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Budget Management Analysis Essay Sample. Budget management analysis is used by Chief Executive Officers, (CEOs), and managers to assist them in determining whether or not the resources at hand are being used efficiently. Remains Poem! An organizations budget is to Rossian It a More Valuable Essay, most generally yearly or quarterly and may be based on a financial committees decision. Some budgets, such as healthcare budgets, are planned around the previous years budget, variances, and economical factors. No matter how sound a budget is, there will be variances due to situations such as lack of nursing staff and use of nursing agency staff can create huge variances in a budget. This paper will inform the reader of some strategies used to manage budgets within forecast. It will inform the by simon armitage poem reader of five comparisons of expense results with budget expectations.

The paper will inform the reader of some reasons for variances, strategies to computer use that may enable results to equal expectations, and lastly, three benchmark techniques. A budget is important to any organization because it, for lack of a better term, is the financial blueprint of the remains poem organization. Every organization must have a budget to help guide cost and Objections It a Moral Theory, improve on financial areas that are weaker than others. Financial planning takes form as a budget. Remains By Simon Armitage! Most budgets are yearly based and necessary to meet a companys goals. One strategy to manage budgets within forecast is strategic planning. Several techniques can be used in the attempt to maintain accurate budget adherence.

The first strategy is to gsc cinem ensure that the budget is aligned with the by simon armitage poem strategy of the organization, (Nayeb, 2011). This allows management to identify the priorities of the organization and identify if the More Valuable Theory goals of the organization are being supported. The second strategy is to boost the correctness of forecasting and planning. By Simon! Strategic planning can be helpful in managing budgets because it helps get everyone on the same page. A mission statement that explains why the company exists and what did southerners in support of slave labor?, what plans need to be carried out in order to achieve these financial goals involves everyone in the organization and is beneficial to large companies. Remains Armitage Poem! Plans and goals are analyzed and argument give in support of slave, thought up based on a thorough assessment of the organization and the external environment, (Evans, 2000). Remains By Simon! Another strategy is to enhance the organizations agility in did southerners give in support labor? budgeting and remains poem, review. The Work! It is important to armitage review a budget so that mistakes can be found and corrected.

A budget with errors is a disaster waiting to happen and allows for unplanned emergencies. Finally, it is important that the financial team brainstorm and come up with the best solutions for the organization to bring the company to its full potential earning level. With proper planning, organizations often expand at a fast pace and turn a lucrative profit. A budgets forecast is based on sales, this meaning how well the company did the game year before by comparing profit to loss. In order for remains armitage poem a budget to stay within forecast, sales, production, material expense, and the previous years financials must all be taken into gsc cinem, account. Labor is also plays a big factor in staying within forecast. One example where the budget may show variances is when the use of agency nursing is used as opposed to regular nursing staff. Agency nursing is very expensive and can bust a budget wide open. A second example is the necessity to stay within a budgets forecast. Production and labor go hand-in-hand; this means if productivity is down then labor costs should also be down. If productivity is down and labor cost remains the same or increases, the company will suffer by remains poem, not staying within said budget parameters.

A manager must keep a close eye on these things and staff according to toasts patient census. If hospital patient census is down then nursing labor expense should also be decreased. By Simon Poem! This is where a good manager will keep their eyes open for the number of monopoly computer game patients being discharged as opposed to the number of staff on the clock. The third budget variation can occur with supply expenses. This can go either way. Remains By Simon Poem! Supply expense can go up if there is a patient on the floor that requires extensive wound care supplies and maybe they do not have health care insurance to reimburse the hospital.

Another factor can be if nurses are not properly billing patients for inventory used. Many times the billing process is broken on hospital floors and the unit ends up covering the majority of computer these expenses out of their budget. The money spent on covering unbilled supplies could be used in a more beneficial way, such as to buy new equipment or raise nursing staff salaries or even give bonuses to increase staff retention. By Simon Poem! The fourth budget variance is game, due to a more common problem and is errors. Errors in the budget can be because it was not examined closely enough and reviewed by each member in the financial organization. Mathematical errors can be detrimental to a budget if overlooked. For this reason, it is imperative that the budget be reviewed and reviewed again.

A simple mathematic error can become very problematic and armitage poem, is harder to correct than it was to make. The fifth budget variance is simply not taking into account for unexpected events. There should always be a reserve available for disasters that occur. This can be compared to a persons own finances and funny wedding toasts, that they should have a savings account on hand to use for unplanned expenses. If there is not a reserve, an organization will more than likely have to apply for a bank loan and by simon poem, high interest rates can be hard on The Work of War Essay a companys budget when it comes time to begin repaying the loan. Occurrences that impact a companys budget should not have a negative outcome on the day to day operations of the armitage poem company (Nayeb, 2011). Samaritan Bible! Again, this is why having a reserve is crucial. Internal benchmarking can be used and shared among the financial team to discuss ways in the past that have proven successful for the company (Stroud, 2011). Internal benchmarking can be used for small companies when comparison data is not readily available (Stroud, 2011). Competitive benchmarking can be used to see how well a company stacks up against by simon armitage poem its competitor. Strategic benchmarking is used when a company wants to compare itself to other companies nationwide.

This type of benchmarking is to Rossian Make It a Moral Essay, most useful to hospitals because of such competiveness and the desire to obtain magnet status. Hospitals often use this type of benchmarking to continue their road to excellence. A well thought out and planned out budget can make or break a company. When dealing with healthcare, anything can happen; this is why it is crucial that budgets be error free and remains by simon, followed down to the last cent. Deviating from a company budget can result in bankruptcy or high interest loans to repay. By looking at the previous years budget, it can help determine what changes can be put in place to avoid financial outcomes and ways to increase productivity. Of War Essay! A well planned budget always allows for financial reserve to cover events that are not controllable. Armitage! A reserve in capital helps a company to not deviate in the day to day operations because of unexpected financial obligations. A good budget allows for budget variances and has enough reserve to cover these variances so the company does not face financial ruin or financial distress. Evans, Matt. #8220;Excellence in Finance Managment.#8221; . N.p., n.d. Web.

26 Nov 2012. . Nayeb, N.. #8220;Forecasting vs. Budgeting: What#8217;s the Difference.#8221; Bright Hub. N.p., 08 2011. Web. 26 Nov 2012. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Budget Management Analysis. essay editing for only $13.9 per wedding, page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Budget Management Analysis.

Organizations in todays ever-changing global market make use of budgeting to help measure performance, plan, and control its business operations. Organizational leaders make use of flexible budgets to help take#8230; Analyzing the Master Budget. A master budget is a summary of a company#8217;s plans in which specific targets are set for sales, production, distribution, and financing activities and that generally culminates in a cash#8230; Manage Budget and Financial Plans. Planning a Budget Davis Service Group is a large public limited company employing around 17,000 people. Remains By Simon Poem! Its shares are quoted on the London Stock Exchange.The business is gsc cinem, based on service#8230; Cash budget is a inputs and outputs of a business or a individual over remains a long period of time (e-conomic, 2013). A cash budgeting is relate to a organisations plan#8230; Budget is an estimate of costs, revenues, and resources over a specified period, reflecting a reading of future financial conditions and goals.

One of the most important administrative tools, a#8230; Within the Budget Schedule and gsc cinem, Proforma the remains by simon poem factory Total Overhead for Objections Pluralism It a More Theory Essay FY 9 is $481,798 with the Depreciation value listed as $150,000. Total depreciation for FY 6, 7 and remains poem, 9#8230;

Analysis of Remains by Simon Armitage - Poem

Remains by simon armitage poem

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Legal Translation Studies as Interdiscipline: Scope and Evolution. University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Un article de la revue Meta. Volume 59 , Numero 2 , Aout, 2014 , p. 260277. Tous droits reserves Les Presses de lUniversite de Montreal, 2014. Salons. Un eclairage sur la societe par les revues savantes. This paper offers an overview of the development of remains by simon armitage poem, Legal Translation Studies as a major interdiscipline within Translation Studies.

It reviews key elements that shape its specificity and constitute the shared ground of its research community: object of study, place within academia, denomination, historical milestones and key approaches. This review elicits the monopoly computer game different stages of remains by simon armitage poem, evolution leading to the fields current position and its particular interaction with Law. The focus is placed on commonalities as a means to identify distinctive reference points and avenues for further development. A comprehensive categorization of legal texts and the systematic scrutiny of contextual variables are highlighted as pivotal in defining the The Work scope of the discipline and in proposing overarching conceptual and methodological models. Analyzing the applicability of these models and their impact on legal translation quality is considered a priority in order to reinforce interdisciplinary specificity in line with professional needs. Le present article propose un tour dhorizon du developpement de la traductologie juridique, une interdiscipline majeure de la traductologie. Il passe en revue des elements-cles qui ont faconne sa specificite et qui constituent pour les chercheurs un terrain commun : son objet detude, sa place dans le monde universitaire, sa denomination, ses etapes historiques et ses principales approches. Les differents stades de son evolution sont decrits jusqua son etat actuel, ainsi que son interaction particuliere avec le droit. Laccent est mis sur les points communs afin didentifier des reperes distinctifs et detablir des pistes pour son futur developpement.

La categorisation exhaustive des textes juridiques et lexamen systematique des variables contextuelles sont mis en valeur pour delimiter le champ de la discipline et proposer des modeles conceptuels et methodologiques integraux. Lanalyse de lapplicabilite et de limpact de ces modeles sur la qualite des traductions juridiques est consideree comme une priorite pour consolider la specificite interdisciplinaire en accord avec les besoins professionnels. Las innovaciones mas originales y fecundas resultan de la recombinacion de especialidades situadas en el punto de confluencia de varias disciplinas. 1. Legal Translation Studies: (inter)discipline, subfield or specialization? After decades of consolidation and expansion, Translation Studies (TS) is experiencing a marked trend towards increasing specialization by area of practice and research (see, for example, Brems, Meylaerts et al . 2012). An initial emphasis on poem building self-assertive conceptual models beyond linguistic-oriented theories paved the way for more sophisticated approaches to specific branches of translation in contact with other disciplines. Since the empowering cultural turn (Snell-Hornby 2006) of the 1980s and The Work of War Essay 1990s, TS has progressively engaged in an interdisciplinary turn (Gentzler 2003) characterized by new paths of inquiry, and a technological turn (Cronin 2010) favored by by simon armitage poem, new computer tools and interaction with Information Technology. In fact, given the intrinsic nature of translation as carrier of knowledge across fields and the myriad of influences shaping the emergence of its modern theories (Holmes 1972/1988), TS is genetically predisposed to what did southerners give in support of slave, interdisciplinary development.

It is through the shared concern with communication that other disciplines engage with translation; in turn, the need to grasp and remains armitage poem convey nuances ultimately lead translators and TS scholars to enrich their analytical models with insights from the domains that underpin specialized discourses. This has been the monopoly case of legal translation over the last three decades, to remains armitage poem, the point that, as few would question nowadays, Legal Translation Studies (LTS) has become one of the most prominent fields within TS. LTS will be understood here as an (inter)discipline concerned with all aspects of samaritan bible, translation of legal texts, including processes, products and agents. Linguistic mediation between legal systems or within multilingual legal contexts (such as international or multilingual national systems) and by simon poem the academic study of such mediation require the coherent integration of concepts from TS, Linguistics (as drawn upon through TS) and Law. Of War. Without these elements, it can be argued that legal translation as a problem-solving activity would be an unreliable exercise, and LTS would not stand where it stands today. This intermingling is an example of hybridization, which, according to Dogan (1997b: 435), implies an overlapping of segments of disciplines, a recombination of remains by simon, knowledge in new specialized fields that constitutes a major source of knowledge production and innovation in all sciences. The consideration of an interdisciplinary field like LTS as discipline or interdiscipline tends to depend on the recognition of of War, scholarly work by academic institutions (McCarty 1999, Munday 2001), and on the degree of autonomy of the remains by simon armitage poem field:

New disciplines emerge not only as knowledge grows and spreads but also as power relations and reputations change within academia. Historically, new disciplines have often emerged at the interface of existing ones, and monopoly game so at by simon poem first they inevitably have the nature of interdisciplines. [] Each of these new fields could be called an interdiscipline rather than a discipline: they have started life as hybrids, as cross-border areas between neighbouring fields. The Work Essay. Indeed, these new fields query the very borders they straddle, challenging us to think in different ways. Chesterman 2002: 4. Whether the by simon armitage poem interdisciplinary nature of a field is made explicit or not, most disciplines nowadays engage with others to some extent. However, this communication might not be unproblematic between new and long-established disciplines, and as shown by the history of TS, academic emancipation might take considerable effort. Even if this process is still relatively recent, and wedding toasts full recognition is yet to be achieved in some academic constituencies, LTS has clearly benefited from the consolidation of TS in by simon armitage poem general.

If the overriding priority was once to give of slave labor?, claim TSs own territory in between adjacent fields, scholars in specialized branches such as LTS are now taking interdisciplinarity into new territory on the basis of TS-specific paradigms. In this turn, the interdisciplinary vocation of TS is unfolding, far beyond the discussions and influences that put TS on the academic map. The study of poem, legal translation as part of academic training and research programs has grown exponentially and evolves comfortably within TS. In this context, terms such as subfield, subdiscipline, branch or specialization are often used to refer to legal translation and LTS as subdivisions or categories of translation and TS, respectively. Objections Pluralism Make It A Valuable Theory Essay. Although the question of denominations will be addressed in section 3, it is worth noting at this point that legal translation is remains armitage poem used here to samaritan bible, refer to remains by simon poem, the area of samaritan bible, practice and the subject of study, while Legal Translation Studies (LTS) is reserved for the academic discipline, even if legal translation is commonly used to refer to the same discipline.

In other words, it is presupposed that legal translation is to LTS what translation is to TS. In the next sections, we will focus on the key elements that shape the remains by simon armitage identity of LTS today: object of funny wedding, study, place within academia, denomination and historical evolution. By Simon Armitage. For young and dynamically-changing disciplines, this kind of stocktaking exercise can be particularly useful and even a necessity. Chesterman (2002: 2), making this point in relation to TS, suggested that scholars tend to monopoly computer, focus on their particular corners, and communication between different sections of the field may suffer, as people stress more what separates approaches than on what unites them at remains least in monopoly computer the initial stages. Indeed, after a period of intense growth, surveying the common ground of the remains armitage LTS research community can help to underpin the funny collective vision and specificity of this maturing field. Situating an emerging discipline across academic boundaries is essentially a question of identifying its specific problems and methods. In the case of remains by simon poem, LTS, the consideration of legal translation as a category in its own right has been rarely challenged in the past few decades (Harvey 2002, Mayoral Asensio 2002).

The distinctive concern of LTS with all aspects of legal translation systematically draws scholars attention to the long-debated issue of what defines legal texts. These have been variously classified according to main textual functions (for example, Bocquet 1994, Sarcevic 1997), or according to discursive situation parameters (for example, Gemar 1995, Borja Albi 2000, Cao 2007). These classifications converge on the identification of three major groups of texts: normative texts, judicial texts and legal scholarly texts (from more prescriptive to more descriptive and/or argumentative in nature). However, models based on situational elements understandably offer further subdivisions. For instance, contracts are included within normative texts in categorizations according to primary function, whereas they are classified under a separate heterogeneous group of private legal texts (for example, Gemar 1995, Cao 2007) or texts of application of law (Borja Albi 2000) in the latter models. The addition of more specific categories according to situational elements seems to be a natural evolution in the scrutiny of legal texts. On the one hand, the samaritan bible blend of functions in legal texts (for example, judgements with a normative value in common law systems) and remains armitage their high degree of intertextuality (with the typical role of written sources of law as primary references in language use across legal text typologies) call for further differentiation. On the other hand, what matters most for legal translation is the The Work of War Essay characterization of groups of texts corresponding to specific varieties or styles of legal language, and this is generally a question of text producers and purposes in communicative situations.

Since legal language is a set of related legal discourses (Maley 1994: 13) and poem not a uniform language, legal translators need to discriminate the features of the monopoly different styles reflected in original texts as part of translation-oriented analysis. As highlighted by Alcaraz Varo and Hughes (2002: 103) when advocating a more systematic awareness of by simon poem, text typology, the translator who has taken the trouble to recognize the formal and wedding stylistic conventions of a particular original has already done much to translate the text successfully. Apart from the language of legislators, judges or scholars, it is possible to remains armitage poem, identify, for gsc cinem, instance, a category of texts characterized by the language of remains by simon poem, notaries ( langage des notaires ; lenguaje notarial ), which accounts for gsc cinem, a considerable number of legal texts in certain countries. By Simon. Texts drafted by legislators, judges, scholars or notaries on a particular aspect of probate law, for example, will share key concepts and Objections It a More Theory Essay phraseology (the legislative text normally conditioning and impregnating the other uses), but purposes and discursive conventions will certainly vary by by simon poem, text type. As in other social sciences, subdivisions are ultimately determined by the lens through which textual realities are observed.

In turn, legal text typologies comprise a variety of legal genres and gsc cinem subgenres (for example, different kinds of contracts). In the case of legal scholarly writings, texts usually take shape as subcategories of general genres such as journal articles or academic textbooks. They are not always addressed to legal experts (for example, a press report on the details of a particular legal reform, comparable to a report on economic affairs written by an economist), and their stylistic features can be rather heterogeneous, but they all share a minimum degree of thematic specialization in descriptive and remains by simon poem argumentative functions. The prominence of different typologies will mirror the peculiarities of each legal system, while specific legal genres will not always match across jurisdictions. Overall, the more specific the categorization gets (textual function, text type and of War genre), the poem more layers of information are activated on discursive conventions, but also the less universal and the more culture-bound those layers become. Beyond the differences between categorization models, there is consensus around the The Work Essay hybridity of legal texts, which reflects the high interdisciplinarity of law in dealing with all aspects of life. A piece of legislation on financial products, an remains armitage, agreement on gsc cinem the provision of chemical engineering services or an arbitration award on the conditions of trade within the shipbuilding industry will require research on technicalities associated with other specializations. While thematic crossings between fields in remains by simon armitage different branches of law and legal settings are countless, those encountered in the area of of War, business and finance are traditionally highlighted to illustrate how often two specializations can merge in specific texts; and this can result in the classification of legal texts with predominantly non-legal specialist language under other branches of translation. However, in the examples provided, the text would remain of a legal nature and the subject of legal translation, as would be the case in instances where legal discursive features are minimal (for example, in certain private legal instruments) or intentionally tempered with non-specialist discourse (for example, through plain language movements). In mapping the remains by simon poem textual territory of LTS, discrepancies persist at its fringes, particularly regarding the place assigned to texts not dealing with legal matters but used in what argument did southerners give in support of slave labor? legal settings.

These texts can hardly be considered legal texts if they were not intended for legal purposes, even when they are subsequently used in legal settings. For instance, a personal letter or a scientific report which becomes evidence in armitage poem court proceedings could be translated by a legal translator or be required for gsc cinem, certified or sworn translation, but this would not make them legal texts, as claimed by some authors (Abdel Hadi 1992: 47, Harvey 2002: 178). Armitage Poem. It is samaritan bible precisely non-authoritative statements by lay participants in the legal process that Harvey (2002: 178) evokes in order to question the supposed special status of legal translation. He includes contracts, wills, expert reports and court documents in what he calls bread and butter activities for lawyers and by simon poem legal translators, and considers that a more inclusive definition of what constitutes a legal text would cover documents which are, or may become, part of the judicial process. Echoing this view, Cao (2007: 11-12) identifies ordinary texts such as business or personal correspondence, records and monopoly game certificates, witness statements and expert reports as part of legal translation for general legal or judicial purpose, and emphasizes that ordinary texts that are not written in legal language by legal professionals constitute a major part of the translation work of the legal translator. However, while these texts could be submitted to a legal translator in remains by simon armitage legal settings analyzed in LTS, they cannot be systematically considered legal texts. Gsc Cinem. A scientific expert report on remains by simon poem the use of monopoly game, hormones in cattle production with no trace of legal matters or legal language will not lose its scientific nature in a legal setting; and a further distinction must be made between non-lawyers texts initially intended for armitage poem, legal purposes (such as private agreements) and ordinary texts produced for gsc cinem, other purposes but later used in legal settings (for example, personal correspondence).

This distinction helps to remains by simon armitage poem, delimit the boundaries of legal translation: as opposed to the latter texts, private legal instruments prepared by samaritan bible, laypersons, even if more unpredictable in style than other legal text types, include certain performative discourse features in more or less formal provisions, and tend to follow certain legal genre conventions with frequent influences from professional legal models. Adopting a pragmatic and conciliatory approach, it can be concluded that the link between legal theme and/or function and linguistic features is confirmed as minimum common denominator of legal texts (even if at varying degrees): Legal texts constitute or apply instruments governing public or private legal relations (including codified law, case-law and contracts), or give formal expression to remains armitage, specialized knowledge on Essay legal aspects of such instruments and relations; These functions follow certain linguistic patterns that are characteristic of remains by simon poem, varieties of legal language in different discursive situations, allowing for the identification of legal text types (according to argument did southerners, text producers and remains poem purposes), as well as legal genres (according to more specific textual functions and conventions); Legal texts can also contain a great amount of specialized language from non-legal fields covered by law, while legal scholarly writings comprise a wide range of subcategories of of War Essay, general genres such as journal articles and remains by simon armitage textbooks. Categorizations based on legal function, theme and discourse serve to differentiate legal translation from other categories reflecting context or type of translation and samaritan bible including legal texts but not exclusively: judicial translation (even if the by simon poem bulk of texts in this setting will be comprised under the legal judicial text type); sworn/official/certified translation (albeit predominantly reserved for texts of a legal nature); or institutional translation (with a traditionally high presence of legal and monopoly computer game administrative text subtypes, but a diversity of themes and remains by simon other specialized discourses). Categorization of legal texts. Notarial instruments can be considered as a specific category in civil law countries. Table 1 integrates the criteria outlined above as a way of overcoming the traditional emphasis on Objections Pluralism Make civil law systems in the translation-oriented categorization of legal texts. Despite differences in the relevance and legal effects of armitage, particular text types by legal system, and despite the difficulty in proposing comprehensive categorization models, it is most useful to situate specific genres within general text types in order to better frame the comparison of discursive features.

For instance, the lawmaking role played by judicial decisions in common law countries cannot be equated with that of most judicial rulings in civil law systems, and samaritan bible their discursive features vary by genre and remains armitage jurisdiction. Monopoly Game. Yet, they share certain core elements (associated with text producers and purposes) that are paramount to the legal translators comparative analysis. The complex reality summarized in Table 1 delineates a vast scope which demands enormous versatility of remains by simon armitage, legal translators and must be acknowledged in LTS as a condition for building universally-valid conceptual models. What Did Southerners Give In Support Of Slave Labor?. LTS scholars have often focused on armitage poem particular legal relations and text types (predominantly legislative) as a basis for generalizations on legal translation. [2] The variability of funny wedding, legal linguistic phenomena and translation settings requires not only flexibility but also regular updating on discursive features, particularly in relation to the more dynamic branches of law and the impact of supranational convergence processes on such features. 3. Disciplinary contours and denominations. As mentioned above, LTS comprises the study of processes, products and agents of translation of legal texts as a professional practice, including specialized methodologies and competence, quality control, training and sociological aspects. Against the above background, once the textual territory of armitage poem, legal translation has been defined, the position of LTS between TS, Linguistics and Law can be pinpointed as represented in Figure 1 below. Disciplinary boundaries of LTS [3] LTS builds on the core concepts of TS theories common to all translation specializations, including all aspects of translation methodology, that is, declarative and operative knowledge of the translation process and funny toasts problem-solving procedures (translation-oriented analysis, translation strategies and competence). These concepts and metalanguage lie at by simon armitage poem the heart of monopoly computer game, any branch of translation as subject of study, including LTS. In turn, in developing its own communicative, cultural and cognitive approaches, among others, TS has drawn on notions from Communication Studies, Cultural Studies and Psychology, while studies in Translation Pedagogy, Translation Sociology and Translation Technology emerge as a result of crossings with other disciplines.

However, the major neighboring discipline from which TS has borrowed most heavily is Linguistics, particularly subfields or approaches within the realm of Applied Linguistics which offer relevant variables on language use and by simon armitage tools for translation-oriented and contrastive analysis: Text Linguistics, Discourse Analysis, Contrastive Linguistics, Corpus Linguistics, Terminology, Pragmatics, etc. What Argument Did Southerners. LTS marries such insights to legal theory and practice in the dissection of remains poem, legal discourses, terminology, genres and texts for translation from toasts a TS perspective. It is in by simon armitage the interface between TS (with its diverse influences) and Law that LTS finds its natural place in the academic landscape. LTS crucially relies on networks of legal knowledge in order to build interdisciplinary theories and gsc cinem methods. Categorizations and analysis of the armitage different systems and branches of law are indeed a key component of computer game, research for and on legal translation. In the case of international law, translation plays a central role in rendering legal instruments multilingual in institutional settings, which attracts considerable attention in armitage poem LTS, as has been traditionally the case with multilingual national systems. In the scrutiny of the different branches of law for translation purposes, Legal Hermeneutics and Comparative Law stand out for their functionality: they offer useful techniques for the interpretation of samaritan bible, legal texts and for the contrastive analysis of legal concepts and remains by simon sources across systems. Legal comparative methodology has proved particularly relevant to legal translation, and its importance for funny wedding, LTS is nowadays uncontested (see section 4). Even if the purposes of legal comparative practice and legal translation practice are different (shedding light on legal issues as opposed to applying adequate translation techniques), both share the same interest in deconstructing semantic elements in their legal contexts in poem order to determine degrees of correspondence for decision-making (see, for example, works by legal experts De Groot 1987, Sacco 1992, Vanderlinden 1995, Brand 2007). A mutually instrumental relationship can be identified: comparative methods are paramount in linguistic mediation between legal systems, while translation is often necessary in the comparison of funny wedding, such systems by legal experts (see, for example, De Groot 2012). Remains. It is largely by merging general translation methodology with such legal analysis that LTSs methodological specificity is reinforced.

The interdisciplinary concern with legal language is shared by the adjacent field of Legal Linguistics, which analyzes features of legal discourses at large, including comparative studies in Pluralism Make It a More Theory Essay Contrastive Legal Linguistics (see, for example, Mattila 2013), but lacks the distinctive TS core of LTS. As opposed to the latter, Legal Linguistics can be monolingual and not necessarily concerned with the remains processes of gsc cinem, linguistic mediation which have led to the recognition of LTS as a separate discipline. Remains Poem. In other words, Legal Linguistics is to The Work Essay, LTS what Linguistics is to remains by simon, TS. Although the distinction between Legal Linguistics and LTS is already well-established (in parallel to the distinction between Linguistics and toasts TS), their shared interest in legal language explains the overlap of certain definitions and denominations, particularly in remains French. In this language, jurilinguistique is often used to refer to studies on both legal language and legal translation. The Work Of War. This is by simon armitage poem largely due to the origin of the term in the Canadian context, where concerns about linguistic rights, and the quality of Canadas French-language legal texts in particular, led to growing linguistic awareness since the gsc cinem 1960s, and eventually resulted in a tailor-made system of co-drafting of by simon, Canadian legislation (see, for example, Covacs 1982 and Gemar 2013).

The challenges of bilingual legal drafting, beyond the confines of traditional perceptions of legal translation, became the object of scholarly work under the label of jurilinguistique , as coined by Jean-Claude Gemar (1982), [4] and translated as Jurilinguistics for the same volume. It was defined as follows: Essentiellement, la jurilinguistique a pour objet principal letude linguistique du langage du droit sous ses divers aspects et dans ses differentes manifestations, afin de degager les moyens, de definir les techniques propres a en ameliorer la qualite, par exemple aux fins de traduction, redaction, terminologie, lexicographie, etc. selon le type de besoin considere. Gemars conception of Jurilinguistics matches standard definitions of Legal Linguistics ( linguistique juridique ) as a field within Applied Linguistics, but with a marked comparative dimension (that is, along the monopoly computer lines of by simon poem, Contrastive Legal Linguistics) suited to the Canadian origin of the term: etude du langage (langue et discours) du droit comme objet de recherche et danalyse par les methodes de la linguistique (appliquee). Au Canada, cette etude est le plus souvent comparative (anglais-francais) (Gemar 1995, II: 182). From this perspective, jurilinguistique is considered as a disciplinary expansion from and toasts transcending legal translation: La terminologie et la jurilinguistique, entre autres, procedent directement de la traduction de langlais vers le francais, plus particulierement et des difficultes quelle pose dans le contexte dun Etat (federal) bilingue et bijuridique (Gemar 1995, II: 2). [5] Considering these nuances, and as rightly noted in the Termium database, jurilinguistique and linguistique juridique , and Legal Linguistics and Jurilinguistics in remains by simon poem English, are not always regarded as perfect synonyms.

In any case, the debate on the overlap between Legal Linguistics ( linguistique juridique ) and LTS ( traductologie juridique ) should not hinder the distinction between these complementary sister interdisciplines and their denominations. In English, the use of Legal Translation Studies has grown significantly with the expansion of the subject field; [6] Legal Linguistics is gsc cinem also well-established, [7] and remains by simon Jurilinguistics commonly refers to the Canadian tradition. In French, jurilinguistique is gsc cinem widely used for the reasons explained above, often as interchangeable with linguistique juridique (despite the persistent connotations of by simon poem, each term; see, for example, Cacciaguidi-Fahy 2008), and co-exists with the specific term for LTS traductologie juridique and its variant juritraductologie . In the case of Spanish, the use of Traductologia Juridica is The Work of War rather limited to by simon armitage poem, date; traduccion juridica (the name of the activity) is funny predominantly preferred to refer to the discipline. This use, mentioned in section 1 and also found in English and French, seems particularly frequent in Spanish. Finally, Linguistica Juridica and remains Jurilinguistica follow the same pattern as in English, with the latter mostly linked to the Canadian tradition. Even if these names are all compatible, and different culture-bound scholarly labels are a healthy sign of Pluralism Valuable Moral Theory, academic diversity, the consolidation of uniform denominations for LTS in line with its status within TS would contribute to by simon poem, its clear identification and further cohesion. In this sense, traductologie juridique and samaritan bible Traductologia Juridica , by analogy with traductologie and Traductologia , as well as Legal Translation Studies, would be expected to find increasing echo within the by simon armitage poem academic community, together with general denominations of legal translation as object of study. Let us briefly delve into the historical evolution which has led to wedding, the position of remains armitage, LTS outlined above. Rather than an monopoly, exhaustive review of approaches and authors, an overview will be outlined with focus on by simon major stages and illustrative markers of development.

In spite of its relatively short history, there is already enough perspective to identify a few stages in the emergence and consolidation of LTS. Its recognition as academic field has been associated with that of computer, TS in general since the by simon armitage poem 1970s, and samaritan bible stimulated by the school of Jurilinguistics in Canada. As a prelude to jurilinguistique , in the first Meta volume ever devoted to LTS, Gemar (1979) already presented legal translation as a new discipline, and highlighted the constraints and specificity of its subject matter. While recognizing that il reste encore trop dinconnus , he regarded his own contribution at the time as a possible point de depart a letablissement dune veritable methodologie of legal translation, and armitage identified the need for an interdisciplinary approach: toute approche devrait sinspirer dune forme de logique juridique, seul facteur essentiel de la marche epistemologique parce quil part dun fait etabli, celui de la realite du droit et passe par la methodologie qui represente le moyen entre la pratique et la theorie (Gemar 1979: 53). In the same special issue of the The Work Essay journal, Michel Sparers views on the cultural dimension of legal translation illustrate how an emphasis on remains culture-bound communication was crystallizing as a means of empowerment of professionals in Canada: Nous nous sommes debarrasses depuis peu de la fidelite litterale pour adopter avec profit une conception plus affinee et plus autonome du role du traducteur, celle qui consiste a traduire lidee avant de sattacher au mot (Sparer 1979: 68). Legal experts such as Pigeon (1982), also from Canada, and De Groot (1987) contributed to computer game, the debate on the implications of incongruities between legal systems for legal translation, and vindicated the relevance of armitage, functional equivalence and comparative legal methods, respectively. In the same period, Sarcevic (1985), in a specific journal article, and Weston (1991), in a legal linguistic analysis of the French legal system, made new inroads into the analysis of translation techniques as applied to legal texts. After this initial period of increasing focus on specific issues and samaritan bible transition from traditional theories, LTS entered into a crucial stage in remains by simon the mid-1990s as a result of argument did southerners, several converging factors. Firstly, three monographs were entirely devoted to paradigms of legal translation by leading representatives of the first generation of LTS scholars: Bocquet (1994, later expanded in 2008), Gemar (1995) and Sarcevic (1997), subsequently followed by Alcaraz Varo and remains poem Hughes (2002) and Objections to Rossian Make It a Valuable Essay Cao (2007) over the span of a decade. In spite of differences between their approaches, they all analyze features of legal language and translation problems resulting from conceptual incongruency, taking pragmatic and legal considerations into account, and defending the active role of the legal translator. Armitage. These theories contributed to further defining the funny wedding toasts scope and remains by simon poem academic profile of the toasts field, and have inspired many contemporary researchers and translators.

In fact, this period can be considered as catalytic for the development of shared conceptualizations in by simon armitage poem LTS and for the formation of a global LTS community. This was favored by two additional factors: 1) the use of new electronic communication media, which gradually made the dissemination of research results much more dynamic and accessible, as opposed to the slower-moving and geographically-limited expansion in the initial period; and 2) the flourishing of TS in monopoly game general, with the proliferation of academic programs including legal translation and the exponential increase in by simon armitage poem the number of researchers in LTS. As the first and most comprehensive work of its kind in todays lingua franca , Sarcevic (1997) soon became a particularly influential landmark. Her contribution to the progress and wedding toasts internationalization of LTS was pivotal in that she integrated into her analysis new TS communicative theories, especially those by German-speaking scholars (such as Holz-Manttari, Reiss, Snell-Hornby, Vermeer or Wilss), as well as several contexts of translation not bound to any single language pair. As Sarcevic (2000: 329) put it herself, by analyzing legal translation as an remains by simon poem, act of communication in the mechanism of law, she attempted to provide a theoretical basis for legal translation within the samaritan bible framework of modern translation theory. However, Sarcevic (1997: 18-19; 2000: 331-332) remained critical of the universal applicability of remains poem, Vermeers skopos theory to legal translation. It was the next generation of give labor?, researchers that tested and fully embraced functionalist theories, particularly Nords version of skopos theory (Nord 1991a, 1991b, 1997), as a useful general framework in remains by simon armitage LTS (for example, Prieto Ramos 1998 and 2002, Dullion 2000, Garzone 2000). Equally receptive to gsc cinem, these theories, Peter Sandrini and by simon armitage Roberto Mayoral Asensio should also be mentioned as major proponents of LTS applied research in the German-speaking countries and in the Spanish context over the same period, especially for their work on comparative analysis of funny wedding, legal terminology (Sandrini 1996a, 1996b) and the translation of official documents (Mayoral Asensio 2003).

Another milestone of that period was the remains by simon armitage international conference Legal Translation: History, Theory/ies, Practice held at the University of Geneva in February 2000. Its proceedings, probably the most frequently quoted in LTS, epitomize the fields dynamism at the turn of the millennium and the role played by of War, the Geneva school of LTS (within Genevas School of Translation and Interpreting, ETI, today FTI). As noted by Bocquet (2000: 17), legal translation had been ETIs main pole of excellence in remains poem translation since its foundation, and a communicative approach ( la methode communicative axee sur le produit de traduction , as described in Bocquet 1996) had been applied there in argument give in support previous decades. This is not surprising considering that: 1) the debate on the spirit versus the letter of the law had originated in multilingual Switzerland at the beginning of the 20 th century (that is, even earlier than in Canada), in the context of the translation of the armitage Swiss Civil Code from German into the other national languages (see thorough analysis by Dullion 2007); and 2) ETIs programs had been designed to respond not only to the needs of national institutions but also, crucially, to those of Geneva-based international organizations, some of whose professionals also contributed to monopoly game, training in various language combinations. [8] This multidimensional orientation continues to poem, shape the what argument did southerners Geneva school of LTS as strongly pragmatic (with emphasis on improving models for practice on the basis of remains by simon poem, professional evidence) [9] and inclusive (of multiple influences, target languages and purposes, including a prominent institutional component and wedding a long-standing combination of translation and remains by simon legal expertise in training and research). In the wedding toasts catalytic period reviewed, the armitage Geneva school was a key player in advocating LTSs specific approaches and denominations traductologie juridique and juritraductologie (see, for example, Bocquet 1994 and samaritan bible Abdel Hadi 2002), and established itself as an academic crucible in the field. The leading figure of the Canadian school, Jean-Claude Gemar, joined the ETI in 1997 and took part in the creation of the GREJUT [10] research group on legal translation with Claude Bocquet and Maher Abdel Hadi a year later.

The subsequent introduction of remains, a legal translation specialization at postgraduate level (today MA) in 2000 and the abovementioned conference the samaritan bible same year also illustrate the new momentum in LTS. Since the mid-2000s, a growing constellation of researchers have continued to expand the interdiscipline by applying cross-cultural paradigms to different branches of law, legal genres and settings in many jurisdictions and languages, and by broadening cross-cutting topics, such as specific competence models, pedagogical issues, or the remains by simon armitage use of corpora and new resources in what did southerners give labor? legal translation (for example, Biel 2010). While computer-assisted translation tools have attracted growing attention in the context of the technological turn, machine translation in particular has not been a primary focus in by simon poem LTS. This does not seem surprising in a field in which the complex layers of system-bound legal meaning and interpretation make automatic semantic processing a real challenge (see, for example, Hoefler and Bunzli 2010) for the machine production of usable drafts. As predicted by Mattila (2013: 22), legal translation will remain an essentially human activity, at least in the near future. Nonetheless, further computational developments and statistical-based experiments on well-defined areas could trigger new interdisciplinary insights. More interestingly, the relationship between legal translation and comparative law is being further advanced from an LTS perspective (see, for Objections to Rossian Make Essay, example, Engberg 2013 and remains by simon armitage Pommer 2014), while legal experts such as Ost (2009) and Glanert (2011) have recently acknowledged the new status of TS and computer game the relevance of its paradigms in remains studying processes of legal convergence. If we adopt Kaindls (1999) model of analysis of interdisciplinary development of TS in general, the increasing dialogue between LTS scholars and of War Essay comparatists can even be regarded as a symptom of transition from LTSs importing stage of development to one of more reciprocal cooperation on issues of shared interest. The academic self-confidence gained by LTS internationally is also apparent in scholars perceptions of its autonomy. The following definitions illustrate the evolution: Far from being recognized as an remains armitage, independent discipline, legal translation is regarded by translation theorists merely as one of the many subject areas of samaritan bible, special-purpose translation, a branch of translation studies (Sarcevic 1997: 1); La traduccion juridica, una disciplina situada entre el derecho comparado y la linguistica contrastiva (Arntz 2000: 376); La juritraductologie est une nouvelle discipline qui cherche a determiner les regles methodologiques applicables a la traduction juridique (Abdel Hadi 2002: 71); La traductologie juridique est un sous-ensemble de la traductologie au sens large , un domaine encore balbutiant (Pelage 2003: 109, 118); The debate on the relationship between Legal Translation Studies and the overarching discipline of Translation Studies is still in its infancy, with positions varying according to the degree of by simon poem, specificity or commonality ascribed to the new discipline (Megale 2008: 11) (translated by the author); [11] legal translation studies is an interdiscipline which is situated on the interface between translation studies, linguistics, terminology, comparative law, and monopoly computer cultural studies (Biel 2010: 6). The intensification of scholarly work in LTS is reaching areas where the impact of previous academic advances has been more limited to date. At the same time, the by simon armitage impressive number of computer, voices and publications on armitage poem LTS has brought a certain sense of dispersion, which is compounded by the (paradoxically) insufficient communication still persistent between LTS researchers in different languages (Monzo Nebot 2010: 355) in spite of what argument in support, increasing internationalization since the mid-1990s.

The remarkable expansion of LTS in the past three decades explains the keen interest in stocktaking that has motivated this paper. A review of the fields development has led to the identification of three historical periods: 1) an initial stage of transition from traditional translation theories since the late 1970s, mostly marked by legal linguistic approaches and the Canadian school of Jurilinguistics; 2) a catalytic stage between the mid-1990s and by simon the mid-2000s in which LTSs conceptual paradigms were solidified under the influence of cultural theories in what argument give of slave labor? TS; and by simon poem 3) the current period of consolidation and expansion, dominated so far by a strong emphasis on applied research and Objections to Rossian Pluralism Make It a Moral Essay multiple ramifications on the basis of LTSs own theories. Through this accumulative process of fertilization, LTS has found its current place at the crossroads between TS, Law and Legal Linguistics. The intersection between linguistic and legal analysis for translation has been a research continuum and a driving feature in that process of remains armitage poem, fertilization, reshaped by the assimilation of monopoly computer game, new TS approaches. By Simon Armitage Poem. Our analysis has focused on The Work the elements that articulate LTSs specificity around that core intersection, with a view to identifying common denominators and avenues for further cohesion and advancement. 1) Since LTS is concerned with all aspects of legal translation as object of study , the remains definition of its scope relies on our ability to characterize legal texts. The complementary nature of various classifications has been highlighted and a conciliatory approach proposed in which the combination of what in support labor?, legal functions, themes and discursive situations serves to poem, determine the legal nature of a text and to computer, cluster linguistic features by text types and genres. This multidimensional categorization, permeable as it must remain to the dynamic and hybrid reality of remains by simon armitage, texts and discourses, provides predictable criteria to outline the scope of argument did southerners of slave, legal translation and to avoid questionable generalizations on it.

2) The number of remains by simon, specific issues tackled in LTS has multiplied as research in the field has flourished. Did Southerners Of Slave Labor?. Legal translation theories are being applied to multiple corpora of legal texts and mediation contexts around the world, and there is by simon armitage poem still much to be done in order to shed light on of War Essay specific genres and translation problems at both national and international levels. Although this might cause some overlaps and a certain sense of fragmentation, such studies are essential to stimulate good practices and further research on existing problems and emerging needs, as apparent in the multiple training, sociological or technological issues being addressed in remains by simon armitage poem LTS. 3) Among those challenges, the Pluralism Make It a Theory development of specific methods continues to be of critical importance to disciplinary specificity. Most approaches converge on the need to integrate legal theories and by simon comparative legal analysis into legal translation methodology as a hallmark of the field. Although LTS paradigms have become increasingly sophisticated in examining the samaritan bible ingredients for that integration, the synthesis into overarching operational models, however complex this might prove, remains a priority for further maturation of the discipline.

As noted by Munday (2001: 188) in relation to TS in general, one of the traditional difficulties in the construction of an interdisciplinary methodology is the necessary expertise in a wide range of subject areas whereas the original academic background of the individual researcher inevitably conditions the focus of their approach. This applies to LTS to the extent that it is still relatively young as a specific academic discipline and remains by simon poem truly interdisciplinary training is not yet the norm. An additional difficulty in Pluralism It a Valuable Moral Essay building universally-valid methodological models in LTS is the enormous variability of situational factors in legal translation, which explains the limited applicability of many theoretical frameworks, already pointed out by remains poem, Garzone (2000: 395): so far most studies have had their starting point in a specific experience in one area of this very broad field, so that the theoretical concepts proposed, however viable, have tended to be all but comprehensive in what argument give in support labor? their scope of by simon armitage, application. Against this backdrop, and given the shared pursuit of what did southerners give of slave, adequacy in varied communicative situations, modern functionalist considerations have become widely accepted in remains poem LTS, even if to different degrees. 4) As regards scholars perceptions of common markers of disciplinary identity and development, their metadiscourse shows a constant progression from more hesitant to more self-confident views on samaritan bible LTSs status as a subdiscipline or interdiscipline within TS. Denominations reflect this trend in the recognition as academic discipline, although identification patterns are not identical in the languages analyzed. In this respect, further consistency in the use of distinct terminology to by simon poem, refer to wedding toasts, the discipline (Legal Translation Studies, traductologie juridique , Traductologia Juridica ) can only remains contribute to monopoly computer game, strengthening its cohesion. All the above interrelated elements depict a vast common ground that needs to be acknowledged in order to bring heightened focus to new advances. By Simon. LTS stands today as a maturing discipline whose thematic body resembles that of Law, with specific issues addressed on different legal textual branches at national and Essay supranational levels, and it continues to expand through its interaction with other disciplines. Its TS-based methodological core must be fine-tuned to armitage poem, the specific legal texture of that thematic body with the common goal of toasts, generating knowledge to enhance legal translation quality. In a context of rapid expansion, it is indeed worth ensuring that research on legal translation methodology progresses by keeping the forest, and remains armitage poem not just its trees, in sight.

Such research on professional problem-solving fits a paradigm in gsc cinem which observation and experimentation yield results for improving the observed practice. It is no coincidence that LTS blossomed earliest in countries or regions where the professionalization of translation, and remains armitage the concomitant institutional concern with translation quality, stimulated research and training in the field. In the case of the Geneva school of LTS (today under its Centre for Legal and samaritan bible Institutional Translation Studies, Transius), emphasis remains on methodology as a fundamental bridge between theory and practice. By Simon Armitage Poem. In line with this schools pragmatic and inclusive tradition, holistic approaches are advocated in which legal and discursive parameters of contextualization of legal translation are integrated, systematized and put to work in The Work of War Essay decision-making and competence-building (Prieto Ramos 2011, 2014; Dullion 2014) as the basis for testing applicability and impact on translation quality. This cycle of integration, systematization and by simon poem testing starts with observation of methodological gaps in practice and consideration of professional requirements in diverse contexts (for an updated overview, see Borja Albi and Prieto Ramos 2013). From this perspective, LTS scholars should not only be up-to-date with quality standards in the translation settings investigated but also contribute to raising those standards through research and training based on solid empirical foundations. As practitioners confronted with changing textual symptoms, legal translators can only benefit from such academic insights if these respond to the requirements of effective legal communication. In turn, this implies embracing the gsc cinem multifaceted nature of legal translation and determining its purpose under each set of communicative conditions, rather than adopting oversimplistic or static conceptions.

Only by building on this kind of empowering vision and proving its practical benefits can LTS reinforce the true relevance of its specificity within and beyond academia, and thereby enhance both disciplinary and professional recognition. [1] Throughout this article, some quotations are provided in remains by simon armitage poem French and Spanish (the other two official languages of the journal) that are not translated for what argument did southerners of slave, the sake of brevity. [2] Even nowadays, some authors claim that legal translation is limited to normative texts or texts that regulate relations. For example, for Ferran Larraz (2012. 345), legal translation is la traslacion de los efectos juridicos esenciales del documento, en tanto que [sic] su finalidad es siempre cumplir una funcion social mediante la regulacion de comportamientos . [3] The figure focuses on primary disciplinary relations and intersections relevant to LTS. Therefore, it does not include the relation of poem, TS or linguistic disciplines with fields other than Law. In reality, the intersections between TS (through its other branches) and other disciplines are numerous, and some of the Objections to Rossian Pluralism Make Valuable Essay fields drawn upon in TS are interdisciplines themselves (for example, Terminology). By Simon. Arrows indicate key influences in the formation of LTS, while particularly influential branches are underlined. [4] According to Termium, the Government of The Work of War, Canadas terminology and armitage poem linguistic data bank, the term actually derives from jurilinguiste , used in the late 1970s by Alexandre Covacs, then in charge of samaritan bible, French language services at remains the Legislation Section of Canadas Department of Justice. Funny Wedding Toasts. He referred to jurilinguistes (translated as jurilinguists) and a groupe de jurilinguistique francaise within his Section (Covacs 1982: 98, based on a paper presented at a conference in 1980). However, it is Jean-Claude Gemar who first defined the term and poem has led scholarly work on the subject on the basis of the Canadian experience. [5] A decade later, in an overview of the field, Gemar described Jurilinguistics as avant tout un savoir-faire personnel qui a evolue en pratique professionnelle (2005. 5. and as a field of endeavor which had taken shape in the wake of wedding toasts, translation and transcends linguistic barriers and legal traditions (2005. 2). [6] Trends on armitage denominations mentioned in this section have been confirmed through quantitative and qualitative analysis of monopoly game, results of online searches carried out between October 2009 and January 2013. [7] Legilinguistics is used as a synonym at the Adam Mickiewicz Universitys Institute of remains poem, Linguistics in Poznan, Poland (for example, in the Comparative Legilinguistics journal), where the term was coined. [8] Translation was thus conceived as le support dun dialogue interculturel, interinstitutionnel et international (Bocquet 1996: 72). On the distinctive features of the samaritan bible Geneva School tradition of by simon poem, training and theory-building in game legal translation, see also Bocquet (1996: 70-74, 2008.

77-79). [9] On the remains by simon armitage evidence-based approach to applied translation studies in wedding general, see Ulrych (2002). [10] Groupe de recherche en Jurilinguistique et Traduction . [11] Si trova invece ancora agli inizi la discussione sui rapporti fra la traduttologia giuridica e il genus traduttologia, con posizioni che oscillano in base al grado di specificita o di comunanza che gli uni e gli altri assegnano alla nuova (Megale 2008: 11). Abdel Hadi , Maher (1992): Geographie politique et traduction juridique, le probleme de la terminologie. Terminologie et traduction . 2/3:43-57. Disciplinary boundaries of LTS [3] Categorization of by simon armitage, legal texts. Wilson, Rita and Gerber, Leah (2012): Creative Constraints: Translation and Authorship . Clayton, Victoria (Australia): Monash University Press, 166p. Par Eusebio Llacer. Chalvin , Antoine, Lange , Anne et Monticelli , Daniele (dir.) (2011): Between Cultures and Texts/Entre les cultures et les textes. Itineraries in Translation History/Itineraires en histoire de la traduction . Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 320p.

Par Hanane Belgaid. Granger Sylviane et Paquot Magali (dir.) (2012): Electronic Lexicography . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 517 p. Par Guy Lapalme. Legal Translation Studies as Interdiscipline: Scope and Evolution.

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What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the by simon armitage poem firms have, and samaritan bible, what areas of concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of remains poem how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the gsc cinem firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format.

Many people obsess over remains by simon armitage poem, how the resume is formatted. The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins. Simple example, if I see a resume that has the wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in wedding toasts, Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). Remains Poem! I will notice the resume. So the first big takeaway is this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of formats. Many different formats can work. The most important thing is the major accomplishments are easy to samaritan bible, read. Here is what the big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA)

3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of Leadership and People Skills. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in mind, these are resume criteria for ALL levels of remains by simon armitage poem consulting, not just post-college roles. Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the gsc cinem top consulting firms are school snobs. They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is by simon armitage poem, probably billing you out to monopoly, clients at by simon armitage poem, $600,000 USD/year. That's $50,000 USD/month.

The client is going to want to know what and who they are getting for that kind of money. When the computer game answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from by simon armitage poem, Yale and computer, MBA from Harvard, clients respond with an Oh wow. Armitage! that's impressive comment. Samaritan Bible! It makes it easier to get new clients to say yes. Now plenty of by simon people get into samaritan bible, the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. but if you got it, make sure it is OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the thought process of some of remains armitage poem these biases. The thinking is that only super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is not to say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination.

(There is a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of effort you put into networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to Pluralism Moral Essay, do on remains by simon armitage campus recruiting. So they stick to schools where the offer rate vs. Samaritan Bible! applicant ratio is high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is armitage poem, a target school and Essay, my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst. This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and consultants who go to on by simon armitage campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is easier to computer game, understand a candidate's accomplishment via the implied credibility of the employer name and it is remains by simon armitage, also easier to convey to clients. It is the same reason everyone wants to work for MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on your resume that stays with you forever.

To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches. It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on your resume. When I applied for Objections to Rossian Pluralism Make Moral Theory Essay, consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in round 1, and remains poem, Booz when I decided to what did southerners labor?, cancel my final round.) So what did I do in the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at remains armitage, who got interviews (most were friends of mine) and tried to Essay, figure out by simon poem, why they got interviews.

Their GPAs were identical to mine. Their areas of academic study were identical to mine. The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the prior summer, and gsc cinem, I had not. I decided to focus on improving the brand name factor on by simon armitage poem my resume in two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the computer game school year. I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. Armitage! I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the funny wedding toasts way, this was an unpaid internship. so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. By Simon! just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume. This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to get an did southerners give of slave labor?, internship with a big company (now called ATT) for that summer. So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none.

As I mentioned earlier, the following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in remains by simon armitage, large part because of the The Work brand name employers on my resume (I was competing against poem 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on samaritan bible the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. All we would do for remains armitage, hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on the resume that jumped out as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to did southerners give of slave, know if you are smart. It helps to put your GPA on your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for remains armitage poem, it anyways and write it by computer game hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is by simon, not well understood by others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of a possible 4.0.

If yours is different or you are applying from one country to to Rossian Make It a More Moral, an office in by simon armitage poem, a different country, then you want to put on monopoly computer your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. like top 1% of remains by simon armitage class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of game college, many firms will ask for your transcript to poem, see your specific grades on specific classes. To Rossian Pluralism More Moral Essay! In particular, they are looking for poem, your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by a recent graduate from your school. So if you went to Stanford and of War, took Geology 101, the reader is going to remains, know that you took Rocks for Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and the standard will vary by samaritan bible school.

Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to not get disqualified from the process purely because of GPA. Remains Poem! The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in funny wedding, Math. Many firms will want to by simon armitage poem, see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is sometimes hard to compare GPAs from one university to another, the to Rossian Valuable Moral standardized test score is an easy way to poem, compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the ability to think in a logical and analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously.

Since I applied coming out of college, I had only taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to apply to US colleges) and I had a score of samaritan bible 800 on armitage poem the math section (800 out of 800). It is not necessary to The Work Essay, have a perfect score, but certainly the higher the better. There is no absolute cut-off as it depends on the impressiveness of the rest of your application. Remains By Simon Poem! That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is funny wedding, ideal if applying to the top 3 firms. The standard is not as high with other firms.

4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is not enough to do well as a consultant. You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for armitage, is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about The Work of War Essay, these kinds of leadership scenarios in your interview.

They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME. Remains Poem! It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at funny, a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by armitage consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to emphasize these leadership and people skills. If you have a PhD in funny wedding, Physics from MIT and have been published 10 times, this is remains poem, no guarantee of an interview. Here's why. With a PhD in Physics from MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to do the quantitative aspect of the consulting job.

But now the firms want to know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences. Now if you had a PhD in Physics but also did sales jobs to pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to be the OPPOSITE of the stereotype for your area of academic study. If you are an English major, the assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the Make It a More opposite to be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the firms are looking for armitage, an impressive (career trajectory vs. length of career) ratio. So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to see 1 impressive year. If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years.

Things to emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on the job, focus on Objections Make what is most relevant to armitage, consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of work experience in argument of slave labor?, a very technical field in a very technical role, it is a waste of by simon armitage poem space to samaritan bible, spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments. Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the remains armitage measurable change in behavior from your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of Objections Make It a Valuable Theory Essay thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to by simon poem, forecast prices of to Rossian Pluralism Make It a Valuable Moral Theory Gold in the commodities market. Or became a self-taught software developer in a particular job. So the key message here is this:

Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to convey about remains armitage poem, each job to round out Objections to Rossian Make More Valuable Theory, your profile. Another way to balance out by simon armitage, which points you choose to emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of mine who interned at Bain. She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over gsc cinem, my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and got perfect grades in each of them. That's an remains by simon armitage, unusual combo. Another way to think about it is something one of my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to hire engineers with people skills. The Work Of War Essay! And we like to hire poets who can do math. If you have an unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in your resume.

Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at the top. Make sure the name of the armitage school you went to is easy to read. Whether you've never worked full time or have been in wedding toasts, industry 10 years, put the by simon poem schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for first, so don't bury it. (If it is buried, it is assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of what argument in support of slave your resume.

If it is missing, the assumption is armitage poem, it must be low (otherwise you would know to put it). * List your career experiences in chronological order (most recent job at the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to read. * Keep the what argument did southerners give in support resume concise -- 1 page for by simon, anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for experienced hires. * Use bullets to save space. Keep the points short and to the point. Essay! A good rule of thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is remains by simon poem, easy to read. Since a size 11 font will vary depending on Pluralism Make Valuable Moral Theory which font is used, just make sure the remains reader can read it. * Make sure to bold all school names and employer names. Monopoly Game! No need to bold your job titles. Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second.

Emphasize the remains armitage poem things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into reading the resume, and then discovering everything else you have to offer. If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. list the gsc cinem client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. but the remains by simon poem client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the game founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life. The point of by simon armitage poem a resume is Objections to Rossian Valuable Moral Essay, NOT to armitage, write a personal biography. The point is to SELL YOU. The key to sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and descriptions that the resume reader will understand.

If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. explain it is what did southerners give of slave labor?, a 9.5 (out of 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to 1 person out of 10,000 applicants. These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process.

Also keep in mind that my website has over 500 articles, all on the topic of case interviews. If you are looking for more information on a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and by simon, end up working at McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on to Rossian Valuable case interviews, the actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over armitage, 500 articles on case interviews. To get access to these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to confirm your email address.

Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter. This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. I follow your site fervently and find your insights and gsc cinem, advice really authentic. Remains By Simon Armitage Poem! I have a few questions if you would be able to give me some advice. Gsc Cinem! I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from). I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into by simon armitage, Consulting. I am currently working for Objections Make Valuable Moral Theory, a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and am planning to get a Mba from one of the top 5 schools. By Simon! My concern is if I do make it to the one of the schools and then apply for a spot at argument give, Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for remains by simon armitage poem, me to be considered? In regards to what argument did southerners give in support of slave, GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at Deere which is armitage poem, consistantly considered a top engineering company. Argument Give Of Slave Labor?! Also I went to by simon armitage poem, a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT.

Would these things be detrimental to my future application? I will have about 3 years of work experience by the time I am ready to start my Mba. Monopoly! I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for my GPA on the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in by simon armitage, addition to my analytical prowess due to samaritan bible, me being an Engineer. Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of remains armitage interests, ranging from quantum physics/mathematics to economics to funny toasts, immigrant identity in the western cultures to cultural/social processes of thought in eastern cultures compared to western and the art of Comedy. Would any of this be relevant to making me stand out as unique?

Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for some direction in my endeavor to get back home with the great prestige and opportunity of working for remains, Mckinsey and am trying to get the best strategy to do so. Thanks for funny wedding toasts, all the help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for. Yes, it is noticed but if the overall trajectory of your resume is strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor. Remains By Simon Armitage! It might not be enough to to Rossian Make It a More Moral Essay, get into the top 3 firms, but certainly the rest of the top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the reader to have is 1) smart enough to have gone to harvard for poem, undergrad, but for whatever reason the opportunity didnt exist for this person at that time. In terms of the low undegrad gpa at what did southerners in support labor?, a non target school, the by simon armitage poem interpretation you hope for is the person was smart, but lazy as an undergrad and for a variety of reasons, got serious and the more recent accomplishments and test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic.

You dont want the undergrad gpa to be interpreted as that was the best the person could have done. The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the persons intellect was capable of was the low gpa. Now if that happens to be true, it will most likely be reflected in a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. But if the GMAT score is substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is The Work of War Essay, excellent, the interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the person was smart but lazy in college. Remains By Simon Armitage! (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is great! But do I have no real chance at the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items? I have become very keen on samaritan bible being able to work at Mckinsey and remains armitage, from many of the stories I have read on your site it seems that people who have not gone to target schools as undergrad were still able to work at what did southerners in support labor?, the top 3 firms. I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the material and advice you provide and also network well at remains by simon armitage poem, one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance.

I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is obviously very potent and relevant. What Argument Give! If my future application with all the remains things I am trying to accomplish is still by your standards not up to par, I have to respect that. I know you always say that anything could happen and to find my own way is funny wedding toasts, key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I cant help but re-evaluate. Still, I do intend on trying and striving towards a spot at the top and if it doesnt happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to fall back on. Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and focus, this is the path I have set out and my determination to go to Mck is absolute.

Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on your success stories section. Hi Victor! As an undergraduate student applying for remains by simon poem, consulting internships for next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful. Monopoly Game! I have one question about the standardized test scores I have 5s on remains both Calculus AP tests and both the monopoly game language and literature AP tests. These scores are better than my SAT scores in math and remains armitage, critical reasoning would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on my resume for the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. What Argument Give In Support Labor?! majoring in Biology and remains by simon, English who is monopoly computer, medical school bound? I am going to medical school September 2015, and have a gap year. I ultimately want to work in remains by simon armitage poem, a place like McKinsey after pursuing an MD and getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed?

Do you have any advice on moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of samaritan bible going back to get an MBA or other advanced degree, Ive heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an poem, overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and Im currently working on my Masters in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University. My GPA will only gsc cinem be around 3 when Im done, however I have 710/800 in Quants and 700/800 in Verbal from my SAT in senior year of high school. I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in remains poem, Verbal on gsc cinem the GRE when I applied to grad school. I have realized only after coming to armitage, grad school that engineering isnt what I really want. I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. I have been thinking hard about consulting over what give, the past several months and I think consulting would be a great fit for by simon poem, me.

What do you think are my chances of getting a top 10 company to give me an gsc cinem, interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? Im looking to attack all other areas of my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on this. Thanks! Thank you for this great site too! Helpful and insightful article. You have answered all my questions. I have fired blanks all the time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited Executive management experience more than 15 years management and project management experiences, two masters degree one cum laude from private college in my home country. Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in hell in landing that consulting career with a big consulting house.

What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to 1 page? In terms of resume length, the rough rule of thumb is one page per decade of post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in poem, a start up company in India. The company I work for wedding, is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the fortune 500 companies. By Simon Armitage! I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from a state level top b-school.

I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in samaritan bible, the interview. By Simon! My question is samaritan bible, am I even in remains, the race? Its hard to funny, tell. The easiest test is to look at other graduates for your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to armitage poem, give you some Kudos for that helpful article. Greetings from Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by gsc cinem NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Armitage Poem! Ive been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for funny wedding, a MBA.

What are my chances of by simon armitage poem working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? Hey Victor, Im an undergrad at berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from community college. Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about 6% Acceptancce rate. Objections It A More Valuable Moral Theory! If I do well at remains by simon, berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Samaritan Bible! Thanks. By itself, I dont think it is a deal killer. But, you will have to do well at Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from high school. My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA needless to say nobody cared how he got into remains by simon armitage poem, Stanford, only how he performed as he left.

Incidentally, the story you want to argument in support labor?, imply (assuming it is true) is remains by simon, that you went to community college to save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to attend an elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indicative of your ability to perform at a high level). The I couldnt afford it is a much more acceptable excuse than I wasnt smart enough to get in. It would help to The Work of War Essay, have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too. Thank so much for the reply victor. For haas business there is a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I dont have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is that ok? Thats pretty good if its a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture.

You dont need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is low something else on the resume needs to stand out as a compensating factor. So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for by simon armitage, the low GPA came along with it. Samaritan Bible! A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the link somewhere on the website, probably at the top. If everything across the board is poor, thats a deal breaker. If one thing is poor, but the rest exceptional thats a possibility. If everything is above average, thats a possibility, etc Numerous ways to get considered. Also have you ever heard of people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances.

I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from remains, a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into argument did southerners in support, IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. Ive been admitted in remains, SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. Monopoly Computer Game! What are my chances of working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? The non profit background does not rule you out. Armitage! The lack of samaritan bible brand is an remains by simon armitage poem, issue, but can be compensated for.

Oxford is a target school so that is samaritan bible, going to be of enormous help for you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. Poem! I dont know if they track and publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to network, meet people in the firms you want to target, and did southerners of slave labor?, get them to recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you. The above maximizes your chances of getting the by simon armitage poem interview.

Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. Samaritan Bible! It can not just be an marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in your case it really needs to be exceptional starting in round 1 to by simon armitage, offset the funny wedding perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background. From an interviewers point of by simon poem view, it is extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in samaritan bible, round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is VERY hard to remains by simon armitage poem, do that. If there is a resume issue, the gsc cinem thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the decision, and then decide to pass the decision to the round 2 interviewers. I should point out I have received many emails from people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much worse than yours). They have gotten into the top firms. BUT, and I cant stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and probably put 100 200 (the highest Ive ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into case prep and several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the worse the resume (and I dont consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is quite the accomplishment but the lack of brand employers is a valid issue in the eyes of by simon consulting firms) the gsc cinem harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start.

If possible start 6 and by simon poem, preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to what argument did southerners in support of slave, interview. That is by simon, one of the common traits among those who got offers from the top 3 with some kind of funny wedding toasts disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and were willing to put in remains poem, the effort. Thank you for your reply. I am probably 7 months away from starting school and 14-15 months away from interviewing. What do you recommend I do to The Work Essay, get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos? Also, Ive heard the term networking thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later?

Thanks so much. Your reply was very helpful. Do you think regardless of armitage your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. It might be possible to get a case interview opportunity based solely on the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the what argument did southerners in support of slave labor? job offer at the top few firms without doing well on the case. From the remains by simon poem firms point of to Rossian It a Valuable Moral Theory view, there is ENORMOUS risk in putting someone without certain skills in front of a client. The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the entire firm by saying something really stupid (e.g., in remains by simon armitage, the firms eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as Victor made a mistake, it will be described by the client as McKinsey screwed up.

THAT is why the of War Essay firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. That are totally paranoid about the remains armitage scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. It A Theory Essay! What books do you recommend for case interviews? Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. Im a bit biased on poem this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets. For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. It contains recordings of samaritan bible 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and critique of the candidates performance.

It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and remains armitage, experience the differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in your interview (that is if you got an interview through an employee) and your grades arent top notch, say maybe a. 3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at samaritan bible, one of the armitage poem three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of to Rossian Pluralism It a More Moral Theory Essay Stanford. I would really try to get or keep your GPA at 3.5 or higher. It also depends on the selectivity of your school.

So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an by simon, ivy would get looked at and could get in samaritan bible, if they did well on the case. By Simon! Someone from a top 200 university would be expected to have a higher GPA to compensate for lack of funny wedding ivy. The same is true if the remains by simon major is not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to gsc cinem, have a higher GPA than an engineer because the bias in consulting is that math oriented majors are harder than the liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an upcoming interview at Bain for a summer associate intern position but Im struggling to find the appropriate review and prep materials. Do you think case in point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview? Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but Im just stressing and want to be as prepared as possible. Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is high mainly because clients demand it regardless of whether a consultant is an remains by simon armitage, intent, and gsc cinem, undergrad, or a MBA.

Logic is by simon armitage, logic. Math is math. Computer Game! Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the following listed in increasing order of cost. My free videos and email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program recordings and analysis of 20+ case interviews with actual candidates Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. Remains By Simon! If you dont have one locally you can search for one at I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching. Oh also sorry I forgot to monopoly, mention Im an undergraduate not an MBA student.

Thanks! Thank you for the helpful advice. I have sent an online application to armitage, Deloitte for computer, their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to their website. I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to a CSU in the fall. Armitage Poem! Im anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of transfer.

Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an Pluralism Valuable Theory, undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics. I do have internship experiences in equity research, consulting and poem, investment banking. My current GPA is 3.5.

However, I do not think my school brand is well know comparing to those Top schools. Also, two of the internship experiences that I had is from China which I think its not a big brand for US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is samaritan bible, a small consulting firm in Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Do you have any recommendation for me to improve my chance of being accept into the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to switch into MC. Do you have any advice on additional ways to by simon, enhance my resume and training prior to applying?

My education background includes a Masters (science) from Cambridge. I have also previously started an samaritan bible, entrepreneur business venture. If Ive had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and by simon armitage, college internships). Is it necessary to include everything in monopoly computer game, my resume? An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an interview and said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for a startup that isnt doing that great and remains by simon armitage poem, so decide to take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to gsc cinem, mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the remains most relavent information or if its mandatory to list every position youve ever held. Just for full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the The Work Essay interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything).

Thanks a ton. Really appreciate the remains poem help. I think most people are somewhat split on Pluralism Make It a More Valuable Essay this decision. I personally see the resume as a marketing document. Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is fine to exclude things that arent relevant.

For example, I do some volunteer work at remains armitage poem, my kids school. Gsc Cinem! I helped them remove weeds from the garden next to the playground. One could argue it is a job. But it isnt relevant to poem, my reader. Depending on your experience level, its customary to include coursework you took in school though not practical to list every course. Thats my personal take.

Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on what you are comfortable with. First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on the website. All of it is Objections It a Valuable Essay, very useful and armitage, immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about.

My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over gsc cinem, 40 hours a week to coaching/volunteering with various organizations. By Simon! A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an intern can do). Gsc Cinem! Plenty of leadership/team experience. Remains Armitage Poem! I havent taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about my ability to do well on them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to samaritan bible, The Ohio State University, which is remains by simon poem, not exactly prestigious (although it is climbing up the rankings every year Go Bucks!). Whats the likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the name of the school at the top?

Is there anything I can do to still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10? Lots of networking, I presume? If I dont get a job because I interview and Objections to Rossian It a Theory, perform worse than the by simon armitage poem people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. Its going to nag at me if I dont even get a swing at the plate because of my school. Anything youve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the situation is fairly accurate.

There is a huge bias against non target schools. Networking is the key and also targeting in your case offices based in Ohio. Computer Game! You will have an remains armitage poem, easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from someone in an Ohio office than say New York or Boston. Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by phone or over coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to Objections Pluralism Make Moral, risk their reputation by recommending you for a real interview. Remains Armitage Poem! You have to nail the case in the interview for the interview. You basically would have to blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of comfort they would need to endorse you despite the non target school on your resume.

Your article is very helpful. So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at UCLA. However, after a year of computer deliberation, I have decided to pursue the consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. I did get an 800 in the math portion of the SATs and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability. Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach? All of this is very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to your response, From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in a hard science was pretty good, its safe to say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and calculate a percentage. (Truly that is 95% of the math used in consulting). If youve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for remains, premed) or any of the to Rossian Pluralism It a More Valuable Theory Essay core science classes thats sufficient. No need to take math classes unless you want to remains by simon, for your own knowledge sake.

If you were going to take more for what did southerners give in support labor?, you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and an intro economics class both quite useful even outside of consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. Remains Armitage Poem! (at least at the resume screening portion of the Essay process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to see your gpa in neuroscience. Did you excel or did you just get by? UCLA may not be a target school for remains by simon armitage poem, most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from ucla 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for your background than lack of a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an interview, the latter is a definite possibility. At the what argument in support of slave ivys the presumption is the talent pool is armitage, a higher caliber, so the firms will go lower on the gpa scale.

So a 3.5 Harvard is funny, equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on resume thats worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for remains, your helpful article! I just have a question after reading it: Im a Stanford undergrad and have the great brand name, so now Im wondering how to wedding, differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What sorts of by simon poem extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? Im currently a chair in student council and am team lead in the Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Are there other areas youd recommend I get involved in? Ive also competitively played the piano in high school (performed at samaritan bible, Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to consulting recruiting, and that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for consulting. Is this true?

Thank you so much! I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question. What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to remains armitage, be really good at? In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesnt help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didnt actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at computer, the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the opportunity to work with others and remains by simon armitage poem, get much practice doing so. Its important to BE good, not just LOOK good.

Also to me it is what did southerners give in support of slave, impressive you played at Carnegie Hall. Its different. Is it directly relevant to consulting? No. Does it stand out remains armitage, as different? Yes.

Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to achieve. In Support! It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etc in by simon poem, many cases the Objections Pluralism Make It a Essay specific field that achievement is in is less important than the remains by simon poem fact that you achieved something difficult to gsc cinem, achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant. The hard part in poem, the resume screening part of the monopoly computer game process (see my consulting resume toolkit for more specific details and remains by simon, actual resume examples) is you need something that sticks out samaritan bible, as different from the remains armitage poem crowd. When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. Keep in mind many of the what did southerners give of slave 400 didnt even know what a case interview was. My extra curriculars were being the Photo Editor of the Daily and later the yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to remains armitage poem, consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and got to cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..). The range of The Work Essay who gets interviews can be quite wide. Poem! Try not to over think it and to game the The Work of War Essay system.

Instead, focus on developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesnt hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into remains, it and to Rossian Pluralism It a Valuable Moral Theory Essay, developed greater competence at it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall. By Simon Armitage! It wont get you the gsc cinem interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in your favor. How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from armitage, Harvard compare to MBA graduates if I am going into consulting after a number of years in government service from a country other than the US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on samaritan bible resume will likely cause other factors to be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on par on the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is less prestigious than the bschool. Remains Poem! It also depends what country and The Work Essay, office you apply to. Remains By Simon! If you apply for to Rossian Pluralism It a More Moral Theory, the Boston office, you have no differentiation. Armitage Poem! If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard.

Im not familiar with the Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to comment on that. I am currently an architecture student at one of the top ranked public schools in the US. I have recently come across the consulting industry, and, after a lot of research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to go into after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to be able to prepare myself so that my resume is attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an monopoly, option at this point. I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the School of Architecture council, and I represent our college at armitage poem, the University-wide level.

I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. I have great people skills and was voted Class Favorite and Most Likely to Succeed in samaritan bible, high school senior year. What can I do to become more appealing to consulting firm recruits? I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. Remains By Simon Armitage Poem! I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and computer, I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from you.

If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones. Yes it hurts you to not have some indication of poem interest in The Work of War Essay, business in your background. Remains Armitage! Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. The first helps you get the interview, the latter to pass it. You cant be googling every term you here in an interview. Its just not practical. For the former, consider business oriented activities. For the latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. Funny Wedding Toasts! The first for short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the remains by simon armitage poem issues of specific companies.

Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options. Take an intro to funny, economics class as an elective, maybe a financial analysis class Both to add to your knowledge and to indicate interest. Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to the No. 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). By Simon Poem! Ive taken the GMAT once before and samaritan bible, scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to remains armitage poem, enter the world of gsc cinem management consulting at one of the remains armitage poem Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to what argument did southerners give, supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and remains by simon, planning to samaritan bible, switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate.

Should I retake GMAT given my profile?? Its been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in advance! For MBB you really need over 700 on the GMAT. Since your goal is Big4, youre probably in the range at 670. Whether or not to armitage, retake it depends on your opportunity cost and Essay, likelihood of armitage improving the to Rossian Pluralism It a Moral score by remains a significant enough amount to warrant the effort. My sense is retaking the GMAT is probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for it. Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and skill set with more people-oriented activities. When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I cant help but wonder if I could put you in front of a client. If a client says you are wrong and does so in Objections Pluralism Valuable Moral Theory Essay, an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to by simon armitage poem, confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the client otherwise? If a group of junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to argument in support of slave labor?, smooth out the remains armitage poem situation?

These are the larger questions that pop into my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the what give in support prestige on my institution.) I wish to by simon armitage, work for 2-3 years, then apply for an ivy league school in samaritan bible, USA, after which I aim to eventually get into armitage, MBB. Now the problem is, in Objections Pluralism Make It a Theory, India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only give research related jobs at by simon, this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is better work and game, it is easier to get noticed and promoted. Now, in order to achieve my long term goal of top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at remains by simon armitage poem, the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for a job in the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage. You have to decide if the benefit out Objections to Rossian Pluralism Make It a Valuable Theory, weights the downside of potentially less interesting work.

In addition, it helps to be at peace with your choice even if the remains by simon armitage second step of your career doesnt work as planned. No easy answers on this one. Im thinking of Objections It a More Moral Theory pursuing a masters degree in remains, management science instead of an MBA; simply because an MBA is longer and I do not want to work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters. Would this affect my prospects of getting a consulting job at samaritan bible, any of the by simon poem MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the post undergrad candidates.

Having a masters with no work experience doesnt qualify you to lead teams of analysts and client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals. It doesnt negatively impact your ability to get into the top firms, just the level at which your enter. Does one page CV applies to gsc cinem, UK office applicants (from UK university)? I wanted your opinion on remains poem a quick question. If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to just include the math score? I got an game, 800 on the math but 650 in reading and 730 in writing and Im not sure if the remains by simon poem reading score in particular would raise any kind of red flag (if other applicants resumes have for instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the full score and all the sub scores. If you only list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the It a Essay app assuming the others scores are too low. As an undergrad, I just wanted to ask if there was any real downside to excluding the SAT score. When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. Remains! I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and was thinking it might not make sense given I took the test about samaritan bible, 4-5 years ago and remains by simon armitage poem, have already graduated from college.

What do you think? Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated! Best case, a recruiter will call you to gsc cinem, ask you for your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the latter if everything else isnt strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on my resume the big brand companies names but for a short period of time (less than a year).

Would you still suggest to by simon poem, keep the brand companies names on gsc cinem my resume? Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. If it is by simon, only for 3 months and it is not clearly an internship, then you might want to think twice. Hi. I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. Gsc Cinem! Prior to this I completed an MPhil in Environmental Sciences from Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and by simon armitage poem, a General Engineering degree. I will finish my PhD in late 2016.

I would like to work in Make It a More Valuable Moral, consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. I have not done internships ( owing to visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over SE Asia and built useful links. I have several peer reviewed publications to my name. Should I try to gun for McKinsey?

Your background seems similar to the background of remains other McKinsey consultants coming out of a PhD in Europe. I dont know the UK grading system, so I cant comment on samaritan bible your marks. Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply. Also the level of math used in consulting 90% of the time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. By Simon Poem! McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the Make It a More Essay math is difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in a particular way thats very useful in remains by simon poem, consulting. I first wanted to comment on of War the number of posts you have replied to. Im really surprised you get back to so many people! Thats awesome and by simon armitage, greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is samaritan bible, considered a quantitative enough background for consulting? I see most applicants are in engineering, science, economics, etc.

I have excellent grades and by simon armitage, a Masters in Accounting but I wasnt sure if this was an what argument in support of slave labor?, automatic deal breaker. Although I have high grades, leadership, and poem, internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a party school and is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University). Could work experience possibly compensate for this and Objections Pluralism Valuable Essay, make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for remains armitage, your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Accounting isnt considered an exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of gsc cinem view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine. Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it cant compensate for more than one weak spot in most cases. Id say the top 3 would most likely be out of remains by simon reach for you. The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on your overall application) if you networked a lot and monopoly computer, did a ton of case prep (several hundred hours between the two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the likelihood of armitage poem your resume getting an interview.

For networking advice, do a search on the site for monopoly game, networking and non-target school as there are several success stories from others that you can learn from. Thanks for armitage, all the useful information. Gsc Cinem! I am looking to break away from remains by simon armitage, science and Objections Make It a More Moral Theory Essay, start a career in consulting. I have a BS in psychology from Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and remains by simon poem, am currently working on a PhD in neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa). 730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat got started at community college). What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for what of slave, an internship while I still have time?

I obtained a PhD from MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800). How much do you think this will work against me when applying to MBB? Should I re-take the GRE just for boosting the by simon armitage poem numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking? A PhD in computer, Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and remains by simon armitage poem, calculate percentages which is 90% of the funny wedding math used in consulting. At this point, I wouldnt worry about the GRE score. Make contacts via networking. Remains Armitage Poem! If you are in funny, a post doc, focus on remains publishing if thats a possibility for you. The general rule of thumb is firms want to to Rossian Pluralism Make It a More Valuable Moral Essay, see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot.

Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the remains by simon dos in a Resume. I am a Masters student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC. I am looking for summer internship in consulting firms. The Work Essay! I graduated from Government College in India. I have couple of by simon armitage leadership experiences and The Work Essay, internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in the top 7% of the class.

What can I do to have a career in consulting? Most of by simon armitage poem your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students. What is the scope for gsc cinem, a Masters student like me? I recently got an email from remains armitage, our graduate coordinator about internship opportunities in Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the points I should emphasize in argument did southerners give, my Resume? Do I stand a chance to be considered for the internship? P. By Simon Poem! S: Thanks much for your book.

I just got that and it is funny, awesome! Thanks for all the great comments. Im wondering if MBB is a possibility for me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from remains by simon armitage poem, Emory and majored in Economics/Math. Gsc Cinem! I got a 720 on the GMAT and armitage, worked 3 years doing business analytics at a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the Peace Corps to gain some international/volunteer experience and plan on attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about Objections Make It a Valuable Moral Theory Essay, my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the opportunity to work in an international office if that helps my chances. Realistically, MBB is out of reach with that GPA especially from by simon armitage poem, a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesnt help either.

I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of samaritan bible firms. I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for my MBA next fall and was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on poem getting into MBB. Computer! My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to by simon, secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to wedding, help transition into management consulting? Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Armitage! Thanks. Thanks for funny, your guidance. I am PhD candidate in biotechnology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4.

GRE: 800/800 in remains by simon, Quant. (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for samaritan bible, first author publications in reputed peer-reviewed journal. Filed 2 patent applications. By Simon Armitage! Also won 2nd place in business plan event to gsc cinem, commercialize our technology. But since my university is not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting. Also I do not have an MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers?

Any suggestions from you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for your great articles. I am wondering if MBB is out of reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and am finishing up my PhD at a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. The purpose of the armitage poem GMAT and GRE is to have some numerical measure of analytical skills that can be compared across candidates. If your university and funny wedding toasts, program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient.

McKinsey may ask you to take the remains by simon armitage McKinsey Problem Solving Test a kind of consulting version of the GMAT to test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and your PhD is in a technical field, the lack of of War a GRE wouldnt be a deal breaker. Ive recently applied to MBB for summer internships and I didnt even get an remains, interview! I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on monopoly computer this article. I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an remains by simon, Ivy, and Im a double major in the hard sciences. I have a 750+ Math SAT. I have extracurriculars on campus that show leadership. The particular one Im in The Work Essay, is very time consuming and maybe that wasnt enough just to have one? I have experience in a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didnt network at all and still got an interview at remains poem, one of the firms). I dont know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts?

Its impossible to know for sure. At the end of the day, a human being makes the decision and they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in samaritan bible, ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in the first 5 seconds / the bullet points didnt use the optimal phrasing of your extra curricular or work experiences. 2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didnt highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didnt name drop any big brand names / didnt reference people you met at the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasnt strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the scenes. For what its worth, I didnt get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Thanks for the great service you are doing. Remains By Simon Poem! Im a PhD candidate in computer game, a Top Australian University and Im planning to apply for BCG, Bain, and Accenture firms in by simon, Australia.

1. What are the differences (if there are any) in Resume and Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Can I mention about my PhD in two sections of the Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and funny toasts, Experience section as a demonstration of problem solving and analytical skills. For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of remains poem attendance relevant test scores in your country and the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of Science degree in Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of argument give labor? Science and Technology. In the preceding to my enrollment at HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in India. I am now planning to apply to a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in armitage poem, a few months time. Funny Toasts! I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and by simon armitage poem, scored 320/340 on the GRE. What are my chances of samaritan bible landing an interview at remains by simon, the aforementioned firms?

Also, I will be applying to IBM for a management consulting post. Will my prior experience of working with them in India put me in Objections to Rossian Pluralism Make It a Valuable Moral Theory Essay, a better position than other candidates inspite of my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable. On the armitage poem other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impact

I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on our resume and said that skills related to It a More Moral Theory, conflict resolution and team management help. I have such experiences on-job, but dont know how to put them on resume. I cant exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and remains armitage poem, B and of War Essay, thus helped the project in X way. Please advice on how to remains by simon poem, put such experiences on resume.

Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etc Use words that describe how you interact with people in general. This is especially the of War Essay case if your job title tends to imply you stare at a computer all day and armitage poem, dont normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from of War, a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at by simon armitage, a top university in Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to around? Of course its different everywhere but I was curious about the computer game standards. Remains By Simon Poem! I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. However in 2nd and 3rd year, Ive been getting a 90% average.

My gpa currently is a high 70 and Ive been doing various internships in the finance industry. The Work! Will I have a chance at MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, its just Im worried about my GPA and remains poem, dont know how to compare since I am canadian student. Id probably work in argument did southerners in support labor?, MBB firms in toronto if picked. Im wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me.

Ill graduate from Clemson University in by simon armitage, May with a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in French and International Trade. Of War Essay! I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group. I received a 720 on the math portion of the SAT and was thinking of taking the GMAT in the fall. Do you think theres hope? For a top 3 firm, Id say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the remains armitage poem rest of the top 10, Id says its a maybe. Game! Best bet would be the strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from your school work there. If there are alumni there, its possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and remains by simon, doing a search between your school and those firms. If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. I have a networking guide available somewhere on this site that explains how.

With only a standard resume and cover letter to the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter. Your strongest asset is the math SAT score. A similar score on gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is Clemson is give, not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an remains by simon armitage, alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and of War, boutiques would be your best bet. Remains By Simon Poem! Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on his or her own. They typically have one office, in only one city, and focus on a single industry. Im a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins University. My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in Pluralism Valuable, China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3).

Will this be a major burden when applying for by simon, consulting positions? I have a good list of publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers. Did you get an interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. Gsc Cinem! But my GMAT is by simon armitage poem, slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35). What Argument Give In Support! I want to armitage poem, work in Strategy consulting. To Rossian Pluralism Make More Valuable! What are my chances to break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is still low for these firms?

1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. Is that the case even when the position you held has nothing to do with business or consulting? Im a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and poem, am aiming for Objections Make It a Moral Theory Essay, a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. Is an internship like that likely to help me in getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests. Sometimes when I read about armitage, consulting I get confused on whats expected of those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBAs. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for funny, standardized tests from undergrads?

If so, does it make a difference whether they take the armitage poem GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is to Rossian Pluralism Make It a Moral Theory Essay, desirable. Its not your business experience they want. They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by someone else and been determined to be exceptional in their field (regardless of the field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of work experience consulting for by simon poem, a non-profit and a year for the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in gsc cinem, my undergrad and 800 on my Math GRE score. Do you think my profile is by simon armitage poem, strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes.

I seem to have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in the military for 12 years. I was in a leadership position, managing people and projects. I earned a bachelors in Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of 3.4, from in support of slave labor?, a cheap online school. The military stressed a degree, but they didnt care where from. Ive begun looking for a second career and have become obsessed with consulting. Armitage Poem! I dont have any delusions of grandeur. I dont think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of gsc cinem MBB. By Simon Poem! However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant technical and strategy related for 10 years now working for the biggest operators and vendors over samaritan bible, 3 different continents. I am 33 years old.

Do you think its wise for me to pursue a career at management consultant at this age? I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Warwick., 2. I was interested to buy your consulting resume package. Remains By Simon! Do you think it will be beneficial for me, considering I am going to apply for a experienced position? And is Objections to Rossian Make More Valuable Moral Essay, LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me?

Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the remains by simon poem questions asked focus on people with MBAs and PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and The Work of War, was wondering what the process would look like for me/what would you look for remains by simon poem, a medical candidate who was curious about wedding, a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. They are great with health care clients. Process is similar as PhD recruiting process generally. Expectations and by simon, qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Objections Pluralism It A! Your comments are invaluable.

I was curious how excellent is required by BA of top 5. I feel a lot of by simon students have even much better experiences than mine. I dont really have a check-able big name on what of slave labor? my resume. Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95% three internships in major government agencies in NYC/ did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes. thesis using four coding and analyses tools. founder of by simon three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. some athlete experience 10 years ago Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor!

Based on your background, I think youd be considered at a top 3 firm. Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on your resume. Shows you can do math even if math isnt necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and non-profit experience. Youd want to be prepared to answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Of War! Got good career progression compare to proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT Would that be an remains armitage, issue for MBB application in future? Do you have an what did southerners give in support labor?, SAT score?

The math score would be important. Theres an remains by simon poem, enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. Ive seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to follow the logic of the work. If you didnt, and they really liked you, theyd have you take one of their own internal math tests. But given the game non ivy background, my guess is if the remains by simon poem math score wasnt there, they wouldnt bother with the extra effort to get a standardized math read on samaritan bible your abilities. I didnt have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in GRE Quant section. Remains Poem! Do you think GRE Quant score can help?

Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at the top firms. Definitely include the score on your resume. I have read through all the comments, and there is no-one in my situation Flawless academic record (1st in wedding, my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for by simon armitage poem, a French consultancy in 1999.

I spent some years working for the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to game, raise a family (of academic superstars!). Remains Poem! I also travelled the world running half-marathons in a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and monopoly, am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef. But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. I wouldnt even consider it, but a close family member is remains armitage, a successful McKinsey consultant and gsc cinem, honestly believes the poem role is PERFECT for samaritan bible, me. I have a reputation as a genius but Im afraid its outdated, and possibly wiped out completely by the time off to raise the family. What do you think? Is there an age limit?

And what about a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)? No age limit. Your background is interesting. You would need to explain why consulting fits into your career plans at remains by simon poem, this particular moment in time. If your GPA at Yale was high, I would definitely put that on Essay your resume. The story you want to convey is you were the kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon by simon graduating from college, and now theyre getting another chance. You would want to funny toasts, acknowledge your more recent background is a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and also explain how if you got the job you would stay for some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for interview. I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at UC Berkeley.

Would you consider UC Berkeley for remains armitage poem, engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey. To Rossian Make Valuable Moral Essay! I know this is not an internship opportunity but I am only a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Is a 1960 score on poem the SAT too low should I not list it on funny wedding toasts my resume? I am wondering if they care for these types of programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to put it on if they think it would be too low and remains poem, am unsure if they would ask. Since its not an actual job application, if they dont request your score, its fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by samaritan bible McKinsey standards.

When you apply, you will need to armitage poem, included your score. If you dont, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for your scores before your resume is ever read by a decision maker. However, a good GPA in management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers. I have taken many finance courses and it is nothing compared to what math people do. In management, everything you nee to know is in a book, or in past finals, past midterms. You memorize and apply, and you dont need to understand the real logic behind all the elements in a formula.

Thank you very much. The resources youve provided are invaluable. Ill be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and Objections Pluralism Valuable Essay, am considering re-taking some standardized tests. Remains! I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from UCLA (3.62 GPA). Samaritan Bible! What do you think my GRE and remains poem, SAT scores should be if I am to gsc cinem, stand a chance for the top 10? Thanks again for everything. For top 3 firms, anything over 95% percentile is clearly sufficient. Over 90% percentile is remains by simon armitage, often acceptable if the rest of the package is strong. If theres a math break out to the standardized test, theyre looking for 95%+. If youre already over 90%, probably not worth re-taking the test.

A better use of gsc cinem your time would be to network and make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on remains armitage poem your time. For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those cut-offs (they arent hard and fast cut offs), by 5% 15% depending on the firm and where there in the top 10. Thanks for this article its been really useful for monopoly computer, me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a big name employer, so I pursued these opportunities. Remains Armitage Poem! Ive been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UKs biggest house builder, FTSE100), but its in health and safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) Im unsure whether it will improve my CV for funny toasts, strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to stay on at the CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but theres not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the armitage way, Im based in the UK and planning to apply for graduate roles there in monopoly game, September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on the basis of being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on other factors or if time permits look for a third option.

Thank you very much for your advice. I appreciate you taking the time to remains by simon, answer. That sounds like a good plan. I would like to know your feedback on my special case. I am an American citizen that lived in Lebanon for almost my entire life, and I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to gsc cinem, know what firms do you think would consider me for poem, an interview, the following is a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at of War Essay, the University of Houston, and an intern for poem, a local boutique consultancy firm.

Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative.. I have a question about monopoly computer, my poor SAT scores. I did poorly on my SAT with total composite of 1800+ and math 710(which is on the boarder line). This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an remains by simon armitage poem, engineering program and Im going to be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. Wedding! Im very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and by simon poem, the bulge bracket. I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is gsc cinem, a tough one. Your math SAT is armitage, good enough for a resume reader to read the rest of Essay your resume. The other part of the by simon SAT is Objections Pluralism Make Theory Essay, low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of time to make meaningful improvements in your scores.

If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead. Id like at the relative weights of those tests math vs all else and see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. If your career plan involves taking the GMAT at remains armitage poem, some point in time, its an easier decision to of War, take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. Its harder to justify retaking a test you have no use for other than a single bullet point on your resume. I am an advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and I am hoping to move into remains armitage poem, management consulting in The Work Essay, one of MBBs. My issue currently is that I did not have to take a standardized test for my Ph.D. in armitage poem, engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools. Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on case studies? Thank you so much.

Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that. Otherwise, I would check the what argument labor? McKinsey website and potentially call the on campus recruiting coordinator and ask your question. I dont think its worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the remains by simon armitage poem McKinsey Problem Solving Test to Make It a More Essay, get a read on your quantitative skills.

Im unclear on by simon armitage how other firms would handle it. Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is a good proxy for this school, but not the only one). If youre PhD is in mathematics that would be one alternative. If youre a teach assistant in some kind of math or statistics class that would be another. If youve won any awards and to Rossian Pluralism Make It a More Valuable Theory, can show your percentile rank, that would be another.

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5 surprising secrets of remains by simon armitage poem a killer McKinsey resume. Haven#8217;t you always wondered what a McKinsey resume looks like? Today, we have for you a post on the 5 things you should know about Objections Pluralism Make It a More Essay, submitting your resume to McKinsey. Remains Armitage Poem? After the rave reviews we received from our McKinsey firm profile, we decided to give you even more insight on the world#8217;s top consulting firm this time letting you in on the secrets of samaritan bible what it takes to make it past the resume screen at McKinsey. Poem? Now, there are the standard set of rules for monopoly computer, your consulting resume that apply for any firm a results-oriented resume, formatting consistency, using proactive language, quantifying competitive accomplishments, providing context for key activities, etc. and remains poem, you can get more on those in our Resume Cover Letter Bible. These 5 tips below, however, are focused specifically on game, McKinsey . So for remains by simon armitage poem, all of you McKinseyite wannabes, this one#8217;s for you! June is resume month at what give in support labor?, MC, and as such, we focus all of our posts on remains, that same topic consulting resumes. This year we also honored resume month with our 2nd annual free resume review giveaway which filled up in less than 9 minutes! 50 lucky MC subscribers received a free resume review , and gsc cinem, the 300+ more who didn#8217;t make the 50-person cut-off received a private discount code to use for resume editing services. We#8217;ll be sending out remains armitage poem, another special this month, so check back often, follow us on Facebook, or subscribe to our mailing list to stay tuned.

Here are the 5 things you should know about submitting your resume to funny wedding toasts, McKinsey. 1. A Harvard business degree isn#8217;t enough. McKinsey hires the best of Harvard#8217;s best, so just being from Harvard isn#8217;t good enough. We#8217;re talking about the poem most prestigious consulting firm in the world here so a regular ol#8217; degree from Stanford or INSEAD isn#8217;t sufficient to get you to the interview round. The competition at McKinsey is computer, more than stiff it#8217;s almost impossible. Without prestigious leadership experience on your resume e.g., if your highest achievement is Student Body Treasurer or you made the Dean#8217;s list 50% of the time don#8217;t even bother applying. Your family may be gushing with pride over remains, your accomplishments, but you won#8217;t make it past the firm#8217;s resume screen.

Significant achievements that will get you considered are things like President of your Consulting Club, Founder of samaritan bible a company, a summer internship at a brand-name firm, inventor of a new surgical technology, or a Ph.D. in some cutting edge and radical new research. A knock-out McKinsey candidate is an influencer the next Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg, or Arianna Huffington with a variety of by simon poem interests that make you uniquely and powerfully you. You#8217;re Type A, polished, and did southerners in support of slave labor?, a winner when you run, you#8217;re elected; when you compete, you win. Does this sound like the type of experience you have? If so, you#8217;ve got a good chance. Remains Poem? If not, either start obtaining it or consider back-up options. Funny? 2. Remains By Simon Armitage Poem? Don#8217;t use the McKinsey buzzwords, DEMONSTRATE them. McKinsey buzzwords include structure , credibility , and credentials.

Don#8217;t use these terms on your resume a McKinsey recruiter will see right through that. Anyone can say they#8217;re great at using structure to solve problems. You#8217;re much better off giving an funny toasts, example that presents the problem, briefly explains how you approached it, and by simon poem, what the results were. Your resume should give clear, concise examples that demonstrate each of these McKinsey qualities. Structure Weave a story that presents a problem you faced, the structured approach you took to solving it including breaking the gsc cinem problem into its component parts, and the positive results you achieved. Poem? On the job, you will rely on best practice work (i.e., the same report, but for a different company or industry) to get the wedding job done so if you can show you#8217;ve done this before, you#8217;re golden. Credibility An internship with McKinsey is going to be the best credibility you can offer , however, internships or work experience at Fortune 500 firms will work in remains by simon armitage poem your favor too.

Other non-profit experiences can additionally give you an up, like a term with Teach for what labor?, America, as long as that#8217;s not all you#8217;ve done (otherwise, the sudden interest in business might be suspect). Basically, anything you can include on your resume that shows you went through a rigorous selection process and came out on top is going to win you points with a McKinsey recruiter. Credentials A McKinsey candidate will have graduated from a top international school with Honors, received a Rhodes or Fulbright Scholarship, won an Olympic gold medal, or wrote speeches for the President. Your credentials must be seriously impressive to be considered McKinsey-worthy, so include the most prestigious scholarships, merit awards, and by simon armitage poem, industry accolades that you can on toasts, your resume. 3. McKinsey staffs globally, so show them you#8217;re ready to go global.

Under McKinsey#8217;s global staffing model, youll work on project engagements with 5-6 member teams pulled from locations around the world. Even if a client doesn#8217;t demand your presence on-site, you#8217;ll need to fly to connect with your team. That means you#8217;ll be traveling 100% of the time. What does this mean for your resume? Well, an internship with Deutsche Bank in Germany paired with an economics study abroad program in Argentina is going to convey your ability to get along with multi-national teams, handle living/working in remains poem another country, and argument did southerners in support, demonstrate maturity traveling/living on your own. This isn#8217;t necessarily a make or break for your application, but it will definitely have a positive influence on the review team. I started my first consulting firm while I was living in South Africa, and it was focused on poem, Corporate Social Responsibility. I worked with international governments, local South African bureaucrats, and multinational company#8217;s business leaders to implement and measure the impact of business-focused programs. Yes, I had top grades from a great school and Pluralism It a Valuable Theory, had won awards while there#8230;but it was my international experience on top of all that that put me on McKinsey#8217;s radar as an experienced hire. A resume that includes language skills and international experience e.g., study/work abroad, international competitions, globetrotting, etc. will get you that much closer to armitage, a McKinsey interview slot as long as there is a consistent theme of excellence.

4. A well-structured, black-and-white 1-page resume is what McKinsey recruiters are looking for. Don#8217;t get creative on your resume. Monopoly Computer Game? Stick with a very basic, black-and-white presentation that tells your story with context and impact. Rely on by simon armitage, your pedigree, internships, and relevant work experience to The Work Essay, provide the impact you want not on too-frequently bolded fonts, excessive titles in italics , or confusing formatting choices. You#8217;re going to be representing a highly-established firm with Fortune 500 C-level executives, the majority of whom are older and probably more conservative than you. By Simon Armitage Poem? Everything from your attire to your resume must reflect that you know and appreciate what that means. Game? McKinsey wants you to remains by simon armitage, be highly intelligent, yet predictable.

Creativity on samaritan bible, your resume is appreciated, but only in terms of what you#8217;re presenting your experience, etc. not in remains armitage poem how you present it. One key exception McKinsey does accept longer resumes/CVs outside the Objections to Rossian Make It a Essay U.S. By Simon Poem? The absolute maximum, however, is 2 pages, and you should have at least 5 years of professional work experience if you#8217;re going to of War, justify having a longer presentation of remains by simon your education and experience. Most that we see in the 3-5 page range are stocked with 50% nonsense and fluff, so we bring out the axe and pare it down to essentials. The Work Of War Essay? McKinsey has a subject matter expert track and a generalist track , and versus its Bain and BCG counterparts moves consultants into specific practices early on, such as logistics or HR. Because McKinsey hires candidates into specific areas of expertise, the firm is more open to armitage poem, considering applications from candidates who#8217;ve chosen not to go the typical MBA route. Objections To Rossian Make Moral Theory Essay? In fact, more than 50% of McKinsey consultants don#8217;t have a graduate degree in business. Poem? If your education and/or work experience is monopoly, #8220;outside the norm,#8221; don#8217;t be afraid to highlight that on your resume. Here#8217;s another tip if you do have a specialization outside of by simon armitage poem business, research McKinsey#8217;s Insight weekend a swanky, 2 day informational conference for hot target prospective consultants, held at a Ritz Carlton near you. The Work Essay? Having been accepted to one of these events is almost as strong as having a McKinsey internship on your resume . It shows you#8217;ve already been vetted, moving you one step closer to the inner circle.

Pretty sure that you don#8217;t have McKinsey credentials yet? Let#8217;s talk about your next steps here. Should you blindly apply and hope for the best, or send them some tragic sob story explaining why your grades are so terrible? Should you give up completely? If you#8217;re really serious about consulting, get strategic about your application to McKinsey and take a long-term view.

Don#8217;t have brand-name experience on your resume? Get some. Remains? Don#8217;t have a top degree? Go back to computer, school. Didn#8217;t win an remains by simon poem, award?

Try harder, build a magical company, or get creative in monopoly computer game your free time. By Simon Armitage? Remember, McKinsey consultants aren#8217;t born they are made. So get started on wedding, the tasks that will make you an incredible asset to an already incredible firm! We hope you enjoyed these insights into your consulting resume for McKinsey. Stay tuned for our next post on how MBB recruiters read consulting resumes. Best of luck!

The arrogance displayed in this article is a big reason why people go to work for BCG or Bain instead. Clients hate it too. Seriously, tone it down. You may have a few gold medalists, but most are not. I was a top-tier consultant for 10 years, and this post reminds me why I#8217;m glad I left. Thinking you are the best and actually being it are two different things. I get the feeling, McK specializes on the thinking part. #8220;A knock-out McKinsey candidate is an influencer the remains armitage next Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerberg#8221; WHY WOULD MARK ZUCKERBERG WORK FOR MCKINSEY WHEN HE CAN BUY IT? This translates to, why would the computer game next Zuckerburg work for McKinsey when they can open up their own business and make far more money and become far more credible. Having worked for a big Top 10 firm in the past, the biggest problem I noticed was the sheer arrogance and sense of entitlement that seemed to permeate virtually everything the organization did and stood for. Remains By Simon Armitage Poem? It didn#8217;t give a rat#8217;s a$$ about its clients. The only thing that seemed to matter was making equity associate or partner and pushing billables past Pluto#8217;s orbit.

Yes, we can see why this article is slanted. While the intent of the article seems to funny wedding toasts, help candidates looking at McKinsey. I doubt it will do that. The article portrays the firms consultants so high that it is difficult for most aspirants to reach there, infact it may turn them away from remains by simon poem, a consulting job. The article creates a sense of to Rossian Make It a Valuable Moral Essay dispair #8220;I am not as good as this#8221; feeling.

Being a current consultant and one with a Harvard degree, I do not want to remains armitage, work in a culture like this. But, any aspirant should look at McKinsey#8217;s website and Objections to Rossian More Essay, study their resources and armitage poem, employee interviews, which are organized by role and geography. The tone of the website is funny wedding toasts, more #8216;humble#8217; than this article. This article is laugh out loud nonsense! I do not see any one taking credit for this #8220;gem#8221; wonder why the author will not share their #8220;credentials#8221; and #8220;credibility#8221;?! I agree with the by simon poem comments below: tone and content of this article is silly posturing and offensive drivel. Author sounds like he/she is a Gordon Gekko groupie with no practical experience. Big 4/McKinsey/BCG/Bain clients pay a great deal of money for consulting services from the #8220;best of the best#8221;. Funny Wedding? Clients put their faith in us and value our experience because we deliver results period. By Simon Armitage? Posturing, arrogance and salivating over a conference at gsc cinem, the Ritz Carlton are career limiting values, indicative of an amateur who will never be successful as a consultant. Remains By Simon Armitage? I have won many clients and to Rossian Make Valuable Moral Theory, engagements after a client has fired a consultant/firm.

Their biggest complaint? The consultant was #8220;all talk, full of themselves and never delivered#8221;. This is disgraceful given the by simon armitage amount of money and trust clients put into their consulting partners. The key to a long, successful career in gsc cinem consulting is simple: treat your clients with respect, deliver on your promises. As always, consultants glorifying McKinsey. I know many undergrads who partied their way through college with a liberal arts major, and are still working at McKinsey. Poem? Consulting is for people who (a) have no idea what they want to do with their lives or (b) are smart but unskilled laborers.

Can#8217;t wait for the Elon#8217;s and Mark#8217;s of the world to aggregate the gsc cinem quants and remains by simon poem, build the data science teams that put McKinsey out of business. Objections To Rossian Pluralism Make? When you#8217;ve been spied on by people who did have this resume, you do tend to suspect that you#8217;ve got things they#8217;ve not got. It tells you that McKinsey doesn#8217;t have the best inside the firm, so it has to remains by simon armitage poem, steal it from monopoly, outside the by simon armitage firm. You don#8217;t reach that level by following a production line approach, you do so by Essay, going where no-one has gone before. And anyone who knows anything about remains by simon armitage poem, that, knows that sometimes you#8217;ll succeed, and gsc cinem, sometimes, you#8217;ll fail. Because Mckinsey is intolerant of any failure, it should have no credibility in the fields of remains poem entrepreneurship, risk capital, top-down reinvention of a firm or anything which actually involves risk taking. Funny? It should have no credibility in revolutionising anything. Steve Jobs would spit on what is written here by McKinsey.

He won big but he also failed. He was worth more than the entire Senior Partners of remains by simon poem Mckinsey. By a long way. Monopoly Computer? What McKinsey wants are what Hollywood calls: #8216;Close, but no cigar#8217; types of people. Dull worthies who never made a mistake because they never took a risk of remains poem any significant magnitude. That#8217;s fine but it#8217;s about time that this myth was blown out of the water.

Rhodes/Fulbright Scholars are spies recruited to spy. What In Support Labor?? They are not revolutionaries. The most important and true thing in that article is that Mckinsey people are OCD. If they haven#8217;t realised that working for an OCD is the most destructive concept for any self-motivated, graduate-level revolutionary thinker, they failed Consulting 101. OCDs should be running surgical theatres, they should be managing mission-critical aspects of space programs, they should be writing computer code. They should coaching sports folks where attention to details and marginal gains are imperative. They should not be managing creative people, revolutionary people, emancipated people. They destroy people like that through jealousy, enmity, thuggery, power games and destructive vindictiveness. OCDs are OCDs because they are too scared to by simon armitage, face their own inner demons. That#8217;s why they are OCDs.

The day they overcome their inner demons is the day that their OCD propensities will disappear. Now I hope this helps people understand the truth about Mckinsey because you#8217;ll never get it out of Objections to Rossian Pluralism Make Valuable Moral Theory them in 100 years. Oh, and remember when you go to interview: they#8217;ll have bugged the remains room so don#8217;t get up to anything naughty. You#8217;re supposed to argument did southerners in support labor?, be a married-for-life monogamous boring stuffed shirt. Unless they are sucking up to President Bill Clinton of course, who can do whatever the heck he wants#8230;#8230;and frequently did.

If you fought in Bosnia and remains by simon, can see through the interview dynamics, go work somewhere else. Admiring 23 year olds from Oxbridge fit in much better. haha. wow you guys are getting totally destroyed in Essay the comments below#8230; not a bad article fwiw but I do agree there#8217;s an arrogance about by simon armitage poem, consulting + the world in general that#8217;s perpetuated by the author#8217;s way of thinking.

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Essay on Marriage: Meaning, Functions and Forms. Here is your essay on marriage, its meaning, functions and forms! Marriage and family sociologically signifies the stage of greater social advancement. It is indicative of mans entry into the world of emotion and feeling, harmony and culture. Long before the institution of marriage developed, man and woman may have lived together, procreated children and died unwept and unsung. Their sexual relations must have been like birds and animals of momentary duration. Image Courtesy :

Marriage as an poem, institution developed over the time. It may have been accepted as a measure of social discipline and as an expedient to eliminate social stress due to the sex rivalry. The growing sense and sensibility may have necessitated the acceptance of argument did southerners give of slave labor? norms for formalising the armitage poem, union between man and woman. Marriage is the most important institution of human society. It is a universal phenomenon. Monopoly Computer Game! It has been the backbone of human civilisation. Human beings have certain urges like hungers, thirst and sex. Society works out certain rules and regulation for satisfaction of by simon armitage poem these urges.

The rules and regulations, which deal with regulation of sex life of human beings, are dealt in the marriage institution. We can say that the Essay, Marriage is as old as the institution of family. Both these institutions are vital for the society. Family depends upon the Marriage. Marriage regulates sex life of human beings. Marriage creates new social relationships and reciprocal rights between the spouses. It establishes the by simon armitage, rights and the status of the children when they are born. Each society recognises certain procedures for creating such relationship and rights. The society prescribes rules for prohibitions, preferences and prescriptions in deciding marriage. It is this institution through which a man sustains the continuity of his race and attains satisfaction in a socially recognised manner. Sociologists and anthropologists have given definitions of marriage.

Some of the important definitions are given below. Edward Westermark. Marriage is a relation of one or more men to one or more women which is recognised by custom or law and involves certain rights and duties both in the case of the parties entering the union and in the case of the children born of it. As B. Malinowski defines, Marriage is a contract for the production and maintenance of children. According H.M. Johnson, Marriage is a stable relationship in computer game which a man and a woman are socially permitted without loss of standing in community, to have children. Ira L. Remains By Simon Armitage Poem! Reiss writes, Marriage is a socially accepted union of individuals in husband and wife roles, with the More Theory, key function of legitimating of parenthood. William Stephens, the anthropologist, says that marriage is: (1) A socially legitimate sexual union begun with. (2) A public announcement, undertaken with. (3) Some idea of performance and assumed with a more or less explicit.

(4) Marriage contract, which spells out reciprocal obligations between spouses and between spouses and their children. William J. Goode, the famous family sociologist has tried to combine the two objectives of armitage poem marriage i.e. to regulate sex life and to The Work Essay, recognize the newborn. It was perhaps for by simon armitage, this reason that American sociologists came out monopoly computer game, with the statement that no child should be born without a father. Although different thinkers have tried to provide definition of marriage, but there is no universally acceptable definition of marriage. There seems to be, however, a consensus that marriage involves several criteria that are found to remains armitage, exist cross-culturally and throughout time. For example, Hindu marriage has three main objectives such as Dharma, Progeny and Sexual Pleasure. Individual happiness has been given the least importance. It is considered to be sacrament, a spiritual union between a man and a woman in wedding toasts the social status of husband and wife. In Western countries, marriage is a contract. By Simon! Personal happiness is given the utmost importance. People enter into matrimonial alliances for the sake of seeking personal happiness.

If this happiness is-not forthcoming they will terminate the relationship. Marriage is thus cultural specific. The rules and regulations differ from one culture to another. We can, however, identify certain basic features of this institution. (1) A heterosexual union, including at least one male and samaritan bible, one female. (2) The legitimizing or granting of approval to the sexual relationship and remains by simon armitage, the bearing of children without any loss of gsc cinem standing in the community or society. (3) A public affair rather than a private, personal matter.

(4) A highly institutionalized and patterned mating arrangement. (5) Rules which determine who can marry whom. (6) New statuses to man and woman in remains by simon poem the shape of husband and argument did southerners labor?, wife and father and by simon poem, mother. (7) Development of personal intimate and affectionate relationships between the spouses and parent and children. (8) A binding relationship that assumes some performance. The above discussion helps us to conclude that the boundaries of marriage are not always precise and clearly defined. What Argument Did Southerners Give Of Slave Labor?! It is, however, very important institution for the society as it helps in replacement of old and dying population.

Marriage is an institutionalized relationship within the family system. It fulfills many functions attributed to armitage, the family in general. Family functions include basic personality formation, status ascriptions, socialization, tension management, and replacement of members, economic cooperation, reproduction, stabilization of toasts adults, and the like. Many of by simon armitage these functions, while not requiring marriage for their fulfillment, are enhanced by the marital system. In fact, evidence suggests marriage to be of great significance for the well-being of the individual. Researchers have shown that compared to the unmarried, married persons are generally happier, healthier, less depressed and disturbed and less prone to premature deaths. Samaritan Bible! Marriage, rather than becoming less important or unimportant, may be increasingly indispensable.

The functions of marriage differ as the structure of remains by simon marriage differs. For example, where marriage is specially an extension of the kin and extended family system, then procreation, passing on the family name and continuation of property become a basic function. Thus, to not have a child or more specifically, to not have a male child, is sufficient reason to replace the present wife or add a new wife. Where marriage is based on free choice, i.e. parents and kinsmen play no role in selecting the partner, individualistic forces are accorded greater significance. Thus in the United States, marriage has many functions and involves many positive as well as negative personal factors : establishment of a family of ones own, children, companionship, happiness, love, economic security, elimination of loneliness etc. The greater the extent to which the perceived needs of marriage are met, and the fewer the alternatives in the replacement of the unmet needs, the greater the what did southerners give in support, likelihood of marriage and the continuation of that marriage. At a personal level, any perceived reason may explain marriage, but at a social level, all societies sanction certain reasons and renounce others. Societies evolved mannerism and method for selection of the remains by simon armitage poem, spouses, according to their peculiar socio-economic and what in support labor?, political conditions, and in by simon armitage poem accordance with their levels of cultural advancement.

This explains on the one hand the gsc cinem, origin of the various forms, of marriage and on the other the differences in the attitude of societies towards the institution of marriage. Some have accepted it as purely a contractual arrangement between weds, while others hold it as the sacred union between man, and woman. Remains Armitage Poem! Forms of marriage vary from society to society. The Work! Marriage can be broadly divided into two types, (1) monogamy and (2) polygamy. Monogamy is that form of marriage in which at a given period of time one man has marital relations with one woman. Armitage! On the death of the spouse or one of the partners seek divorce then they can establish such relationship with other persons but at a given period of time, one cannot have two or more wives or two or more husbands. This one to one relationship is the most modern civilized way of living. In most of the societies it is samaritan bible, this form, which is found and recognized. It should be noted that on a societal basis, only about 20 per cent of the remains armitage poem, societies are designated as strictly monogamous, that is, monogamy is the toasts, required form. When monogamy does not achieve stability, certain married persons end their relationship and remarry. Thus, the second spouse, although not existing simultaneously with the first, is sometimes referred to as fitting into a pattern of remains poem sequential monogamy, serial monogamy or remarriage.

Keeping in view the advantages of monogamy the world has granted recognition to monogamous form of marriage. The following are its advantages: 1. Better Adjustment: In this form of marriage men and women have to adjust with one partner only. In this way there is better adjustment between them. 2. Greater Intimacy:

If the number of people in the family will be limited there will be more love and affection in the family. Because of which they will have friendly and deep relations. 3. Better Socialization of Children: In the The Work Essay, monogamy the children are looked after with earnest attention of parents. The development of modes of children will be done nicely. By Simon! There will be no jealously between the parents for looking after their children. Family happiness is maintained under monogamy which is completely destroyed in other forms of funny toasts marriage because of remains poem jealousy and other reasons. Thus, in this form of marriage, family is defined as happy family. 5. Equal Status to Woman:

In this form of marriage the status of woman in family is equal. Monopoly Computer Game! If husband works she looks after the house or both of them work for armitage, strengthening the economic condition of the family. 6. Equalitarian way of Living: It is only under monogamous way of living that husband and wife can have equalitarian way of life. Under this system husband and funny wedding toasts, wife not only share the familial role and obligations but also have joint decisions. The decision making process becomes a joint venture. 7. Population Control: Some sociologists have the view that monogamy controls the population. Because of one wife children in the family will be limited. 8. Better Standard of remains armitage poem Living: It also affects the standard of living within limited resources.

One can manage easily to live a better life. It helps in the development of independent personality without much constraint and pressure. 9. Respect to old Parents: Old parents receive favouring care by their children but under polygamy their days are full of bitterness. 10. Objections To Rossian Pluralism It A More Valuable Moral! Law is in favour: Monogamy is legally sanctioned form of marriage while some are legally prohibited. 11. More Cooperation: In such a family there is close union between the couple and the chances of conflict are reduced and there is cooperation between husband and remains poem, wife. It is more stable form of marriage.

There is better division of monopoly game property after the death of by simon armitage poem parents. Monogamy is a marriage between one husband and one wife. So if the partner is not of choice then life loses its charm. Monopoly! They have to adjust between themselves but now-a-days divorce is the answer to their problem. According to Sumner and remains armitage, Keller, Monogamy is gsc cinem, monopoly. Wherever there is monopoly, there is bound to be both ins and outs. Some inpatients cant have kids or some barren cannot have kids. If one of the armitage, partners has some problem couples cannot have children.

They have to suffer from childlessness. 4. Economic Factors: Marriage in of War monogamy does not play part of income. Remains By Simon Poem! They have to samaritan bible, depend upon their own occupation for living. Remains Armitage! If they are poor they will remain poor. So monogamy effects the economic condition of computer man and woman. 5. Better status to Women: Monogamy provides better status to women in the society.

They are counted equal to men. Some people do not like this form of marriage. When they do not get partner of by simon armitage their own choice they start sexual relations with other people. This also leads to the problem of prostitution. Distinguished from monogamy is polygamy. Polygamy refer to the marriage of several or many. Polygamy is the what, form of marriage in which one man marries two or more women or one woman marries two or more men or a number of men many a number of women. According to remains by simon poem, F.N.

Balasara, The forms of marriage in which there is plurality of partners is called polygamy. Polygamy, like other forms of marriage is highly regulated and normatively controlled. It is funny, likely to be supported by the attitudes and values of both the sexes. By Simon! Polygamy itself has many forms and variations. Polygamy is samaritan bible, of three types: (i) Polygyny, (ii) Polyandry and (iii) Group marriage. Let us now discuss forms of polygamy in details,

Polygyny is a form of marriage in which a man has more than one .wife at remains by simon poem a time. In other words it is a form of marriage in which one man marries more than one woman at monopoly computer a given time. By Simon Armitage Poem! It is the prevalent form of marriage among the tribes, Polygyny also appears to be the privilege of the wealthy, in many African societies the rich usually have more than one wife. This type of marriage is found in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya and Uganda. Argument Did Southerners Give Of Slave! In India, polygyny persisted from the Vedic times until Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Now polygyny is visible among many tribes of India. Viewing polygyny cross-culturally, poiygynous families evidence specific organisational features: 1. In certain matters, sex particularly, co-wives have clearly defined equal rights.

2. Each wife is set up in a separate establishment. 3. By Simon Armitage! The senior wife is given special powers and privileges. It has been suggested that if co-wives are sisters, they usually live in the same house; if co-wives are not sister, they usually live in separate houses. It is believed that sibling can better tolerate, suppress and live with a situation of sexual rivalry than can non-siblings. Polygyny may be of two types: (i) Sororal polygyny and (ii) Non-soraral polygyny. Sororal polygyny is one in which all the wives are sisters. Gsc Cinem! Non-sororal polygyny means the marriage of one man with many women who are not sisters. 1. Disproportion of sexes in the Population: When in any tribe or society male members are less in number and females are more, then this type of armitage marriage takes place. 2. Gsc Cinem! Out-migration of male Population: To earn the livelihood male members migrate from one society to another.

This way there is a decrease in the number of males than females and armitage poem, polygyny takes place. Hypergamy also gives rise to polygyny. Under this system the parents of lower castes or classes want to improve their social status by marrying their daughters in the higher caste or classes. 4. Pluralism More Valuable Moral Essay! Desire for male Child: Among the primitive people importance was given to remains by simon armitage poem, make children than females. Thus man was free to The Work of War Essay, have as many marriages as he liked on the ground to get male children. In some societies number of wives represented greater authority and status. Particularly the leaders of by simon armitage poem primitive society increased number of wives in The Work of War Essay order to prove their superiority. A single marriage was considered a sign of poverty. So where marriage is taken as sign of prestige and prosperity the custom of by simon armitage poem polygyny is natural. 6. Economic Reason:

Where the people of the poor families were unable to find suitable husbands for their daughters they started marrying their daughters to rich married males. 7. Variety of Sex Relation: The desire for variety of sex relations is another cause of polygyny. The sexual instincts become dull by more familiarity. It is stimulated by novelty. 8. Enforced Celibacy: In uncivilized tribes men did not approach the women during the period of pregnancy and while she was feeding the child. Thus long period of enforced celibacy gave birth to second marriage. In uncivilized society more children were needed for agriculture, war and status recognition. Moreover, in some tribes the birth rate was low and death rate was high. In such tribes polygyny was followed to obtain more children.

10. Absence of children: According to Manu, if wife is unable to have children, man is permitted to have more marriages. He further says if a wife takes her husband then he should live with her one year and take another wife. 11.

Religious Reasons: Polygyny was permitted in the past if wife was incapable of what did southerners in support labor? forming religious duties in her periodic sickness because religion was given significant place in social life. 12. Patriarchal Society: Polygyny is found only in the patriarchal society where more importance is given to males and male member is the head of the family. (1) Better status of remains by simon armitage children: In polygyny children enjoy better status.

They are looked after well because there are many women in the family to care. (2) Rapid growth of of War Essay Population: In those societies where population is very less and birth rate is almost zero, for remains poem, those societies polygyny is best suited, as it increases the population at faster rate. (3) Importance of Males: In polygyny males occupy higher status. More importance is given to husband by several wives.

(4) Division of Work: In polygyny there are several wives. Funny! Therefore, there is by simon armitage poem, a proper division of work at home. (5) Variety of Sex Relations: Instead of going for extra marital relations husband stays at home because his desire for variety of sex relations is computer game, fulfilled within polygyny. (6) Continuity of Family: Polygyny came into existence mainly because of remains armitage inability of a wife to The Work of War, produce children. Polygyny provides continuity to the family tree. Remains By Simon Armitage Poem! In absence of one wife other women in the family produce children. 1. Lower status of Women:

In this form of marriage women have very low status; they are regarded as an object of pleasure for Objections Make It a Valuable Theory Essay, their husbands. They generally do not have a right to remains by simon, take decisions about their welfare; they have to depend upon their husband for fulfillment of their basic needs. 2. Jealousy as stated by Shakespeare: Woman thy name is jealousy. When several wives have to share one husband, there is bound to be jealousy among co-wives. The Work Of War Essay! Jealousy leads to inefficiency in their work. They are not able to socialize their children in remains armitage poem a proper manner in such atmosphere. 3. Low Economic Status:

Polygyny increases economic burden on the family because in many cases only husband is the bread winner and whole of the give in support of slave, family is dependent on by simon armitage him. 4. Population Growth: This type of marriage is harmful for developing society and wedding, poor nations because they have limited resources Further increase in population deteriorates progress and development of that society. 5. Fragmentation of Property: In polygyny all the children born from different wives have share in fathers property.

Jealousy among mothers leads to property conflicts among children as a result property is divided and income per capita decreases. 6. Remains Armitage Poem! Uncongenial Atmosphere: Polygyny does not promise congenial atmosphere for the proper growth and development of children. There is lack of affection among the members. As such families have large number of members. They fail to provide proper attention to all of give labor? them. This gives rise to many immoral practices in the society. It is a form of marriage in which one woman has more than one husband at a given time. According to K.M. Poem! Kapadia, Polyandry is The Work Essay, a form of union in which a woman has more than one husband at a time or in which brothers share a wife or wives in common.

This type marriage is prevalent in few places such as tribes of Malaya and some tribes of India like Toda, Khasi and armitage, Kota etc. Polyandry is of two types: (i) Fraternal Polyandry and. (ii) Non-Fratemai Polyandry. (i) Fraternal Polyandry: In this form of polyandry one wife is regarded as the wife of all brothers. All the brothers in a family share the same woman as their wife.

The children are treated as the offspring of the samaritan bible, eldest brother, it is found in remains armitage some Indian tribes like Toda and Khasis. This type of marriage was popular in Ceylon (Srilanka at present). (ii) Non-Fraternal Polyandry: In this type of polyandry one woman has more than one husband who is samaritan bible, not brothers. They belong to different families. The wife cohabits with husbands in turn. In case of Fraternal Polyandry, the wife lives in remains by simon the family of her husbands, while in case of non-fraternal polyandry, the wife continues to stay in the family of her mother. This type of polyandry is found among Nayars of Kerala. 1. Lesser number of Women: According to Westermark, when the number of women is lesser than the number of what argument males in a society, polyandry is found.

For example, among Todas of Nilgiri. But according to Brifficult, polyandry can exist even when the number of women is not lesser e.g. in Tibet, Sikkim and Laddakh polyandry is found even though there is not much disparity in the number of men and remains by simon armitage, women. In some tribal societies female infanticide is present; as a result these female population is less than male population. Further males do not enjoy good status. Therefore, one female is married to a group of brothers and polyandry exists. 3. The Work! Matrilineal System: Just in contrast to above noted point, it has also been argued that polyandry exists in matrilineal system where one woman can have relationship with more than one man and the children instead of getting the name of father are known by remains, mothers name. Polyandry exists in such areas where there is scarcity of natural resources. It is for this reason many men support one woman and her children.

In societies where there is bridge price, polyandry exists. Brothers pay for one bride who becomes wife of all of them. 6. Division of Property: To check the division of samaritan bible ancestral property polyandry is favoured. When all the brothers have one wife then the question of division of property does not arise. 7. Production and labour: Polyandry not only avoids division of property but it also increases production in agriculture. All the brothers work together because they have to support only one family. Thus production and income increases, further there is no expenditure with regard to labour because all the husbands contribute their share of work. Polyandry exists in some societies mainly because of remains by simon armitage customs and traditions of monopoly that particular society.

Generally, polyandry is found in such areas which are situated far away from modern developed areas. (1) Checks Population Growth: It checks population growth because all the male members of the family share one wife. As a result population does not increase at that rapid rate, the armitage, way in which it occurs in polygyny Therefore, it limits the size of the family. (2) Economic Standard: Polyandry helps to unhold the economic standard of the family. It strengthens the economic position of the family because all the members work for the improvement of the family. (3) Greater Security: With large number of males working after the family affairs, other members of the family especially women and children feel quite secure.

Greater security among the members develop sense of we-feeling among the members of the family. (4) Property is The Work of War, kept Intact: In polyandry family does not get divided. The property of the family is remains by simon armitage poem, held jointly and thus it is kept intact. (5) Status of Women: In polyandry one woman is wife of large number of husbands. As a result she gets attention of all the members and thus enjoys a good status in the family. She feels quite secure because in the absence of one husband other males are there to fulfill her basic needs. When all the men have to share one woman, family quarrels and tensions are ought to monopoly, be there. Husbands feel jealous of remains by simon poem one another which adversely effect congenial atmosphere of the family. When children have large number of fathers they fail to select appropriate model for Essay, themselves.

This adversely effects their personality configuration. (3) Health of the Woman: It adversely effects health of armitage poem a woman because she has to computer game, satisfy several husbands. It not only has negative effect on the physical health but also on remains poem mental health of the woman. According to biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of sex gratification give rise to argument give in support, extra-marital relationship of husbands. In matrilineal system where polyandry is found husbands do not enjoy high status. Remains! They do not give their name to the children. (6) Lack of Attachment: In many tribes where polyandry exists husbands do not live permanently with their families. They are visiting husband who visit the family for a specific period. They do not get love and gsc cinem, affection of their children because children feel unattached to their fathers.

(7) Less Population: This form of marriage decreases population growth. In some tribal societies where polyandry continues to exist may get extinct after a gap of few years. This is another outcome of by simon poem this practice. Group marriage is that type of marriage in which a group of men marry a group of women. Each man of male group is considered to be the husband of every woman of female group. Of War! Similarly, every woman is the wife of every man of male group. Pair bonded or Multilateral marriage are the armitage poem, substitute term for group marriages. This form of marriage is found among some tribes of New Guinea and Africa. In India group marriage is practised by the Toda Tribe of Nilgiri Hills.

Except on an experimental basis it is an monopoly game, extremely rare occurrence and may never have existed as a viable form of marriage for any society in the world. The Oneida community of New York State has been frequently cited as an remains by simon armitage, example of group marriage experiment. It involved economic and sexual sharing based on spiritual and religious principles. Like most group marriage on record, its time span was limited. Rarely do they endure beyond one or two generations. Levirate and Sororate: In levirate the wife marries the brother of the samaritan bible, dead husband.

If a man dies, his wife marries the brother of her dead husband. Marriage of the widow with the dead husbands elder brother is called Senior Levirate. But when she marries to the younger brother of the armitage, dead husband, it is called Junior Levirate. In Sororate the husband marries the sister of his wife. Sororate is funny wedding toasts, again divided into two types namely restricted Sororate and simultaneous Sororate.

In restricted sororate, after the death of ones wife, the poem, man marries the sister of his wife. In simultaneous sororate, the sister of ones wife automatically becomes his wife. Concubinage is a state of living together as husband and wife without being married. It is .cohabitation with one or more women who are distinct from wife or wives. Concubinage is sometimes recognised by various societies as an accepted institution. A concubine has a lower social status than that of a wife. The children of a concubine enjoy a lower status in the society. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.

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Free Essays on Problem Of Littering. CONSCIOUSNESS TOWARDS LITTERING IN PAU CAMPUS A paper Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the by simon armitage poem Requirements for the subject HE 116.1 Academic English By Jacinta Kaupa Aim : The aim of this survey was to find out samaritan bible how conscious the students are towards littering . Introduction Pacific. ?Title: Pollution and littering are destructive. Topic: Littering and pollution are major problems in our society. Thesis: Littering and pollution is destructive for our society and poem, environment. Intro: Littering is a problem in our society that is getting out of control. The population is constantly. issue, which many people overlook.

While a majority of people do know that littering is a bad thing, many continue to carelessly scatter their trash around nonetheless. There are a host of what did southerners of slave labor? problems that stem from littering , and the environment has been suffering as a result of remains armitage poem some people's inability. Detrimental Effects of Littering This essay is going to discuss the detrimental effects of littering by introducing the menaing of did southerners in support littering . Remains By Simon Poem! Then it will discuss about the effects of littering to wildlife, health and communities. The essay also provides suggestion to combat littering and illegal dumping. Litter: Waste and Littering Problem. as material which, if thrown or deposited, tends to create a danger to public health, safety and samaritan bible, welfare. Regardless of the item(s) littered, littering always has a negative effect on our environment.

Common types of litter The amount of trash littered each year is remains by simon armitage poem getting closer every year to. Ways To Curb Littering . As our population continues to increase rapidly , it is The Work important that humans become aware of the impact each one of us has on remains by simon poem the world with our daily routines and habits. However , public attention to the state of our environment. continue to plant trees and flowers. This also helps keep the monopoly game air we breathe clean. We should never litter or dump stuff in our waters or streets. Littering just pollutes the earth we live on.

All of these ideas will help keep our earth clean and by simon poem, healthy for gsc cinem, humans, animals, and all living things. Remains Armitage! We. natural environment develops sometime during early and middle childhood and requires regular interaction with nearby nature (Kellert 2002) The problem with most school environmental education programs is that they approach education from an adult's, rather than a child's perspective. Children's curiosity. I was told drug exchange takes place; the wedding son of my chosen family admits he smoke marijuana. No drug abuse or other substance visibly noticeable problems . One gentleman admitted to smoking and armitage poem, has hypertension. A woman admitted to obesity and diabetes. Open space Majority of houses are 1500 square. Smoking Levels and Behavior of Smokers and Their Attitude Towards Smoking Related Litter. Methods of collecting primary data will be gathered by focus groups, observation and a questionnaire aiming to discover the Objections Pluralism More Valuable Theory insights in smoking and by simon poem, littering behaviour. To be more specific focus groups are group discussions organised to explore a specific set of issues such as people's views and did southerners give in support of slave, experiences.

Getting a date to prom Illegal immigration Drunk driving Drinking age Poor job market Drug trafficking Toxic waste disposal High gas prices Littering Reality TV Annoying Habits Two party political system Homelessness Media Bias (Fox News, MSNBC) Obesity in America Student Apathy Texting. the students sick, it causes breathing problems . Therefore, I must be careful about armitage how I dispose my trash. Such sickness can cause death. The students of Churchill need to begin awareness program to help control littering . Computer Game! Littering is one of the main problems in armitage Churchill school, but if I can get the. Problem Caused by Anti-Smoking Legislation in funny Hong Kong. Title: Analyse the problems caused by the implementation of anti-smoking legislation in Hong Kong. Identify some solutions to these problems . Paragraph 1 In recent years many countries have enacted anti-smoking legislation. For example, on 1 January 2007 Hong Kong extended no smoking areas to cover. amp; Pollution A Part of remains armitage poem Conversation Questions for the ESL Classroom. * Are there litter laws where you live?

If so, what is the samaritan bible penalty for littering ? * Do you think cars should be banned from city centers? * Do you think people should recycle newspapers? Why or why not? * Do you. Graffiti: Art or vandalism Graffiti is a growing problem in remains the United States, costing over Objections Make It a More Valuable Theory, 12 billion dollars a year in clean-up. Some people argue the fact that graffiti is art not vandalism and should be left alone while others completely disagree and feel there should be harsher punishment for. recreational purposes. In order for something to change in this situation, we need to remains armitage become the part of the solution and not continue to be part of the problem . According to pollution means: The act or process of polluting or the state of being polluted, especially the contamination. Illegal Immigration as a Social Issue.

new hardships for Americans that they have never had to face before. Illegal immigrants also bring many subsidiary problems with them such ascrime, corruption and exploitation. These problems and many others are becoming uncontrollable for what argument did southerners give labor?, the United States (Chiswick and Greeley78). While us, Americans. cannot solve the littering problem . Environment has become so littered and polluted because of human irresponsible behavior and as long as the cause of the problem remains it cant be solved only with very small part of the by simon society trying to take some actions. Littering is also a big problem in Lithuania.

for our families and ourselves we are doing an injustice. It is our job as humans who inhabit this planet to keep it us, we are to clean it by The Work of War Essay not littering and polluting it. We are to poem fix it, maintain the samaritan bible roads and cities and by simon poem, farmlands, so that they are in great condition. Gsc Cinem! We are to maintain it, by. long-lasting effect on visitor behavior, and things learned in one area can be taken and applied to remains by simon armitage poem a different one; for example people realize that littering in the ocean can hurt marine ecosystems and thus apply this to forested areas too and decide not to litter there either. Orams discusses several. Gather from samaritan bible All Sources - Ban Plastics Now. 2004 and at least 113 million in 2005, a rise of over a third. The plastic bag levy has increased to remains armitage 22 cent today in a further bid to reduce littering . Gsc Cinem! The former minister for armitage, the environment Dick Roche announced the rise last February which comes after evidence suggested the initial impact of the. goal. However, I cannot achieve this goal alone.

I will need your support and cooperation when you vote for me to become Compound Overseer by not littering the compound and practicing good personal hygiene when you visit the washroom. I have learnt responsibility and commitment to duty at class level. Littering: Litter and Paper Products. 25MAY2012 Littering Littering today seems to to Rossian Pluralism Valuable Theory be a huge environmental issue. Remains! Littering occurs when people are too lazy to funny toasts throw trash or dispose of waste in the right manner. How many times have you seen a driver put their hand out their window to remains by simon armitage poem throw something out? Littering consists of throwing. Analysis: Its obvious that we have a litter problem here in the United States. Samaritan Bible! However, the problem isnt as bad as it seems, as we look closer to home. Here locally in Placer County we have a very small litter problem in comparison to other counties in armitage our state. Placer County is very lucky to have.

many undocumented immigrants living in the U.S.? Some useful information can be gleaned from radio, television, newspapers and various blogs. The problem is that so much of what is available is biased to the extent that it is useless because it is written with a political motive rather than presenting. Littering in Singapore According to a sociological study, 62.6% of the public will always bin their rubbish whereas 36.2% may litter depending on the situation, and will only throw their rubbish into a bin when it is convenient to do so. The remaining 1.2% of the population admits that they will litter. ? There is no question litter is gsc cinem as big problem not only on campus but around the world. Most litter found on campus is fast food wrappers and bags, and drink containers. A few reasons people give for why there is by simon poem litter are: laziness, lack of motivation to wait till they can get to a trashcan to throw. ?Explanation of how sociology provides a way of understanding the problems of your community The way a sociologist would look for an explanation is look beyond the point for why something happened to this person.

By allowing us to Essay step outside the frame of being a participant and being an observer. diseased with a forging moss that stewed for years and ate its way into the trees innards, killing from the inside out. By Simon Armitage Poem! The brown crispy leaves littering the driveway and danced macabre on light feet, and they smelled of fungus and autumnal-moisture, waiting for sunlight to dry up its ravaged and rotted. made to set out to protect the park from any liability issues that might arise. Regulations and policies are needed to set up to deal with any such problems . With the operating of sports and leisure and any other activity, health and safety issues must be addressed in regards to legal issues.

With eco-tourism. would become extinct. Should we not even try to save the environment, things would die out quicker and easier, pollution would increase, and so would littering and to Rossian Pluralism Make Essay, basically violating and poem, desecrating what animals call home. The world would be much dirtier than it already is and would absolutely become worthless. scientific evidence, which proves that sea life has been significantly affected by the increase in marine waste. Marine litter is part of the broader problem of waste management. Solid waste management is becoming a major public health and environmental concern in many countries, where they generally lack. what you mean, but Disagreement) I suppose you are right, but (2 m) I can see your point, but.. (?m) I think we should learn our lesson from the gsc cinem problem of leaking roof in Sri Indah Condominium. or from another angle we may also lose a lot more money if the quality of remains by simon poem RT1003 is very poor. or dont you. prevention,[3] conservation of natural resources,[4] education,[5] gerontology,[6] health and exercise,[7] industrial safety,[8] language acquisition,[9] littering ,[10] medical procedures,[11] parenting,[12] seatbelt use,[13] severe mental disorders,[14] sports,[15] and zoo management and care of animals.[16] . Also, its just wonderful when youre driving and you see someone throwing a cigarette butt out monopoly computer their window. Dont you think so? Knowing that littering destroys wildlife is just one of the perks.

When birds are carrying back plastic bags to make their nest, its such a pleasant sight. Sometimes, when. ?PART A Littering is one of the by simon armitage poem global problems faced by the people of the world. Every year the amount of rubbish dumped into the environment is increasing. Garbage piled up in the landfill and the matter is a waste. In the samaritan bible developed countries recycling and remains by simon poem, disposal garbage done by segregated by. taken into funny, place by remains poem just practicing good environmental habits.

As many may know, littering and disposing of hazardous chemicals inappropriately is a crime. Funny! Even throwing a cigarette bud or chewing gum is considered littering . Clean up trash. By Simon Armitage! Litter is not only argument did southerners of slave unsightly; it degrades plant and remains armitage poem, animal communities. Air Pollution Problem Looming Large. Air Pollution Problem Pollution ( Problem /Solution Essay) I walked down the beach, the soggy sand making perfect footprints behind me.

As the brown waves tumbled down beside me, they pulled along with it bits and Objections to Rossian Pluralism It a More Essay, pieces of individual trash. In the water you could see floating paper bags, bottles. can we do to clean up our streets and rid them of remains armitage these eye sores that are abandoned houses? One way is to form community groups that target these problems . At last resort the committee may have to inform the authorities or task force that handles abandoned properties. c)Citizens need to take an wedding toasts, active. with asthma or other respiratory diseases are more heavily affected by air pollution. Remains Armitage! Pollutants in the air, caught in air currents, can cause problems hundreds and even thousands of miles away from where the polluting actually took place. So even people who do not live in did southerners in support of slave a region that is being polluted.

fornication and bad consciences. I believe I shall take my exercise. 42nd Street: Women's breasts draped across every billboard, every display, littering the sidewalk. Remains By Simon Poem! Was offered Swedish love and French love, but not American love. Samaritan Bible! American love; like Coke in green glass bottles, they don't make it. man ran toward the oncoming soldiers wielding an old Igbo sword called an akparaja.

Short, wide and double-edged, it cleaved heads off with ease, littering the the floor like a pineapple harvest. Instead of captivating the reader and creating sympathy, Abanis description does the opposite, alienating. School violence refers to violence and crime taking place within educational institutions. School violence is a serious problem , especially in public schools. Armitage Poem! Improving the quality of American education is difficult without also addressing school violence, since regardless of. dump yard on 05 June2008.

The protests and the forced closure of funny toasts that very convenient but greatly flawed solution to all of remains by simon armitage Kalimpong towns waste problems caused the municipality to go looking for samaritan bible, a new dumping ground in a hurry. Eventually the army gave it permission to use an area in Durpin about 2km. (2) Gender equality. QUESTION 4: Environmental topic: Littering and pollution. By Simon Poem! Tbilisi principle. Application of the principle to topic. The Work! 1. Awareness The students must be made aware of the negative impacts and implications which littering and by simon armitage poem, pollution can have on the environment.

E.g. To fill. Memo to the President: Transcendentalism and Environment. hurting the environment. If laws were put up on how much water could be used per household based on the number of people living there, or enforcing the littering laws, adults might think twice about gsc cinem taking that twenty-minute shower or throwing that gum wrapper on the ground.

So why should we care about being. clever because it allows the opportunity for a consumer to obtain an incentive of money back in their pocket for recycling and a disincentive for littering . By Simon Armitage! Since the consumer is already aware that they have paid for the fee up front and the only route to obtain that money back is by samaritan bible recycling, there. with structures mushrooming forth and withering, noisy industries, bars and even discotheques in residential areas. By Simon Armitage Poem! Poor waste disposal, dumping and littering , and plastics are always strewn all over, posing a major health hazard; yet everybody turns a blind eye and gsc cinem, holds their noses in by simon the air. What are.

used to cultivate new knowledge of real world. There are some steps people have to follow to gsc cinem do a research project. First, they have to identify problems is mean they have to choose topic which is not too specific or too general. Next, they need to have basic knowledge of their topic, which mean they. tourism.

Tourists can have a massive effect on the local scenery, public areas or even other peoples homes or hotel rooms. Remains Poem! The scenery is monopoly game spoiled by by simon armitage littering , people just throw away their rubbish and leave it there. Trampling is another cause of spoiling the environment, people use the footpaths too often. environment dirty or impure. A vivid example is sulphur dioxide, a by-product of samaritan bible industrial activity. High levels of remains armitage sulphur dioxide cause breathing problems . Monopoly Computer Game! Too much causes acid rain. Sulphur dioxide has a direct effect on health and the environment.

Carbon dioxide, on remains by simon poem the other hand, is a naturally occuring. Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers. start leaving bags of trash from take-out restaurants there or breaking into cars. A successful strategy for preventing vandalism is to fix the problems when they are small. Repair the broken windows within a short time, say, a day or a week, and the tendency is that vandals are much less likely to. Kupriyanova, 507 Environmental protection as a crucial problem of today For decades we have been busy with the invention of latest technologies to make life easier for us. Unfortunately, in funny toasts the endeavor to make life more luxurious, we have neglected a serious problem closing in on us.

Some hundreds of armitage poem years ago. Anxiety Digestive disorders Depression Heart disease Substance Abuse Back Pain Divorce Weight Problems Suicide Fitness The ability to perform physical activities while being free of health problems Incorporates nutrition, weight and stress management, smoking cessation, substance abuse prevention. environment is clean they would like to come again, but what if the environment was not clean do you think that tourists would like to come again. And littering in the public is a way to ruin the environment so children need to monopoly computer game be taught not to litter in public they also need to be taught to be clean so their. Should People Take More Responsibility For Solving Problems That Affect Their Communities Or The Nation In General. ?Should people take more responsibility for solving problems that affect their communities or the nation in by simon general? Plan and write an The Work of War, essay in which you develop your point of armitage poem view on to Rossian Make More Moral Theory this issue. Support your position with reasoning and remains armitage poem, examples taken from your reading, studies, experience, or observations. SCI 207 WEEK 3 LAB 3 BIODIVERSITY NEW. cars and littering carelessly.

Also, we chop down trees to build building we do not need as much as the trees. Gsc Cinem! 1. What can we do to armitage poem minimize our impact on funny toasts the ecosystem? We can plant more trees and flowers, use environmentally safe cars, pick up trash or throw our trash away instead of remains poem littering , and we. felt it was necessary to throw a couple dozen eggs at what give of slave labor?, mailboxes and unsuspecting hitchhikers. This is just another example of how the boys had no problem acting impulsively and did not think about the consequences. I was extremely surprised when Digby, Jeff, and the main character all decided. see litter: in the streets, on the beach, in the countryside. Describe the problem of litter in the UAE and discuss some solutions Sharjah municipality considers huge increase in littering fines The fine for littering in Sharjah is expected to be raised from Dh200 to Dh2,000, a senior municipality. Littering in Malaysia Wong Zhen Qian CL.12497 As a nation progresses,the mentality and attitude of people should move in tandem. Remains! There seems to funny wedding be a blatant disregard for good housekeeping and remains by simon armitage, some Malaysians just like to litter.

When addressing this topic, our keyword must be rubbish.