for displaying a good attitude, working hard, and setting and achieving personal goals. Listen to and integrate criticism and advice from peers, teachers, and bosses, strengthening personal deficits and weaknesses wherever possible.

Perform requested duties beyond the expected requirements to maintain high personal standards and ensure absolute satisfaction with produced work. Adapt to all arising situations, and able to develop solutions to problems as they appear to christian, the satisfaction of any client. Work towards solutions with a flexible approach to all challenges that helps solve problems in the most direct and time efficient way possible. Respond and adapt to developing challenges and obstacles when under pressure calmly and logically to develop working solutions in a timely manner. The Transformations Of Lady Macbeth. Manage time constraints and unpredictable schedules with adaptable methodology that can re-prioritize and delegate tasks to achieve maximum efficiency. Develop and utilize a large personal knowledge base, creating a broad understanding of a wide range of issues and the ability to develop flexible solutions. Create working relationships with co-workers and clients with varying personality types and coming from different backgrounds, maintaining a professional and chronicles egalitarian attitude at all times. Adapted to new industry standards to guarantee that our business was compliant with all guidelines Revised my sales strategy to align with new customer trends. Evaluate and dilute complex work processes into series of find masseur, manageable tasks to increase efficiency and chronicles of narnia reduce waste.

Analyze large volumes of data and identify trends, and present results in a clear and understandable manner. Produce comprehensive solutions to complex problems through extensive analysis and find masseur accurate assessment of christian, relevant data sets. Identify efficiency savings within given tasks and The Transformations of Lady Macbeth and Hamlet successfully implement them, aiding in efficient problem solving. Determine the relevance of suggested arguments and ideas, and analyze the relative importance of each before accepting or rejecting them as courses of action. Chronicles Of Narnia. Manage complex problems and time-constrained tasks with rapid but error-free analyses to ensure projects are completed without disruption. Prevented workplace accidents by encouraging safe working practices and preserving company equipment. Responsible for and Hamlet Essay, resolving client issues, identifying customer trends, monitoring competitor activities. Plan strategically and maintain awareness of attention to christian, details to overcome challenges, meet deadlines and achieve objectives without sacrificing quality. Create and detail step-by-step processes to create intermediate and and dignity endpoint deadlines for all projects, making it easy to chronicles christian, identify major obstacles and brainstorm solutions. Organize and Essay communicate highly detailed planning and christian time management objectives to ensure all team members understand their roles and responsibilities. Identify errors and inconsistencies within any argument or reasoning used to form actionable conclusions, and present necessary counter-arguments.

Restructure and and dignity reorganize underdeveloped projects that require complete revision to achieve detailed quality standards. Tasked by peers to chronicles, oversee highly detailed projects, having a trusted ability to discover holes and issues where others may not. Foster strong relationships with customers and strategic partners to strengthen our brand awareness Facilitate monthly meetings with employees to The Transformations Macbeth, ensure there is chronicles, a mutual understanding of a projects directives High levels of confidence when speaking either to groups or individuals that allows the world german, conveyance of ideas or instructions in a clear, easily understood manner. The ability to chronicles of narnia, disseminate detailed concepts into understandable ideas in both written and verbal communication. World War 1 German Posters. Understanding of the meaning and implementation of body language to both gauge others intent and views and project a desired stance to others through non-verbal communication. Highly developed communication skills both verbal and non-verbal that help build a relationship more conducive to christian, an agreeable outcome of any negotiation. Outstanding Typing Skills (WPM: 90). Sound knowledge of troubleshooting techniques for Microsoft Office Suite High levels of analytical ability means that problems can be understood and overcome quickly and essay efficiently. Methodical approach to challenges means that problems can be overcome with solutions identified and implemented in the most efficient manner. Always seeking new information and of narnia christian keeping up to date with current requirements and innovations within the field of expertise. Exercise empathy with others to assist in all aspects of communication, creating higher chances of successful outcomes and compromises.

Practice well-honed listening skills to give full attention to those in need, accurately assess every individuals situation, and on school build necessary rapport. Project calm and chronicles christian genuine interest in others through verbal and respect non-verbal means, building confidence with other parties to ensure successful conclusions to christian, all interpersonal interactions. Respect And Dignity. Remain dispassionate and fair-minded during disagreements to highlight that ideas and christian opinions are always respected. Assist and teach others patiently when working towards a common goal, ensuring higher levels of cooperation when faced with challenges. Help and suggest to co-workers and peers to find institutions or people to seek help for problems that are affecting them professionally.

Integrate into all team situations easily and comfortably, possessing a personable nature that is open to teamwork and cooperation. Negotiate team and The Evolution of Women's Self co-worker conflict or pressure effectively and efficiently through strong interpersonal and communication skills. Work towards the chronicles of narnia, success of the group, de-emphasizing smaller perceived personal successes and focusing on the bigger picture. Essay On School Life. Listen actively and engage genuinely with others to ensure that all perspectives and chronicles christian ideas are equally respected. Find Masseur. Focus on overcoming challenges rather than seeking to blame the christian, cause of any challenges and problems encountered, maintaining a positive attitude that is a benefit to any team situation. Adhere to all institutional standards for ethical, interpersonal, and The Evolution of Women's Self Essay professional behavior at all times.

Finish all tasks and projects on time with a reliably high level of quality. Accept all requests to fill necessary shifts, schedules, or complete tasks when others are unavailable. Maintain a professional and egalitarian attitude at the workplace at of narnia christian, all times, ensuring minimal interpersonal conflicts and acting as an ambassador for the brand. Trusted to handle sensitive items and situations, regarded as having a responsible and dependable personality by peers. Open a strong line of posters, communication and make thorough preparations for taking time off.

Assist others with tasks and projects during free time, even when it is unrelated or unrewarded. Seek answers to questions personally without needing excessive guidance, asking only when it is obvious the information cannot be found. Create personal tasks and projects without supervision, while seeking advice and permission to increase workplace efficiency. Learn new skills actively to avoid over-reliance on co-workers and team members Operate independently of team members and management, submit comprehensive reports and feedback to of narnia christian, keep projects on track. The Transformations Of Lady Essay. Argue against conventional wisdom when it is based on illogic or poorly conceived notions, even when it is unpopular to do so. Chronicles Christian. Utilize a wealth of skills, abilities, and The Evolution Image personal networks to solve intractable problems and remove obstacles to completing projects. Display a thirst for knowledge, becoming an expert on chronicles christian, any product or subject required quickly, and able to and dignity, convey that knowledge clearly to others. Assume responsibility for completing all important tasks at chronicles christian, hand and filling in labor gaps wherever it is essay life, necessary. Brainstorm and develop approaches to problems in downtime and present them to chronicles christian, peers without being personally tasked by management. Approach challenges as opportunities to improve skills and abilities, seeking advice and criticism to constantly improve.

Volunteer for new projects and to complete tasks that are otherwise ignored or avoided. Speak frankly about weaknesses and issues that are causing problems and The Evolution of Women's Self Image Essay holdups, and offer well-developed solutions. Received award for outstanding work ethic 2 years in chronicles christian a row. Set challenging benchmarks of success and plan by which to achieve them each month. Suggest and promote ideas for respect and dignity, analysis and judgement without ego or personal issues should they be rejected by others. Assess and critically analyze personally developed ideas in the same way that others ideas are assessed. Compare, contrast, and combine creative ideas, using critical and creative thinking skills to develop insights and alternative possibilities. Project an innovative outlook that encourages free thinking to challenge conventional barriers in problem solving and generate interesting ideas. Apply rational analysis and promote an evidence-based approach to take creative ideas and mold them into workable solutions.

Appraise any given situation and approach its unique problems with a consistent and systematic methodology. Implemented efficiency and cost-saving initiatives that improved the customer service process Evaluate the various risks and rewards related to implementing new projects or programs. Maintain an honesty is the best policy philosophy in the workplace, while being tactful about giving constructive criticism. Review project successes and failures dispassionately, accepting blame when mistakes are made and seek methods to prevent future issues. Chronicles. Conduct all business and world war 1 posters personal affairs according to highest codes of ethics and chronicles of narnia christian responsibility. Waltz By Theodore. Establish trustworthy relationships with clients and co-workers, avoiding improper and unethical behavior. Follow institutional rules, processes, and of narnia practices at all times to support companys quality management procedures. Report issues and problems through proper channels as set forth by company guidelines. Maintain a visionary outlook and the ability to see each challenge in world german the context of the broader scope of the project, while acting towards that desired end goal at all times. Of Narnia. Project confidence and flexibility, able to accept differing views without viewing them as challenges to authority, and find masseur utilize good ideas from of narnia christian, others.

Utilize interpersonal skills to motivate and encourage co-workers, understanding that major goals are achieved through teamwork. Find Masseur. Demonstrate critical thinking under stressful situations where problems are faced, and a willingness to make the right decisions even if they are unpopular. Display integrity and honesty at christian, all times, honoring promises and respect and dignity defending values when challenged. Set an example for others, taking responsibility for chronicles of narnia, successes and failures alike. Assumed a leadership role in the absence of the essay, supervisor and ensured that the office operated normally. Assisted in chronicles christian the training of 3 new employees to quickly integrate them into the departments workflow. Schedule meetings, appointments, and travel arrangements for managers. Compiled, prioritized, and processed all new purchasing orders Keep organized at all times, understanding that efficiency is respect, achieved by being mindful of christian, future and often unanticipated needs Accurately estimate the work involved in any task to Waltz Roethke, provide both a timetable and of narnia the effort required for Papa’s by Theodore Roethke Essay, successful completion. Excellent organizational skills to attribute time to chronicles, carry out essay life responsibilities personally and for each member of the of narnia christian, project team. Highly developed communication skills for discussing a project at all levels, with the ability to clearly articulate the work, issues and challenges as they arise in a manner other stakeholders will understand quickly.

Overcome obstacles to project completion by being forward thinking and positive, rather than adhering to The Evolution Self Essay, the accepted limits. Apply a logical mindset to bring well researched ideas to the table and, and able to dissect counter arguments methodically and without prejudice. Project a positive persona that focuses on chronicles of narnia, the positive outcome of Analysis of My Roethke Essay, any proposal or counter-proposal rather than the negative, ensuring all parties remain disposed to concessions. Listen actively to all arguments and ideas presented, and chronicles of narnia christian fairly weigh and of Women's Image analyze them before responding with counter-arguments and counter-proposals. Chronicles Christian. Defend positions forcefully when necessary to achieve the best outcome possible for all stakeholders. Seek out alternative solutions to The Transformations and Hamlet Essay, stubborn problems, and methodically test, reject, and note progress and setbacks. Demonstrates the ability to analyze large volumes of data to find the required information within, efficiently and accurately. Shows comprehensive problem solving ability, producing creative solutions to complex problems. Can identify important concepts within a project to provide effective, targeted research. Can break down complex concepts and ideas into more manageable tasks for research purposes.

Excellent communication skills that allow clear dissemination of researched data and ideas for further use. An analytical approach that ensures the identification and streamlining of research opportunities with any given project for more efficient results. Maintain high levels of self-awareness that enables analysis of ones own assumptions and values about any given subject. Approach mistakes with a dispassionate demeanor, focusing on finding solutions rather than attributing blame. Project a customer is always right attitude at all times, even when clients are being rude and chronicles of narnia christian irrational. Keep a professional manner with peers, co-workers, and clients at The Evolution of Women's Image, all times, no matter the circumstances.

Avoid emotional confrontation and arguments with peers and clients, seeking de-escalate issues and find ways to resolve issues rationally. Adhere to company work schedules and christian give notice before taking time off. Remain calm under pressure, delivering workable problems during crisis scenarios in a timely manner. Perform and oversee multiple individual tasks simultaneously during work projects, ensuring quality and efficiency while remaining within deadlines. Manage chaotic task loads and keep teammates focused and under control during high stress and Self Essay time-sensitive crisis periods. Approach complex and tangled problems with a dispassionate disposition that allows an efficient and analytical approach to chronicles christian, any problem. Essay Life. Make and of narnia christian defend critical and german propaganda high risk decisions based on careful research, analysis, and experience, accepting responsibility for the outcomes whatever they may be. Chronicles Of Narnia. Resolve interpersonal conflicts between other parties or personally by remaining objective and actively empathizing with the emotional parties. View every situation in the context of the broader picture to predict how the respect, team may benefit overall from any given action. Utilize a diverse skillset to complement any team makeup, whether giving or receiving instruction.

Convey authority, competence, and a socially oriented attitude by chronicles of narnia christian, keeping a strictly professional manner at all times. Find Masseur. Build friendly relations and easily communicate with teammates, co-workers, and customers through a confident and outgoing demeanor. Seek out new relationships and form large networks of individuals, developing a pool of resources and talent that can be tapped to achieve goals and targets. Project warmth and sincerity to peers and clients, and a willingness to chronicles christian, work together to achieve mutual goals. Find Masseur. Team worker who is able to adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Collaborated in four-person team to christian, complete projects in a timely manner and under budget. Tech savvy, with the ability to quickly learn and apply new software applications to the position. Desire to expand my current skillset and increase my value as an asset to the company. Broad knowledge base that aids in writing from a position of authority on a wide range of subjects.

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Neglected Children Essays (Examples) But the result of child abuse, including difficulty in adjusting to society and of narnia christian, difficulty in education tend to result in find masseur, a higher rate of unemployment. Chronicles Of Narnia! In short, child abuse tends to produce the same conditions where child abuse is more likely to essay on school occur. Child abuse is one of the most dangerous and serious problems confronting society, perhaps because of the of narnia christian helplessness and innocence of the The Transformations of Lady and Hamlet Essay victims. What is particularly bothersome about child abuse is that it occurs in all income, racial, religious, and ethnic groups and in urban and rural communities. Likewise, there is no uniform definition of what constitutes child abuse, making it difficult to ascertain what prevention and treatment methods are most effective.

For example, in Sweden, the chronicles of narnia christian law prohibits any physical punishment of children, including spanking. By contrast, in some countries of Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean, parents are expected to punish their children by hitting them. The second includes verbal and emotional assaults including persistent patterns of belittling, denigrating, scapegoating, and other nonphysical, but clearly hostile or rejecting behaviors, such as repeated threats of beatings, sexual assault, and abandonment. The third, residual, category includes other forms of emotional abuse such as attempted sexual or physical assaults; throwing something at a child but missing; withholding shelter, sleep, or other necessities as punishment, and economic exploitation (p.11). The victim is often put into situations where they are physically deprived of the find masseur things they need to make appropriate decisions. For instance they may be deprived of sleep or food so that they can be more easily manipulated. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! Mental abuse may also involve teasing or name calling.

In many cases the perpetrator is very aware of the victim's weaknesses and uses them to humiliate or subjugate the victim. Child abuse and neglect is of My Papa’s, a highly discussed issue in the present day. For a long time now, the detrimental impacts of child abuse and neglect have been acknowledged. There are significant implications from child abuse and neglect in the United States and it is of narnia christian, imperative to come up with the necessary ways of dealing with it. The Evolution Self Image Essay! The solution is to have a propagating state program that encompasses poor and underprivileged children. There is of narnia christian, also need for family programs that educate and teach households on better child treatment and attaining the necessary skills. Find Masseur! Such programs should also be expanded to schools to determine their vulnerabilities and chronicles of narnia christian, needs. Neglect can be very difficult to identify and minimize. Of My Essay! Parents who experience poverty, live in low-income neighborhoods, raise children as single parents, and receive little to no educational training are at chronicles, higher risk of neglecting their children.

Programs like the Child-Parent Center program encourages interactions between children and their parents as well as parents and the schools their children attend. In a study by Mersky and Macbeth and Hamlet Essay, Reynolds (2009), they compare the children within the Child-Parent program to other public kindergarten programs to see how the children fares in regards to lower rates of neglect. Child and Elder Abuse. Child Sexual Abuse. Child Clinical Intervention. Children of Alcoholic Parents. Child Abuse in England. As some journalists have brought up, this scandal is chronicles christian, evocative of the scandal with the of My Papa’s Roethke Catholic Church and demonstrates how a marked upheaval in the way universities and institutions are conducted (Hamilton, 2012). Being a parent isn't easy, offer a helping hand so parents can rest or spend time together. Of Narnia! 3) Help yourself. When things pile up take time out so you don't get to the point of feeling overwhelmed or out of of Women's Essay control.

4) Don't get frustrated if your baby cries. 5) Get involved, assist in community efforts to christian develop services to meet the needs of healthy children and essay on school life, families. Chronicles Of Narnia! 6) Promote programs at school to teach children, parents, and teacher's strategies to be safe. 7) Help develop parenting recourses at your local library. 8) Monitor your child's television and video viewing, watching violent behavior can harm children. Of My Waltz By Theodore Roethke! 9) Volunteer at a local child abuse prevention program.

10) Report suspected abuse or neglect. Education, community involvement and cooperation are significant factors in the effort to prevent children from suffering maltreatment. [Read More] Child Abuse and Neglect. The Cook County CDRED was formed in 1985 and is a private, non-profit organization supported by foundation and grants, as well as several individual donations annually. These findings are consistent with those reported in studies of children older than 2 years but extend these findings to children who are spanked beginning at a relatively early age (Wissow Pp). Children Should Be Required to Read More. Promoting the understanding of cultural differences is crucial, because a large number of child abuse and neglect cases involve allegations against minorities.

Child Abuse and Sexuality. Diversity and Child Abuse Prevention. Domestic Violence on of narnia, Children. Spousal and Child Abuse. Abused and Exploited Children. I expect to find a pattern where as Lee (1992) might suggest, a hierarchical ethical theory exists, where the world war 1 propaganda concept of serving the needs of chronicles of narnia christian others in need correlates directly to one's status, race, ethnicity and and dignity, other factors. Domestic Violence, Child Abuse and Neglect. Finally, WIC is the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (, 2011).

WIC offers programs to ensure adequate nutrition for chronicles christian low-income women and infants, during and after pregnancy (, 2011). WIC also offers referrals for The Evolution of Women's prenatal and pediatric health care through Medicaid (, 2011. Foster Children/Foster Care. Abused children develop antisocial behavior that persists through three continuous generations. Such behavior grows out of angry, aggressive parenting and an overall negative home environment, perpetuated by sibling collusion, economic and biological factors. These children exhibit this in preschool by committing at least one antisocial behavior each day in class. As dysfunctional adolescents, their romantic lives and eventual marriages also fail. Of Narnia Christian! African-American children suffer from the affliction than Caucasian children. The current level of knowledge and efforts requires effective and efficient mechanisms at home, in school and The Transformations and Hamlet Essay, the community in the crucial formative childhood years. For example, Leventhal (2001) analyzed different intervention methodology and implementation of home-based services aimed at preventing abuse and neglect as well as promoting the chronicles health and development of the infant and war 1 german propaganda, mother, by specifically looking at the Healthy Families Olds' models. Maryland couple was charged with neglect because they allowed their children -- aged 10 and chronicles, 6 -- to walk one mile home from a park.

The irony of this situation is that those doing the charging likely made similar walks by themselves as children, and they did it all the time. Macbeth! It is not strange that some parents prefer to hover over their children obsessively -- the lines of cars outside any school at 3 o'clock attest to the commonality of this approach. What is amazing is there is an actual charge for letting your children do as you did, and as the law makers who wrote the law also did. Laws protecting children make sense, but such laws appear to have pushed past the point of of narnia christian reason. The case in Maryland is but one example of administrative overreach into parenting. What needs to The Transformations Macbeth Essay happen is that parents need to [Read More]

Each day, thousands of New Yorkers experience violence at the hands of someone they love. Chronicles Of Narnia! But only a fraction of victims know where to get help (p. 3). Human Behavior Social Environment. UK Children and Families. Describe how teachers may use assistive technology effectively with students with cerebral palsy or other physical disabilities. Therefore, although the current analysis took into consideration three of the most important countries in the world, they do not lack the problems facing each country because everywhere in the world there are poor areas and low income families who will abuse their children, will abandon them, and even torture them according to find masseur their own religious or personal beliefs. Taking these aspects into consideration, it is important to consider the three different child protection policies applied in Japan, Switzerland, and Germany in order to chronicles christian see the extent in which the economic development is propaganda posters, related to the child protection policy. child abuse and reporting protocols describes in detail federal and state definitions, as well as the professions legally obliged to report.

Definitions of child abuse include child neglect as well as sexual abuse. Christian! However, in the state of New York there are separate categories of abuse based on Macbeth and Hamlet Essay, severity, with abuse being at the top of the hierarchy, followed by neglect. Emotional abuse is also covered. A large portion of the lecture is about how to recognize child abuse, and especially on how to report it because there are legal as well as ethical obligations to do so. However, the chronicles of narnia lecture also discusses various types of abuse, the causes of abuse such as addiction, and find masseur, the impact of abuse on christian, the children. It should be comforting for parents to know that if their child develops a serious psychological disorder it does not mean they are terrible parents.

It would also be important for them to know that how they raise a child with a psychological or psychiatric can make a difference in the outcome. The research indicates that parenting alone cannot solve significant psychological problems, but that by combining good science with good parenting, children with psychological problems can be helped. Only after this a further section returns to Analysis by Theodore Roethke Essay the fact of the lack of research involving father involvement and chronicles christian, how this is influenced by child characteristics. However, for a non-pedophile child molester, sex drive may have little to do with the assaults and chemical castration may result in the child being sexually assaulted with objects or physically assaulted instead of sexually assaulted. Therefore, before one could attempt to answer this question, it would be critical to know what proportion of convicted child sex offenders are also pedophiles. Most abuse is committed by find masseur parents, but stepparents also commit abuse, and this is another social factor that can lead to chronicles of narnia christian child abuse. Many sociologists believe that stepparents have less of a bond with stepchildren than their own children, and they may be led to The Transformations of Lady abuse their stepchildren while they do not abuse their own children (Wilson Daly, 1987, p. 217-220). Antecedents and Implications of Child Abuse in the United States. We are essentially powerless to prevent all dysfunctions - but, the mental health and social support structures within communities have the responsibility to do as much as they possibly can to promote healthy family life for all. Of Narnia! This support often involves early identification of dysfunctional families, counseling, disruption of negative patterns. The schools, churches, hospitals and any other institution both public and private have a responsibility to Self Image Essay reach out and try to help those who are suffering - and often that suffering must be alleviated at the source, the of narnia christian dysfunctional family. [Read More]

According to Zohar and Marshall (2000) for instance it is: child in crisis; what would your immediate response be? For those in the field of social work, the response would be to act without hesitation. The question arises, however, if whether a preventative, community based approach benefits service recipients better than a crisis management approach. The issue of how to best allocate limited resources is but one of the issues facing the field of social work today. Another issue is the exclusion of front line service providers from the decision-making process. Service providers who relate to clients directly have an inside view on Analysis of My Papa’s Waltz by Theodore, what action is needed to bring about positive change; however, life-altering decisions are often made by remote administration unfamiliar with the needs of their clients, resulting in change that often is too little, and occurs too late. Finally, middle level management walks a delicate tightrope in chronicles christian, the social work field. Their job of balancing compliance with directives [Read More]

childhood obesity and its correlation to social-economic background. And Dignity! The researchers argued that attention to of narnia christian childhood obesity focuses on genetic and environmental factors, and there is the increasingly prevalent belief that pediatric obesity may be a combination of both. Environmental factors can limit obesity but what -- the researchers wondered - stimulated the influencing environmental factors. Family Law Midterm. Child Abuse: The Cold, Hard Facts. Children and find masseur, Violence. Discipline for Children.

However, from 2008 the number began to chronicles decrease slightly. The rate of increase in the number of children aging out of the United States foster care system from 1998 to 2007 is 71.7%. Whereas the rate declined by 0.71% in the year 2008. In the year 2009, there was again a decline of 0.33%. In the year 2010, the number of children aging out of foster care system declined by Papa’s by Theodore 5.4%. Of Narnia! It can be concluded from the above figure that there was a significant increase in the number of children aging out of foster care system from the The Transformations of Lady Macbeth year 1998 to chronicles of narnia 2007. Of Lady Macbeth Essay! Whereas, this number started declining from the year 2008 and it is still following a declining trend. (McCoy-Roth, DeVoogh Fletcher, 2011) Self-Regulation Issues in Children and Adolescence with ADHD, ODD, and OCD. Boundaries for of narnia Children.

Ainsworth, Corsaro, And Children's Relationships. By the 1970s most states had mandatory child abuse reporting laws. These laws aimed at identifying abused children and setting in motion legal procedures to investigate the child's situation and either to provide services for them in their own home or to remove them from their home and place them in a safer environment (Melli, 1998). e., Christian Choate was 13 years old when he died two years ago in a dog cage and was buried in a plastic bag near an Indiana trailer park and They also believe Christian's father, who led police to the grave, had for years beaten the boy and find masseur, kept him in a cage) in an effort to alert readers to the problem of child abuse and neglect at the national level, and chronicles christian, emphasizes time and again that the problem is likely underreported and current statistics most likely just represent the tip of the iceberg (p. A7). 2003). In addition.

These interventions are strategies that target whole communities in order to build public resources and attend to the factors that contribute to child maltreatment (Holzer et al. 2006 p 3). In NAPCAN's 2006 campaign, the organization was promoting parental education through social marketing. NAPCAN's campaign is directed at individuals in order to bring awareness of how their parenting can negatively impact their children. Suspected or Alleged Child Abuse. killing of a child in real life has no symbolic meaning, no power other than that of an expression of evil and of Lady, is, therefore, one of the worst acts a human, let alone a parent, can commit. In literature, however, the killing of children is symbolic of a diseased mind or of a diseased culture. Euripides' Medea kills her children, but she is a symbol of Mother Earth, of the Gods, and of nature all of which can exert, with no warning and no necessity of of narnia christian explanation, a death upon The Transformations Macbeth and Hamlet, any or all of us. That which we are given can be taken away. Of Narnia! The killing of a child in literature is, in some contexts, a symbolic reminder of the seeming arbitrariness of nature.

While some critics interpret Medea as being a proactive population reducer, she can be rightly understood as a sick woman who, like the find masseur animals that eat [Read More] Preventing child abuse is chronicles christian, a top priority for social service agencies, families, teachers, and others in Essay, the community. Certainly it is chronicles of narnia christian, a top priority for government agencies and law enforcement as well. Of Lady And Hamlet! This paper reviews and chronicles, critiques the importance of find masseur taking those actions that prevent a child from being maltreated in any number of chronicles christian ways; the paper also reviews the statistics relating to child abuse, and provides information on how to detect that a child has been abused in essay, some way. One explanation is the fact that mental health services are generally allocated based on the presence of a psychiatric diagnosis, and chronicles of narnia christian, older children are more likely to on school life meet criteria for specific disorders. Although younger children may exhibit certain symptoms, they are less likely to chronicles christian meet the full criteria for essay on school life a classified disorder (Fisher 2005). Moreover, the behavior of older foster children may appear to of narnia pose more of an of Women's Image Essay, immediate threat, either to themselves or to others (Fisher 2005). Even in the general population, risks for violence, juvenile delinquency and of narnia, other behavioral problems, increase with age, thus in high-risk populations (as defined by factors such as poverty and violence), the risk gradient associated with age increases, therefore the of My Papa’s Essay need for services may be the greatest in the short-term among older foster children (Fisher 2005).

When their state of christian denial lifts, they are often wracked with remorse for what they've done. Military Children and the Effects of Long Deployments on Them.

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Air Pollution: Essay on Air Pollution (8634 Words) Air is the chronicles christian, most vital constituent of environment for the sustenance of life on earth. Macbeth And Hamlet! Air forms nearly 80% of man#8217;s daily intake by weight. In pure air, the proportion of different constituents like oxygen, nitrogen and other gases is fixed and definite. It may be noted that air cannot be pure because some gases like sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, emission from christian, volcanoes and find masseur, swamps, salt spray, pollens from plants etc., are continuously added to the air by chronicles natural processes. Thus, air is polluted when its natural composition is disturbed either by natural or by man-made sources. World German Propaganda Posters! 1. Classification of Air Pollutants. Christian! 2. Source of Air Pollution. 3. Important Air Pollutants. 4. Effects of Air Pollution. 5. Consequences of Self Image Air Pollution.

6. Control of Air Pollution. H. Perkins (1974) has defined air pollution as, #8220;the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of christian one or more contaminants such as dust, fumes, gases, mist, smoke or vapours in quantities of characteristics and The Transformations of Lady Macbeth, of duration such as to be injurious to living organisms and to property which reasonably interferes with comfortable enjoyment of life and property. According to World Health Organization (WHO), air pollution is defined as limited to situation in which the outdoor ambient atmosphere contains materials in concentration which are harmful to man and its environment. Chronicles Of Narnia! In general sense, air pollution may be defined as the imbalance or disequilibrium in the quality of air due to introduction of foreign materials from natural or anthropogenic sources to the air so as to cause adverse effect to biological communities in find masseur, general and man in particular. The nature, dimension and chronicles of narnia, magnitude of air-pollution depend upon a number of factors such as source of pollutants, nature of pollutants, quantity of pollutants, residence time of the essay life, pollutants in atmosphere.

According to H.E. Hobbs (1980), the residence time of chronicles of narnia pollutants depend upon nature of the pollutants, their way of emission, meteorological factors and on sink mechanisms. Mainly there are two factors which contribute to the problem of air pollution. These are population explosion and productivity, each rising 2 to 3 per cent every year. 1. Classification of Air Pollutants : Air pollutants are of two types: (1) Primary air pollutants; (2) Secondary air pollutants.

These are the harmful chemicals which directly enter into air due to natural events or human activities. For example, when carbon containing substance is burnt, it will release CO 2 and/or CO to atmosphere. These gases directly entering into atmosphere influence the respect, biosphere are termed as primary pollutants. It is seen that there are mainly five primary pollutants which contribute together more than 90% of global air pollution. These are namely, carbon monoxide (CO) nitrogen oxides (NO 2 ), oxides of sulphur (SO 2 ) hydrocarbons (HC), and particulates. Transportation accounts for more than 46% of the total pollutants produced per year and chronicles of narnia, hence remains as the principal source of air pollution. Carbon monoxide is the major individual air pollutant with a tonnage matching that of all other pollutants together. Different primary pollutants, their sources and amounts, released to air are given in table 7.2. These are the harmful chemicals produced in air due to chemical reaction in between two or more components i.e. the reaction in between primary air pollutant and some components of air. Usually the primary air pollutant suffers chemical changes in presence of H 2 O (v), O 2 (g) and ultraviolet radiation of world propaganda posters sun to form secondary pollutants.

Some reactions showing conversion of primary pollutant to secondary pollutant are described below: Primary pollutant Reactant Secondary Pollution. Just like primary pollutants, the secondary pollutants have significant detrimental effects on animals, soil, vegetation#8217;s, crops and materials. The Principal sources of air pollution can either be natural or anthropogenic. The natural sources of air pollution are: (iii) Soil Erosion, (v) Evaporation of volatile organic matter, and. (vi) Bacterial decomposition products. (b) Anthropogenic Sources: (i) Automobile Exhaust: These contain carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen, ethane, ethylene, 3, 4- benzpyrine. These gases are due to incomplete combustion of petrol and diesel. (ii) Industrial Exhaust: The industries mainly Chemical Factories, Paper and Pulp, Sugar, Petroleum Refineries, Steel Plants etc. are the chief air polluting agents. Of Narnia! The industrial exhaust contain gases like CO, CO 2 , SO 2 , NO, (iii) Release of organic substances : The processes like biological decomposition of organic matter, seepage from Papa’s Waltz, natural gas and oil fields, volatile emission from plants, sewage gas etc. are the causes for the release of organic substances like CH 4 , C 2 H 6 , C 6 H 5 NH 2 , C 2 H 4 etc. (iv) Release of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs): The chlorofluorocarbons are released to the atmosphere from air conditioners, refineries, pre cooler systems of cold storage etc. (v) Photochemical oxidants: These are ozone and peroxyacylnitrate (PAN) formed by certain photochemical reactions. (vi) Tobacco smokes; it is produced by cigarette and chronicles of narnia, bidis. (vii) Particulate Pollution: Solid and liquid aerosols suspended in The Evolution of Women's Image Essay, atmosphere are referred as particulate matters. These arise from of narnia, grinding of ores, spraying and soil erosion.

Aerosols are chemicals, which are released into the air in the form of vapours. For example lead containing gasoline fumes from automobiles, constitute the chief source of lead contamination. (viii) Agricultural Chemicals: The agricultural chemicals like pesticides, insecticides, fungicides, herbicides etc. are also released into essay on school life the air as pollutants. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! (ix) Explosives in respect, War: A number of poisonous gases are released in the atmosphere during the explosions of sophisticated explosives in war. (x) Photochemical Smogs: When different gases like SO 2 , NO, N 2 O, NO 2 and un-burnt hydrocarbons are released into atmosphere, these form photochemical smog by chronicles combining with dust and moisture. (xi) Mining Activity: During mining activities i.e. crushing and grinding of ores, a lot of find masseur particulate matters are released to atmosphere. (xii) Release from fertiliser plants: Ammonia gas is chronicles christian released from ammonium fertilizer plants. (xiii) Emission from jets and aircrafts: A significant quantity of carbon monoxide gas and un-burnt hydrocarbons are released from jets and aircrafts. (xiv) Domestic burning: Domestic burning of coal, kerosene oil, cow dung cakes etc. releases CO 2 , CO, SO 2 , etc. Pollutants are the various harmful chemicals present in Essay, the atmosphere in chronicles christian, concentrations that disturb the dynamic equilibrium in the atmosphere and thereby affects the living organisms and their environment. These are released to the environment partly or completely by of My by Theodore Roethke Essay anthropogenic activities or natural processes. Some potent chemical pollutants, their sources, mechanism of action in of narnia, environment, detrimental effects and The Transformations of Lady Macbeth, their control measures are described below. Natural process like volcanic action, electrical discharge during storm or lightening, seed germination, marsh gas production etc. release small quantity of Carbon monoxide to the atmosphere. The significant contribution of carbon monoxide is from chronicles of narnia, anthropogenic activities.

For example out of the annual emission of 350 million tonnes, human activities contribute 275 million tonnes and on school life, natural processes contribute only chronicles 75 million tonnes. And Dignity! Some important CO producing processes are: It contributes about 74% of CO through motor vehicles aircrafts, rail, roads etc. (ii) Agricultural burnings: These include forest fire, burning of crop residues, brush, weeds etc. (iii) Industrial processes: These are the third largest contributors of CO. Industries like iron, steel, paper, petroleum etc. Chronicles! release large quantity of CO to the atmosphere. The release of CO to the atmosphere is taking place in such a large scale that the concentration is supposed to be doubled in every five years. But the actual increase in ambient global CO concentrations is much less. The lowering of the find masseur, concentration of CO is atmosphere may be due to: (i) The oxidation of CO to CO 2 in the atmosphere by atomic oxygen, hydroxyl radical, NO 2 , singlet O 2 etc. Christian! (ii) Some micro-organisms present in the soil help in find masseur, the oxidation of CO to CO 2 . (iii) Green plants also fix and metabolize CO with the help of chlorophyll in light or in dark, photosynthetically and non-photosynthetically. C. Detrimental Effects: CO interferes with oxygen carrying function of hemoglobin by forming carboxy hemoglobin complex. (i) When carboxy haemoglobin (CO-Hb) content reaches 5% oxygen transport gets inhibited. (ii) When carboxyhaemoglobin (CO-Hb) level exceeds 5%, cardiac and pulmonary functions are also affected, specially with mycocardial interactions.

The poisonous effect of CO is due to the fact that it prevents the R.B.C., saturated with CO from absorbing oxygen and carrying it into different parts of the body. Death is caused by christian asphyxiation. (iii) When CO concentration becomes 400-500 ppm, it leads to loss of fertility, premature birth, spontaneous abortion and deformed babies in pregnant women. Plants are insensitive to german posters, basal level of CO. However, prolonged exposure of christian plants to higher concentrations of CO causes hazards in plants. And Dignity! (i) CO inhibits nitrogen fixing ability of bacteria when these are exposed to of narnia christian, CO level of 2000 ppm for 33-38 hours. (ii) CO level within 100 to world propaganda, 10000 ppm causes lead drop, premature aging, leaf curling, reduction of chronicles of narnia christian leaf size, etc. (iii) CO also at higher concentration, inhibits cellular respirations in plants by reacting with cytochrome oxidise. D. Control of Co-Emission: Extensive investigations suggest that about 74% of all the essay, CO emission is from automobiles. So control efforts must be focused on automobile emission. The following approaches can be made to control automobile emission: 1. Modification of internal combustion engines are needed to reduce the of narnia christian, quantity of essay CO during fuel combustion. 2. Development of exhaust system reactors which will complete the combustion without forming CO. 3. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! Development of substitute fuels for gasoline which will give low concentration of CO on combustion. 4. The Evolution Essay! Development of pollution free power source as a substitute for of narnia internal combustion engine.

5. Use of catalytic converters in two compartments which help in preventing emission of exhaust gases into the air. Sulphur-dioxide is the second potent air pollutant as it accounts for and dignity 29% of the total weight of chronicles of narnia christian all pollutants. There are two sources of SO 2 (1) Natural Source, and. Papa’s By Theodore! (2) Anthropogenic source. Chronicles Christian! Natural processes like volcanic eruption provide 67% of the S0 2 pollution which is distributed all over the globe. Anthropogenic source contribute about 33% of SO 2 pollution which is localised mainly in urban areas. World War 1 German Propaganda! The different man made activities are: (1) Fuel combustion (coal) account for 74%, (2) Industries account for 22%, (3) Transportation accounts for 2%. Specifically, burning of of narnia fossil fuels in respect and dignity, thermal power plants, manufacture of sulphuric acid and fertilizers, smelting industries etc, account for 75% of chronicles christian total SO 2 emission while automobiles and refineries contribute to the rest 25%. The quantity of essay life SO 2 in atmosphere is very small as compared to its annual emission. This may be due to its reaction in atmosphere. Of Narnia Christian! Actually there are four possible roots for the removal of SO 2 from environment: (i) It may undergo photo-chemical oxidation reaction with atmospheric oxygen.

(ii) It may undergo photochemical and chemical reaction with nitrogen oxide and/or hydrocarbon. Of Lady Macbeth Essay! (iii) It may undergo chemical reaction with moisture and become sulphuric acid or sulphurous acid. On further reaction with metals or their salts, these are converted into metal sulphates. (iv) It may undergo reaction with solid particles in the atmosphere. C. Detrimental effects of SO 2 : Sulphur dioxide is perhaps the chronicles, most dangerous air pollutant affecting both living and non-living world. (1) It causes irritation to eye and respirating tract even at 2.5 ppm. (2) It causes swelling of nasal system and stimulates mucus secretion. (3) It causes lung cancer at high level. (4) It induces desquamation or peeling off of the and dignity, surface epithelium in the mucosa. (5) Presence of S0 2 in christian, moisture and fog becomes more dangerous due to formation of H 2 SO 4 and H 2 SO 3 which are 5 to 20 time more irritating than SO 2 alone. (6) Its inhalation causes symptoms of bronchitis, emphysema and other lung diseases. (b) Effects on plants: (1) It affects plant growth and nutrient quality of products. (2) It kills leaf tissues causing leaf necrosis. (3) It causes chlorosis and Macbeth and Hamlet Essay, dwarfing when the concentration exceeds 1 ppm. (4) Its chronic exposure to plants causes bleaching of plant pigments. (5) At high concentration, it decreases PH of leaf tissues of some plants increasing the sulphur content #8216;n plants. (6) It affects stomatal pores, stomatal frequency, cholorplast and transpiration through stomata. Chronicles! (c) Effect on non-living materials: (1) It attacks marble, lime­stone, roofing state, electrical contacts, textiles and buildings, (2) It reacts with leather reducing its strength and inducing it s disintegration. (3) The acid rain produced by the reaction of SO 2 corrodes metals, attacks fibres, and washes out basic material from soil. The reaction of H 2 SO 4 on marble is known as stone leprosy. (4) It affects durability in paint films. (5) SO 2 polluted air accelerates the corrosion rate of metals such as iron, zinc, copper etc. The oxides of posters sulphur can be reduced and chronicles of narnia, controlled by the following methods: 1. Removing sulphur from fuel before burning. 2. Using low content sulphur fuels. 3. Removing the sides of sulphur from fuel gases as soon as these are formed. 4. Using non-sulphur containing fuels such as natural gases.

5. Using nuclear power to generate electricity from power plants. Find Masseur! NO x exists as nitrous oxide (N 2 O), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen trioxide (N 2 O 3 ), nitrogen peroxide (NO 2 ) and of narnia, nitrogen pentoxide (N 2 O s ). Amongst all these nitrogen oxides, nitrogen peroxide (NO 2 ) and Analysis Papa’s Waltz Roethke Essay, nitric oxide (NO) are the two main reagents causing air pollution. About 95% of of narnia NO x is released to the atmosphere mainly as NO as remaining as NO 2 . NO x is Analysis Waltz by Theodore Roethke Essay released to the atmosphere mainly through anthropogenic activities and partly through natural processes. 1. Anthropogenic sources: Anthropogenic activities release about chronicles christian, 5 x 10 7 tonnes of NO x every year. Some important activities include: 1. Combustion of coal, oil, natural gases and gasoline. 2. Essay! By-products of some chemical industries like HN0 3 am H 2 SO 4 . 3. Thermal power plants. 4. Supersonic aircraft exhaust. 5. Nuclear explosion. 6. Manufacture of chronicles of narnia christian nylon intermediates.

2. Natural Sources: Natural processes release about 5 x 10 10 tonnes of NO x every year. Some natural processes include: 1. Bacterial action or microbial action on earth surface: Microorganisms reduce N 2 0 under anaerobic condition producing potent pollutants, NO and NO 2 . 2. Photo-chemical reaction in the atmosphere mediated by cosmic rays. Essay On School! 3. Chronicles Christian! Volcanic eruption. Of Women's Self! B. Of Narnia Christian! Consequences of find masseur NO x Accumulation: The accumulation of NO x in the environment causes varieties of hazards such as acid rain, depletion of ozone layer, smog formation etc. Chronicles! NO x causes acid rain by reacting with atmospheric moisture giving acids like nitric acid (HNO 3 ) and nitrous acid (HNO 2 ) (b) Depletion of Papa’s ozone layer: NO x released to the atmosphere moves up and reacts with ozone layer causing its depletion. Such a process allows the passage of UV radiation into earth surface.

The presence of of narnia excess quantity of Essay NO and NO 2 induces smog formation and generates a number of harmful species like free radicals, PAN (Peroxy acetyl nitrate) etc. C. Detrimental Effects of NO x on Living Organisms: The accumulation of NO x is toxic to both plants and animals. Of Narnia! The toxic action is attributed to their interference with the course of a number of biochemical reactions possibly through their modulating action over essay on school a number of chronicles of narnia cellular enzymes and production of a number of secondary pollutants like OH, HO 2 , O 3 , PAN etc. 1. Loss of photosynthetic activity. The threshold limit value (TLV) of NO and and dignity, NO 2 for human beings are 25 and 5ppm respectively.

Although NO (Whose value is less) does a not cause major health hazard NO 2 causes serious health hazards. Some serious health hazards are: 1. Inflammation of lung tissues. Of Narnia! 2. Respiratory diseases like lung cancer, pulmonary haemorrhage. 3. Destruction of oxygen transport efficiency of blood. In view of the detrimental and and dignity, adverse effects of christian NO x on the entire living and non-living world, it is necessary to keep the level of The Transformations of Lady Essay NO x below the threshold value. Chronicles Christian! Some important control measures are outlined as below: 1. To remove HO x from stack gases, one of the approach is the chemical absorption process (H 2 SO 4 solution or alkaline shrubbing solution containing calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH) 2 ) is used. 2. Catalytic converters should be used to control automotive emission of NO x . Catalytic converter acts in two ways: (i) It decomposes HO x to nitrogen and oxygen in propaganda, presence of suitable catalyst. (ii) It reduces NO x to nitrogen in of narnia, presence of suitable catalyst and reducing agent. 3. NO x emitted from power plants (about 50-1000 ppm) can be reduced up to 10% by two stage combustion process. (i) The fuel is fired at high temperature mixing with 90-95% of stoichiometric air. (ii) Fuel burn out is life completed at a relatively low temperature in excess of air. 4. Public awareness should be created to educate the common man about the hazards of NO x . 5. Government should take stringent action against industries discharging higher quantity of NO x into environment than the chronicles of narnia, level prescribed by pollution control board.

Some more common chemical pollutants, then source and detrimental effects are described as in the table given below: In addition to The Evolution, different gases, a series of christian hydrocarbons are released to the atmosphere either through natural processes or through human activities. Of My Roethke Essay! These hydrocarbons sometimes behave like primary pollutants and some other times induce the formation of other potent secondary pollutants. Natural sources of hydrocarbon release into air includes emission from trees, liberation from anaerobic decomposition of organic matter in presence of bacteria, liberation from domesticated animals etc. Christian! The main hydrocarbon in natural sources is methane whose residence time in air is 3 to 7 years. The Transformations Essay! Anthropogenic activities contributes nearly 20% of the hydrocarbon emitted to the atmosphere every year.

The major anthropogenic sources are: (i) automobile exhaust, (ii) industrial processes like processing, storage, transfer of products, (iii) incinerator and refuse burning, (iv) solvent , and. (v) burning of coal and wood etc. Global emissions of pollutant hydrocarbons is given in table 7.5. Of Narnia! Table 7.5 : Global Emission of Pollutant Hydrocarbons. The level of Analysis of My Papa’s Waltz Essay hydrocarbon in atmosphere is usually reduced by several reactions and photo-chemical reactions. Being thermodynamically unstable, these are oxidised in a series of steps to carbon dioxide. Besides, the hydrocarbons are also settled either by the action of gravity or by rain water. c. Detrimental effects of hydrocarbons: (a) Effect on human beings: (i) It has carcinogenic effects on lungs due to its swelling at higher concentration. (ii) Aromatic hydrocarbons causes irritation to muscus membrane. (iii) Hydrocarbons induce formation of PAH (peroxy acyl nitrate) which causes irritation of eyes, noses, throat etc. (iv) Excess of hydrocarbon causes blocking or respiratory tract. (v) Benzpyrene induces cancer. (vi) Methane at higher concentration causes narcotic effects. (vii) Black-lung disease of chronicles of narnia coal miners, pulmonary fibrosis of asbestos workers and employsema of urban peoples are due to particulate accummulation. Essay Life! (viii) The lodged particles in the lungs (3) can cause severe breathing trouble by physical blockage and irritation of lung capillaries. (b) Effects on plants: (i) Hydrocarbons retard the chronicles of narnia christian, growth of plants. (ii) These along with ozone cause chlorosis. (iii) Ethylene hydrocarbons damage leaf tissues and posters, flowering plants. (iv) Acetylene and propylene bring about chronicles of narnia, early maturity of plants. (c) Effects on materials: (i) Hydrocarbons even at a very low concentration attack paper, rubber, synthetics etc. (ii) These attack long chain polymers losing tensile strength of polymers. (iii) These lower the elastic nature of plastics thereby making them more brittle. d. Control of Hydrocarbons: The level of hydrocarbons can be reduced by controlling their emission from the source.

The emission from The Transformations of Lady and Hamlet Essay, automobile exhaust and industrial exhaust can be controlled through processes like incineration, absorption, adsorption, condensation etc. Particulates are the small solid particles and chronicles christian, liquid droplets present in the atmosphere in fairly large numbers. The dimension of particulates range from 0.0002 to Analysis Waltz by Theodore Essay, 500 with life time varying from a few seconds to several months. The presence of these particulates in air causes serious environmental consequences. The release of particulates into atmosphere is chronicles of narnia christian both natural and anthropogenic.

The natural processes include volcanic eruption, blowing of dust and soil by wind, spraying of salt and other solid particles by the seas and Analysis Papa’s Roethke, oceans etc. The contributions from manmade activities are: fly ash from christian, power plants, melters and mining operations, smokes from incomplete combustion processes etc. The incomplete combustion processes are fuel combustion from find masseur, stationary sources (wood, coal, oil, natural gas etc.), industrial processes and other sources like forest fire, structural fires, agricultural burning etc. b. Types of particulates: The particulate matter may be inorganic particles or organic particles. The inorganic particles include metal oxides (e.g. Chronicles! CaO, Fe 3 O 4 , V 2 O s , CaCO 3 etc.), Metal halides (e.g. PbCl 2 , PbBr 2 , Pb BrCl etc.), salts (e.g. (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 , CaSO 4 etc.), fly ash asbestos particles etc.

The organic particles are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) such as benzo (?-) pyrene, Chrysene, benzofluoranthene, soot etc. c. Detrimental effects: (a) Effects on human beings: (i) Asbestos particles cause lungs disorder. (ii) Lead containing particulates affect children#8217;s brain and interfere with the development and The Evolution of Women's, maturation of red blood cell. (iii) Particulates of less than 1 reach alveoli of chronicles lungs and damage lungs tissues. iv. Soluble aerosols get absorbed into blood from world propaganda, alveoli while the insoluble aerosols are carried to the lymphatic stream and get deposited in chronicles christian, the pulmonary, lymphatic depot point or lymp glands. (b) Effects on plants: (i) The deposition of particulates on soil makes the soil unsuitable for plant growth. (ii) Deposition of particulate on leaves prevents CO 2 absorption and hence decreases the rate of photosynthesis. (iii) Particulates deposited on plant leaves block the stomata of plants and of Women's Image, thus inhibiting the rate of transpiration from the christian, soil. (iv) In case of some plants which are sensitive to traces of toxic metals, their enzyme activity is disturbed in presence of particulates containing trace elements. (c) Effects on materials: (i) Particulate fumes and mists react directly with painted surfaces and cause cracks on it. (ii) Particulates induce corrosion of metals. (iii) Particulates accumulate on of Women's Self Essay the soil surface causing soil erosion. (iv) Particles including fumes, dust, soot, mists and aerosols can bring about severe damage to buildings, sculpture and monuments. Of Narnia! (d) Effect of solar radiation: (i) Particulates reduce visibility by absortion and scattering of solar radiation. (ii) Particulates disturb the world war 1 propaganda posters, delicate heat balance of the chronicles christian, atmosphere. (iii) Particulates compensate the climatic effects due to increased CO 2 concentration. (iv) Particulates influence the climate through the formation of clouds, rains and snow, by acting as nuclei upon which water condensation can take place. d. Control of particulate emission: The quantity of of Women's Self Image Essay particulates in the air can be minimised by the following techniques: (i) By using gravity settling chamber. (ii) By using cyclone collector. (iii) By using cyclonic separators and trajectory separators. (iv) By using filters and scrubbers. (v) By using electrostatic precipitators. Of Narnia! Some air pollutants, their sources and detrimental effects are outlined in table 7.7. Table 7.7: Some Chemical Pollutants, Their Sources and Detrimental Effects. Respect! The important effects of chronicles of narnia christian air pollution are as follows: 1. Atmospheric particles, due to fuel combustion for industrial and find masseur, household heating purposes, can scatter and absorb sunlight and thus reduce visibility.

2. Increased level of CO 2 causes greenhouse effect. 3. Chlorofluoro carbons (CFCs) and nitrogen oxides cause ozone layer depletion and ozone hole. 4. The effect of particulate matter includes corrosion of metals, erosion and soiling of buildings, sculptures and painted surfaces and soiling of clothing and draperies, damages of electric equipment#8217;s etc. 5. The toxic effects of particulate matter on animals and human beings can be classified as: (i) Intrinsic toxicity due to chemical or physical properties. For example, CO can combine with hemoglobin and reduce its oxygen carrying capacity. Since CO has greater affinity than oxygen to occupy the co-ordination position of oxyhaemoglobin, it can remove oxygen even at low partial pressure. Interference with clearance mechanism in the respiratory tracts. For example, chronic bronchitis and emphysema have also been found to be caused by chronicles christian SO 2 . Toxicity due to absorbed toxic substances. For example, lead particles from vehicle exhaust, in of Women's, higher dose, can kill outright but in lower dose shortens life span and causes deterioration of nervous system.

6. The oxides of sulphur and nitrogen combine with water vapours of the christian, atmosphere and cause acid rain. 7. Benzpyrenes play an important role in higher cancer rates in of My Papa’s Essay, urban areas even at a very lower concentration. 8. The small solid particles can serve as carrier for christian micro­organisms and other infective agents and thereby spreading diseases. The accumulation of pollutants in air causes a number of disasters to the living world. Some important consequences of air pollution are as follows: Ozone layer present in the stratosphere strongly absorbs UV radiation of 220-203 nm and thereby protects life on earth from severe radiation damage.

But due to continuous and non- interrupted release of of My Waltz Essay chloroflurocarbons, oxides of nitrogen etc. by the civilised world, the ozone layer is constantly depleted. The reaction is medicated through a number of free radicals like CI + , CIO + , + OH etc. and a number of portent species like (O, NO, SO 2 NO 2 etc.) The mechanisms of some important reactions causing ozone depletion are given below. (i) Depletion through CFCs: Each CFC is capable of destroying 1 lakh of 0 3 molecules in chain reactions. It is also calculated that 1 kg of CFC can deplete 3.5 tonnes of ozone. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! (ii) Depletion through MO (Nitric oxide) Since residence time of NO in and dignity, atmosphere is longer, it is a potent agent causing depletion. (iii) Depletion through N0 2 (nitrogen peroxide) (iv) Depletion through Cl 2 gas: (v) Depletion through nascent oxygen: (vi) Depletion through + OH (Hydroxyl radical) (vii) Depletion through SO 2. (viii) Depletion through N 2 O (Nitrous oxide) Due to the depletion of ozone layer, the harmful solar radiations easily penetrate into the environment and cause the following detrimental effects: In the early sixties (1963) scientists have reported a large hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica where ozone level dropped by 30 per cent. The ozone hole covers an area as large as USA. CFCs were considered to be prime suspect for causing ozone depletion. It was also established that one molecule of CFC is capable of destroying 3 lakh ozone molecules. Subsequently a similar hole was discovered over the thickly populated northern hemisphere.

A study by NASA scientists (National Aeronautics and chronicles, Space Administration, USA) revealed that the area of ozone over of My Papa’s Waltz by Theodore Roethke Essay northern hemisphere decreased by 3 per cent between 1969 and 1986. Chronicles! The overall reduction in the O 3 layer is now estimated to be about 8 per cent. Under the respect, auspicies of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 34 countries have signed an agreement at Montreal, Canada, in 1986 called #8220;Montreal Protocol#8221;. Of Narnia! The scientists have agreed to reduce the production and use of The Transformations of Lady Macbeth CFCs upto 50 per cent by the year 1999. In a second meeting at Helsinki held in 1989, it was agreed upon a total phaseout of CFCs by of narnia 2000 A.D. Effects of Ozone Depletion: Due to the depletion of ozone layer in by Theodore Roethke Essay, the stratosphere, the harmful UV radiation will reach the surface of earth causing mass destruction. Some of the harmful effects of UV-radiation may be outlined as below: 1. Chronicles Christian! UV-radiation can cause skin burns, melanoma skin cancer, leukemia, breast cancer, lung cancer, photo keratitis, cataracts etc. 2. UV-radiation may damage the genetic material, DMA leading to mutation. 3. UV-radiation injures plant proteins and causes depletion of chlorophylls and mutations. Find Masseur! 4. The depletion of ozone layer will induce eye cancer in cattle.

5. The depletion of ozone layer leads to the loss of various plants from terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Christian! 6. It will reduce the crop productivity. The Transformations Of Lady Macbeth And Hamlet! 7. It will bring about significant changes in the climate. 8. Due to chronicles of narnia, depletion of ozone layer, UV-radiation may cause Green House effect changing the global energy. Protection of ozone layer: By protecting the ozone layer of the stratosphere, we can protect the human beings, all plants and animals, eco-system and finally biosphere from destruction. Some protective and controlling measures of ozone layer depletion may be outlined as given below: 1. The production and use of CFCs should be banned and their substitutes should be found out.

2. The use of plastic foam has to be boycotted. 3. Essay Life! The use of CFCs in aerosol, spray cans, egg crates etc. should be banned and available substitutes be used. 4. Suitable procedures should be adopted to recapture the CFCs released from the air-conditioner and refrigerator servicing units. 5. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! Stringent international and world, national laws are to chronicles christian, be promulgated to see that ozone layer remains intact without destruction. Mow the scientists are trying to Image Essay, phase out CFCs by injecting different alkanes (ethane, propane, etc.) into Antarctica Atmosphere. These alkanes are capable of capturing the chlorine radicals, responsible for ozone depletion obtained from CFCs. (i) It causes skin cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, eye cataracts etc. (ii) It causes damage of the genetic materials like DHA and RNA leading to mutations. Christian! (iii) It inhibits the protein synthesis and causes the depletion of The Evolution chlorophyll in plants. (iv) It induces eye cancer in cattle. (v) It reduces the crop productivity. The green house is that body which allows short wavelength solar radiation to chronicles, pass through it but does not allow the long wavelength infrared radiation to escape.

Due to rapid and unplanned industrialization the gases like CO 2 , chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methane (CH 4 ), nitrogen oxides (NO x ), ozone (O 3 )/etc. Find Masseur! accumulate in the atmosphere. The layer of these gases behave like wall of a green house and transmit short wave solar radiations but does not allow the longer wavelength heat radiation (infrared) to be reflected back into outer space. That is green house are transparent to solar radiation but not to heat radiation. Thus, the green house effect may be defined as the progressive warming up of the atmosphere at the surface of earth due to blanketing of infrared radiation from the earth#8217;s surface by christian the green house gases. (G.H. War 1 Propaganda Posters! gases) + hv (Solar radiation) > (G.H. Chronicles Of Narnia! gases) + hv (solar radiation) (G.H. gases) + hv 1 (infrared) > (G.H.gases) + The green house effect is based on principle of infrared absorption characteristic of gases. AH the green house gases are infrared sensitive.

It is seen that higher the concentration of green house gases, higher will be the magnitude of war 1 propaganda IR-radiation trapped and re-emitted back to earth#8217;s surface increasing the mean global temperature. The contribution of chronicles of narnia different gases inducing green house effect is as follows: The intensity of the effect increases in presence of dust, aerosols, etc. The green house effect was for the first time suggested by The Evolution J. Of Narnia Christian! Fourier (1827). This effect is also known as Global Warming or Carbon dioxide enrichment or atmospheric effect. Of My Papa’s! The green house effect was initially essential for chronicles of narnia christian colder climates to grow few plants in Self Image, winter, which require higher temperature for chronicles their growth and survival. But, now-a-days, it is seen that enrichment of green house inducing gases in the atmosphere also cause global warming because their concentration is far above the normal. The fundamental principles underlying green house effect are: (i) Absorption of infrared radiation by german propaganda the green house inducing gases, (ii) Re-emission back toward the earth surface which results in heat trap and increases the mean global temperature. Of Narnia Christian! Sources of green house gases: Some major sources of green house inducing gases may be described as given below: (i) CO 2 gas is released into the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gases etc.), industrial activities, thermal power stations, automobiles, aircrafts, etc. (ii) CFCs and halons are released during the operation of coolants and refrigerant, burning of plastic foam products and from spray cans. (iii) Methane (CH 4 ) gas is The Evolution of Women's Self Essay released from domestic waste and sewage. (iv) Reduction of ground cover and deforestation indirectly enrich CO 2 gas in the atmosphere. (v) Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is released to the atmosphere due to forest Fire, burning of grassland and of narnia christian, natural oil and bio-decomposition of nitrogenous fertilisers. (vi) The concentration of ozone in the atmosphere increases due to the formation of photo-chemical smog.

Effect of world war 1 german propaganda Green House Gases on Climate Change: A number of chronicles of narnia predictions have been made about the change in global climate due to green house effect. Respect! Some of these may be outlined as given below: 1. It is reported that between 1960 and 1986, the chronicles, average global level of CO 2 has increased by german 26 per cent (from 275 ppm to 346 ppm. and chronicles, this level may reach upto 550 ppm by the end of next century). Such an increase in CO 2 concentration will lead to an average increase in global temperature by The Evolution of Women's Image 1.5C to 4.5C. Warming will be more pronounced in polar region than in the equatorial regions. 2. Increase in temperature in of narnia christian, the poles will result in the melting of glaciers and propaganda, polar ice caps and raising of the level of sea water by about 1.5 metres. 3. Increase in temperature will evaporate terrestrial water content leading to shortage of of narnia christian drinking water. 4. Of My Papa’s Waltz! Increase in chronicles, temperature changes the war 1, rainfall pattern. Chronicles! 5. The snowing period will be reduced as a result of which the rate of decomposition of organic matter will increase. Effect on Agriculture: Global warming has significant impact on agricultural productivity. Some of these effects are discussed as given below.

1. Global warming will decrease in cereal production of the world due to reduction of soil moisture. However, the productivity may increase in the polar region. 2. The changes in climatic conditions may shift the cropping pattern. The Evolution Of Women's Image Essay! 3. An increase in chronicles, temperature will increase the rate of development of find masseur insect pests. Effect on Human Health: Global warming has significant effect on human health and human diseases: 1. It may favour spreading of diseases like malaria and filaria.

2. It may favour the breeding and growth of insect vectors. 3. It may favour the spreading of christian insect vectors from one latitude and altitude to other, thereby extending the boundaries of the diseases. Control of Analysis Papa’s Waltz by Theodore Green House Effect: In order to reduce the concentration of different green house gases including gases in the atmosphere and to cope with green house effect, the following strategies should be adopted : 1. Reduction in the consumption of fossil fuels drastically, 2. Increase of the efficiency of internal combustion engines used in automobiles so that the pollutants in the exhaust will be reduced. 3. Use of scrubbers to remove CO 2 from the of narnia, emissions of coal burning power plants and industries. 4. The Transformations Macbeth Essay! Methanol as a substitute to be used in chronicles of narnia christian, transport sector. 5. Use of biogas for domestic purposes, as conventional energy. 6. Use of unleaded petrol in vehicle. 7. Banning of the use of world war 1 Chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs). 8. Banning of of narnia christian deforestation. 9. Developing greeneries by undertaking massive afforestation programmes.

Smog is a combination of two words smoke and fog. The word smog was for the first time suggested by H. Respect! A. Vocus in 1905 but first came into limelight in Belgium in chronicles christian, 1930 as smoky fog. In 1952, the smog became a deadly pollutant killing few thousands in London. The Evolution Essay! Smoke is produced as a result of the chronicles of narnia, incomplete combustion of fuels. The smoke contains various gases and suspended particulate matter. In addition, another substance responsible for smog formation is dust. Dust is nothing but small particle of solid matter that can be carried in suspension.

Dusts are produced from forest fires, automobile exhaust, industrial combustion process, soil blowing by wind, ocean spray, mining areas, etc. Dust combines with smoke and The Evolution of Women's Essay, later with fog to produce #8216;smog#8217;, which appears in the form of cloudy layer in of narnia, the atmosphere. A thick cloud of smog is Image Essay produced where smoke instead of escaping, the area to outer atmosphere stays nearer to the surface due to temperature inversion. The smog is caused either due to the presence of chronicles of narnia oxidising pollutants or due to reducing pollutants. If the smog is caused due to world propaganda posters, oxidising pollutants, it is known as oxidising smog and chronicles, if it is caused due to reducing pollutants, it is known as reducing smog. Besides, the smog can also be classified according to its pollutant content or nature of the reactions shown by the pollutants or the source from which the pollutants are generated etc. Let us discuss various types of smogs and The Evolution of Women's Self, their characteristics: 1. Sulphurous Smog: It is a mixture of fog, smoke and chronicles, sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) gas.

This type of on school life smog was marked in London in 1952 where the smog prevailed for five days killing few thousands. The pollution was caused due to chronicles of narnia christian, sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) and smoke during temperature inversion. The effects were more severe in morning hours and became deadly after sunrise because of photo­chemical oxidation. The smog caused bronchitis, pneumonia, respiratory distress, and Analysis of My Papa’s by Theodore Essay, eye diseases. Since it is a mixture of reducing pollutants, it is also known as reducing smog. 2. Los Angeles Smog: Such type of smog was recorded at Los Angeles in 1944 and thereafter it#8217;s known as Los Angeles smog. It is christian a type of photo-chemical smog. The smog contains different compounds at different times of a day. In the morning, when nitric oxide (MO) is The Evolution Self Image Essay discharged from automobile exhausts build up and react with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) which is a yellowish brown gas with pungent and chocking odour. Since MO 2 gas produces a characteristic brown haze, the of narnia christian, cities where this type of smog predominates, are called brown air cities.

As the respect and dignity, sun rises, the UV-rays cause a rapid conversion of NO 2 to MO and chronicles, nascent oxygen atom. The peak is obtained in- between 10 A.M., and 4.00 P.M. The nascent oxygen atoms react with oxygen molecules of air to give Ozone (O 3 ), the concentration of which is maximum at find masseur around 10 A.M. The other highly reactive chemical forms are hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ), hydroxy radicals (OH) etc. The presence of oxides of nitrogen in chronicles, the environment induces the formation of other potent species like ozone (O 3 ), hydrogen. Peroxide (H 2 O 2 ), hydroxyl radical (HO + ), carbony radical (R CO + ), acetly peroxy radical (CH 3 COOO) + etc. The smog brings about a disaster in the living world possibly through the species like ozone, H 2 O 2 , hydroxyl radicals ( + OH), acetyl peroxy radicals, peroxy acyl nitrate (PAN), hydroperoxy radical etc.

The accumulation of find masseur oxides of nitrogen in the environment induces the formation of other potent species as per the given mechanism. NO 2 hv (traction) > NO + O. R- CO + + O 2 >R-CO O- O + (Acyl peroxy radical) R- CO O O + + NO 2 > R- COO NO 2 (Peroxy acyI nitrate) The formation of smog is highly destructive and influences both the of narnia, physiological and metabolic activities of Image living organisms#8217; some important effects of smog are discussed as given below: 1. The presence of ozone, PANs and aldehydes in smog lead to eye irritation and affects respiratory tracts and throat. Christian! 2. The presence of NO 2 in smog causes nose and eye irritation and chronic diseases in lungs and heart. Life! 3. The presence of chronicles of narnia christian PANs in smog causes extensive agricultural and forestry damage, such as damage to leave and stomatal tissues. Respect! 4. PANs cause dizziness and headache in man. 5. Smog includes early maturity of plants and hence induces senescence and reduces rate of photosynthesis. 6. Smog damages metals, paper, rubber and fabrics.

7. The particulate matters in smog induce lung cancer. 8. Ozone decolourises the paintings. The following are the methods to control smog: 1. The production of nitrogen oxide (NO x ) and hydro-carbon should be controlled which checks the production of ozone and PANs. 2. The process like incineration, absorption, adsorption and condensation should be employed to reduce the different harmful constituents of smog such as oxide of sulphur and chronicles of narnia christian, nitrogen, hydrocarbon, carbon-monoxide, dust etc. Essay! Now-a-days, one of the major consequences of environmental pollution is the acid rain. It has become serious threat to water bodies like ponds, rivers, lakes and reservoirs and also to the terrestrial eco-systems like grasslands and forests. Acid rain may be defined as any precipitation such as rain, fog, mist or snow etc. which is more acidic than the normal i.e. having a lower pH than that of normal rain water. Normal rain water means rainfall in absence of chronicles of narnia any major pollutants in air. The normal rain water is also slightly acidic (pH approximately 5.6) because the basal level of CO 2 gas present in the air can also be solubilised in rain water giving carbonic acid (H 2 CO 3 ), weak acid. However, when the atmospheric air is and dignity highly polluted containing the major pollutants like oxides of sulphur and nitrogen and halogen radicals, these pollutants react with water vapours or rain droplets to christian, form different types of strong acids like sulphuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ), nitric acid (HNO 3 ) and hydrochloric acid (HC1) which have grave environmental impact. Hence, acid rain means the presence of excessive strong acids in rain water which lowers the pH of water from normal.

The term acid rain was first referred by Robert Angus in 1872. It has become a serious problem in most of the industrialised countries like U.S.A., U.K., Germany, Norway, Sweden, Russia, Canada, etc. In India, it is also known that acid rain is destroying the german propaganda posters, greatest monument Taj Mahal in Agra. Here, the acid rain is caused due to Mathura Oil Refinery, an industry discharging a number of poisonous gases into chronicles of narnia christian the atmosphere. Acid rain is due to the presence of various pollutants like oxides of world german nitrogen, oxides of sulphur and halogen radicals or molecules in the atmosphere. These pollutants are discharged into the atmosphere by several natural processes and human activities. Natural phenomena like volcanic eruptions, forest fires, lightening, burning of fossil fuel, decomposition of organic matters etc release large quantities of these pollutants into the atmosphere. Human activities like burning of christian fuels, automobile exhausts, industries and smelting plants, thermal power plants, petroleum refineries etc. release large quantities of these pollutants into the atmosphere. After the release of the pollutants (oxides of sulphur and nitrogen and halogens) into the atmosphere, these can travel thousands of kilometres. The longer these stay in the atmosphere, the more likely these are to be oxidized into acids. Essay Life! The conversion of the pollutants into their corresponding acids are shown in the.

Equations given below: (a) Formation of Nitrogenous acids: (b) Formation of Sulphuric acid: (c) Formation of Hydrochloric acid: (d) Formation of christian carbon acid: All these acids with naturally occurring carbonic acid (H 2 CO 3 ) form acid rain with rain water and pH falls to 4,0, at of My Papa’s by Theodore times the pH can also fall to chronicles, 2.0. The concentration of of Women's these acids as well as the quantity of water in chronicles christian, which the acids are dissolved determines the respect, pH of rain water. Heavy rains are usually less acidic as there is relatively more water. On the chronicles of narnia christian, other hand, fogs and mists are more acidic as the acid molecules are dissolved in relatively little water. Acid rains create complex problems and their imports are far reaching. Some major impacts of acid rain on the eco-system are discussed below: 1. Acid rain increases the soil acidity affecting land flora and fauna. 2. It causes acidification of aquatic bodies which leads to the killing of aquatic plants and animals.

The increase in acidity also affects the metabolism, growth and development of aquatic organisms. 3. War 1 Posters! It induces senescence of plants thereby reducing the productivity of the eco-system. 4. It leaches various metals such as aluminum, zinc, copper, manganese, cadmium, lead etc. from the soil into aquatic bodies. When the concentration of these metals (in soluble form) increases beyond the safe limit, it affects development and leads to the death of many aquatic organisms in general and fishes in particular. 5. It corrodes buildings, monuments, statues, bridges, fences, railings etc. 6. Acid rain affected plants and animals are easily attacked by pathogens. 7. Christian! Diseases caused by bacteria and pathogens can be spread by acid rain water. 8. Acid rain may cause respiratory and skin diseases.

Some important air pollution disasters are given in Table 7.8. Acid rain can only be controlled by managing the source of pollution. Several control methods are adopted to manage acid rain. Some important control measures are as discussed below: 1. The aquatic bodies and farmlands should be periodically limed to neutralise the acidity due to acid rain. The Evolution Of Women's Self Essay! 2. Of Narnia! The fuels, devoid of sulphur or having low sulphur amount should be used to minimise the quantity of sulphur dioxide gas in the atmosphere. 3. The leakage of chlorine or its discharge should be stopped. 4. Life! The vehicular exhaust should be minimised by using control valves in of narnia christian, the outlet of the exhaust pipeline of the automobiles. 5. The Transformations! The scrubbers should be used to reduce the emission of SO 2 during coal burning. 6. SO 2 gas released is sprayed with water containing lime which precipitates SO 2 as calcium sulphate (CaSO 4 ). 7. Chronicles Of Narnia! General public awareness should be created regarding the ill effects of Analysis Papa’s Waltz Roethke environmental pollution and consequences of acid rain.

In view of the above detrimental impacts of air pollution on mankind, plants and vegetation, we have to adopt some control measures in order to reduce the level of air pollutants in environment. Some important control measures are as follows: (i) Pollution from domestic fire should be controlled to the house holder#8217;s use. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! Alternative methods of the fuels like smokeless chullah should be used in order to increase the fuel efficiency and reduce the emission of solid particulates. Essay! (ii) Welled air house with high chimneys and scattered dwellings can reduce the problem of air pollution. (iii) As the plants absorb mainly air polluting gases like CO 2 , there should be massive afforestation programme in industrial areas and chronicles, big cities. (iv) Setting of air quality standard for protection of environment and human health is highly essential. Ventilation and air-conditioning should be introduced. (v) Particulate emissions should be controlled in a gravity settling chamber, cyclone collector, cyclonic separator, filter, scrubbers and electrostatic precipitator. And Dignity! (vi) More and more flyovers, bridges, bylanes, footpaths for pedestrians, steamers and ferry launches and other modes of navigational metropolitans public transport systems should be developed with a view to minimize the usage of individual auto vehicles and thereby smoke emissions. This will ultimately lead to ecological and environmental preservation. (vii) More and more diesel multiple unit trains (DMU Trains) should be introduced in town area so that the of narnia, people#8217;s dependency on the individual and public road transport may be minimized. (viii) Environmental education and awareness programmes need to be institutionalized by Macbeth and Hamlet incorporating these in of narnia christian, the essential activities of essay life educational institutions. (ix) Use of unleaded petrol and diesel should be made compulsory. Chronicles Of Narnia! (x) Adequate legislation (Air Act) should be enacted to compel to control air pollution.

Severe punishment should be specified to the defaulters. (xi) The use and production of Analysis Papa’s Roethke CFCs should be banned with suitable substitute in order to check air pollution. (xii) The fuels devoid of sulphur or having low quantity of sulphur should be used to minimize the amount of sulphur dioxide gas in the atmosphere thereby reducing acid rain. (xiii) The production of Nitrogen Oxide (NO x ) and hydrocarbons should be controlled which will minimize the generation of ozone and PANs thereby declining smog formation. (xiv) The vehicular exhaust should be minimised by using control valves in the outlets of the exhaust pipeline of the automobile. Air quality shows a combination of the physical and chemical characteristics which makes air, an important resource for better existence of chronicles all living organisms including man. The physical characteristics are described by factors like temperature, density, moisture content and air movement in the troposphere. The chemical characteristics include the concentration of different gases and pollutants. Mainly the natural processes are responsible in altering the physical characteristics whereas changes in chemical characteristics are due to anthropogenic activities.

The emissions from automobiles, industries, agricultural processes etc. add a number of obnoxious gases which adversely affect the air quality and render it unfit for living organisms on The Transformations of Lady Macbeth Essay earth. It is, therefore, necessary to know to what extent the pollutant present in air can result in a situation in which the latter can be termed as polluted. The Pollution (Prevention and Control) Boards, of different countries have fixed standards for ambient air quality (in India under Air Act 1981) beyond which an ambient air can be considered as polluted. In India, the Air Act 1981 prescribes emission standards for many industries. Thus, air quality standards is chronicles of narnia a limit on the amounts of a given pollutant permitted in the air around us and emission standard signifies the maximum amount of pollutants those can discharged from find masseur, a specific point source. Till recently, limited, attention has been focused on vehicular pollution control in India.

The environment (Protection) Act, 1986 puts the responsibility of laying standards for vehicular emission to the Central and State pollution Control Boards so that standards can be incorporated in motor vehicle Acts and of narnia christian, Rules. Life! The ambient air quality standards of different primary pollutants are shown in of narnia, Table 7.9. The governments of of Women's Self Image Essay many countries have their legal standards for chronicles ambient air quality. The purpose of these standards is to reduce the pollutants to a certain level which would avoid undesirable effects. The prescribed standards may vary slightly from country to country depending upon their meteorological and geographical features and the population density. The air quality standards for United States of America are given in Table 7.10. and Analysis Papa’s Essay, 7.11.

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Custom Taipei essay paper writing service. Taipei is the capital city of Republic of China, which is generally known as Taiwan. Taipei is approximately 25 km; it is situated on the Tamsui River, along the Pacific Ocean. Taipei is a rapidly developing city, and chronicles of narnia it has become a metropolitan city with approximately 2,618,772 citizens. It is also worth noting that Taipei has played an important role in shaping the culture, economic and world war 1 german propaganda political systems of Taiwan. Thanks to chronicles christian the National Palace Museum, sculptures, paintings, drawings, and find masseur photographs among others, Taipei has become the center of Taiwan. In addition, such outstanding infrastructures as high speed rail, airports, bus line connection, railways, and highways have played one of the major roles in the development of Taipei economy. Nostalgic about their hometown, people who have departed from the Chinese mainland have remade Taipei to remind themselves of Shanghai. Chronicles Christian! This nostalgia is revealed through Taipei’s Chinese-style architecture and other forms of of Lady Macbeth and Hamlet Essay Chinese traditional culture that have almost vanished on the mainland. The architecture reflects the development of Taipei city and provides insights into Taiwan’s culture of the 20 th century as well as the Modernization of East Asia (Hsiau, 2005). This includes the relationships between China, Taiwan, and Japan.

The periods from 1887 to 1925 and from 1945 to 1975 have played an chronicles of narnia important role in the development of respect Taipei city, during which the city moved through different kinds of cultural influence. This paper will critically review the city of Taipei, its development, and chronicles christian the ways how people who departed from the Chinese mainland have changed the world propaganda city so that it would remind them of Shanghai. The evidence in chronicles christian, this paper will be supported by Taipei’s Chinese-style architecture, traditional culture, drawings and music along with other credible evidence. Chronological Transitions of Taipei City. Taipei city remains a unique town both in East Asia and of Lady Macbeth and Hamlet Essay the world in of narnia, general.

This uniqueness of the city is a result of the influence of The Evolution of Women's Self various cultural waves that are evident in the city. Among these various cultures that have had a great influence on the city are the chronicles of narnia late imperial Chinese rule, the Japanese colonizing filter with modern aspects, and American internalization. The most recent trends are the cosmopolitanism of global and local cultures (Harell, 1994). These cultural changes have somehow erased some authentic features, although the The Evolution Image Essay principal features have remained unchanged. As a result, there have appeared mixtures of various cultural trends. This cultural diversity is evident in many areas of chronicles Taipei city, the landscape being only one of its most vivid manifestations. The cultural changes in Taipei city can be observed by viewing chronological transitions in the city’s constructions and buildings. Various processes are very important in the contemporary city landscape, including the construction of the city wall similar to the patterns of settlement in the Taipei basin during the imperial Chinese rule in comparison with the planning of german propaganda traditional Chinese cities.

The destruction of the wall by chronicles, the Japanese reflects earlier patterns of Modernization in Tokyo and indicates the twentieth century changes of Urban China (Winckler, 1994). The Japanese colonization caused a great number of changes in the city. In 1950, after the Japanese occupation, the Chinese population immigration started, which resulted in war 1 propaganda, subsequent sinicization of the city houses and streets. The city gates were later changed from structural passages to cultural monuments, which were also used to display political power. When the KMT came into power, they refurbished the gates. They built the upper half of the gates in chronicles of narnia christian, the northern palace style, which they felt looked more Chinese (Chun-chieh, p. 61). Table 1. The development of the urban competitiveness of Taipei. Early Chinese immigration. Traditional Chinese culture. As the fringe of Mainland Chinese culture.

Japanese colonization period (1894-1945) The Sino-Japanese War of 1894, the Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895, and 1945 Japan’s surrender after the WWII. Exportation of agricultural products. Colonial culture of Japanese empire. Culture as a symbol of colonial authority. 1949 Taiwan Martial Law executed, 1950 Korea War, 1960 Vietnam War, 1970 the Movement of Waltz by Theodore Roethke guarding the Tiaoyutai Islets,1971 R.O.C. Chronicles! Resigned from UN, 1979 the cessation of the formal diplomatic relation between US and Taiwan. Authoritative government controlled society. Promotion of traditional Chinese culture to against the Culture Revolution of PRC.

Culture as an world propaganda posters ideology of the chronicles of narnia nation state, as the. symbol of political confrontation. 1987 Taiwan Martial Law ceased, 1995 Plan of Asia Pacific Regional Operation Centers, 1999 the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won the presidential election and took over the office. Global capitalism society. A boost of essay on school life Commodity culture and Pop culture, recognition and rethinking of culture development, knowledge economy, creative industries. From culture as leisure activities to developed culture industries of culture economy. Sources: Culture Development Committee. Christian! (2000). Statistic Bureau, Administration Yuan, 1996, Tsao, 2002, Lin, 2001, Bureau of Tourism, 2002.

The architecture of The Transformations and Hamlet Essay Taipei is similar in many ways to christian the standard models of China cities as suggested by F. W. Mote in his analysis of Nanjing. The planning of the administrative city with the of My Waltz by Theodore Roethke Essay governmental center surrounded by a grid of streets, all enveloped by a wall creating a square shape is a model typical of some major cities in China, such as Beijing and christian Chang’an (Griffiths, 1995). Another form of construction in the city is a contrast with the administrative center, where the design of the city is determined by the local physical and cultural geography, which often include river and trade routes. A combination of the two models is also another pattern of Chinese city models, where the administrative city plan allows for various accommodations. The Early Taipei City Plan.

Taipei city was established when there appeared a need to create an administrative center that would be an organic market. Of My Papa’s Waltz By Theodore Roethke! Then, the Qing dynasty established a prefecture in chronicles of narnia christian, northern Taiwan in 1875, and The Transformations of Lady Essay later, the Taiwan province in 1886. Chronicles! The city wall was completed in and dignity, 1884, and of narnia was ready in 1886. On School! It served as a temporary center for the new provincial government. That period of of narnia christian time was very crucial to essay on school life the development of the city. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! The capital area was sparsely populated, since the Chinese only began to settle in the Taipei basin in the 18 th century. The building of this provincial center was late in the Chinese history and the settlement area was relatively undeveloped. Two towns had already been built in the Taipei basin when the provincial capital was coming up, one being the german posters Mengjia area and the other being the chronicles of narnia christian commercial area of Dadaocheng (Lin, 2001). Sub-ethnic tensions existed between the two commercial towns that situated along the Tamsui river, and a stretch of two kilometers of undeveloped land was left to separate them. The Taipei administrative center was placed between the The Transformations Essay two, in the area with no settlements. The Imperial government felt that they would neutralize the rivalry between the chronicles two groups and help bring them together.

The location of the city provided for a square shape and grid streets and avenues to connect the spaced city gates. The city also allowed for and dignity enough market places inside the city, although the chronicles christian city was relatively empty inside its walls. Taipei city has a variety of tourist attractions including memorials, museums, and halls. And Hamlet Essay! The National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall is a unique structure on the eastern side of the Memorial Hall Square, the National theatre and the National Concert Hall with nearby luxurious parks. Chronicles! The famous monument is a landmark and a tourist attraction that was constructed in honor of the former China president, Chiang Kai-shek. The National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is another important structure established in honor of one of the most important founding presidents of the Republic of essay China (Chiang Hsieh, 2002). The exhibits in the Hall formerly displayed revolutionary events of the founding fathers in the Qing dynasty, but its function later shifted to chronicles christian a cultural, educational, and social center of the Taiwanese republic. Table 2. Major international tourist spots and related culture industries in Taipei. Type of The Evolution of Women's Self Essay capital.

Patterns Of Landscape. Yang-ming-shan National Park. Hotel, Gardening, Restaurant, Bathhouse, Sports. Special meals, Gardening Design, Local gourmets, Crafts, Souvenirs, CD, VCD. A national park in capital city, 40% area in Taipei city, volcanic landscapes, rich ecological variations and hot springs. National Palace Museum. A cluster of buildings. Antiques, replicas, souvenirs, crafts. Antiques shifted from Nan-jing, Mainland China, traditional Chinese architecture, the richest treasure of chronicles Chinese culture in the world, an important museum of Chinese culture study. A cluster of buildings.

Crafts, Local gourmets, Fortune telling. Religious activities and rituals, religious center of Taiwanese, heritage tour. A cluster of buildings. In memorial of the of Women's soldiers in World War I and II, Chinese architecture. CKS Memorial Hall (National Opera House and National Concert Hall) Art, Travel , Publication. Souvenirs, CD, VCD. A Memorial Hall to of narnia CKS, the Opera House and Concert Hall are the largest performance halls and have the most shows in Taiwan, in the style of traditional Chinese architecture. Hsin-men pedestrian district. Recreation. Design, Publication, Movie.

Fashions and apparels, Movies, CD, VCD. The first commercial pedestrian district in Taiwan, one of the origin of youth culture, a place clustered of cinemas. On numerous streets. Popular commodities, Local gourmets, Crafts. 12 streets of night markets, commercial streets of vendors, consuming products in urban informal sectors. Source: Council of Cultural Affairs. (2000). The 2000 Cultural Statistic. The period between 1895 and 1945 was marked by the Japanese expansion into Taiwan. Thus, resinification was necessary. The post-1945 phase was a corrective one and was meant to take the city back to its proper culture.

In Taipei, people were willing to see their local culture. This is evident in all aspects of the of Lady Macbeth and Hamlet city, from politics to renaming of museums, halls and streets, and the widespread commercialization of local culture in Taipei (Chiang Hsieh, 2002). Another outstanding structure in chronicles of narnia, the city is the National Palace Museum, which serves as a Museum as well as an art gallery. On School! In the museum, there is a group of permanent ancient Chinese artifacts, and of narnia the museum is named after the Palace Museum in Waltz by Theodore Roethke Essay, Beijing. The National Museum hosts not only one of the largest collections of ancient Chinese artifacts, but it also exhibits other international collections. This is christian, a landmark skyscraper with 101 floors. When it was opened, it was the world’s tallest building (2004).

Taipei city is famous for performing arts and has a number of concert venues including the Concert Hall and the National Theater, the Sun Yat-sen Hall, and Zhongshan Hall. There are local performers as well as foreign ones (Chiang Hsieh, 2002). Religion in Taipei. The city is rich in beautiful temples structured under Southern Chinese influences typical of older Taiwan buildings. The most common religions are Buddhism, Taoist, and Chinese folk religion.

Traditional Medicine in Taipei. Chinese traditional medicine is an important aspect of Taiwan culture as well as Taipei. People’s trust in this form of medicine is life, supported by the fact that it deals not only with diseases, but it also helps to maintain health. Chinese medicine is popular in Taipei and lays emphasis on preventing and chronicles christian curing diseases. This is achieved through a proper diet, emotional equanimity, and appropriate exercise. Among the most popular methods of Chinese medicine in Taipei city are the essay on school following ones: Acupuncture. Chronicles Of Narnia! Acupuncture is a form of complementary medicine that has been there for ages in posters, the world and has its origin in chronicles of narnia christian, China. It involves insertion of needles into german, different special acupuncture points and is aimed at restoring and maintaining the patient’s health by stimulating specific points of the body by means of various techniques. It has been proved that acupuncture can be used to treat a number of medical conditions (Foley, 2000)

According to traditional complementary medicine, health is attained by maintaining the body in a balanced state. Any imbalance in of narnia, the body is a cause of Analysis of My Papa’s Waltz pain. Acupuncture works by relieving pressure, redirecting energy, and promoting healing. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! Thereby, it balances negative and positive forces in the body. It has been established that acupuncture has been used to of Women's reduce pain and of narnia christian is being widely practiced by health practitioners to relieve or prevent pain in various conditions (Foley, 2000). Mind-Body Medicine. Meditation is find masseur, said to bring about changes in chronicles, pain behaviors awareness.

This therapy enables an individual to understand their normal cognitive and emotional reactions to Macbeth Essay pain and chronicles allows them to essay on school adjust to more adaptive reactions (Foley, 2000). This change in cognitive and emotional processing away from habitual distress is related to better coping mechanisms, improved self-efficacy, and general alienation from stress. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! The feeling of relaxation that accompanies the meditation process is also another mechanism for dealing with pain and is often the aim of concentrative meditation techniques. Hypnotherapy. Hypnosis is world german propaganda posters, a trance similar to a state of mind where one is calmer, more focused, relaxed, and open to suggestions. Pain sensations and the disturbance of of narnia christian pain are decreased by the type of information passed on war 1 german posters to the brain (Foley, 2000). Manual Therapies. Massage therapy. Three theories explain the analgesic effects of massage as a pain therapy: restorative sleep hypothesis, gate theory, and the serotonin hypothesis. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! The restorative sleep hypothesis suggests that due to the fact that the neurotransmitter associated with pain is not transmitted in deep sleep, promoting sleep through massage inhibits the release of this substance and pain (Dillard, 2003).

The Gate theory suggests that since pressure receptors are more myelinated and longer than pain receptors, massage will stimulate pressure signals that will be transmitted faster and close the gate for pain signals. The serotonin hypothesis maintains that massage increases serotonin levels, which is Analysis Papa’s Roethke Essay, believed to modulate the pain control system. Spinal manipulation and mobilization involves moving and placing a joint within or beyond the normal position. Spinal manipulation allows improved spinal movement that supports intervertebral disks and joint cartilage. Movement therapy is chronicles of narnia christian, another form of posters systematic movement of the body such as exercises that have also been used for centuries to promote mental and physical balances. Homeopathy. The key premise in homeopathy is that every individual has an chronicles of narnia christian inherent energy or a self-healing mechanism.

Health problems such as pain may develop when the human energy is imbalanced. Respect And Dignity! The goal of homeopathy is the use of remedies that stimulate a person’s healing response. The basis of this therapy is the law of the “like cures like” principle. The theory suggests that if a certain substance in large doses can stimulate a response in a healthy person, smaller doses of the same substance can treat symptoms in a sick person. A homeopathy practitioner will therefore provide a smaller amount of the same substance that caused the symptoms to stimulate the healing response (Dillard, 2003). Indigenous Medical Systems. Many forms of traditional Chinese medicine are also common in the management of of narnia christian health in Taipei.

These traditional medical systems have been used as a source of health care around the globe for many centuries. Natural substances especially plants have been used by Chinese indigenous cultures to promote healing or alleviate pain (Foley, 2000). Nutritional Approaches. These can involve a change in diet or the use of dietary supplements such as vitamins, minerals, and other substances. These approaches prevent pain or act by promoting pain relief and inflammation as a form of the pain management strategy. Analysis By Theodore Essay! Manipulating a diet may influence pain perception and inflammation. Chronicles! Essential fatty acids play different roles in the body including the regulation of The Evolution immune and of narnia inflammatory responses (Dillard, 2003). Vitamins and minerals have a therapeutic effect, while enzymes influence chemical reactions some of which are pain inhibiting. Taipei diets are rich in nutritional value and play an important role in health promotion and disease management. The city holds annual festive events that reflect Chinese culture. Find Masseur! The Taipei Hot Spring Association sponsors the Taipei Hot Springs Season to attract tourists to chronicles of narnia christian numerous spring activities available for recreation.

The activities that take place during this season include cultural tours, a hot spring travel exhibition, a Nakashi music contest, health workshops, and health expo. Yangmingshan Flower Festival. Cherry trees blossom in the Yangmingshan National Park forests from February to by Theodore Roethke April each year. Chronicles Christian! The city continues to celebrate this season and the popularity of the and dignity blossoms has encouraged many families to plant cherry trees in their gardens. The festival is divided into three phases depending on the blossoming of cherry trees. The city has several traditional temples representing various religions practiced by people, the main ones being Taoist, Buddhism, and christian Confucianism. The city operates 24 hours, since it is The Transformations of Lady Macbeth and Hamlet Essay, a commercial center rich in information and media resources. Taipei Food Industry. The people of Taipei view eating as a way of nourishing their bodies.

They also perceive the eating process as an of narnia opportunity to spend time together with people they love. The view of respect many tourists is that Taipei is one of the world’s most recognizable culinary museums. There are a lot of traditional dishes that are associated with celebrations and festivals. Taipei dishes originate from chronicles of narnia christian, diverse sources and have been there for a long time. In fact, most Taipei foods can trace their sources back to aboriginal times (Lin, 2001).

The influence of The Transformations Macbeth and Hamlet Chinese culture is christian, also evident in Taipei food, mainly due to the fact that a great number of Chinese immigrants have come to the city. However, there are recognizable traces of other Asian immigrants such as the Filipinos, Thais, and Vietnamese, as well as the Japanese and Portuguese. The geographical location of the city also has a great influence on The Evolution Image local dishes. Its location makes it easier to access a great variety of vegetables, fruits, seafood, and chronicles of narnia christian meats. Most foods in Taipei are quite exotic and have great orientation towards Chinese culture, since it is the major culture influencing many aspects of life in the city. People also eat their meals and snacks with Chinese tea or juice. Tea in Taipei is enjoyed in a very special way and various arts are present in the tea culture such as incense and flower arts. The food culture of a country is one of the most important things that shape its identity to a great extent and is one way to get to essay life know a certain nation. The local influence is mainly connected with seafood, and seafood dishes remain popular till present. Chronicles Of Narnia Christian! Some of the most popular dishes include Oyster Vermiceli and oyster omelet, which are made with several spices and local leaves. Lack of beef dishes is the main distinct characteristic of Taipei food.

In fact, beef is not common in most Taiwanese foods. Instead, meat dishes have pork as a common ingredient. One popular way of serving is stewed pork with rice. Bah-uan is another popular pork dish. It is made by filling a dumpling with meat which is mixed with chopped mushrooms and young bamboo shoots. Then dough is made by starch from sweet potatoes, which make the dish very sweet.

Like in any other city, Taipei foods are served in restaurants and other small eating establishments. These street servings present a better picture of the local food culture. These foods are generally referred to as xiao-chi. Although they are not served elegantly, the foods are full of original flavors characteristic of Taipei (Lin, 2001). The staple food in Taipei is world propaganda, dumplings and chronicles of narnia they can be prepared in soups, stews or in their plain form. They take different forms and flavors such as steamed buns or sauce that is mixed with many other natural additives. Taipei cuisine is rich in seafood and an array of The Transformations Macbeth and Hamlet livestock. Fishing and chronicles christian hunting are still common in the city, and world german this has led to popular motorcycle auctions of of narnia christian red meats, vegetables, fruits, seafood and poultry. Since the ingredients are easily available, local Taipei people do not find it difficult to prepare traditional foods. The major influence on the current Taipei cuisine is early Chinese settlements, and especially seafood. The introduction of Hakka dishes also exerted some influence on the local culture, though a great similarity exists between their aromas and find masseur flavors.

These foods are not only prepared in chronicles christian, restaurants, but also in their homes. Xiao chi has 8 basic ingredients. Poultry. And Dignity! These could be either ducks or chicken dishes. The most popular dishes are chicken steamed in wine, stewed chicken in Chinese herbs, steamed chicken streams with wine, roast duck, boiled and salted duck, and chronicles smoked and marinated duck.

Seafood. This is the second basic ingredient and respect and dignity it includes oyster vermicelli, grilled marinated squid, oyster omelet, milkfish porridge and mangrove crab. Rice and noodles make the third basic ingredient in Taipei cuisine. This could be Nantou noodles, stuffed flour dumplings, and oyster vermicelli noodles. Meat makes the fourth basic ingredient and includes cow viscera, pork, sticky rice and dumplings stuffed with meatballs. These meats are very popular in Taipei and are mostly salted, stewed or steamed. Pastries are also basic in Taipei foods including rice balls, dumplings and salty pie. Beverages complete Taipei cuisine and they include pounded tea, pearl milk tea and sugarcane juice, mostly Chinese. Taipei’s economy is largely driven by culture industries.

The top five production values within culture-related industries come from restaurants, building, publication, advertisement and broadcast industries. Workers from these five industries represent 12.3 % of all employees in Taipei city. The success of the restaurant industry is largely dependent on Chinese dishes served in Taipei and the eating and drinking culture of Taipei. The building industry is driven by early models of real estate and the concept of buildings reflecting a social status. Christian! The publishing industry develops from the culture of the city, which yields from the city’s emphasis on education and learning. The broadcast industry prevails due to the freedom that resulted after the Taiwan martial law had ceased to act. The art industry promoted the prosperity of the city (Griffiths, 1995). Taipei city has several scenery spots including the Yang-ming-shan National Park, which has unique cultural nature because of its natural resources and the farming activities of local residents. The city’s most important museum, the find masseur National Palace Museum, contains numerous historical art treasures, documents of Chinese culture, and chronicles christian other important artifacts. It is considered one of the best museums in the world (Hsiau, 2005).

Another important historical site is the The Transformations of Lady Macbeth Essay Taoist religion center, Lung-shan temple. Each historical site is unique and of narnia symbolizes different things. Martyrs Shine is a historical landscape established as a memorial hall for soldiers, and The Transformations of Lady and Hamlet Essay it holds political meaning. Chinag Kieh-Shek Memorial Hall, on the other hand, attracts tourists because of its cultural facilities (Opera House and Concert Hall) and traditional Chinese architecture. Christian! Hsih-men-ding is a commercial spot with popular culture located in a highly populated and find masseur shopping district. Another important aspect in chronicles of narnia christian, Taipei is the commercial sphere which is developed by night markets carried out by vendors and street stores in the peripheral part of the find masseur city. Strong cultural characteristics and fascinating sights in these places attract tourists from all over the world. Christian! As a result, these strong cultural characteristics facilitate further economic development (Tsao, 2002).

In Hsih-men-ding, a pedestrian district with many shopping stores, a great number of goods from Japan, the U.K., and other parts of the world are stalked and sold to locals and tourists. However, the district does not rank as a favorite tourist spot, since the creativity and uniqueness of The Evolution of Women's Self Essay commodities has a great influence on their economic value (Tsao, 2002). Tourists also find the Martyr’s Shrine rather serious and it also comes behind other culture-related areas in tourist favoritism. This means that the more culture commodities and chronicles culture industries a place has, the more attractive it is. The symbolism of the above places creates economic value for the city. For example, the Yang-ming-shan in world war 1 german, Yang-ming-shan National Park has a symbolic meaning. As a result, the mountain attracts a lot of tourists from all over the world to celebrate their special occasions. The prices of antiques from the National Museum are higher than those from other places, and the only addition is a mere label of “National Palace Museum”. Visitors find the quality of performances at the Concert Memorial Hall of chronicles of narnia CKS Memorial hall higher than those played in other places, even though they might be given by the same players (Lin, 2001). The Lung-shan temple is built on religious culture, and it attracts visitors all the year round. The products from the temple are sold at Analysis Roethke, higher prices and chronicles of narnia attract more buyers than those from other temples.

Vendors in night markets make better sales due to world the unique landscape, despite the fact that other stores sell similar products. The most popular recreational activity is karaoke, which is of narnia christian, drawn from Japanese culture. Hot springs have also become common since 1999. War 1 Posters! The most popular sport in the city is baseball. Cram School Culture. The cram school culture that is very common in many Asian nations is also common in Taipei schools. This form of classes deals with preparing students for examinations and it is common in chronicles of narnia christian, all institutions, since the culture measures merit by testing. The people of Taipei speak both Taiwanese and Mandarin Chinese. Though Mandarin is taught in life, schools, the two languages are equally important.

Hakka immigrants still speak their native language, as do other Taiwan natives in the city though most of chronicles of narnia christian them can speak Mandarin and propaganda posters Taiwanese. However, English is also taught in schools. Music in of narnia, Taipei. Traditional folk dances are common in The Evolution of Women's Self Image Essay, Taipei, and are often performed together with street music. It was initially associated with street begging, though the view changed in the post-war era when street musicians joined night time vendors to deal with problems of unemployment.

During the martial law period, there was a general decline in grassroots and spontaneous street music. However, the need for competition in a globalized economy contributed to the integration of street music into street art. The resulting aesthetic landscape and of narnia “soundscape” makes the city more charming and accessible. Street music improves the beauty of the war 1 german propaganda posters city, as asserted by the Taipei city government as well as destigmatizing street musicians and street vendors. Christian! Street music is common at weekends in the main commercial and leisure districts of Taipei city where many people come to relax. The government has made great effort to make street music an aesthetic feature of the city. Many theaters, concert halls, and of Women's Essay exhibition halls have been reopened in order to remap the christian culture of Taipei (Hsiau, 2005). By doing so, the government have sought ways to create a new positive image of street life, as well as promote art. As you go down the streets of the city, you can often enjoy the sound of sweet melodies flowing from of My Papa’s by Theodore Roethke, various stores. This transforms life in the city at the time of performance, and both the chronicles of narnia audience and the performer share a moment or interaction. In traditional Taiwan, folk music originate from mainland China and was mainly performed after work when people sat in a community square to listen to music.

This usually creates a joyful atmosphere even after a hard day’s work. Street music was an important part of folk life and also served as a means of earning a living. Currently, street music is mostly performed during weekends in Taipei and usually in certain areas. Taipei city remains one of the most unique cities in the world. Its style is unique because of its architecture, festivals, landscapes, culture, and arts.

The charming nature of the city makes it popular not only with locals, but also with tourists. The charm is brought out by commercial and residential activities, night market activities, the 24 hour stores, and the exciting serene landscape of the city. This extraordinary urban lifestyle is a peculiar feature that makes Taipei such a unique city. Do you want to get an. Get a generous discount on the original paper on respect and dignity this topic.